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THE HIDDEN HISTORY OF HUMANITY

http://www.hiddenhistoryhumanity.com/index.htm

A Brief Esoteric History:
Evolution of Consciousness through the Rootraces

The secret history of the world is revealed in many traditions, the durations of which far surpass the miniscule figures used in modern times. H.P. Blavatsky (HPB) brought together many of these historical and chronological strands in her magnum opus, The Secret Doctrine (1888), a major foundation stone for the emerging Aquarian cycle. Throughout HPB’s works are scattered details of this ancient history – culled from the Vedas, Upanishads, the Zend Avesta, Old Testament and so forth.

(In the interests of simplicity, I have elected to keep this article relatively footnote-free; most references are from HPB and can be found in my writings where they are fully referenced and footnoted.[1])

In the denial or ignorance of its true origins lies the source of disempowerment for Humanity; in not knowing its divine source, the nature of the human soul or the very lengthy evolution of human consciousness that stretches back some 21 million years.

Who today really reflects about our true history and ancient past, preoccupied in a very busy world trying to survive? Most accept the culturally conditioned views of the Bible and/or modern science, both of which do not offer more than 5-10,000 years for the origin of human civilisation. These figures are however being pushed further back into hundreds of thousands or millions of years in some cases, which is very encouraging. There are also excellent authors like Michael Cremo who are bridging from the ancient Vedic teachings to modern science, challenging many of the latter’s pre-conceptions.

The Hidden History of Humanity Vol. I (HHH-1) is based upon the works of HPB and brings to light for the first time many key points, including the chronology and unfoldment of the ancient civilisations of Lemuria and Atlantis. Further planned volumes will bridge to several aspects of mainstream science – to blend the esoteric teaching with the best discoveries in academia; this has already been attempted (HHH-1) with the examination of the geological key to The Secret Doctrine.
HHH-1 also contains an esoteric interpretation of the first six chapters of Genesis, a blueprint for human evolution and the rootraces. Several breakthroughs were made in this area, particularly with regard to the ‘ages’ of the biblical Patriarchs and the cycles of the races.

In the Fifth Rootrace, resonant with the number 5 and manas or mind, there has been achieved a perfection, refinement and quintessential expression of the concrete mind. Although this has bought many benefits in science and technology, its shadow expression via the lower critical mind, tends to separativeness; it does not recognise whatever cannot be perceived by the five tangible senses.

The sixth sense or intuition is something that is in its early stage of development and hence the perception of the more subtle aspects of human evolution are ignored. There are many crystallised belief systems with regard to our history that influence current world thinking and they are compounded by an unquestioning acceptance of subjects such as scientific dating methods and the evolution of humans from apes – under the ‘authority’ of modern science or religion; there are also many vested interests who are committed to keeping history in a straitjacket of conformist ‘consensus thinking’.

Worlds within Worlds

The esoteric teachings of HPB tell us that the Earth (along with the other planets), incarnates over many vast cycles called ‘rounds’ or manvantaras, in the Hindu parlance. Just as the human soul does so on its tiny scale, so the greater lives that ensoul the planets, our ‘Gods’, seek perfection and eventual liberation within the Plan and Purpose of the greater entity which they inhabit, the Solar System. This solar system is of course the incarnation of a far greater Life that is associated with the star Sirius, but that is another story!

The planets are called ‘schemes’ because behind the visible outer planet are a series of worlds in more subtle matter called ‘globes’ and ‘chains’ (7 globes in a chain, 7 chains in a scheme), that represent past and future incarnations of the life we call a ‘planetary logos’.

Currently in the Earth Scheme, we are said to be half way through our evolution, in the 4th globe of the 4th chain, of the 4th scheme – and in the 4th round or vast cycle that lasts 617 million years! The ‘globe period’ thus far elapsed is about 1.973 billion years and this is the 24th globe or incarnation of a total of 49 globes in the Earth Scheme. We are halfway through our journey and the solar system as a whole is said to be at about this point also. Mind boggling time scales are they not? Yet the deeper one studies this material, the more logical and reasonable do these durations seem.


The Globes and Chains of the Earth Scheme

The Seven Rootraces

On each globe, seven rootraces are slated for unfoldment, providing the ‘physical body’ of incarnational experience for our Earth Logos. Human souls from this perspective are the ‘light cells’ within this greater body. Within each rootrace are seven subraces and within each subrace are seven branchraces, providing a myriad human expression down the ages.

Understanding how life realy comes into manifestation requires occult or esoteric knowledge plus that rare sixth sense/intuitive factor, also called buddhic (as in Buddha) awareness. Hence life always emerges from the subtle and the unseen to the material or physical.

Through the vast ages and cycles that saw humanity come into being, the first two and a half rootraces were etheric; the blueprint for future humanity was being gradually developed from its spiritual prototype.

Individualisation in Lemuria

Half way through the Third Rootrace (known as Lemuria), at the appointed time and in the correct karmic cycle, a magnificent pre-ordained spiritual event occurred on this planet; it was the coming of the ‘Lords of Flame’ who were to impart the ‘spark of mind’ to Humanity; a ‘humanity’ who were really only members of the animal kingdom with animal instinctual awareness and in reality, no mind. This period is known as individualisation and some of the greatest mysteries on Earth are connected to this era.

The Lords of Flame are also known as ‘Kumaras’ and emanated from a chain within the Earth Scheme, associated with the planet Venus. The contents of each planetary scheme are a microcosm of the entire solar system – as all the planets ‘sing together’ within the symphony of the Sun. The presence of the ‘108 Kumaras’ created a great influx of force so powerful that a mighty storm raged over the planet, destroying most of the animal kingdom – dinosaurs and ‘humans’ alike:

“The advent of the Lords of the Flame, the electrical storm which ushered in the period of man, was distinguished by disaster, chaos, and the destruction of many in the third [animal] kingdom of nature. The spark of mind was implanted and the strength of its vibration, and the immediate effect of its presence caused the death of the animal form, thus producing the immediate possibility of the newly vitalised causal [soul] bodies vibrating to such purpose, that new physical vehicles were taken.”[2]

This event occurred in the Jurassic Age 21 million years ago, the true chronology for the death of the dinosaurs. This esoteric dating differs of course from the scientific dating of 65 million years ago and this is a problem that will be resolved; it also brings into contrast the commonly held view that a fiery meteorite was responsible for this cataclysm.

Individualisation occurred in the third branchrace of the third subrace of the Third Rootrace (Lemuria), expressed as 3.3.3, the number 3 relating to the mother or form aspect that births the new. Australia is the largest surviving remnant of this once vast ‘super continent’ that stretched at one time in its evolution from Madagascar in the west to South America in the east.


Lemuria at its greatest extent

Sexual Separation of Hermaphrodite Humanity

From about 21.5 to 18.5 million years ago, various groupings of human souls had their ‘spark fanned’ by the guides of the race, up until the fifth subrace of the Third Rootrace (3.5) – which saw the process of human individualisation for a large number of Earth Chain humanity completed.

Also, over that few million year period, the separation into two sexes of the hitherto hermaphrodite and self-perpetuating Humanity occurred. There is much to be pondered here around the acquisition of mind and the separation of the sexes.

Over the next few million years, Humanity will reach a synthesis in consciousness of manas and buddhi that will be reflected by a return to an androgynous physical body. In the words of an ancient commentary, ‘the circle hath been well nigh trod and the end approacheth the beginning’; the full circle will have been scribed and liberation for the Earth Logos will subsequently ensue.

Shamballa and South America

The early Lemurian period signalled the establishment of the spiritual centre on Earth known as Shamballa, where the ‘Lord of the World’ presides and directs the plan and purpose of the incarnation of our Earth Logos. This being is also known as Sanat Kumara, the Ancient of Days or Melchisedek, one of the original Kumaras who came to help ‘kick start’ Earth evolution. Sanat Kumara is also known as “The Watcher” and is described most poignantly, ‘He will remain at his post until the last weary pilgrim returns home’ – that is, until the last human soul has achieved perfection and hence liberation.

From hereon in, the fledgling Humanity of the time were under the guidance of divine beings said to emanate from ‘celestial spheres far higher than our own’, giving instruction in building, agriculture, language and so forth. The human bodies of the time were much more refined since the human kingdom was created, yet were still gigantic and clumsy, requiring instruction in Hatha Yoga in order to coordinate the etheric body with the physical; this was the first spiritual goal for humanity and represented the First Initiation.

The first outpost of Shamballa in those days was ‘in the middle’ of what we now call South America. The Science of Initiation was introduced by Shamballa’s Masters and Adepts in order to hasten evolution, due to our Earth Scheme having fallen behind in a previous cycle called the ‘Moon Chain’. Earth does in fact have two major groupings of souls, those who ‘individualised’ on the Moon and Earth chains respectively.

Moon chain souls are far more developed in their mental capacity and to a degree spiritually also, though there is a rapid acceleration by their Earth chain counterparts in this, our current Fifth Rootrace, the race where the mental principle has reached its apotheosis. It is said that the difference between capital and labour on our planet is one expression of the difference between Moon chain (capital) and Earth chain (labour) souls.

Another important crisis that occurred in Lemuria was that some groups of humans procreated with animals, creating all kinds of hybrids and monsters. This went against the ‘evolutionary plan’ and occurred partly because Humanity had just emerged from the animal kingdom with the primeval ‘urge to merge’ still very strong, and an undeveloped mentality that lacked discrimination. Yet it was primarily related to the fact that there was a refusal of certain groups of souls to incarnate because the future forms that they were to inhabit were too ‘coarse’; this incurred a particular type of karma for this group of souls, not the ‘mindless’ perpetrators.

The major outcome of this event is that the modern apes descend from those hybrid creatures and proof of this esoteric fact will eventually cause a revolution in scientific thinking. Can we imagine how different the world will be when the current teaching on human evolution in all educational institutions may shift to the esoteric view?; a whole slew of other facts will emerge once this impasse has been breached, primarily the knowledge of the existence and purpose of the human soul, a far more noble origin for Humanity than the one currently held.

Madagascar was once part of the Lemurian continent and boasts dozens of species of ‘Lemur’ monkeys. Likewise in some ancient parts of Lemuria in Indonesia, the highly intelligent Orangutang ape (‘forest person’), is the most poignantly human reminder of this ancient transgression; it is notable how prominent they have been of late with regard to conservation.

In the mythology of the ancient Cyclopes, the three giants with one eye are said to represent the last three subraces of that newly ‘conscious’ Lemurian race. At the peak of their development this race has been described as, ‘towering giants of godly strength and beauty, and the depositaries of all the mysteries of Heaven and Earth.’

Of course the giants of both Lemuria and Atlantis would have been able to build large structures and lift enormously heavy stones, but later in Atlantis they also had at their disposal a technology based on sound, creating a vacuum and allowing stones weighing many tons to be lifted effortlessly.

The Atlantean Rootrace

Gradually over the next few million years, as the Atlantean or Fourth Rootrace came into fuller expression, this ‘all-seeing eye’ at the top of the head receded into the brain where its remnant, the pineal gland, sits today. At the same time, two eyed sight started to evolve in Atlantis, representing the development of mind. From one point of view, the Lemurian’s were far more spiritual, whilst the Atlanteans were deeply immersed in matter. The ancient story of ‘the fall’ is simply the ‘fall into matter’ by human souls and not necessarily a ‘fall’ from spiritual grace.

““There were four-armed human creatures in those early days of the male-females (hermaphrodites); with one head yet three eyes. They could see before them and behind them. A KALPA long cycle] later (after the separation of the sexes) men having fallen into matter, their spiritual vision became dim; and co-ordinately the third eye commenced to lose its power … When the Fourth (Race) arrived at its middle age the inner vision had to be awakened, and acquired by artificial stimuli, the process of which was known to the old sages … The third eye likewise, getting gradually PETRIFIED, soon disappeared.”[3]

The time of Individualisation in Lemuria (3.5) witnessed the virtually simultaneous appearance of the Fourth Atlantean Rootrace, its existence seeded and developed from within the previous fourth subrace of the Third Rootrace (3.4). As outlined in HHH, the numerical connections and resonances within the universal septenary system are most important to bear in mind and correspond to the various conditionings of the seven rays. (Esoteric Astrology is the astrology of the seven rays.)

These two races co-existed and warred with one another for many millions of years, the last of the Lemurian’s disappearing around four million years ago with the sinking of their last abode through volcanic activity.

The reader may consider reflecting for a moment on these enormous time cycles that would be branded ludicrous or completely fanciful by most people. But how do they know and upon what do they base their derision of these time scales? Paradoxically, scientists who scoff at these cycles, do so very unscientifically, with no investigation and an unquestioning acceptance of status quo thinking. Little does Humanity realise its ancient origins and the many civilisations that have come and gone, achieved great heights and fallen to equally great depths.

The Fourth Rootrace (the Atlanteans) saw a huge acceleration of consciousness take place, caused mainly by a large influx of souls from the Moon chain; they had been held over in a state of ‘pralaya’ (interlude), awaiting Earth-Chain humanity to catch up in their mental development, relatively speaking; the Moon chain souls are in general far more advanced and brought the karma of that particular evolution with them; this planet is unusual in this respect.

In Atlantis many scientific technologies were developed or even ‘gifted’ by the guides of the race; astronomy and astrology were evolved, the arts were developed and so forth. In HHH, it is estimated that this period was around 10 million years ago. Other ‘gifts’ were the artificial awakening of psychic perception within the race, yet this was ultimately misused and abused.


Easter Island statues

Parallel with these developments, a greater sophistication of the mental principle resulted in physical bodies becoming more refined and smaller, yet still gigantic, ten metres or about thirty feet in height! According to HPB, the statues on Easter Island were constructed by Atlantean giants in the image of themselves and measured almost twenty-seven feet in height and eight feet across the shoulders!

(Let us also reflect that the size of the members of the reptile and human kingdoms have decreased in steady proportion to each other from ancient times until now.)

Toward the middle period of the Atlantean civilisation, in the fourth branchrace, fourth subrace of this Fourth Rootrace (4.4.4) emerged a great crisis caused by the abuses of magic, selfishness and materialism. The watching guides of the race who ‘walked amongst humanity’ and who were leaders and kings of nations had to draw a line in the sand, saying: “This is the way of light, there is the way of darkness – Humanity, make your choice.” The reader must bear in mind two facts here:

First, that this period not only represented the middle point of the seven rootraces but also the middle point of the entire globe, chain and scheme periods; in other words, it represented the deepest point of incarnation into matter for the Planetary Logos of Earth over an extraordinarily vast period.

Second, 4.4.4 was rapidly approaching 4.5 – the fifth subrace of the Fourth Rootrace, the seed for the Fifth Rootrace, also known from the Hindu philosophy as the Aryan race.

The Fifth Rootrace and Beyond

At this critical juncture in history, the cream of the Fourth Rootrace were emerging as candidates for the golden age (or Satya Yuga) of the Fifth Rootrace; they were in direct conflict with those who wanted to maintain their old ways of black magic, materialism and the acquisition of luxury and anything they desired (sound familiar?); they were completely immersed in the Kali Yuga period of the Atlantean rootrace – the age of death and destruction. This conflict finally came to a head and a mighty war was fought, epitomised in the spiritual classic, The Mahabharata, of which the Bhagavad Gita is the golden kernel.

According to the ancient scriptures, the war was partially fought with flying craft known as ‘Vimana’, today known as UFO’s. That technology, along with knowledge of pyramid building, has been around for a very long time. After the war was fought, the first Atlantean flood engulfed the Earth, resulting in a large portion of Atlantis sinking entirely beneath the sea; both the war and the flood occurred about four million years ago. There were three more Atlantean floods up until relatively recently; this has been a source of confusion for scholars chronologically, mistaking Plato’s Atlantis as the only Atlantis and the only sinking – when in fact it was spread over several sinkings of many islands and continents around the globe.

This period has also generated confusion for Western and Hindu pundits regarding the history of India. The Kali Yuga period that started in 3102 BC, is for our current Fifth Rootrace, yet all the events of the Kali Yuga for the (Fourth) Atlantean rootrace four million years ago have been wrongly ascribed to 3102 BC!

Presiding over world affairs back then was Vaivasvata Manu, responsible for the incoming Fifth Rootrace and epitomised in the Old Testament as Noah. (A Manu is a highly evolved spiritual being who sets the archetype and destiny for a race.) The symbolism of animals boarding the ark two by two, relates to Manu sailing the Earth rescuing the remnants of Humanity who escaped the floods by reaching the highest land; it is said by one of the Masters that ‘humanity was salvaged in spite of themself’. (!)

In the intervening few million years the Manu created a new race from those survivors that was finally released from the heights of the Himalayas into India about one million years ago. India is the first subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.1) and is the cradle of all the western subraces that have followed after: The Ancient Egyptians (5.2), the Arab-Semitic (5.3), the Latin-Celtic (5.4) and the Teutonic-Nordic (5.5). Currently the Anglo-Saxons (German/British) are the fifth branchrace of the fifth subrace (5.5) of the Fifth Rootrace and this can be expressed as 5.5.5.[4]

This Fifth Rootrace is actually the third rootrace when we count Lemuria as the first truly human rootrace. Note that the three major rootraces elapsed thus far – and crises of Humanity – are reflected in 333, 444 and 555. These are not just fanciful or clever figures but numbers of deep philosophical import. The three periods also represent the three initiations or expansions of consciousness – representing control over the physical, emotional and mental bodies respectively; they also represent three releases of intense spiritual power from the ‘crown chakra’ of the world – Shamballa.

