Quark-gluon liquid: the most explosive substance of the cosmos

Published: March 29, 2010

Mankind has opened the first factory of strange liquid.  This was the last open letter, the last warning that Rosslerand I sent to the world of scientific media about the most explosive substance of the Universe, which we study with the laws of complexity and chaos attractors, in which we are recognized specialists…

CLEOPATRA IS STILL DYING

(The quark-gluon soup, cause of Big-Bangs)

The Kaon was the first strange particle found and its quark – the particles that exist inside the nuclei of atoms, keeping most of its mass- was called strange because it lived millions of times longer than quantum physicists expected.

‘It was as if Cleopatra were still dying of an asp bite, still falling from her barge into the Nile’ – said his discoverer1.

That strange love for life seems to be a condition of the ultra-dense quark-gluon soup, made of free quarks that initiated the cosmos. Since it showed again a strange stability in the 2nd ‘big surprise’ reported by Scientific American, when the RHIC (Hadron Ion Collider) made a drop of strange liquid. It was not a gas, as quantum theorists have expected. Instead they found a complex, cyclical, far from equilibrium system, a super fluid vortex of quarks and gluons, perfectly ordered. ‘It should have behaved like a gas, hopefully with more energy, it will behave rightly’ said somewhat ‘sanguine’ to SciAm2, the quantum physicist in charge of the experiment, unable to model with simple, lineal, energetic equations the strange liquid, which again lived billions of times more than expected, accreted particles and behaved according to Nastase3, from Brown University, as a proto-black hole. Yet last week we learned that while cooling inside the liquid was expelling outwards a big-bang of gamma radiation, which reached over a trillion degrees4, a temperature only observed in Super-novas – where an inner vortex of strange liquid forms a pulsar or quark star; while the electronic cover of the atoms evaporates into a big-bang. Quantum physicists are thus split in two groups: Those who think they created strange liquid and those who think they created expanding plasma. And each one describes the event with their partial set of equations.

Who is right, who is wrong? It is the quark-gluon soup a gas or a liquid? The answer is: both. It is like cracking nuts to extract their rich, tasty inner substance (the quarks that hold 99% of the mass of the atom), throwing away in the big-bang of radiation the electronic, light cover (which forms our ghostly world).

But to understand how this is done we must not use the lineal equations of quantum physics, which date back to more than a century ago when complex liquids and its fractal, chaotic equations were still unknown to scientists. Instead we want to bring here the opinion of Complexity Theory, a new discipline, founded the year of Einstein’s death at the Macy’s congress, which explains how the Universe destroys reality with lineal, expansive energy also called ‘entropy’, cause of disordered gas-like processes, and creates order with cyclical clocks of information.

Both processes are often simultaneous, reason why the science of Time that studies both ‘arrows of future’ together, (whose international congresses I have chaired in recent years5) is called Duality. In duality we study how both arrows of time, energy and information create, becoming ‘complementary’, as when an informative particle and a field of energy come together, creating a physical entity or when an informative nuclei/head and an energetic body evolve into a cell or an organism. But we also study how under conditions of extreme stress, due to an excess of energy or information, those far from equilibrium systems split apart, So when an organism suffers an accident due to an excess of energy, it ‘breaks its symmetry’, a subtle way to say it is beheaded. And when the organism ages, due an excess of form, of information, it wrinkles and dies.

In physical processes, symmetry breaks when the energetic, electromagnetic components of matter reach the energetic limit of c-speed and its informative elements, its inner cyclical quarks, approach the absolute order of zero Kelvin temperature.

Then both depart, creating a central, ultra cold vortex liquid, a frozen star, either a pulsar or black hole and a dying burst of electronic energy in the form of radiation. The simplest far from equilibrium physical system is a refrigerator. The interior is cold precisely because the exterior has a rack of Freon liquid that is hot and dissipates energy. So heat is expelled outwards to cool the interior. One of the ‘two arrows or motions’ of the Universe, entropy, synonymous of lineal, expansive energy and disorder is thrown away. So information, synonymous of form and cyclical order, better achieved without temperature, can increase.

This is in essence what happens in a quark-gluon soup, which causes a double big-bang and big-crunch called a supernova, which gives birth to a strange, cold vortex of quark mass in the interior of the star and expels the external electronic cover, converted into hot radiation. And so what we saw at RHIC was a mini- supernova.

In that sense, unlike in quantum entropy, in Complexity, the famous Heisenberg equation, energy x information =Constant, is described as a feed-back cycle proper of all quantum systems, which fluctuate between the limits of energy and informative death of our Universe :( c-speed and 0 k temperature).

When those dual, complementary systems made of waves of energy and particles of information go out of equilibrium they move towards the two limits of energy and form, infinite temperature/energy in the external, expansive big-bang zone; and 0 k, perfect fluid order, in the zone of formation of strangelets; Since infinite x 0 = K.