Today in Earth’s 5.5.5 ‘crisis’, it is entering 5.5.6 – the sixth branchrace of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace; it is the seed for the coming rootrace, that will eventually be based in South America over the next 25,000 years.[5] The United States is playing a critical role as a bridge between the old race (Britain 5.5.5 etc) and the Sixth Rootrace, said to be initially based in Brazil, returning to the ‘middle of South America’ where the old power spots are gradually reawakening.[6] Humanity is in a period not dissimilar from the end of the Atlantean period hence the confusion of the Kali Yuga cycles for different rootraces alluded to earlier.

World Wars I & II are occultly regarded as one war, a recapitulation of the ancient Mahabharata conflict, with the same forces ranged against each other: “The Lords of the Dark Face versus the Lords of Shining Countenance” as the Old Commentary has it. (Interesting to note how prominent UFO’s have been in human consciousness since the close of WWII.)

Hence the world is only just emerging from this period, upon the upward swing of the pendulum – from the middle period of development for the entire scheme, chains, globe periods and rounds. The war between these opposing forces still rages upon the mental plane – as Humanity find their way through the ‘darkness before the dawn’, toward the approaching Aquarian cycle, reminding us of Blake’s immortal words, “I will not cease from mental fight, nor shall my sword sleep in my hand …”

This 2160 year Aquarian cycle will be coinciding with a 25,000 year Aquarian cycle on a greater zodiacal wheel, said to be a very rare occurrence and the source of much spiritual opportunity, ushering Humanity to the beginning of the Sixth Rootrace. The Sixth Rootrace is where the intuition or that sixth sense will be developed and will express itself through the qualities of the heart and right human relationships. Humanity during the shorter cycle will reclaim knowledge of some of the lost Atlantean technologies, create new forms of music and art, as well as gain an understanding of the nature of the soul, reincarnation and its true place in history.

The Aquarian cycle will be an age of Science, exoteric and esoteric, where the universal spiritual laws will come into a much closer alignment with our earthly laws and a period of peace could well reign in a new Satya Yuga or ‘golden age’.

Phillip Lindsay © 2010.

[1] See The Hidden History of Humanity Vol I, by Phillip Lindsay, at http://www.esotericastrologer.org

[2] A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice A. Bailey. p.425.

[3] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.294.

[4] The timescales for all these races are in numerous tables in The Hidden History of Humanity, by Phillip Lindsay.

[5] See the revised and updated 2009 version of The Shamballa Impacts, by Phillip Lindsay.

[6] Ibid.

 

Timelines of Ancient History: An Esoteric Perspective

Abstract This essay explores the notion of TIME from the esoteric and traditional perspectives – as applied to human history thus far unfolded. It looks at the dating methods of science, precession cycles used by the ancients as well as some traditions associated with the Hindu, Egyptian and Mayan civilisations. The past is examined – from the origin of the human soul, to how the apes were created, why the great Atlantean war and devastation came about, through to the present day and into the future Sixth Rootrace in this Aquarian cycle.
Introduction

There is a general tendency for mainstream and alternative authors to use a conventional view of history and time as a reference point. Whether it is the subject of 2012 and the Mayans, Egypt, India or Mexico, the timelines usually discussed are between three and six thousand years BC, maybe 10,000 years or more. Yet esoterically speaking, Humanity has required aeons for physical and mental development to evolve into its relatively sophisticated modern state.

What do you think, have you ever wondered just how long it has taken human evolution to unfold? Have you accepted what you were told at school or believed what adamant Bible scholars have declared so zealously?; or have you fallen prey to modern science’s ‘glamour of authority’ – whatever it says must be right? Perhaps you have accepted this world view unquestioningly or indiscriminately and may not have given it much thought – like most of us, being preoccupied with the vicissitudes of modern living. 

How can we consider a longer time-frame for history, which ultimately conceals the greatest puzzles of existence and the mystery of the human soul? When the traditions of the most ancient cultures are consulted, we find for instance, that the Hindu Tamil calendar known as the “Tirukkanda Panchanga”, gives the beginning of our strictly human evolution in this cycle as around 18.6 million years! [1] These cycles also go back into trillions of years and the Mayans are documented in the billions. Are these figures fanciful, symbolic or factual and literal?

Although there are paradoxes about certain time scales between ancient sources and modern science, there is agreement about some of the really big cycles – for instance, noted scientist, the late Carl Sagan said:
“The Hindu religion is the only one of the world’s great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which time scales correspond to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long, longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. [2]

Also, Fritjof Capra, in his best selling book wrote:

“This idea of a periodically expanding and contracting universe, which involves a scale of time and space of vast proportions, has arisen not only in modern cosmology, but also in ancient Indian mythology. Experiencing the universe as an organic and rhythmically moving cosmos, the Hindus were able to develop evolutionary cosmologies which come very close to our modern scientific models.” [3]

In many disciplines, whether it is ‘consensus’ archeology, anthropology, geology or other sciences, there must be cultivated (or initially entertained) an awareness of a longer time-frame for human evolution; this applies even to esoteric students who struggle with conceiving the vaster time cycles, partly because of their own cultural conditioning and so forth.

Thinkers from various disciplines could consider developing a whole new paradigm, one that is based upon information that has already been given via spiritualtraditions, that can bridge to mainstream sciences and provide a framework of enquiry. Perhaps its more a matter of revitalising an existing paradigm that is an inherent part of the ancient wisdom of several cultures; part of our racial memory that we can all intuitively tap into, recognise and understand. The key here is to experiment, before reacting with an out of hand dismissal, to use the information ‘as if’ it were literal.

The enormous timelines of the Mayans and ancient Hindus are some examples, yet these have been regarded and simply ignored by those people who write about these very subjects.
Causes of a Narrow View of Time
Understanding the history of any culture is fraught with illusion, especially when its roots extend far beyond the accepted contemporary view, as taught in most educational institutions around the world today. What are the factors that have been responsible for this universal truncated view of time and human evolution – into the past 10,000 years? The fields of religion and science have both contributed:

1. The timeline derived from the Judeo-Christian tradition posits ‘creation’ at around six thousand years ago. (4,004 BC!) This old thoughtform still conditions thinking in much of the West, where it is accepted by the majority, Christian or non-Christian. Many Christian ‘creationists’, amazingly still adhere literally to this timeline as a core belief, rigidly ignoring or rationalising any evidence to the contrary, such as dinosaurs, fossils etc. Some scientists in past centuries have also been afraid to date anything before 100 AD for fear of upsetting the church. Writing in the nineteenth century, H.P. Blavatsky (HPB) observed:
“Even now evidence is brought forward that the dates for the foundations of cities, civilizations and various other historical events have been absurdly curtailed.  This was done as a peace-offering to Biblical chronology. “No date,” writes the well-known Palæontologist, Ed. Lartet, “is to be found in Genesis, which assigns a time for the birth of primitive humanity”; but chronologists have for fifteen centuries endeavoured to force the Bible facts into agreement with their systems.  Thus, no less than one hundred and forty different opinions have been formed about the single date of “Creation”; “and between the extreme variations there is a discrepancy of 3,194 years, in the reckoning of the period between the beginning of the world and the birth of Christ.” [4]
2. Despite many advances, various scientific disciplines within the lesser cycles (not the aforementioned grand cosmic cycles), seem to gravitate to a similar timeline as the Judeo-Christian, for the emergence of the ancient races. (Wikipedia states 3,300 BC for the Hindus.) This must be partly influenced by religious conditioning and its appeasement but also other factors. Darwin himself did not think that human evolution went back further than 4,000 BC. (He was originally going to train for the clergy.) Even the modern Hindus seem to mainly disregard the treasure of their ancient heritage and toe the consensus line on history, such as the emergence of the Hindu race only a few thousand years BC:
3,000–1500 BCE: Indus Valley Civilisation (Old Chronology), or
6,000–1900 BCE: Indus-Sarasvati Civilisation (New Chronology) [5]
3. The development of the scientific, rationalist approach over the past five hundred years, paralleled by a special cycle of the Fifth Ray of Concrete Science that has only recently withdrawn before the end of last century.

4. The subsequent, accelerated and ongoing development of the concrete mind in Western civilisation – the concrete mind that perceives with only the five tangible senses. This mental development relates to the fifth mental plane and has been quintessentially expressed in this fifth branchrace of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.5.5). (Naturally, the sixth sense of the intuition will start to become far more apparent as the Sixth Rootrace takes hold in the next several thousand years.)

5. The inability of intellectuals who are polarised strongly in the lower mind, to conceive of an ancient evolution that goes beyond the culturally accepted view of the world; their inability or arrogance in recognising that greater civilisations and technologies have come and gone before this current one. Some ‘new age’ authors fall into this category but may not admit it!
6. Stemming from the foregoing, the vested interests of ‘establishment’ sciences such as archeology and anthropology – that seek to maintain the status quo; anything that challenges preciously held views is quite often immediately dismissed – even to the point of hiding or destroying fossil and artefact evidence. Academics have been drummed out of universities with their careers in tatters because they dared to tilt at the authoritarian edifice of academia. An example of this was geo-chronologist, Virginia Steen-McIntyre:
“Virginia Steen-McIntyre later wrote and published a paper concerning the dating of the artifacts found. It reported four sophisticated, independent tests: uranium-thorium dating, fission track dating, tephra hydration dating and the studying of mineral weathering to determine the date of the artifacts. Their 1981 paper (Quaternary Research (1981) v. 16, pp. 1-17) suggested that these tests, among others, validated a date of 250kya [250,000 years] for the Hueyatlaco artifacts. Later analyses conducted by biostratigraphic researcher, Sam VanLandingham, were concordant with the radiometric analyses conducted earlier.[6][7] The professional report, categorizing the findings at Hueyatlaco, was delayed for years. When it was finally published in 1981 it met widespread criticism. Steen-McIntyre argues that her findings were rejected not on their failings or merits, but because her critics engaged in circular reasoning.” [6]

There is an even wider story to the above, as the US Geological Survey verified her claims; this became a big issue with the establishment archeology of Mexicowho demanded that the date be reduced – and the survey team capitulated by dropping a zero – so it is now 25-35 K! The fact that Steen-McIntyre is a woman probably did not help either!
7. The bewildering array of remnants of ancient civilisations with which modern investigators are confronted. When these remnants present themselves in one particular area (for example, the Middle East), it is very difficult for those approaching its study to untangle and discriminate between the older and newer relics and their various cultural threads. Accurate perception is impossible when compounded by the accumulations of modern cultural, religious and educational hypnosis.
8. Contentious methods of establishing correct chronology such as carbon dating, radio-active dating, uranium-lead dating etc., astronomical techniques, religious scriptures, mythology and so on.

Dating Methods, Precession Cycles and Ancient Egypt

Many investigators have done excellent work in the areas of astronomical theories, archeological data etc., yet their figures rarely venture outside the last 5,000, 10,000 or 25,000 years. For example, speculations about the date of the building of the Great Pyramid through certain astronomical alignments, have been advanced and these investigators are most certainly on the right path, having done much good work. Yet as H. P. Blavatsky states, if the three precession cycles depicted upon the Denderah Zodiac were taken into account, 78,000 years ago (26,000 X 3) would be a more accurate figure for the building of the Great Pyramid.[7]

Because the world paradigm view of history has been ‘fixed’ at a much lesser figure, few have wished to stray beyond those boundaries, even to the point of rationalising certain data as ‘symbolic’ or simply dismissing it as ‘fanciful’.

When traveling from the Giza plateau to Saqqara, the location of the Bent, Stepped and Red pyramids, one is struck by how these structures seem to be far more ancient than Giza. The established archeology supports this, though by only a few grudging centuries because of the paradigm it has created and remains trapped within. Zoser’s pyramid at Saqqara was dated by Libby and his radio carbon dating team as around 2,625 BC.

On the Egyptian king lists that have had many hands interpreting them, King Menes is given as only a few centuries earlier around 3,000 BC. Yet HPB tells us that Menes was the Manu of the second subrace of our Fifth Rootrace. [8] , [9] If Table III is consulted, it shows that the Egyptian subrace was established around 860,000 years ago. [10] If then, this author’s deduction is to be believed or better, proven, then the Saqqara site could easily be up to several hundred thousand years older than the Great Pyramid site, dated around 78,000 years ago.

Of course other radio carbon dating questions arise such as the wood that was tested from an Egyptian coffin of the Ptolemaic period – used as a benchmark for carbon dating of the Zoser pyramid. The Egyptian date was arrived at by Wilson [11] on ‘stylistic grounds’. For a civilisation as old as Egypt, certain statue designs might stay in ‘style’ for hundreds of thousands of years, using esoteric chronology!

The original Egyptian coffin date of Zoser supplied by Wilson, against which the carbon dating findings were measured, is itself contentious; it is based upon a chronological assignment made through a traditional academically-influenced view of history that has been hopelessly confused through the centuries (see further in text); it is a shaky basis that compounds and compromises the problem of the accuracy of the carbon dating system itself.

Yet many authors quote radio carbon dates as if they were infallible, like results from a horse race. There are also known problems with radio carbon and its accuracy over 50,000 years due to break down and contamination of organic material. Then of course there are magnetic reversal of the poles issues, alternative dating methods and several other anomalies, too many to do justice in this enquiry. Before carbon dating developed, HPB made some remarks regarding the science of her day in the late 1800’s:
“Unfortunately, dynasties and Pyramids have the fate of geological periods; their dates are arbitrary, and depend on the respective whims of the men of science.  Archæologists … accord in the style of art [‘stylistic’?], and in the standard of measurement employed, with the similar diorite statues of the pyramid builders of the third and fourth Egyptian dynasties … but what is the date fixed for these “dynasties”?  Sanchoniathon’s and Manetho’s Synchronistic tables and their figures have been rejected, or whatever remained of these after holy Eusebius’ handling of them; [12] and still we have to remain satisfied with the four or five thousand years B.C. so liberally allotted to Egypt.

… when we [Masters of Wisdom] talk of the Secondary and Tertiary age, of the Eocene, Miocene and Pliocene periods—this is simply to make our facts more comprehensible.  Since these ages and periods have not yet been allowed fixed and determined durations, 2½ and 15 million years being assigned at different times to one and the same age (the Tertiary)—and since no two geologists and naturalists seem to agree on this point—Esoteric teachings may remain quite indifferent to whether man is shown to appear in the Secondary or the Tertiary age. If the latter age may be allowed even so much as 15 million years’ duration—well and good; for the Occult doctrine, jealously guarding its real and correct figures as far as concerns the First, Second, and two-thirds of the Third Root-Race—gives clear information upon one point only—the age of “Vaivasvata Manu’s humanity. [18.5 million years]” [13]

One could argue that if the precession cycle of 25,920 years was known to the ancients, then they may well have studied and lived through those cycles at least a few times. Indeed, according to Pliny, in the astronomical observations of the Chaldeans , Epigenes recognises 720,000 years. Consider also Cicero somewhat indignantly relating the Babylonian  priests’ assertion – that they had preserved upon monuments, observations extending back during an interval of 470,000 years. Simplicius (6th century AD) wrote that he had heard that the Egyptians had kept astronomical observations and records for the last 630,000 years. [14]

There are numerous examples of these kind of figures from historians and philosophers like Pythagoras and Plato who lived in our relatively recent history but who were in touch with a much greater antiquity. Why would these recognised and respected commentators in many fields, contrive these figures  independently of one another? Modern authors have also ignored data that is available to them in their own disciplines such as the Hindu or Mayan systems for measuring time. As Wendell Phillips once said:

“We seem to imagine that whether knowledge will die with us or not, it certainly began with us … We have a pitying estimate, a tender pity for the narrowness, ignorance, and darkness of the bygone ages.” [15]

Reasons for a Conservative Approach to Cycles

Speculations on reasons why investigators do not depart too much from the norm vary:
1. They are not so much interested in the timeline per se, something more specific such as the consciousness or culture that an ancient civilisation exhibited, a form of astronomy that they had devised, or how it related to the present or the future.
2. Using astronomy for dating, yet not considering going beyond one precession cycle of 25,920 years. For some speculative dates, dozens or even hundreds of precession cycles would have to be adopted to ‘wind the clock back’ correctly:
“While the Egyptians have on their Zodiacs … irrefutable proofs of records having embraced more than three-and-a-half sidereal years—or about 87,000 years—the Hindu calculations cover nearly thirty-three such years, or 850,000 years.  The Egyptian priests assured Herodotus that the Pole of the Earth and the Pole of the Ecliptic had formerly coincided.  But, as remarked by the author of the Sphinxiad, “… Hindoos have registered a knowledge of Astronomy for ten times 25,000 years since the (last local) Flood (in Asia), or Age of Horror,” in the latitude of India.  And they possess recorded observations from the date of the first Great Flood within the Aryan historical memory—that which submerged the last portions of Atlantis, 850,000 years ago.” [16]

3. Hoping to keep their readers engaged by using more conventional timelines; sticking to one subject without complicating the discussion; this serves as a bridging process in some ways.
4. Not wanting to be marginalised or rejected by their peers and readers for being too radical with timelines.

5. Simply having no way of substantiating the greater timeline
and with limited tools at their disposal to do so – fair enough!
6. Lacking in imagination or being over-conservative in their approach.

These are a few reasons that come to mind, but what of the greater timelines that exist?
Time Measurement from the Ancient Scriptures

In The Secret Doctrine, HPB gave a wealth of information on the ancient cycles derived particularly from the Vedas and similar Hindu traditions. This world view sees our solar system at about the half way mark in its evolution – 155 trillion years of a 311 trillion year cycle! It posits the evolution of human consciousness as having proceeded from ancient Lemurian times about 18.5 million years ago.

These time spans are related to the ancient cycles called yugas that take place within the larger cycles of the manvantaras. All cycles take place to a lesser degree within the time-span of the so-called seven rootraces, whilst in a far vaster reach of time, the globes, chains and schemes – or the various incarnations of the planet itself. [17] HPB also tells us that we are now in the Fifth Rootrace that started with the advent of the first Hindu subrace one million years ago. [18]

In The Hidden History of Humanity Vol. I (HHH), [19] greater detail and new original information is given outlining how this world view is constructed, viewing the various cycles as they unfold through the rootraces or, to state it another way, the rootraces unfolding within the larger cycles of time allotted to them; it is essentially the history of the unfoldment of human consciousness.

HHH seeks to advance reasonable arguments about the validity of the greater time scales. If this universal view of time was adopted as a framework, investigators may see their enquiries and speculations find an empowering niche; it might enable them to move forward in their specific disciplines far more rapidly, expanding understanding and creating a greater degree of connectivity to the many facets of the one whole. The Hindu tradition is of course the oldest as they constitute the first subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.1) and were heir to the ancient knowledge of the Atlanteans in the previous rootrace.

There was a reason that the Masters of Wisdom [20] worked through HPB to give this information out to the Western world – to re-establish for this next coming cycle, those eternal laws and truths which have brought us thus far. Nevertheless, Humanity is still disempowered in not knowing its true origins, for several reasons:
1. Lack of knowledge about the origin and purpose of the human soul.
2. Not having a ‘fixed time from which to reckon’, by which to measure history. [21]
3. Being saddled with a shortened chronology that is supposed to explain the entire unfoldment of the human race, quite a ludicrous situation.

Hardly any investigators use this ancient treasure trove of material, with one notable exception to this author’s knowledge, the work of Vedantist Michael Cremo and Forbidden Archeology. [22] Cremo takes the cycles as literal in their duration and makes claims for some even greater time-spans; this author’s work is different but in general agreement.

As noted earlier, modern science and occultism roughly concur on some of the big cosmic cycles, yet it is ironic that time scales for the sciences such as archeology and anthropology, there is required such a huge addition of time for the birth of civilisation: from 3,000 – 4,000 BC, back 18.5 million years!

Yet when equating the esoteric record of time with the current accepted geological record, there is a massive subtraction of time: from around 65 million years for the Jurassic Age, down to 28-20 million years. The big dinosaurs may well have existed 65 million years ago but according to our esoteric benchmark The Secret Doctrine, the Jurassic Age was closer to twenty million years ago – at least around the time of its reptile extinction. [23] Disparities and contradictions abound, yet they are not unresolvable or irreconcilable.

Consider that around 500 years ago, it was thought that the Sun orbited the Earth and now that illusion has been stripped away and transcended. Yet despite all the amazing scientific advances since then and expansions of human consciousness – with regard to Earth’s true history we still live in medieval times. It is interesting to note that the ‘Flat Earth Society’ was formed by a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1956!

When considering the larger time cycles, 500 years is but the blink of an eye. Now Humanity’s next phase of penetrating the veil of maya is to understand just exactly how old it is. This is most appropriate as the Third Ray of Active Intelligence that is intimately related to cycles, is currently going through a powerful cycle; third ray ruler Saturn – the Lord of Time, waits with his scythe to strip away the veil and reveal these ancient truths.
The Rootraces

Esoterically, the evolution of consciousness for humanity started about 21.5 million years ago, culminating about 18.5 million years ago with the registering of the ‘spark of mind’ that had been stimulated for the previous three million years in ‘animal humanity’, endowed hitherto with only an instinctual consciousness and a gigantic hermaphroditic form.

This period is known as Individualisation and occurred in the middle period of the Lemurian or Third Rootrace. It was one of the greatest spiritual events in the history of the planet, representing the birth of the human soul via the invocation and appearance of highly evolved beings who undertook the seeding of Humanity and its guidance. One of those remaining beings is called Sanat Kumara or Melchisidek, The Watcher, who presides over humanity ‘until the last weary pilgrim struggles home’, i.e. achieves liberation.

The humanity of that time was enormous in stature, though evolution has been refining and decreasing its size up to our present day. Even four million years ago, when the final destruction of parts of Lemuria occurred, there were still very large giants. Indeed, HPB tells us that the infamous statue heads of Easter Island(about 30ft or 10 metres high) were representative of the height of the giants of that time. [24]

It is most curious how scientists allow a dimunition in size for the dinosaurs to the present day reptiles, but not for man. This is partly due to the ‘lack of evidence’ of physical skeletons, when in fact much evidence pointing to the existence of giants is extant. [25]
“Of all the mammalians, man is the only one whom science will not allow to have dwarfed down, like all other animal frames …” [26]

This is a key point in terms of the time period of six to ten thousand years allotted to human evolution. Because such a small time period for human development has been assigned – and is believed in by the majority – it does not allow sufficient time for thinkers to entertain the idea that giant humans gradually shrank in size over a period of millions of years – in parallel with the reptile kingdom. In other words, in Lemurian times, humans were at least the height of dinosaurs:
“But we can easily believe that the Titans and Cyclopes of old really belonged to the Fourth (Atlantean) Race, and that all the subsequent legends and allegories found in the Hindu Purânas and the Greek Hesiod and Homer, were based on the hazy reminiscences of real Titans—men of a superhuman tremendous physical power, which enabled them to defend themselves, and hold at bay the gigantic monsters of the Mesozoic and early Cenozoic times—and of actual Cyclopes—three-eyed mortals.” [27]

Almost immediately after Individualisation, the Atlantean (fourth) rootrace came into being and developed in parallel with the Lemurians for millions of years. It was in the Atlantean race that two-eyed sight evolved over a few million years, replacing the original one all-seeing eye of the Lemurians; for a while there were three-eyed beings in an interim period. (The first two and a half rootraces were etheric, only manifesting into the physical half way through the Lemurian rootrace, in its third subrace, expressed as 3.3.)
Origin of the Apes

According to HPB, human bestiality in Lemuria created an unnatural and unplanned linking with other members of the animal kingdom, and these hybrids were the ancestors of our modern apes. Certain soul groups who refused to incarnate into their ‘coarse’ habitations were ultimately responsible for the groups of humans that caused this evolutionary anomaly upon the physical plane – the so called ‘sin of the mindless’. The modern Orangutan is a peculiarly ‘human’ reminder of that ancient transgression and today these apes are getting much publicity because their habitats are being destroyed in Indonesia through rainforest logging; in this Fifth Rootrace there are certain esoteric parallels to the Third or Lemurian Rootrace. Indonesia like Australia, is a remnant of Lemuria.

Imagine if scientists in their various disciplines were to run with this one esoteric fact – that apes were created by humans mixing with animals, eventually proving it – and what a dramatic revolution in consciousness would take place in how Humanity view themselves? Currently in most educational institutions around the world, the 5,000 year history of the human race is taught, and that it evolved from apes; Humanity has a much more divine pedigree.

Atlantis was a race that attained greatly in the civilised arts, sciences, astronomy, astrology and technology. Yet much that had been ‘gifted’ to the race by its guides was abused, creating a great crisis at the Atlantean midpoint of evolution – they were forced to choose between the way of light or the way of materialism and black magic:
“To continue the tradition, we have to add that the class of hierophants was divided into two distinct categories: those who were instructed by the “Sons of God,” of the island, and who were initiated in the divine doctrine of pure revelation, others who inhabited the lost Atlantis … and who, being of another race, were born with a sight which embraced all hidden things, and was independent of both distance and material obstacle.

In short, they were the fourth race of men mentioned in the Popol-Vuh, whose sight was unlimited and who knew all things at once. They were, perhaps, what we would now term “natural-born mediums,” who neither struggled nor suffered to obtain their knowledge, nor did they acquire it at the price of any sacrifice. Therefore, while the former walked in the path of their divine instructors, and acquiring their knowledge by degrees, learned at the same time to discern the evil from the good, the born adepts of the Atlantis blindly followed the insinuations of the great and invisible “Dragon,” the King Thevetat … [who] had neither learned nor acquired knowledge, but … was “a sort of Socrates who knew without being initiated.”  Thus, under the evil insinuations of their demon, Thevetat, the Atlantis-race became a nation of wicked magicians.” [28]
Other Errors Contributing to Incorrect Dating

This crisis of choice led to a great battle about four million years ago, epitomised in the Hindu epic, The Mahabharata. There were probably several otherMahabharatas but this was the first and major one. It was an important time as it represented the half way mark of Atlantean development in the fourth subrace of that Fourth Rootrace (4.4), giving birth at the same time to the very nascent beginnings of our current Fifth Rootrace, also known as the Aryan (Indian) race.
Four million years ago the Kali Yuga age of death and destruction was in progress in the Fourth Rootrace – whilst an overlapping Satya Yuga (Golden Age) was starting for the Fifth Rootrace:

Yuga

  Greek Period

  Yuga Duration

        Dates

Manu/Cycle

Satya

Gold

1,728,000

3,893,100

Noah (Manu 5.0)

Treta

Silver

1,296,000

2,165,100

Asuramaya

Dvapara

Bronze

864,000

869,000

Menes (Manu 5.2)

Kali

Iron

432,000

3,102 BC

Kali Yuga 5th R.R.

Table I: The Yugas of the Fifth Rootrace

Table I shows that the period of 3,102 BC was the start of the Kali Yuga for the Fifth Rootrace and will continue for another 427,000 years. This date has been one of the problems that have caused major misunderstandings for scholars and even Hindu pundits incorrectly dating The Mahabharata – out by four million years.
““Yudishthira—the first King of the Sacea, who opens the Kali Yuga  era, which has to last 432,000 years—“an actual King and man who lived 3,102 years B.C.,” applies also, name and all, to the great Deluge  at the time of the first sinking of Atlantis .” [29]

Again, because of cultural illusions perpetrated over the centuries in both the east and west, considering anything outside of several thousand years is a place few have wished to venture. It has been created by the Great Illusion and is also the Great Lie.

Very soon after this great war four million years ago, an enormous global cataclysm took place, flooding most of the world, representing the first and most extensive of the four Atlantean sinkings; the fourth and final sinking was that of Poseidonis in 9,564 BC. Plato’s description of Poseidon’s fate as ‘9,000 years’ is a reference to this latter period but also a veiled reference to the second major sinking of Atlantis which took place 900,000 years ago! [30] Atlantis was not in one particular place as many investigators seem to think; its islands and continents were scattered around the globe. [31]

During the period following the original Atlantean destruction, a nucleus of new humanity were nurtured by Vaivasvata Manu (known as Noah in the Bible) for a period of a few million years, eventually to become the first (Hindu) subrace of the Fifth Rootrace, emerging about one million years ago from their ‘incubator’ in or beyond the Himalayas.

The following table shows the three major rootraces elapsed thus far. Note that there are seven branchraces in a subrace and seven subraces in a rootrace, hence the expressions 3.3.3, 4.4.4 and 5.5.5 reading from left to right, denote the rootrace, subrace and branchrace respectively.

These are not fanciful figures but represent profoundly significant periods in time; they correspond with the Seven Rays of Esoteric Astrology, forces that through numerical resonance with the races, influence them accordingly. Note that the world is now at 5.5.5, the current crisis as we move into the Sixth Rootrace in the next 25,000 years.

3.3.3

Lemuria. Individualisation. The ‘spark of mind’. Birth of Shamballa.

21.6 million yrs ago

4.4.4

Atlantis. Latter part, advanced civilisation, great war, cataclysm.

4 million yrs ago

5.5.5

Aryan. Peak of mental development. Moving into the 6th rootrace.

Now. 2,000 C.E.

Table II: Crises of the Rootraces

This basic outline brings a brief appreciation and overview of the rootraces and time periods. (HHH-I provides many more details.) After the Hindu subrace (the ‘Mother’ of all Western races), four more subraces unfolded in the Fifth Rootrace. The races and subraces have enormous overlaps in time and a crisis always precipitates at the apotheosis of each rootrace.

Subrace

Group

Years ago

5.1

Hindu

1,050,000

5.2

Ancient Egyptian/Mayan

860,000

5.3

Semitic-Arabic-Afghani

610,000

5.4

Celtic-Latin

450,000

5.5

Teutonic-Nordic

100,000

5.6

Synthesis of all subraces

Next 25,000

Table III: Subraces of the Fifth Rootrace

If the figure 5.5.5 is broken down, it represents the Anglo-Saxon branchrace, Teutonic-Nordic subrace of the Fifth Rootrace – moving into 5.5.6. The sixthbranchrace represents a synthesis of all western and eastern races, particularly in the USA. USA ’s particular dharma is to act as a bridge between that which has been (5.5.5 Anglo-Saxon) and that which will come in the Sixth Rootrace, slated to start in about 25,000 years in the location of where Brazil is today. [32]

The Ancient Egyptians and Mayans

Noting the above table, the genesis of the Egytpians and Mayans is very ancient, no less than 860,000 years ago. Both groups came from a now sunken part of southern India (the old Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka) at the time of the second Atlantean submersion, finding their way to Ethiopia and Guatemala respectively. [33]Hence the similarity of their esoteric knowledge, rituals, architecture, art, customs etc., not only with one another but also ‘mother India’. Both groups acted as a bridge between the old Atlantean races and the new Fifth Rootrace. Their genesis goes back a long way into Atlantean history, or ‘pre-Vedic’, which means before the first Hindu subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.1) that emerged about one million years ago. If Table I is consulted, we can see that Asuramaya (note the ‘maya’ part) lived about two million years ago in the Atlantean period.

Egypt has been the repository and guardian of the world’s Mystery Tradition for about 800,000 years. [34] Pyramid technology had been around for millions of years before that, as has the science of astronomy, going back at least 3.24 million years in the Egyptian tradition:
“The astronomical  records of Universal History, however, are said to have had their beginnings with the Third Sub-race of the Fourth Root-race or the Atlanteans [4.3] . When was it? Occult data show that even since the time of the regular establishment of the Zodiacal calculations in Egypt, the poles have been thrice inverted.” [35]

Elsewhere in her books HPB tells us that the poles are inverted every 1,080,000 years, [36] hence 1,080,000 X 3 = 3,240,000 years. Likewise, other popular subjects of researchers have invaluable clues, such as Stonehenge:
“The archaic records show the Initiates  of the Second Sub-race  of the Aryan  family [5.2 – Aryan = Fifth Rootrace] moving from one land to the other for the purpose of supervising the building of menhirs and dolmens, of colossal Zodiacs in stone … The fact of their crossing from France to Great Britain by land may give an idea of the date when such a journey could have been performed on terrâ firma.” [37]

Using this author’s established timeline in Table III for the ‘second subrace of the Aryan family’ (5.2 Egyptian), then Stonehenge and many other constructions in Europe are much more ancient than hitherto speculated, up to 860,000 years old. Note also, these enormous structures were erected partly through the brute strength of the giants of that race:
“Had there been no giants to move about such colossal rocks, there could never have been a Stonehenge, a Carnac (Brittany) and other such Cyclopean structures; and (b) were there no such thing as MAGIC, there could never have been so many witnesses to oracular and speaking stones.” [38]

‘Magic’ here also refers to the utilisation of the science of sound to erect those structures:
“The cycle returns, and in the days to come will be seen the re-appearance of the faculty of the Lemurians  and early Atlanteans  to raise great masses,—this time on a higher turn of the spiral … They were raised through the ability of the early builders to create a vacuum through sound, and to utilise it for their own purposes.” [39]

This fact is elsewhere corroborated in many parts of the world, where priests used mantrams or harmonious chants to raise huge weights effortlessly. Likewise the power of sound was used to destroy:
“You have in the Christian Bible the remnant of a tale which has descended to us from Atlantean days.  In those days the use of sound on physical and emotional levels was understood and practised, being utilised for selfish ends in most of the cases.  You read that at the sound of trumpets, sounded a certain number of times after a rhythmical circuit of the walls of Jericho those walls collapsed.  This was made possible by the occult knowledge of the leaders of the people who—being versed in the science of sound and having studied its destructive and creative effects,—knew just the moment to apply that science and effect the desired end.” [40]

The Mayans

Another glaring example of rationalisations that are used because researchers cannot accept literally the length of given cycles, is the Mayan chronology. Many authors place the Mayans emerging within the last two thousand years. Yet the Mayans speak much about a relatively short time cycle of 5,125 years that started around 3,114 BC. (Note, this date is close to the start of the Hindu Kali Yuga in 3102 BC) Apart from the fact that The Mayans are esoterically around 860,000 years old, various authors have speculated that they ‘worked backward’ to fix the 3,114 BC date as the start of their cycle – but emerged much later from 1,500 BC onward, depending upon who you read. These same authors do not even take into account some of the greatest Mayan cycles that go back billions of years, concurring with other ancient cosmologies such as the Hindu – from which the Mayans originally emerged.