Thus, if RHIC has measured trillions of degrees in the surface of the ‘ball of fire’, inside the ball quarks are being cooled at near zero temperature, into a super fluid vortex, which are the natural conditions of formation of strangelets. Those liquid vortices can be modeled with Lorenz and Rössler’s attractors6, mathematical functions discovered chaos theorists, who compresses liquids into cyclical trajectories maintained in its equilibrium by sudden bursts of perpendicular energy, called ‘jets’ that expel away the radiation and temperature of the system. In science all theories require experimental proof to be confirmed. And that indeed seems to be the case in this issue, as only complexity theorists expected a decade ago the quark-gluon liquid, while the surprised RHIC and CERN experimentalists still believe they will find an expansive gas, with far less strange quarks than we predicted. And yet in December 2009, when the LHC probed for the first time beyond the 1 tev barrier of death of light matter into strange matter, it produced 13% more ‘than expected’ strange kaons (the first bricks of the strange liquid) and electro-weak pions, (the debris of electro-weak matter, radiated in the big-bangs)7.

Moreover, the growth of strange particles produced was geometrical, not lineal; and so collisions at higher energy might produce enough strange liquid to form stable strangelets, since at the same time we are revising upwards the production of strange liquid, Chen and Weng from the Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Physics, have proved that quarks lock themselves in triplets that make stable strange liquid with far less quarks than thought before8; well within the range of energies/masses created by CERN (as energy becomes transformed into mass by Einstein’s famous principle of equivalence9: E=mc2). In that sense, once those liquid droplets reach the limit of the Bohr radius that pack thousands of them, they would fission as all dynamic liquids do starting the so-called ‘ice-9 reaction’10 that creates super-novas. Because quantum physicists model those processes with lineal equations, they are unaware of their duality and danger the recreation of the quark-gluon soup implies for the Earth. Since if the process becomes stable – when enough quarks are massed together – their enormous attractive power could keep cracking the atoms of this planet, absorbing its quarks and blowing up their electronic cover in a big-bang that would reduce the Earth to a small quark star, called a pulsar. Quantum physicists do not expect this to happen because the creation of strangelets (the strange liquid of quark stars) require very cold temperatures and since they only measure the heat of the external big-bang they feel confident they would produce less strange liquid in the up to 1000 times stronger collisions that will take place at CERN. Complex theorists like myself of Mr. Rössler, one of the founders of chaos theory, which have tried to stop those experiments believe the opposite will happen, since the interior will become ‘refrigerated’ as the external radiation increases its temperature, in the manner we have described in this article.

In that sense, the fate of our planet might depend on whose description of the quark gluon soup is more accurate, that of the old lineal equations of quantum physicists or the new, non-lineal, dual equations and chaotic attractors of complexity and color-locked strangelets. Yet the ultimate proof will be experimental evidence, which so far seems to lean in favor of the models of complex liquids. Yours sincerely

Luis Sancho, Complexity theorist.

Endorsed by Otto Rössler, Fractal Theorist ____

Notes:

1 As quoted in the book ‘The particle Odyssey’ by F.Close; 2002.

2 Scientific American 2006 ‘The first micro-seconds’ by Riordan.

3 See: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4357613.stm

4 http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/PR_display.asp?prID=1074.

5 ISSS Congresses at Cancun, Sonoma, Tokyo & Madison, 05,06,07,08, which developed a model of unification of sciences, with both arrows of time, energy and fractal information. More at www.unificationtheory.com.

6 Mr Rössler is the founder of hyper chaos theory: see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%B6ssler_attractor.

7 see http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0512112 by Peng Chen and Weng.

8 http://www.mit.edu/press/2010/lhc-results-0208.html

9 Einstein’s Principle of Equivalence between accelerated, curved motions and gravitational masses explains the attractive power of those liquid vortices that accelerate inwards, acting as hurricanes of space-time. It offers in the new physics of fractal relativity an alternative to the quantum theory of mass sponsored by Mr. Higgs, proposed independently by Mr. Wilczek and this author, which unlike the Higgs, is able to explain the different masses of those particles, which are proportional to the rotating speed of those vortices (as it happens with hurricanes that attract more the faster they turn). It also offers an explanation to the origin of physical information in the Universe, carried in the rotational frequency of those vortices and a mechanism to explain how energy becomes mass, as it curls its accelerated motion near the limit of c-speed into cyclical motion=Mass, described by Einstein’s equations: E= Mc2 and E xT=K. From where Mass=K/T= Frequency of a mass vortex.

10 A name taken from Mr. Kurt Vonnegut’s novel ‘cat and cradle’ in which a physicist discovers a liquid that freezes the water of the Earth, extinguishing life; since strange liquid would convert the Earth into a ‘frozen’ quark star; and first mentioned by Wilczek and Wagner in SciAm 99 letters, ‘A little big-bang’.

Advertisements