Why have the Mayans come to assume such prominence in esoteric literature in the past fifty years? The alignment with the galactic centre of course, but also because of the approaching date of 2012 that is the end/start of a 26,000 year precession cycle. This will be taking place in Aquarius on the greater 26,000 year wheel, coinciding with the more well known 2,160 year cycle in Aquarius on the ‘lesser wheel’. A new precession cycle starting in 2012 will take Humanity up to the Sixth Rootrace proper in about 25,000 years time. The first seed location for this race will be in the centre of South America where we now call Brazil. [41]

The Mayan tradition also points the way to South America and its role for a ‘relocated’ Shamballa (the crown chakra of the world) from where The Ancient of Days (Sanat Kumara) will resume his watch for the Sixth Rootrace. (Currently Shamballa is located in the Gobi Desert.) It is interesting to note that the original location of Shamballa in Lemurian times was in South America and still later connected to the Mayans, hence a ‘full circle’ cycle is nascent:
“The first outpost for the Shamballa Fraternity was the original temple of Ibez and it was located in the centre of South America, and one of its branches at a much later period was to be found in the ancient Maya institutions, and the basic worship of the sun as the source of life in the hearts of all men.” [42]

Hence the Mayans, with their magnetic history located mainly in Guatemala in Central America, are today acting as a bridge between the USA and South America, or between the rest of the world and South America. Central America has played the role of a great meeting place for many cultures from the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans for thousands of years.

During the intervening period of the next 25,000 years, Britain [43] will sink entirely in the next few thousand years whilst a large chunk of California will disappear.[44]
“Cataclysms of a world wide nature will occur during the next one thousand years; continents will be shaken; lands will be raised and submerged, culminating in the profound material disaster which will overtake the world towards the close of the fourth branch race of the sixth subrace.  This will usher in the infant sixth rootrace.” [45]

Yet there is nothing unusual about these events, they are a natural part of planetary evolution and have occurred in many other cycles in the past, particularly when a new race is about to be established.

“The sinking of Atlantis … began during the Miocene period  as certain of your continents are now observed to be gradually sinking …” [46] Elevation and subsidence of continents is always in progress.  The whole coast of South America has been raised up 10 to 15 feet and settled down again in an hour.  Huxley has shown that the British islands have been four times depressed beneath the ocean and subsequently raised again and peopled.  …  Within the last five or six thousand years the shores of Sweden Denmark and Norway have risen from 200 to 600 feet; in Scotland there are raised beaches with outlying stacks and skerries surmounting the shore now eroded by the hungry wave.  The North of Europe is still rising from the sea and South America presents the phenomenon of raised beaches of over 1,000 miles in length, now at a height varying from 100 to 1,300 feet above the sea-level.” [47]

Forms, whether they are land masses or humans, come and go, but the consciousness remains and moves forward; it is the soul’s evolution toward liberation that is the most important factor – individual, group, racial, national and global.

Once Humanity understands the true chronology of world history, a foundation of understanding can be established that will lead to breakthroughs in many areas of human endeavour: correct knowledge of time will then be applied in the exoteric sciences and the mystery of the origin of the human soul will be unveiled for all.

Phillip Lindsay © 2010.

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Phillip Lindsay is a global traveller, author and counsellor who practices Esoteric Astrology and specialises in investigating the true origins of Humanity. He is currently engaged in a project related to the second volume of his The Hidden History of Humanity II: Geography and Giants; this will be a book and will be filmedas a documentary in many areas of the world. Phillip can be reached from anywhere at phillip@esotericastrologer.org – for readings, seminars in your country and financial support for the above project. To subscribe to his newsletter, please visit http://www.esotericastrologer.org and fill out the appropriate form.


[1] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky . p.69. http://calendars.wikia.com/wiki/Tamil_calendar.

[2] Cosmos Carl Sagan. Ballantine Books (1985). p.258.

[3] Tao of Physics. Fritjof Capra. Shambhala Pub. (1991). p.198

[4] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky .p.691.

[5] http://hinduism.iskcon.com/tradition/1001.htm

[6] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Steen-McIntyre

[7] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky .p.432.

[8] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.627.

[9] The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay. p.360.

[10] The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay. This time line on the subraces is one of the original breakthroughs this author has made in this field.

[11] Age determinations by radiocarbon content: checks with samples of known age. J. R. Arnold and W. F. Libby. (1949)

[12] Check Wikipedia for the amazing story of how these authors have distorted original dates.

[13] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. pp.692-3.

[14] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.352.

[15] Lecture on the Lost Arts by Wendell Phillips.

[16] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.332.

[17] See section II, The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay.

[18] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.651.

[19] The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay.

[20] See Masters of the Seven Rays, by Phillip Lindsay.

[21] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. pp.63-4. (21,688,345 years ago)

[22] Forbidden Archeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race, Michael Cremo & Richard L. Thompson.

[23] The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay.

[24] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.439.

[25] This is a ‘gigantic’ (!) subject in itself and cannot be done justice within the scope of this enquiry; it is one of the themes of the forthcoming Hidden History of Humanity II: Geography & Giants.

[26] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.352.

[27] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.293.

[28] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. P.593.

[29] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. P.369.

[30] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.395.

[31] This fact will be expounded upon in the forthcoming volume of The Hidden History of Humanity II by Phillip Lindsay, which will also be a DVD documentary.

[32] See The Shamballa Impacts: Their Esoteric Astrology in World History, by Phillip Lindsay. The new updated 2009 version has a special section about South America. See also “Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace: The Coming Sixth Rootrace” by this author at: http://www.hiddenhistoryhumanity.com

[33] See this three part essay: www.hiddenhistoryhumanity.com and/or the revised 2009 version of The Shamballa Impacts, by Phillip Lindsay. Guatemala = Gautama Buddha.

[34] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.589.

[35] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.353.

[36] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky . p.654. See also, Collected Writings XIV, p.365.

[37] ibid. p.750.

[38] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.342.

[39] Letters on Occult Meditation, Alice A. Bailey . p.250.

[40] Letters on Occult Meditation, Alice A. Bailey . p.194.

[41] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey, p.387. See also http://www.hiddenhistoryhumanity.com and/or the revised 2009 version of The Shamballa Impacts, by Phillip Lindsay.

[42] A Treatise on White Magic, Alice A. Bailey. P. 379.

[43] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.266.

[44] The Secret Doctrine. Still trying to find this quote!

[45] A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice A. Bailey. P.467.

[46] The Mahatma Letters, A. J. Sinnett. P.151.

[47] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.787.

World Historical Overview.
Cambodia, Pol Pot, Angkor Wat Temples
(HHH Launch: Alexandria, Egypt)

One of my main areas of endeavour is in Esoteric History, a project inspired around 1994 and which took its brief from a passage in Esoteric Astrology:
“I [The Master Djwhal Khul] earlier gave a hint upon which definite astrological computation could be based when I gave the time of the "Great Approach" of the Hierarchy to our planetary manifestation when individualisation took place and the fourth kingdom in nature appeared. I placed that stupendous event as happening 21,688,345 years ago.” [1]
With the first volume of The Hidden History of Humanity (HHH), this is where the focus of newsletters will be. Nevertheless, I always write ‘astrologically’ as this is a ‘language’ I use to interpret the world of energies and forces, so there will be plenty for astrological students to ponder. The historical inquiry ranges over many different subjects: Astrology, cycles, races, nations, astronomy, the sciences, religious traditions, mythology etc. – they are all keys to uncovering where we have come from.
On this New Year’s Eve 2006 the Capricorn full moon cycle is upon us (Jan 3, 2007) and it is most appropriate to initiate an exploration into the past as Capricorn and its ruler Saturn have jurisdiction in this area. Likewise, polar opposite sign Cancer and its ruler the Moon also relate to history and the past, as does the Third Ray of Active-Intelligence, intimately associated with both signs.
The place of this ‘launch’ is serendipitously Alexandria, Egypt, named after its founder Alexander the Great. This city has a rich heritage of being the centre of world learning, drawing upon diverse cultures and nations. It was a centre of Greek scholarship and science as well as the capital of Egypt from its founding by Alexander in 332 BC to AD 642 when the Arabs invaded it. It has had a place in the popular imagination through its association with Mark Antony, Cleopatra and Julius Caesar. It also played a key role in passing on Greek culture to Rome and was a centre of scholarship in the theological disputes over the nature of Christ’s divinity that divided the early church.
For the past year the only online discussion of this Esoteric History Project has been in the online Yahoo group of the same name, working forward from the ‘beginning of time’. This has proved to be quite abstract for many as it deals with the esoteric forces that were responsible for eventually bringing about the incarnation of this planet – such as the rounds, chains and globes. The whole area of study becomes much more tangible when there is a civilisation, race or nation to consider and therefore the nature of these newsletters will be to work backward into time.
Therefore this first newsletter deals some impressions of I have had from my recent and current travels in Cambodia and Egypt, seeking to put it into an understandable framework that reaches back into the past civilisations in this early race as well as those before in Atlantis and Lemuria.

Preface: History’s Impasse

Understanding the history of any culture is always fraught with illusion, especially when its roots extend far beyond the accepted contemporary view, as taught in most educational institutions around the world today. The universal dwarfing of human history into the past 10,000 years has occurred for several reasons:
1. The past two thousand years of Christian-Judaic thinking and speculation that has attempted to date events in the Bible extending back to a world creation of 4,004 BC!

2.2. The development of the concrete mind in Western civilisation. This mental development relates to the fifth mental plane and has been quintessentially expressed in this fifth branchrace of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace – abbreviated as 5.5.5. (The concrete mind cognises with the five tangible senses.)

3. The development of the scientific, rationalist approach over the past five hundred years, paralleled by a special cycle of the Fifth Ray of Concrete Science.

4. The bewildering array of remnants of ancient civilisations with which modern investigators are confronted. When these remnants present themselves in one particular area (such as the Middle East for example), it is very difficult for those approaching its study to untangle and discriminate between the older and newer cultures and their various threads. Accurate perception is impossible with all the accumulations of cultural, religious and educational conditioning.

5. Contentious methods of establishing correct chronology such as carbon dating, radio-active dating, uranium-lead dating etc., astronomical techniques, religious scriptures, mythology and so on.

Hence Humanity today labours under many illusions about its past, not that most of the world necessarily thinks about its origins – or the enigma of the soul for that matter; most people are too busy just surviving and making money. Even students of the Mysteries sometimes find it difficult to comprehend the vast cycles to which H.P. Blavatsky refers, when she tells us for instance that human Individualisation occurred around 18.5 million years ago and that the Fifth Rootrace which started in India, is about one million years old. [2]

As Humanity moves toward 5.5.6, the seed of the Sixth Rootrace where intuition will supercede the concrete mind, the revealing of Humanity’s true origin will gradually precipitate into mainstream consciousness. The reasonableness of proposals that have their source in the Secret Wisdom will eventually be accepted; they will constitute the substance of the antahkarana or bridge of light that will illumine the exoteric sciences and become accepted facts.

Can we imagine the revolution in thought that this would create on Earth; knowledge of our origins, the evolution of consciousness and ultimately the reason and purpose for human existence – without the filters of narrow dogmatic thinking in scientific and religious disciplines?

It has been said that the release of spiritual knowledge by such messengers as Blavatsky and Alice Bailey, has been as a direct result of Humanity invoking and yearning for more light and understanding – like a field of sunflowers leaning and stretching toward the sun; it has resulted in the past one hundred years as an evocative response from Those who watch over and guide the race. This invocative process is constant and ongoing, leading us rapidly from the ‘seeing through a glass darkly’ syndrome to a sparkling diamond consciousness.

There is much that has been hidden since the great war of Atlantean times and the cycle is upon us where Humanity is starting to reclaim that which has been lost. Yet the disempowerment of not knowing human origins, must and will fade. The approaching Light of the Aquarian cycle will dispel many of these obscurations; we stand poised to receive some of the greatest revelations the world has ever seen. It is said that this Aquarian Age will develop a One World Religion based upon all traditions and no doubt many other syntheses of thought will precipitate on a global scale.

Now is the time of the ‘rainmakers’ who are seeding the ‘raincloud of knowable things’; the approaching ‘monsoon’ will provide ample replenishment for the water pots of the Aquarian Water-Bearers.
This series of essays will attempt to foster a greater awareness by ‘setting the record straight’ through the utilisation of that which has been gifted to us in such sources as The Secret Doctrine – and other works transmitted by the Guides of the race from the inner worlds.
Eastern and Western Races
There are two major kinds of consciousness expressing in the world today, reflecting the Eastern and Western hemispheres:
1. The ‘Aryan’ [3] or Fifth Rootrace consciousness that has its origins in India but which is        essentially expressed in the Western nations.
2. The Atlantean or Fourth Rootrace consciousness that has its origins in ancient Atlantis, expressed predominately in Eastern and many developing nations.
The former is predominately mental in its expression, whilst the latter is emotional or ‘astral’. The Asian races (east of India) are the descendants of the seventh (or last) subrace of that Fourth Rootrace (abbreviated as 4.7). [4]

Of course both types of consciousness know no ethnic boundaries, hence there exists many in Asia imbued with Aryan consciousness, such as one of the foremost, Japan. Yet the ‘cradle’ of the Fifth Rootrace, India – has, despite its potent expression of Aryan consciousness, millions of younger souls at the Atlantean stage of unfoldment. In other words, one can be in an Aryan body with Atlantean consciousness, or in an Atlantean body (Asian) yet have Aryan awareness.

The world hemispheres are conditioned by different rays:

The Occident      Soul Ray                 Ray II.

                        Personality Ray            Ray IV.

The Orient Soul Ray                 Ray IV.

                        Personality Ray            Ray III. [5]

Note that the Fourth Ray of Harmony through Conflict (also called the ray of beauty and music) is the one in common between the two hemispheres. This is appropriate as the Fourth Ray conditions Humanity as a whole – in this Fourth Round cycle, upon the fourth globe of this fourthchain. [6] It is also pertinent that the Fourth Ray is the soul ray of the Orient, as those races are derived from the Fourth Rootrace, Atlantis.

Various nations in both hemispheres have feminine or masculine characteristics and generically the Orient seems to play the feminine role whilst the Occident the masculine. The ‘mystic East’ is certainly alluring and beautiful, its ‘yielding yin’ playing out in many areas of life:
“They are feminine in their psychology, — intuitive, mystical, sensitive, alluring, beautiful, fond of display and colour…” [7]

 

Modern Cambodia: Pol Pot’s Purge on the Fourth Shamballa Impact

Starting around 1975, Pol Pot and his genocidal regime of the Khmer Rouge cast its shadow over Cambodia for about two decades, resulting in the deaths of between one and two million people, according to various estimates. The regime tried to force the people into a ‘Maoist agrarianism’: slave labour in the hot fields for sixteen-hour days with barely any food; they tried to outlaw Buddhism (can one extinguish the stars in the night sky?); they tortured and carried out the cruellest mass exterminations etc. etc. Pol Pot came forth like a ‘dark avatar’ on the fourth ‘Shamballa Impact’ [8] of 1975:
”Racial Avatars. These Appearances are evoked by the genius and destiny of a race. The typical man (in quality and consciousness, not necessarily physically) foreshadows the nature of some race. Such a man was Abraham Lincoln, coming forth from the very soul of a people, and introducing and transmitting racial quality—a quality to be worked out later as the race unfolds. Coming forth correspondingly from the realm of cosmic evil, and responsible for the focus of materialism upon the planet today was Bismarck. Both men came forth within the same one hundred years, thus demonstrating the balance in nature and the constant interplay of the pairs of opposites. They are both types of the most powerful Avatars which humanity itself has as yet produced. They emerge along the lines of government, of the first ray and in the department of the Manu, and are very sensitive to Shamballa force. Such Avatars frequently emerge at the founding of a nation. This is true of both Bismarck and Lincoln.” [9]


Memorial at the Killing Fields, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Pol Pot may not have necessarily been the equivalent of Bismarck in the 20th century but certainly had his light equivalent in Martin Luther King Jr. (died 1968) who fought for rights that Lincoln helped initiate. It is interesting that in both cases the ‘dark’ equivalent came forth after the light worker had made his mark – seeking to retard human progress. The oriental forces standing behind those such as Pol Pot are most powerful, reminding us of ancient Atlantean times when black magic was widespread and rampant:
“The dark forces are ruled on the physical plane by a group of six oriental leaders and six occidental leaders; of these the oriental are the most powerful because they are the oldest racially and therefore the most experienced. They work by the intensification of glamour and by the stimulation of the lower psychic powers. Their particular point of attack at this time is the group of world disciples and initiates, for these latter are responsible for the fostering of love in the world and for the binding of men together in the spirit of unity.” [10]

The point of least resistance for the Shamballa energy (the equivalent of the First Ray of Will or Power) – is the use of force. Pol Pot (May 19, 1925) had the Sun in Taurus, ruled by first ray planet Vulcan. Taurus is a sign shared by other infamous dictators such as Hitler and Saddam Hussein. Pol Pot also had the Moon in Mars-ruled Aries square to Mars and the other First Ray ruler, Pluto – hence his ruthlessness and destructiveness.

Ancient Cambodia: Angkor Wat and the Egyptian Connection

“Thus is it that all the religious monuments of old, in whatever land or under whatever climate, are the expression of the same identical thoughts, the key to which is in the esoteric doctrine. It would be vain, without studying the latter, to seek to unriddle the mysteries enshrouded for centuries in the temples and ruins of Egypt and Assyria, or those of Central America, British Columbia, and the Nagkon-Wat of Cambodia. If each of these was built by a different nation; and neither nation had had intercourse with the others for ages, it is also certain that all were planned and built under the direct supervision of the priests. And the clergy of every nation, though practicing rites and ceremonies which may have differed externally, had evidently been initiated into the same traditional mysteries which were taught all over the world…

What archæologist will dare assert that the same hand which planned the Pyramids of Egypt, Karnak, and the thousand ruins now crumbling to oblivion on the sandy banks of the Nile, did noterect the monumental Nagkon-Wat [Angkor-Wat] of Cambodia?” [11]

Capricorn also rules rocks and stone as it represents the densest concretion of matter. It is interesting to note that the First Ray energy of Will-Power associated with Capricorn is the spiritual Will that finds itself anchoring in dense matter. Indeed, the stone temples are places of invocation through ritual and ceremony (Seventh Ray), acting as conductors of highly spiritualised electrical forces. God is invited down to Earth and the temple spires reach toward the heavens.

Anyone who has visited these holy places cannot help but marvel at their ingenuity, precision and beauty. As in other dating methods, it seems that the history of Cambodia has also been dwarfed into the very recent 9th –14th centuries. Angkor Wat and most other temples in the region are dedicated to Siva or Vishnu; these chronological errors follow the major mistake by Eastern and Western scholars in dating the Hindu civilization only a few thousand years BC! This has partly stemmed from the confounding of the Kali Yuga of the Fifth Rootrace (3,102 BC) with the Kali Yuga cycle of the Fourth Rootrace (about four million years ago); not a difficult mistake for human investigators to make given the enormity of the time scale! Nevertheless, one error begets another; other historical ‘overlays’ such as the spread of Buddhism in the past 2,000 years has compounded the situation, as many Buddhist statues were added to the temples. HPB informs us:


Angkor Wat Temple, Siem Reap, Cambodia.

“…1,000,000 of years are allowed for our present Root-race (the Fifth) [12] … The Aryan  Hindu is the last offshoot of the first sub-race of the fifth Root-race …” [13]

‘Last offshoot’ suggests that the Hindus emerged from the seventh branchrace of this first subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.1.7). One rootrace or subrace births another and from the first is born the second (Egyptian) subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2), it’s origin in southern India. Its Manu, Menes, travelled to ancient Ethiopia and founded the new civilisation [14] - probably closer to 800,000 years ago than a few thousand!

The famous Egyptian king-lists place Menes in the latter realm of dynasties and hence it is quite plausible that the earlier dynasties are records of the Manus of the subraces and branchraces going a long way back through Atlantis and to perhaps even Lemurian times.

The ancient Ethiopeans were known as the “Builders” a name most appropriate for this second subrace as it is one of the names for the second ray of Love-Wisdom:
“That these two nations, India and Egypt, were akin? That they were the oldest in the group of nations; and that the Eastern Ethiopians — the mighty builders — had come from India as a matured people, bringing their civilization with them, and colonizing the perhaps unoccupied Egyptian territory.” [15]

Simplicius the Greek philosopher (7th century A.D.) says that he had heard of Egyptian astronomical records dating back 630,000 years. [16] The Ancient Egyptians have left their legacy of profoundly beautiful and mysterious architecture. The pyramids, even in this modern technological age cannot be duplicated. HPB says:
“The archaic records show the Initiates  of the Second Sub-race  of the Aryan  family moving from one land to the other for the purpose of supervising the building of menhirs and dolmens, of colossal Zodiacs  in stone …” [17]

Places like Stonehenge and Carnac are referred to here. We must bear in mind also that these Initiates were giants who stature may have exceeded 15 ft in height, certainly assisting the process of building. Yet essentially most building would have been done through utilising the lost science of sound that created a vacuum, allowing an effortless lifting and placement of the enormous stones. ‘Second Sub-race  of the Aryan  family’ may be a veiled reference that has two possibilities:
1. The second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2); i.e. temple/pyramid builders up to 800,000 years ago.
2. And/or it may refer to the second branch or family race of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace – 5.5.2 (about 80,000 years ago). If we take the latter date (as a preliminary exercise in understanding longer cycles than we are used to considering), there is a close correspondence with another remark by HPB:
“Now it is claimed that it is by means of the cycle of 25,868 years (the Sidereal year) that the approximate year of the erection of the Great Pyramid can be ascertained. Assuming that the long narrow downward passage was directed towards the pole star of the pyramid builders, astronomers have shown that … Alpha Draconis, the then pole-star, was in the required position about 3,350 B.C., as well as in 2,170 B.C. … But we are also told that “this relative position of Alpha Draconis and Alcyone being an extraordinary one … it could not occur again for a whole sidereal year”. This demonstrates that, since the Dendera Zodiac shows the passage of three sidereal years, the great Pyramid must have been built 78,000 years ago …” [18] [26,000 x 3]
Whatever time-scale you wish to take – 80,000 or 800,000 years, we can catch a glimpse of the antiquity that extends well past 4,000 BC. The following table is one construct that gives an approximate chronology of the Fifth Rootrace subraces. Note that in some instances the Manus whose names appear in the Old Testament have been used; the 210,000-year increments are one linear perspective to view the races. (Other chronologies are given in HHH ):

Subrace

Patriarch/Manu

Subrace Starts

Duration

210,000 yr. increments

5.1

Enoch

1,050,000

188,519

1,050,000

5.2

Menes

861,481

252,000

840,000

5.3

Abraham

609,481

151,200

630,000

5.4

Isaac

458,281

246,960

420,000

5.5

Jacob

211,321

209,821

210,000

5.6

Moses

1,372 BC

The Hindu subrace is the cradle of all Western races, many of whose languages can be traced back to India’s ancient Sanskrit. Likewise in Cambodia, the origin of the Sanskrit writing and language is obvious, demonstrating that the culture and consciousness that moved westward to Egypt from India, also moved East to Burma, Cambodia across Thailand and Vietnam – even as far as Bali. (China’s origins have far more ancient Atlantean strains and an independent language.)
In fact the ancient Bharata (India) extended almost to Egypt across Asia Minor and probably also the Near East. This is substantiated in ancient myths such as the Hindu Ramayana which links to ancient Thailand (Ramakian = Ramayana) and back again to Egypt in the west:

“… Ravan, the giant, who, in the Ramayana, wages such a war with Rama Chandra, is shown as King of Lanka, which was the ancient name for Ceylon; and that Ceylon, in those days, perhaps formed part of the main-land of Southern India, and was peopled by the “Eastern Æthiopians.” Conquered by Rama, the son of Dasarata, the Solar King of ancient Oude, a colony of these emigrated to Northern Africa.” [19]

Returning to Angkor Wat:

“… it seems impossible to escape the conviction that they were built by peoples moved by the same religious ideas, and that had reached an equal level of highest civilization in arts and sciences.

There is not, perhaps, on the face of the whole globe, a more imposing mass of ruins than Nagkon-Wat, the wonder and puzzle of European archæologists who venture into Siam [Thailand and adjacent areas]. And when we say ruins, the expression is hardly correct; for nowhere are there buildings of such tremendous antiquity to be found in a better state of preservation than Nagkon-Wat, and the ruins of Angkorthôm, the great temple … the ruins of the past Egyptian splendor deserve no higher eulogium than Nagkon-Wat … “We entered upon an immense causeway, the stairs of which were flanked with six huge griffins, each carved from a single block of stone. The causeway is … 725 feet in length, and is paved with stones each of which measures four feet in length by two in breadth. On either side of it are artificial lakes fed by springs, and each covering about five acres of ground … The outer wall of Nagkon-Wat (the city of monasteries) is half a mile square, with gateways … which are handsomely carved with figures of gods and dragons. The foundations are ten feet in height … The entire edifice, including the roof, is of stone, but without cement, and so closely fitting are the joints as even now to be scarcely discernible … The shape of the building is oblong, being 796 feet in length, and 588 in width, while the highest central pagoda rises some 250 odd feet above the ground, and four others, at the angles of the court, are each about 150 feet in height.”
It has also been pointed out that the proportions of the yuga cycles (4320) have been incorporated into Angkor-Wat’s design as well as other astronomical features which render it a solar temple.

“Passing, we ascend a platform … and enter the temple itself through a columned portico, thefaçade of which is beautifully carved in basso-relievo with ancient mythological subjects. From this doorway, on either side, runs a corridor with a double row of columns, cut — base and capital — from single blocks, with a double, oval-shaped roof, covered with carving and consecutive sculptures upon the outer wall. This gallery of sculptures, which forms the exterior of the temple, consists of over half a mile of continuous pictures, cut in basso-relievo upon sandstone slabs six feet in width, and represents subjects taken from Hindu mythology, from theRamayana — the Sanscrit epic poem of India, with its 25,000 verses describing the exploits of the god Rama, and the son of the King of Oudh. The contests of the King of Ceylon, and Hanouma, the monkey-god, are graphically represented. There is no keystone used in the arch of this corridor. On the walls are sculptured the immense number of 100,000 separate figures. One picture from the Ramayâna . . . occupies 240 feet of the wall … In the Nagkon-Wat as many as 1,532 solid columns have been counted, and among the entire ruins of Angkor … the immense number of 6,000, almost all of them hewn from single blocks and artistically carved …

“But who built Nagkon-Wat? and when was it built?  Learned men have attempted to form opinions from studies of its construction, and especially ornamentation,” and have failed. “Native Cambodian historians,” adds Vincent, “reckon 2,400 from the building of the temple … I asked one of them how long Nagkon-Wat had been built … ‘None can tell when … I do not know; it must have either sprung up from the ground or been built by giants, or perhaps by the angels’ …” [20]
Esoteric History Yahoo group: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/EsotericHistory/

Phillip Lindsay © 2006.


[1] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. p.64.

[2] See The Hidden History of Humanity, Vol. I, Phillip Lindsay.

[3] The word ‘Aryan’ is not to be misconstrued in the materialistic sense of Nazi Germany and neo-Nazis of our modern era.

[4] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.179.

[5] The Destiny of the Nations, Alice A. Bailey. p.100.

[6] See The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay.

[7] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey. p.389.

[8] See The Rays and the Initiations, Alice A, Bailey. p.716. The Shamballa Impacts, Phillip Lindsay.

[9] The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A, Bailey. p.298.

[10] Esoteric Psychology II, Alice A. Bailey. p.577.

[11] Isis Unveiled II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.561, 239.

[12] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.650.

[13] Collected Writings XII, H.P. Blavatsky. p.382.

[14] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.589. The Hidden History of Humanity I, Phillip Lindsay.

[15] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.515.

[16] The Secret Doctrine I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.650.

[17] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.750.

[18] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.432.

[19] Isis Unveiled II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.436.
[20] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.563.

Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace:
The Coming Sixth Rootrace

A Brief Overview of History: Three Major Crises in the Three Rootraces

Although there are seven rootraces to every great round or manvantara of evolution, the first two and a half were etheric and did not ‘individualise’, hence three strictly human rootraces have elapsed. The crises of these three rootraces are symbolised by the following numbers – representing branchrace, subrace and rootrace:

3.3.3 – human individualisation, birth of the human soul in ancient Lemuria 21.6 million years ago.
4.4.4 – the Atlantean war and the physical destruction of Atlantis around 4 million years ago.
5.5.5 – culmination of the development of manas or mind around 2,000 CE – 16,000 CE.
These are not just ‘convenient’ figures (although they serve as such), but are profoundly descriptive of stages of consciousness that mark the major signposts of esoteric history.
Three Zodiacs

Paralleling these rootrace periods are the three zodiacs. Before Individualisation there were only eight signs and at Individualisation the signs of Leo-Virgo were added, representing the birth of self-consciousness via the solar angel or soul (Leo) – and the lunar angels that build human forms (Virgo).
Later, at the beginning of the Fifth Rootrace, the two opposite signs of Aquarius and Pisces were added (making 12) – because Humanity were ready to develop the consciousness associated with these signs.
“In Lemurian days, during the early period of animal man and before humanity appeared on earth, in the interim period of development, eight signs influenced the planet and the kingdoms of nature found upon it. There was no response to the influences of Leo and Virgo. The mystery of the Sphinx did not exist and these two signs were not then part of the zodiacal wheel. Then individualisation took place and the seed of Christhood was planted in man and these two signs began to influence humanity, and gradually that influence was recognised and the zodiac was then known to have ten signs. The Mutable Cross dominated, but it was then the Tau, for Pisces was lacking and only Gemini, Virgo and Sagittarius were evidenced. Aries to Capricorn marked the circle of experience.

In Atlantean days, man had become so responsive to the planetary and solar influence that the door of initiation into hierarchical experience was opened and two more signs were added. These two signs were the higher correspondences of Leo and Virgo and were the polar opposites of these two: Aquarius and Pisces. Their influence became active and effective and thus they formed part of the zodiacal wheel because man began to respond to their potencies. It then became possible for the Fixed Cross to function esoterically in the life of humanity, and the first reversals of the wheel in the life of the advanced men of the period took place. It was this reversal which was the true cause of the great contest or battle between the Lords of the Dark Face (as they are called in The Secret Doctrine) and the Lords of Light—a contest which is today persisting. Certain men then reached the stage of discipleship wherein they could consciously mount the Fixed Cross and be prepared for a major initiation. This the Forces of Materiality and of Obstruction (as they are sometimes called) fought and the battle was fought out and conditioned in the sign Scorpio.

Today, in Aryan times, a similar conflict upon a higher turn of the spiral is taking place. The reason is that certain world disciples and initiates have reached the point in their unfoldment wherein they are ready to mount the Cardinal Cross and take some of the higher initiations. So the conflict is on between humanity (under the control of the Lords of Materiality) and the Hierarchy (under the control of the Forces of Light and Love), and right before our eyes the battle is being waged [written WWII]. The influences of the twelve signs of the zodiac (particularly of seven of the signs) are being engaged, for today men of all types and rays are responsive to their influences and are implicated in some form or another in the affair.” [1]

Christ and Buddha in Atlantis: Their Relationship Comes Full Circle
Note the passage, ‘man had become so responsive to the planetary and solar influence that the door of initiation into hierarchical experience was opened …’ This phrase relates particularly to earlier incarnations of the Ones who are known today as The Buddha and The Christ:
“… in that first great demonstration of His point of attainment … the Christ was joined by the Buddha.  The Buddha had attained this same point prior to the creation of our planetary life [on the Moon Chain], but conditions for taking the third initiation were not then available, and He and the Christ took the initiation together … They stood in the Presence of the One Initiator … This third initiation was taken in a fourth ray Ashram, the Ray of Harmony through Conflict.” [2]

Their initiations, along with other disciples in the  time of Atlantis, created such an expansion of awareness that challenged the existing mental framework of the race, setting up a conflict between the pairs of opposites upon the mental plane, reflected in the battle between the forces of light and forces of materialism; hence the precipitation of the great Atlantean war.
Yet the deeper implication of this initiation together in the same ashram was that it represented the first fusion on Earth of the two types of Humanity: Buddha who individualised on the Moon Chain and Christ who individualised on the Earth Chain.
Today The Christ is poised to take over the role of the Buddha – who has almost liberated himself from this Earth sphere altogether. So as the tide of the Atlantean war (The Mahabharata) has come full circle/cycle in the World Wars of last century, so too has Their ancient relationship.
The souls who individualised upon the Moon Chain were always more generally advanced in intelligence because they had a much longer period to develop it. Hence their dominance both spiritually and materially upon Earth, despite the fact that the Master of all Masters and the Head of the Hierarchy of Masters, the One who holds the Office of The Christ – is of the Earth Chain.
Now at the high tide mark of the Fifth Rootrace (5.5.5), there has been an extraordinary acceleration in the development of mind in the Earth Chain Humanity; this will bring about a gradual equilibrisation between Earth and Moon chain souls, as the lesser and greater Aquarian Ages unfold and the Sixth Rootrace approaches.

Three Shamballa Impacts [3]
Also paralleling the rootrace crises and the three zodiacs are the first three major releases of power from the planetary centre called Shamballa – all of them extremely destructive.
The first Shamballa ‘impact’ was inaugurated upon Earth some 18.5 million years ago and was responsible for many cataclysms and the wiping out of animal-human and animal species alike. Shamballa was established – from whence the Lord of the World or Sanat Kumara wielded his mighty sword. This period also marked the culmination of the Individualisation process and the transformation of the hitherto hermaphrodite Humanity into two sexes.
The second Shamballa ‘impact’ was responsible for the great floods of Atlantean times that inundated the entire globe and wiped from the face of the Earth much evil that had accrued.
The third Shamballa ‘impact’ culminated at the end of World War II with the dropping of the atom bomb. This war is regarded as a recapitulation of the Atlantean war – with the same issues at stake.

Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace

Aquarius the Water-Bearer is prominent for the next 2160-year cycle, yet also for three other reasons:
1) A greater 25,000 year cycle of Aquarius is coinciding with the lesser:
“This is, therefore, the most amazing period in the history of humanity … we are entering another greater round of the Zodiac, and this coincides with the lesser zodiacal activity because Aquarius governs the greater immediate cycle of 25,000 years and is also the sign into which the sun is now moving for a period of 2300 years—a most amazing happening and full of import in our planetary history…” [4]

2) The cycle of the Seventh Ray of Ceremonial Magic coincides with Aquarius:

“… that revealing light only finds Location when the seventh Ray of Ceremonial Order  is active and in process of manifestation in the three worlds, and necessarily, therefore, upon the seventh plane, the physical plane. Such a manifestation inevitably takes place in moments of planetary crisis, when the seventh ray  is active and when the Sun  is in Aquarius . Such a combination of relationships  is being established now, for the seventh ray is rapidly coming into manifestation and the Sun is in Aquarius, for the Aquarian Age  is just beginning. The Objective of this combination (which has occurred six times during the period of the fifth root-race ) is to bring about illumination and the establishment of order upon the Earth .[5]

3) This culminating Fifth Rootrace is ruled by Aquarius. (See next heading)

Note that this combination of the Seventh Ray cycle with Aquarius is happening for the seventh time in the history of the Fifth Rootrace. Seven is a number of completion, particularly in relation to the seven rootraces, seven subraces and seven branchraces.
Lamech: Manu and Progenitor of the Fifth Rootrace

In the book The Hidden History of Humanity [6] (HHH), this author demonstrates how the Biblical Patriarchs of the Old Testament are actually the Manus, or archetypal representatives of the various subraces – from Lemuria through Atlantis to this Fifth Rootrace. This was indicated by H.P. Blavatsky in The Secret Doctrine, but the author of HHH has developed this further, demonstrating the key to the ages of the Manus as representing the duration of their subraces. (These time periods are given in HHH)
The following table shows the Patriarch ‘propagation pattern’, one Patriarch ‘begetting’ another, i.e. a subrace Manu spawns the seed of the next subrace or rootrace. The reader will note that the number of the previous subrace always determines the same number of the following rootrace:

Lemurian Patriarch

Atlantean Patriarch

Aryan Patriarch

3.3.3

3.4.5 Adam 930 years

3.5.5 Seth (Cain) 912 yrs

4.1 Enos         905 years

3.6  Cainan 910 years

4.2 Mahaleel     895 years

3.7  Jared  962 years

4.3 Enoch         365 years

4.4 Methuselah 969 years

4.5 Lamech    777 years

5.0 Noah        500/950

5.1 Enoch                   

5.2 Menes  

5.3 Abraham   

5.4 Jacob         

5.5 Joseph       

5.6 Moses        

Patriarchs of the Races

Note that the bolded races above are highly significant and represent a major seeding period for the next rootrace. Lamech ‘begets’ Noah – the fifth subrace of Atlantis (4.5) gives birth to the Fifth or Aryan Rootrace. H.P. Blavatsky tells us,
“Lam-ach means Lam — the father, and Ou-Lom-Ach is the father of the age; or the father of him (Noah ) who inaugurates a new era or period of creation after the pralaya  of the deluge; … Furthermore, both father and son answer to Aquarius  and Pisces  in the Zodiac ; and thus the former belonging to the airy and the latter to the watery trigons, they close the list of the biblical myths.” [7]

It is fitting that Lamech (Aquarius) is the father of the Fifth Rootrace. Aquarius has only the Fifth Ray of Science passing through it; the destiny of the Fifth Rootrace is the development of mind or manas, symbolised by the number five and of course the five-pointed star of Venus, ruler of the Fifth Ray.

Lamech’s wives, Zillah and Adah, also represent the previous synthesis of the Lemurian and Atlantean races that go toward the seeding of the Fifth Rootrace. [8]

Although Noah is the Patriarch or Manu of the Fifth Rootrace per se, his assignation to Pisces is appropriate symbology for the Atlantean floods and the Ark in which he rescues the remnants of the Atlantean Humanity – ‘in spite of themselves’ (as The Tibetan has it [9] ). The ‘animals’ are not so much that kingdom per se but symbolic of the diverse peoples that the Manu gathered from the Atlantean races, in order to create the next race.
The Apotheosis of the Fifth Rootrace: 5.5.5.
Now, several million years later, this mental development has reached its quintessential expression in the fifth branchrace of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace – 5.5.5. This is the Anglo-Saxon branchrace (British) of the fifth subrace (Teutonic/Nordic) of the Fifth Rootrace (Aryan, with its roots in India). The fifth branchrace has a little way to go:

“…  the weal and woe of nations is intimately connected with the beginning and close of this [25,868 years] sidereal cycle … [this cycle] took place nearly 10,000 years ago … which gives humanity in general, and our civilised races in particular, a reprieve of about 16,000 years.” [10]

Bear in mind that there are several identifiable cycles of this duration – such as the greater Aquarian cycle just beginning or the Mayan cycle which finishes in 2012. Overall however, the Fifth Rootrace has around 427,000 years to diminish (paralleled by the emerging Sixth Rootrace), as it completes the Kali Yuga cycle that started in 3102 BC. The rootraces span enormous periods of time, overlapping each other for millions of years. There are seven rootraces to each round of evolution upon Earth and five have practically elapsed.
The Aquarian vibration that Lamech inaugurated around four million years ago (whilst the Fifth Rootrace was in its nascent development), is now coming full circle/cycle in this lesser/greater cycle of Aquarius. Part of our ‘grand finale’ will be the achievement of the Third Degree Initiation by thousands of world disciples. This will occur through natural evolution and also by the experiments of some of the Masters:
“Other Masters are doing the same as I [DK] am doing. We hope during the next five hundred years to present several such groups to the One Initiator. All who are in these groups have taken the first initiation, as have so many thousands of people in the world today.” [11]
The ‘next five hundred years’ constitutes the greater part of the first decanate of Aquarius, ruled by Saturn, ruler of the Third Ray and associated with the Third Initiation. The ‘One Initiator’ is of course Sanat Kumara, the Lord of the World who presides over initiations from the Third Degree upward.
Can we imagine that if these experiments are successful and if the rest of the World Aspirants and Disciples play their part, that the balance for the Forces of Light will be tipped permanently in their favour?; the ‘door where evil dwells’ may again be firmly shut – with a resounding clang!
This period would also represent the major ‘harvesting’ cycle of the achievement of the Aquarian cycle that inaugurated the Fifth Rootrace. Aquarius is the generic ruler of the Third Degree Initiation:
“In Aquarius—In this sign, the long effort of the soul is consummated and concludes the experience of the disciple upon the Fixed Cross. The man then takes the third initiation and becomes free from personality control, taking the next two initiations upon the Cardinal Cross.” [12]
Beginnings of the Sixth Rootrace: Aquarius, Soul of United States of America

Currently Western evolution is unfolding the fifth branchrace of the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.5.5) – moving into the sixth branchrace (5.5.6), the seed for the sixth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.6). The latter 5.6 is the seed for the Sixth Rootrace proper – due to unfold in about 25,000 year’s time:

“They [United States of America] are, in short, the germs of the Sixth sub-race, and in some few hundred years more, will become most decidedly the pioneers of that race which must succeed to the present European or fifth sub-race, in all its new characteristics. After this, in about 25,000 years, they will launch into preparations for the seventh [5.7] sub-race.” [13]

‘Sub-race’ here should read ‘branchrace’ as it refers to the ‘subrace’ of the Sixth sub-race, hence 5.5.7. Branchraces 5.5.6 and 5.5.7 are the seed of the sixth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace [5.6]. Note that the 25,000 year time period corresponds to the greater Aquarian cycle of 25,000 that will lead Humanity into the Sixth Rootrace proper. The United States of America is ruled at a soul level by Aquarius [14] and hence, combined with its status as 5.5.6, it will bridge from Britain (5.5.5) to the Sixth Rootrace. A branchrace has an approximate duration of a precession cycle of 25,000 years:
“It is somewhat curious to mark the comparative approximation of duration between the lives of a  “Family-Race” [branchrace] and a “Sidereal year.”” [15]

Although other nations (such as the Netherlands, Australia and New Zealand) are part of the 5.5.6 branchrace that unfolds for the next 25,000 years, the United States of America has the responsibility of the immediate short term Aquarian cycle of 2,160 years (and perhaps the following Age of Capricorn cycle), because the duration of nations is about 4,000 years at most:

“… the nations or the innumerable spines upon it [rootrace tree], vary with each succeeding “season” of three or four thousand years.” [16] (See diagram below)

The USA separated from the mother country in order to pursue religious and political freedoms, culminating in the Declaration of Independence of 1776. Bear in mind that Uranus, ruler of Aquarius, was discovered between the American and French Revolutions in 1781, both dealing liberating blows for the whole world, not just those nations; hence the Uranian power of freedom and the humanitarian qualities of the Aquarian Water-Bearer – who pours forth for thirsting Humanity.
1775 was the beginning of a cycle of the Fifth Ray [17] which, as harbinger of the Aquarian cycle, inaugurated the Industrial Revolution, followed closely by the technological and communications revolutions. This period of the past couple of hundred years has also been a major part of the cuspal period between the zodiacal ages of Pisces and Aquarius.

"…genealogical tree of the Fifth Root-Race generally, though hardly correctly, called the Aryan race …

1. There are seven ROUNDS in every manvantara; this one is the Fourth, and we are in the Fifth Root-Race, at present.

2.    Each Root-Race has seven sub-races.

3. Each sub-race has, in its turn, seven ramifications, which may be called Branch or “Family” races.

4. The little tribes, shoots, and offshoots of the last-named are countless and  depend on Karmic action.  Examine the “genealogical tree” hereto appended, and you will understand."

Rootrace Tree [18]


Great Britain
, United States of America, Brazil and the Sixth Rootrace

It is said that the Sixth Rootrace will eventually inhabit Brazil. Great Britain and the United States of America play a very important role as they represent the past and present that builds for this future.

Great Britain is the ultimate expression of 5.5.5 – the Anglo-Saxon fifth branchrace. The United States of America is Europe transplanted, without too much of the old baggage. Hence the following conditioning triangle that also depicts the soul and personality rays of those nations:

Britain (5.5.5) 2/1

  USA (5.5.6) 2/6  Brazil (6th RR) 4/2

Note that the ray in common is the second ray of love-wisdom. Brazil is the only nation given [19] as having a second ray personality. Even though the UK and USA have a strong expression of this 5th mental aspect, they both have their respective national souls conditioned by the Second Ray of Love-Wisdom [20] and this is evident by their recent histories – where the principles of democracy, freedom and liberation have unfolded. [21] The Tibetan Master explains:

“You will note that of the major nations only Brazil, Great Britain and the United States of America are definitely under the influence of the second ray.  An interesting fact emerges as we consider this grouping.  Great Britain is the custodian of the wisdom aspect of the second ray force for the Aryan race [5.5.5.], so called.  The United States fulfills the same office for the sixth or coming subrace [5.6], which is the germ race for the future sixth great race, whilst Brazil will function as the leading division of the great sixth race.  These three races embody the attractive cohesive aspect of the second ray, and will demonstrate it through wisdom and wise government, based on idealism and love.  The United States will therefore represent a fusion of races, with the Anglo-Saxon element dominating.  Brazil will later represent the best of that which the Latin races have eventually to give.  This presented fusion will be considered from the angle of the ray types and the basic unfolding principles, and not from the angle of culture and civilisation.

Great Britain therefore represents the aspect of mind which expresses itself in intelligent government, based eventually on just loving understanding.  This, I say, is the ideal before her, but not the fulfilled achievement.  The United States represents the intuitive faculty, expressing itself as illumination and the power to fuse and blend.  Brazil (or rather what that country will then be called, for the time of this expression lies thousands of years ahead) will represent a linking interpreting civilisation, based on the unfoldment of the abstract consciousness, which is a blend of the intellect and the intuition, and which reveals the wisdom aspect of love in its beauty.  But the period of the development of this great civilisation lies too far ahead to make speculation possible.” [22]

It is no accident therefore, that the United States of America is now around 30% Spanish-speaking and that the Hispanic population has increased so dramatically in recent years. The USA is truly the bridge between the races and the eventual unfoldment of a new race in South America.

Nuclear War Will Not Be ‘Allowed’?
But in this new era of opportunity can Humanity rise to the occasion? We live in precipitous and perilous times; the world sits somewhat upon a knife edge. Can Humanity make the right decisions that can lead it to liberation or will it miss this great opportunity?
As the astronomical cycle of Aquarius draws close, with the possibility of massive human transformation, the Earth teeters upon the brink – politically, culturally, economically and environmentally. The planet is experiencing the profoundest darkness before the dawn, a collective ‘dark night of the soul’, and much rests upon decisions that will be made – in this time and the near future.

The situation is reflective of the greater Kali Yuga cycle, the age of death and decay, yet also the lesser Satya Yuga or ‘golden age’ which arises within the greater cycle. Some may be familiar with The Tibetan’s statement about a future religious war; it has been commented upon frequently in this new century by various students – in relation to the uncertain state of affairs in the world, whilst the fundamentalist expression of the waning Sixth Ray cycle gives its last gasp:
“If none of these things happen [reconciliation, dialogue], humanity is headed towards a religious war which will make the past war appear like child’s play; antagonisms and hatreds will embroil entire populations and the politicians of all the nations will take full advantage of the situation to precipitate a war which may well prove the end of humanity. There are no hatreds so great or so deep as those fostered by religion.” [23] (Written before 1949)

No truer words uttered by D.K. and it is easy to project this statement onto recent events of terrorism and negative relations between religious faiths. Nevertheless, there is a lesser known statement from which we may take hope, from the book Changing Esoteric Values by Foster Bailey. Foster was the second husband of Alice Bailey and supported her enormously in The Tibetan’s work. He may have had contact with the Master Djwhal Khul, or at least was privy to some inner knowledge from the Hierarchy. Foster is discussing cycles of the New Group of World Servers (NGWS):
“When the war [WWII] was over the forces of darkness were pushed back but they were not crushed. And ever since then there has been the possibility of a third world war that would end the whole human experiment up to date and start us back again as an infant humanity to begin to learn it all over again. And in 1954, it was established subjectively and in reality that there will be no third world war … 1954 was a great year, a very spiritual significant year.” [24]

Students may contend the veracity of this statement. If it is true then obviously it does not mean that workers of the light can be complacent. Yet there are deeper implications; it means that a major decision by the Hierarchy was taken around 1954 that would prevent Humanity from wiping itself out. This is somewhat contrary to the policy of Hierarchy not interfering with human free-will; yet the decision around the year 1954 was made in those intervening years of the atom bomb in 1945 and the 49-year cycle of the Decision Initiation [25] taken by the Masters in 1952.

The Earth is already behind in its evolution since the failure of the Moon (Third) Chain within the Earth Scheme, those many billions of years ago. [26]For evolution to fail again within this Fourth Chain would set back Earth’s evolution even further and hold up the progress of the solar ‘body-corporate’.

The Earth Scheme would truly merit the label of ‘laggard’ amongst its planetary brothers and sisters in the solar system. One could speculate, from how ‘high up’ did this ‘decree’ emanate? Was it from the Solar Logos himself, the one who ‘interfered’ in the Moon Chain?:
“The progress of evolution on the moon was abruptly disturbed and arrested by the timely interference of the solar Logos.  The secret of the suffering in the Earth chain, which makes it merit the name of the Sphere of Suffering, and the mystery of the long and painful watch kept by the SILENT WATCHER, has its origin in the events which brought the moon chain to a terrific culmination.  Conditions of agony and of distress such as are found on our planet are found in no such degree in any other scheme.” [27]
Bearing some of these factors in mind, let there be reiterated some of the current transitions which are causing conflict and pain upon the planet – yet which veil the new emerging consciousness: The world is moving from Pisces to Aquarius, from a cycle of the Sixth Ray to a cycle of the Seventh Ray and from this Fifth Rootrace to the Sixth Rootrace.

Phillip Lindsay © 2007.

[1] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. p.161.

[2] The Rays and the Initiations, Alice A. Bailey. p.385.

[3] See The Shamballa Impacts, Phillip Lindsay.

[4] The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A. Bailey. p.567. See also, “Zodiac & Ray Cycles  in Esoteric Astrology: Beginning of the Age of Aquarius  (2117).” in Destiny of the Races and Nations by Phillip Lindsay.

[5] Discipleship in the New Age II, Alice A. Bailey. p.425.

[6] By this author, Phillip Lindsay.

[7] Isis Unveiled II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.467.

[8] The Hidden History of Humanity, Phillip Lindsay. pp.306-9.

[9] The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A. Bailey. p.124.

[10] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky . p.330.

[11] Discipleship in the New Age II, Alice A. Bailey. p.336.

[12] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. p.144.

[13] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. pp.444-5.

[14] The Destiny of the Nations, Alice A. Bailey. p.67.

[15] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.435.

[16] ibid.

[17] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey. p. 411.

[18] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky . p.434.

[19] The Destiny of the Nations, Alice A. Bailey.

[20] The Destiny of the Nations, Alice A. Bailey. p.67.

[21] See “Liberation of the Nations” in Destiny of the Races and Nations, Phillip Lindsay.

[22] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey, p.387.

[23] The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A. Bailey. p.546.

[24] Changing Esoteric Values, Foster Bailey. pp.72-3.

[25] “The Decision Initiation 2001: Saturn and Libra” in Soul Cycles of the Seven Rays, Phillip Lindsay. pp.125-136.

[26] See The Hidden History of Humanity, Phillip Lindsay.
[27] A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice A. Bailey. p.416.

Shamballa and the Mayan Calendar:
Brazil and the Sixth Rootrace

Part I
Preface
Brazil and the Sixth Rootrace
Shamballa
Shamballa and the Temple of Ibez
The Symbolism of Ibez
The Teaching of Ibez
Part II
THE MAYANS
Mayans and Ancient Egyptians
Mayan Origins in Ancient Southern India
Mayan Language
Mayans and Asuramaya
Mayans: Master Astronomers
Mayan Quetzlacoatl: The Christ
Mayan Calendar
Maya of the Mayan Calendar
Part III
The Greater Aquarian Cycle
Aquarius, Polaris and the Increasing Shamballa Force
Melchizedek, Libra and Shamballa
Shamballa and the ‘Gobi Zodiac’
Shamballa and the White Island
Kalachakra Mandala: Map of Shamballa
Return of Shamballa to South America
___________________________________________________________________

Preface
This next series of essays picks up from the last where the future Sixth Rootrace was discussed along with the roles of Brazil, Great Britain and the USA. To read that article please click on the link in the heading. This ongoing series will discuss in more depth the role of Shamballa and its relation to current cycles, the Mayans and the reappeaarance of Quetzacoatl or Christ at the dawn of the coming Sixth Rootrace. This is newsletter is part I of three parts.


Part I

Brazil and the Sixth Rootrace

“… Brazil will function as the leading division of the great sixth race … [Brazil] will later represent the best of that which the Latin races have eventually to give … Brazil, (or rather what that country will then be called …) will represent a linking interpreting civilisation, based upon the unfoldment of the abstract consciousness, which is a blend of the intellect and the intuition, and which reveals the wisdom aspect of love in its beauty.” [1]

As the Sixth Rootrace does not manifest for another 25,000 years, the reference to ‘Brazil’ (‘what that country will then be called‘) probably includes an area across South America that incorporates other nations like neighbouring Bolivia and Peru.

Note the phrase relating to Brazil, ‘based on the unfoldment of the abstract consciousness, which is a blend of the intellect and the intuition, and which reveals the wisdom aspect of love in its beauty.’ Brazil is conditioned at the soul level by the Fourth Ray of Harmony through Conflict, the ray of art and beauty. It is the only nation that the Master D.K. gives as having a second ray personality. Both the second and fourth rays are on the ‘love line’ of 2,4,6 – as indeed is the Sixth Rootrace. The fourth ray is the major ray that conditions Humanity and is the linking ray between the fourth ray soul of the East and the fourth ray personality of the West.

Using the analogy of a greater entity for an individual human, what does it mean to have a second ray personality? Is the expression of love immediate and tangible in the personality and has one worked hard in previous incarnations to ‘earn’ a second ray personality? Although, depending upon the soul ray, that personality expression is not always easy or obvious to discern.

However, anyone who has visited Brazil or met Brazilian people (or many other Latin peoples), will attest to their loving nature; this is the essence of Celtic and Latin races. As the line of development is 2,4,6 – it includes the passionate and emotional sixth ray. In advising one of his (Latin) disciples about a second ray personality, The Tibetan has the following to say:
“Were it not for your second ray personality, you would find it hard to work in my Ashram, but it is this second ray quality of yours—strongly marked and the product of a long series of incarnations in a second ray vehicle—which can make you, if you so desire, one of the focal points for the work which I plan to have this band of disciples do. [2] … In your next incarnation, you should function through a second ray personality … You have, therefore, to transmute your sixth ray devotional and fanatical tendencies into spiritual love and strength [3] … only love, consciously, intelligently and deliberately applied, can make for successful work, both in Europe and South America—your two recognised fields of service. Only your second ray personality will have the capacity to reawaken contact with your students in Spain or hold steady those already working in South America …” [4]

The strong preponderance of the Latin line is currently expanding with great rapidity in the United States of America – the bridge between the Fifth Rootrace and the Sixth Rootrace. The Spanish language is now spoken in about one third of the population of the USA.

The Celtic/Latin race is the fourth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.4) and is very ancient, coming forth within the first few subraces of the Fifth Rootrace about 800,000 years ago. [5] This fourth subrace carries within it the ‘four’ of the Fourth Rootrace (Atlantis) vibration, conditioned in its evolution by the second ray of Love-Wisdom and the sixth ray of Devotion or Idealism. The fourth heart chakra was the highest line of expression and unfoldment for the spiritually evolved of the time – and still is in many ways!

5.4 carries with it certain qualities and karma associated with Atlantis that can only work itself out in a rootrace on the ‘even ray’ line. Even though toward the end of this Fifth Rootrace we have seen a recapitulation of what was achieved and where humanity failed in the Atlantean race, there is still much more to unfold in the Sixth Rootrace.

The rays influencing the races are a study in itself as the following tabulation indicates:
Lemurian Race…………………………..Rays 1. 7. 5.
Atlantean Race…………………………..Rays 2. 6
Aryan Race……………………………….Rays 3. 5
Sixth Race………………………………..Rays 2. 4
Seventh Race…………………………….Rays 1. 7. 2. [6]

The development of the expression of love-wisdom (the heart) and the intuition will be the major goals of the Sixth Rootrace. Note that the Sixth Rootrace is governed by the same rays as Brazil – most appropriate as she has a major role to play – ‘she’ meaning a feminine nation.

No doubt a major cycle of the fourth ray will span the unfoldment of the Sixth Rootrace. Even in this Fifth Rootrace and at the dawn of the Sixth Rootrace, a fourth ray cycle is imminent in 2025, paving the way for the externalisation of the Hierarchy, the reappearance of the Christ and manifestation of the Mystery Schools.

This fourth ray cycle will also bring new forms of music and art, expressive of the new frequencies that Humanity will contact; a major cultural seed that will bear its fruit in the Sixth Rootrace, as it represents the best of the race that has been.

The fourth ray cycle will offset many of the excesses of the previous cycle of the fifth ray of science where the concrete mind has dominated. The theme of the Sixth Rootrace will be continued in the last section of this discussion.

Shamballa
Shamballa appeared at the momentous time of human individualisation 18.5 million years ago. It is known as the ‘centre where the will of God is known’, the planetary crown chakra from whence Sanat Kumara (or Melchizedek) directs the Will and Purpose of Deity, ‘God’ – or the Planetary Logos. The Shamballa force is in a sense the most ‘pure’ spiritual force upon the planet. Because Humanity is inexperienced at handling this energy, the point of least resistance for many is destruction and the use of force. Yet that is part of Shamballa’s role as the ‘first’ centre, it wields the force of the first ray of will or power, destroying that which prevents spiritual evolution. It is ‘constructively destructive’ as opposed to ‘destructively destructive’.

It is highly probable that very few of us have ever had an experience of Shamballa. The modern day aspirant and disciple is still engrossed in what ‘soul’ and Hierarchy are. We can read therefore, what the Tibetan has told us about Shamballa, what is detailed in ancient myth and scripture and formulate mystical perceptions about it – as opposed to direct experience.

Nevertheless, it is not an impossible place to reach in consciousness, in meditation or dream experience, many have visited the ‘fabulous city of Shamballa’ – or Shangri La as it has been mythologised and idealised in the West. Some may not have realised that they have come in contact with Shamballa force, but it may be very potent in their particular service work.

The Shamballa force has only been applied directly to Humanity relatively recently; before Hierarchy acted as a shield to this most potent of spiritual force, embodied in the energy of the First Ray of Will or Power. Hence factually and energetically Shamballa remains an enigma. Yet we can gain a lot through the information that has been given about it, exoterically and esoterically. [7]


From Beyond by Nicholas Roerich

“Towards the end of the century and during the first few decades of the twenty-first century, teaching anent Shamballa will be given forth. The effort of the abstract mind of man will be towards the comprehension of this, just as the goal of hierarchical contact marks the present effort of the disciple. Glamour is disappearing; illusions are being dissipated; the stage of penetration into a new dimension, into a new phase of effort and of attainment is rapidly being promulgated.” [8]

The following tables establish some esoteric time frames: [9]

Race

Activity

Time Period

3.3.3

Lemuria: Human individualisation, birth of the human soul.

21,688,414

4.4.4

Atlantis: Advanced civilization, great war, cataclysms.

3,893,000

5.5.5

Aryan: Culmination mental development. Start of new 6th race.

2,000 -16,000 AD

Race

Activity

Time Period

(in 2000)

3.3.3  

Start of Individualisation : Hierarchy’s “Great Approach”.

21,688,414

3.4 

“Spiritual Ancestors”, Sons of Fire Mist, ‘Elohim’, White Island.

19,897,835

3.5   

Sexual Separation  and anchoring of the manasic impulse.

18,618,850

3.5

The coming of Hierarchy & founding of Shamballa

18,500,000

4.1

Physical plane organization & H.Q. for the mysteries

17,000,000


Shamballa and the Temple of Ibez

“Let us consider the founding of the Temple of Ibez …

This covered a vast period of time, and though the Brotherhood made its headquarters at Shamballa and directed its activities from there, it was found necessary during the first sub-race of the Atlantean Root Race [4.1] to make certain efforts, if the evolution of the race was to proceed according to plan.

It was decided about seventeen million years ago (the coming of the Hierarchy and the founding of Shamballa being about eighteen and a half million years ago) to have on the dense physical plane an organization and a headquarters for the mysteries, and to have a band of Adepts, and Chohans who would function in dense physical bodies and thus meet the need of the rapidly awakening humanity.

The first outpost for the Shamballa Fraternity was the original temple of Ibez and it was located in the centre of South America, and one of its branches at a much later period was to be found in the ancient Maya institutions, and the basic worship of the sun as the source of life in the hearts of all men.  A second branch was later established in Asia, and of this branch the Himalayan and southern Indian adepts are the representatives, though the work is materially changed.” [10]

The ‘centre of South America’ falls in Brazil. Whether this previous statement implies that there are various branches of Shamballa in different physical locations or whether the Shamballa base moves around according to racial need, is unknown. The Masters of course, reside in various locations on the planet and move at will if necessary.

If Shamballa does move according to need, it stands to reason that in the Sixth Rootrace, the location of Shamballa will shift from its current (etheric) location in the Gobi Desert back to its original position. One could argue that in terms of directing energies and forces, Shamballa would not have to move physically; the ‘eye’ of Sanat Kumara can see all.

Nevertheless, the magnetism of the original Shamballa remains, waiting to be reactivated; perhaps it is being reactivated already and workers are already in situ,co-ordinating with the Shamballa base in the Gobi Desert?


South America

It may well be that as Humanity reaches its apotheosis in the Sixth Rootrace, that Shamballa comes ‘full circle’. Those who reach liberation during this period will have completed the journey they set out upon at the period of Individualisation, around the time of the founding of the original Shamballa. Likewise, those of current humanity who individualised on the earlier ‘moon chain’ and who came in later during Atlantean times, will be part of this process.

The above passage is a further confirmation of the duration of the ancient races: 17 million years ago for the founding of the first subrace of Atlantis, or 4.1.

The Symbolism of Ibez
”… Ibez is literally in the nature of an acrostic [11] [acronym] veiling the true name of the planetary Logos of the earth, one of Whose principles is working in Sanat Kumara, making Him thus a direct incarnation of the planetary Logos and an expression of His divine consciousness. These four letters are the first letters of the real names of the four Avatars on the four globes of our earth chain who have embodied four of the divine principles. The letters I B E Z are not the true Sensar letters…”


The Seven Chains of the Earth Scheme

The Seven Globes of the (fourth) Earth Chain depicted above (middle of diagram) have taken several billion years to elapse; they represent the first four incarnations of Earth’s  Planetary Logos – of which Sanat Kumara is the personality expression. In the whole series of chains, these globes represent the 22nd to 25th incarnations!

If we consider the numerology of Ibez and Shamballa, they both equal 24:
I B E Z                  S H A M B A L LA
9 2 5 8 = 24.         1 8  1 4 2 1 3 3 1 = 24.

“The number 24 … expressing as it does the double 12—the greater and the lesser zodiac. Just as the number 6 expresses space, so the number 24 expresses time, and is the key to the great cycle of manifestation.  It is the clue to all cyclic appearance or incarnation.  Its two figures define the method of evolution; 2 equals the quality of love-wisdom, working under the Law of Attraction and drawing man from one point of attainment to another; whilst 4 indicates the technique of conflict and the achieving of harmony through that conflict …” [12]

This ‘greater and lesser zodiac’ expresses the greater 25,000 year cycle and the lesser one year cycle of the zodiac. Yet the celestial zodiac also finds its earthly reflection through the location of Shamballa in the Gobi Desert, the so-called ‘Gobi Zodiac’:
”In the same manner and on the plan of the Zodiac in the upper Ocean or the heavens, a certain realm on Earth, an inland sea, was consecrated and called “the Abyss of Learning”; twelve centres on it in the shape of twelve small islands representing the Zodiacal signs—two of which remained for ages the “mystery signs” and were the abodes of twelve Hierophants and masters of wisdom.  This “sea of knowledge” or learning remained for ages there, where now stretches the Shamo or Gobi desert.  It existed until the last great glacial period, when a local cataclysm, which swept the waters south and west and so formed the present great desolate desert, left only a certain oasis, with a lake and one island in the midst of it, as a relic of the Zodiacal Ring on Earth. [13]
Returning briefly to the numerological symbolism:

“This word equals the number 24 which in its turn equals 6. I would call your attention to the fact that the word has in it nine letters … nine is the number of initiation.  The goal of all the initiatory process is to admit mankind into realisation of and identification with the will or purpose of Deity.  The number 6 is the number of form or of manifestation, which is the agent or medium through which this realisation comes …  Again, 6 being the number of the sixth ray, it is therefore the number of idealism and of that driving force which makes mankind move forward upon the path and in response to the vision and press upward towards the light.  It is in reality devotion to an unseen goal, ever on ahead, and an unswerving recognition of the objective.  Like all other divine qualities, it has its material counterpart, and that is why 666 is regarded as the number of the Beast or of materialism …  In an ancient book on numbers the initiate is defined as "the one who has experienced and expressed 666 and found it naught; who has dropped the 6 and become the 66, and thus has found himself upon the WAY; later, again, he drops the 6 and becomes the perfected 6—form, the instrument and expression of spirit.

…. the sounds which compose the word "Shamballa" are predominantly along the line of will or power or of first ray energy.  Of the nine letters, six are on the first ray line of force.  1.1.1.3.3.1.—spirit and matter, will and intelligence.  Two of them are along the second line of force, 4 and 2.  The number 8 inaugurates ever a new cycle, following after the number 7, which is that of a relative perfection.  It [8] is the number of the Christ-consciousness; just as 7 is the number of man, 8 is the number of the Hierarchy, and 9 is the number of initiation or of Shamballa.  Forget not that, from the angle of the Hierarchy, the third initiation is regarded as the first major initiation.” [14]

The Teachings of Ibez

The work of the guides of the race in those ancient days was markedly different to the methods employed now:
”Their objective was to stimulate mysticism and the stimulating of the kingdom of God within the human atom … The Ibezhan adepts had to deal with a humanity which was in its infancy, whose polarization was most unstable, and whose coordination was very imperfect. There was very little mentality to be found and men were practically altogether astral; they functioned even more consciously on the astral plane than on the physical, and it was part of the work of these early adepts, working under instruction from Shamballa, to develop the energy centres of the human unit, stimulate the brain and make him fully self-conscious on the physical plane  … It was necessary in those days to employ methods more definitely physical than are permissible now, and these methods of physical stimulation were employed and the laws of energy as they work through the various centres were taught … All this took a vast period of time and it is the remnants of the earlier Temple practices which have come down to us in degraded phallic teaching, in Tantrik magic and the practices of Hatha Yogis.  The infant humanity of Lemurian and early Atlantean days had to be taught what they were by means of symbols and methods which to us would be crude, impossible and of a nature which the race should have transcended for many millions of years.” [15]

Obviously The Tibetan refers to those Lemurian times when the polarisation of the race was in the sacral chakra and ‘sex magic’ was the norm; it may have been a teaching tool of the time but redundant today. Of course, as evolution proceeded with the development of the mental faculty, schisms developed:
“When the Ibezhan adepts … under instructions from Shamballa … began to withdraw into the Temples, to make the mysteries more difficult of attainment and to work against abuses and distortions, a number of Their erstwhile followers, many of great power and knowledge, fought Them and thus we have one of the causes of the appearing of black and white magic, and one of the reasons of the purifying waters of the flood being deemed necessary.” [16]

The flood referred to here is probably the one that occurred much later in Atlantean times, when the black magicians had reached the height of their powers:
“… the Atlanteans; the giants whose physical beauty and strength reached their climax… [17] …those antediluvian giants, those terrible sorcerers and magicians …”[18]

A great cleansing took place and this flood was the time of the second ‘Shamballa impact’ in world history, the first one was when Shamballa was established. More remains to be rectified from those early Lemurian times, probably in this approaching cycle:
“The work of the black adepts and the followers of the left hand path. The powerful thought-forms built up in the early Ibezhan mysteries and which (particularly inAmerica) are as yet undestroyed. This gigantic "Dweller on the Threshold" of all the true Mysteries has to be slaughtered before the aspirant can pass on.” [19]

Whether ‘America’ means north or south America or both, is unknown – probably both. If it refers to the ‘early Ibhezan mysteries’, that is when part of the Lemurian continent extended into parts of what is now called South America, whilst in the north, Lemuria reached into a large part of California and extended as far in as Colorado and Wisconsin. Many who are aspirants and disciples upon the path today were those giants of yesteryear and have some of this old karma to expiate, constituting their personal and group ‘dweller’.

In reviewing the past, we must bear in mind that geographical locations represent the evolution of continents at any particular time, whether it is Lemuria, Atlantis or this Fifth Rootrace. Below is a reconstructed map (theosophical) of Lemuria at its ‘greatest extent’, noting that not all of the above descriptions correspond to it.


Lemuria at its ‘greatest extent’

Phillip Lindsay © 2008. To donate to my work, please click here or email.


[1] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey, p.387.

[2] Discipleship in the New Age I, Alice A. Bailey. p.136.

[3] Discipleship in the New Age I, Alice A. Bailey. p.256.

[4] Discipleship in the New Age II, Alice A. Bailey. p.506.

[5] For timescales of around 400,000 years ago, see The Hidden History of Humanity, Phillip Lindsay.

[6] Esoteric Psychology I, Alice A. Bailey, p.357.

[7] For more information, see The Shamballa Impacts, by Phillip Lindsay.

[8] Discipleship in the New Age, Alice A. Bailey. P.262.

[9] From The Hidden History of Humanity, Phillip Lindsay.

[10] A Treatise on White Magic, Alice A. Bailey. p. 378.

[11] 1: a composition usu. in verse in which sets of letters (as the initial or final letters of the lines) taken in order form a word or  phrase or a regular sequence of letters of the alphabet. 2:acronym — acrostic. Encyclopedia Britannica Ultimate Reference 2007.

[12] The Rays and the Initiations, Alice A. Bailey. P.79.

[13] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.502.

[14] The Rays and the Initiations, Alice A. Bailey. P.79.

[15] A Treatise on White Magic, Alice A. Bailey. P.380.

[16] A Treatise on White Magic,Alice A. Bailey. P.379.

[17] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.319.

[18] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.272.
[19] A Treatise on White Magic,Alice A. Bailey. P.379.

Part II
THE MAYANS
Mayans and Ancient Egyptians
Mayan Origins in Ancient Southern India
Mayan Language
Mayans and Asuramaya
Mayans: Master Astronomers
Mayan Quetzlacoatl: The Christ
Mayan Calendar
Maya of the Mayan Calendar
THE MAYANS
The Mayans and Ancient Egyptians
An earlier passage mentions a ‘much later period [for the Shamballa base] … in the ancient Maya institutions’. Mayan cosmology has come much to the fore in recent times. The year 2012 is the end of a cycle in the Mayan calendar. Given the close similarity between the Mayans and the ancient Egyptians, the Mayans were most likely part of the second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2):

“The author [Le Plongeon] seems to believe and to seek to prove that the esoteric learning of the Aryans and the Egyptians was derived from the Mayas.  But, although certainly coeval [the same or equal age] with Plato’s Atlantis, the Mayas belonged to the Fifth continent, which was preceded by Atlantis and Lemuria.”[1]

The ‘Fifth Continent’ can be counted two ways. Exoterically and geographically it is the Americas, but esoterically it is Europe. Either way, the Mayans are associated with the Fifth Rootrace in consciousness:

“The Fifth Continent was America; but, as it is situated at the Antipodes, it is Europe and Asia Minor, almost coeval with it, which are generally referred to by the Indo-Aryan Occultists as the fifth. If their teaching followed the appearance of the Continents in their geological and geographical order, then this classification would have to be altered. But as the sequence of the Continents is made to follow the order of evolution of the Races, from the first to the fifth, our Aryan Root-race, Europe must be called the fifth great Continent … There was a time when the delta of Egypt and Northern Africa belonged to Europe, before the formation of the Straits of Gibraltar, and a further upheaval of the continent, changed entirely the face of the map of Europe.” [2]

Hence, looking at Europe and its association with Egypt, or the Americas and its association with places like Guatemala – the main habitation of the Mayans, there can be seen an association or derivation from the Fifth Rootrace, not the Atlantean race.

Although ancient Egypt constituted the second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2), it was regarded esoterically as a bridge between Atlantis and the Fifth Rootrace; likewise, the Mayans probably functioned in a similar manner:
“The perfect identity of the rites, ceremonies, traditions, and even the names of the deities, among the Mexicans and ancient Babylonians and Egyptians, are a sufficient proof of South America being peopled by a colony which mysteriously found its way across the Atlantic. When? at what period?  History is silent on that point; but those who consider that there is no tradition, sanctified by ages, without a certain sediment of truth at the bottom of it, believe in the Atlantis-legend.” [3]

The period in question is around 860,000 years ago, at the time of the second major flooding of Atlantis when the majority of the ‘troublesome sorcerers’ met their watery fate.


(India) Vanadevata’s (wood spirit) hand issuing from tree trunk offering water.
(Egypt) deceased drinking water offered by tree divinity. [4]


Mayan fresco from Bonampak Chiapas, Mexico.[5]

Note the temple pictured above and its resemblance in colour and style to that of the Egyptians. South American pyramids are of course related to Egyptian pyramids:
The GREAT DRAGON has respect but for the ‘SERPENTS’ of WISDOM, the Serpents whose holes are now under the triangular stones,” i.e., “the Pyramids, at the four corners of the world.”

… This tells us clearly that … the Adepts or “Wise” men of the three Races (the Third, Fourth and the Fifth) dwelt in subterranean habitats, generally under some kind of pyramidal structure, if not actually under a pyramid.  For such “pyramids” existed in the four corners of the world and were never the monopoly of the land of the Pharaohs, though until found scattered all over the two Americas, under and over ground, beneath and amidst virgin forests, as in plain and vale, they were supposed to be the exclusive property of Egypt.” [6]
Note also the reference to the ‘serpents of wisdom’ and the later theme of Quetzlcoatl.


Mountain element represented by the Mayan culture in pyramidal stone temples. Temple of Inscriptions, Palenque, Mexico. [7]

Mayan Origins in Ancient Southern India
If the Mayans have much in common with the Egyptians, then they must share a common origin. The Egyptians come from Southern India:
"Under the reign of Viswamitra, first king of the Dynasty of Soma -Vanga, in consequence of a battle which lasted five days, Manu -Vina, heir of the ancient kings, being abandoned by the Brahmans , emigrated with all his companions, passing through Arya , and the countries of Barria, till he came to the shores of Masra [Cairo].” (History of India, by Collouca-Batta). Unquestionably this Manu-Vina  and Menes , the first Egyptian King, are identical.

Arya , is Eran (Persia ); Barria, is Arabia, and Masra, was the name of Cairo, which to this day is called,Masr, Musr, and Misro. Phœnician history names Maser as one of the ancestors of Hermes .” [8]

“Egypt  herself had, in those unknown ages when Menes  reigned received her laws, her social institutions, her arts and her sciences, from pre-Vedic India.” [9]

Menes is undoubtedly the Manu of the second subrace (5.2 Ancient Egypt) and there is a close connection to India which persists to this day – as any traveler to both nations will attest. If the Mayans have a ‘perfect identity of the rites, ceremonies, traditions’ of Egypt then it is further proof that their genesis is in India, also known as ‘Bharata’ in ancient times.

”There is definitely an important connection between the old Vedic people and Maya-ancestors. The Mayas are actually referred to in The Mahabharata, one of the main Hindu scriptures, as a tribe having left the Indian subcontinent. There are sources who have revealed those people to be the same as the Nagas, one of the oldest Indian tribes recorded. Those Nagas seem to have been a people, later called Danavas, with a capital Nagapur. They are referred to in another main Hindu-scripture, the Ramayana, as belonging to a Naga-Maya tribe, who is said to have transmitted their culture towards Babylonia, Egypt and Greece.” [10]

Naga is the Sanskrit word for serpent or snake. [11] The feathered serpent represents the Mayan God Kukulcan or Quetzacoatl, a Christ/Krishna-like figure. In those days the ancient serpent  religion referred to the Serpents of Wisdom. Mercury or Hermes (Narada – see further in text) – his symbol is the caduceus : two serpents entwined around a staff. 
“The four principal groups in ancient India were the Asuras (Assyrians or Indus Valley people), Panis (Phoenicians), Yakhus or Yakshas (subjects of Kubera, god of gold and treasure a.k.a. Nagas) and Mayas. We know them today as the Dravidians (Tamils, Malayalam, etc.)

The non Indus Valley people in ancient days were exceedingly superstitious and fearful of the Mayans. The latter were excellent international shippers and traders, builders and astronomers. Their superstitious enemies thought their accomplishments had to be magic and beyond human ability. They were ultimately driven toCeylon where they inhabited the province of Maya. Later, they went to the Americas, having been taken there by Kubera and his Yakshas.” [12] ‘Ceylon’ in those ancient times was more than likely the now sunken land to the south of India and connected geographically to the Ceylon of today, Sri Lanka. This is the ancient Tamil country of which today’s Tamil Nadu in India is but a small remnant:


Ancient Tamil Nadu

The skill of the Mayan astronomers is also well known:
"Recent studies suggests a link between Indus Valley and Mayans of Central America. The studies focused on the calendars of the two advanced civilizations. The Indus Valley inhabitants followed a calendar based on the movements of Jupiter, and the Mayans followed one based on the Venus. In the Puranas, a secondary Hindu scripture, Jupiter, Brihaspati, was acknowledged to be the leader of the gods, while Venus, Shukra, was the leader of the asuras. The texts further state that the devas and asuras lived on opposite sides of the Earth.

Mexico and India are at opposite sides in longitude. The correspondences were pointed out by B. G. Siddarth, director of the B. M. Birla Science Centre in Hyderabad. He also said the Hindu story of the churning of the ocean has been found in carvings in Mexico, as well Mayan representations of a tortoise carrying twelve pillars similar to Indian illustrations. Dr. Ganapati Sthapati of Chennai, a foremost expert on Vastu shatra, the ancient Hindu architecture, has visited the Mayan structures in Central America and found many similarities between the design and construction methods of the Mayans and that of the ancient Hindus.” [13]

South of Mexico lays Guatemala, the major centre for the Mayans, yet they ventured north and south of this location, spreading their knowledge widely.
Mayan Language
Language is one of the major keys to determining the movement and migration of races. Two-thirds of all the aboriginal regional names of Mexico are either variations of the name of Lanka or Tamil names of West Indian regions. This is a major key to the understanding of their ancient Sri Lankan origins which, with southern Tamil India, extended much further south, now since sunk hundreds of thousands of years ago.When speaking of their origins, the Mayans (like the Hopis) had several names for their land: Shilanka (Xilanca) – an ancient name of Ceylon (Zeilan-Ka) Shikalanka (Xicalanca) – Ceylon. In Tamil, Shikalam.

A Mayan culture hero was Ishbalanka (Xbalanca) meaning in Tamil, "Shiva of Lanka" who was supposed to have made the footprint on top of Adam’s Peak in Sri Lanka; modernly, in line with the prevailing Buddhist culture, it is known as (Gautama) ‘Buddha’s footprint.’

Palenque, the ancient capital of Guatamala, Palenke (Palenque) derives from the Tamil Pal-Lanka, meaning "Protectorate of Lanka." Guatemala (the main habitat of the Mayans) may derive from Gautemala, meaning "A Subsidiary Land of Gautama Buddha."

Ceren was a name of Ceylon, some Mayan ruins in El Salvador are called Ceren. Mayon was one of the names of Ceylon’s cult religions, still existing among a few aboriginals living on the island.

Asuramaya and the Mayans

“The ancient Hindu and Mayan civilizations exhibit other interesting convergences. Hindu records say that a member of a great race which preceded ours, a highly-developed personage known as Asuramaya, learned all the basic cosmic cycles and used his knowledge to determine the durations of the various geological and cyclical periods of human evolution. The chronology and computations of their still used Tamil calendar, say the Brahmans, are based upon the works of Asuramaya and upon carefully maintained collateral zodiacal records. Their most ancient extant work on astronomy, the Surya Siddhanta, says that Asuramaya lived toward the end of the Krita-yuga, a former age that ended approximately 2,165,000 years before the present. This would place Asuramaya at something less than 2.5 million years ago.” [14]

The figures above are commensurate with the esoteric doctrine, whose source is the same. When the date of the start of the Kali Yuga for the Fifth Rootrace is considered (3,102 BC), then working back from there gives the following table:

Yuga

Greek  Period

Yuga Duration

Dates (2000 AD)

Personage

Satya

Gold

1,728,000

3,893,100

Noah (Manu 5.0)

Treta

Silver

1,296,000

2,165,100

Asuramaya

Dvapara

Bronze

864,000

869,000

Menes (Manu 5.2)

Kali

Iron

432,000

3,102 BC

Kali Yuga 5th R.R.

The Four Yugas  of the Fifth Rootrace

Readers can observe where the Satya or Krita age ends (2,165,100 years), about one million years before the start of the first (Hindu) subrace of the Fifth Rootrace. The death of Krishna was supposed to have heralded the Kali Yuga and there may well have been a Krishna (as there have been many Buddhas) in 3,102 BC. But the Krishna referred to in The Mahabharata heralded the Kali Age of the (Fourth) Atlantean race a few million years ago. The date of 3,102 BC is the Kali Yuga of this, our Fifth (Aryan) Rootrace. This fact has caused confusion amongst scholars and is partially responsible for Hindu and Western pundits diminishing the time-scales of the Hindu scriptures. Regarding Asuramaya, H.P. Blavatsky says:
"The best and most complete of all such calendars, at present, as vouched for by the learned Brahmins of Southern India, is the already mentioned Tamil calendar called the “Tirukkanda Panchanga,” compiled, as we are told, from, and in full accordance with, secret fragments of Asuramâya’s data. As Asuramâya is said to have been the greatest astronomer, so he is whispered to have also been the most powerful “Sorcerer of theWHITE ISLAND, which had become BLACK with sin,” i.e., of the islands of Atlantis.
The “White Island” is a symbolical name.  Asuramâya is said to have lived (see the tradition of Jhána-bhaskara) in Romaka-pura in the West: because the name is an allusion to the land and cradle of the “Sweat-born” of the Third Race. That land or continent had disappeared ages before Asuramâya lived, since he was an Atlantean; but he was a direct descendant of the Wise Race, the Race that never dies.  Many are the legends concerning this hero, the pupil of Surya (the Sun-God) himself, as the Indian accounts allege … Asuramâya, “as great a magician as he was an Astrologer and an Astronomer.”” [15]
The ‘third race’ is of course one of the latter subraces of the (third) Lemurian Rootrace, from where the Hindus and Egyptians have their ancient genesis. (More on the ‘Wise Race’ later.) Due to the deterioriation of the Atlanteans, what were once divine names of the Asuras in that race gradually became applied to those who had abused their god-given powers until,

“Asura was the generic appellation of all the Atlanteans who were the enemies of the spiritual heroes of the Aryans (gods).” [16]
The word Asura comes from Surya, Sanskrit for the sun; Asuramaya learned his art from studying and meditating upon the Sun. In the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali it is said that, “Through meditation, one-pointedly fixed upon the sun, will come a consciousness (or knowledge) of the seven worlds.” [17]
Maya is illusion, particularly in its densest manifestation upon the physical plane, the most powerful domain of the sorcerers of those days. All these events were occurring at the time of the gradual emergence of the Fifth (Aryan) Rootrace and the conflicts between the old and new races went on for some few million years after the original Mahabharata.
It is interesting to note that The Lord of the Rings is a story gleaned by J.R.R. Tolkien from our racial memory and is probably a fairly accurate account of those Atlantean days of war, monsters, giants, angels and magic. The chief sorcerer against whom Gandalf (the White) fights is Saruman, whose name is virtually an anagram of Asuramaya. The Hobbits are of course, Humanity and perhaps their six toes on either foot represent the coming Sixth Rootrace! In the emerging new race Asuramaya had his counterpart (and mentor) in Narada or ‘Pesh-Hun’, the old Vedic Rishi from whom he learned all, a highly elevated Mercurial type:
“… in Hindu Esotericism, Narada—who is called in Cis-Himalayan Occultism Pesh-Hun, the “Messenger,” … is the sole confidant and the executor of the universal decrees of Karma … who leads and guides human affairs from the beginning to the end of the Kalpa. “Pesh-Hun” … is the mysterious guiding intelligent power, which gives the impulse to, and regulates the impetus of cycles, Kalpas and universal events. He is Karma’s visible adjuster on a general scale … Narada … surpasses Garga’s Guru in his knowledge of cyclic intricacies.  It is he who has charge of our progress and national weal or woe.  It is he who brings on wars and puts an end to them.  In the old Stanzas Pesh-Hun is credited with having calculated and recorded all the astronomical and cosmic cycles to come, and with having taught the Science to the first gazers at the starry vault.  And it is Asuramâya, who is said to have based all his astronomical works upon those records, to have determined the duration of all the past geological and cosmical periods, and the length of the all the cycles to come, till the end of this life-cycle, or the end of the seventh Race.

There is a work among the Secret Books, called the “Mirror of Futurity,” wherein all the Kalpas within Kalpas and cycles within the bosom of Sesha, or infinite Time, are recorded.  This work is ascribed to Pesh-HunNarada.  There is another old work which is attributed to various Atlanteans.  It is these two Records which furnish us with the figures of our [The Hierarchy] cycles, and the possibility of calculating the date of cycles to come …

The chronology and computations of the Brahmin Initiates are based upon the Zodiacal records of India, and the works of the above-mentioned astronomer and magician—Asuramaya.  The Atlantean zodiacal records cannot err, as they were compiled under the guidance of those who first taught astronomy, among other things, to mankind.” [18]
Note one of Narada’s appellations is ‘The Messenger’ equivalent to Mercury, Hermes or the Egyptian Thoth. (Note the earlier reference to the Mayans coming from the ‘Naga tribe’.)
The Mayans: Master Astronomers
As noted earlier, The studies focused on the calendars of the two advanced civilizations. The Indus Valley inhabitants followed a calendar based on the movements of Jupiter, and the Mayans followed one based on the Venus. In the Puranas, a secondary Hindu scripture, Jupiter, Brihaspati, was acknowledged to be the leader of the gods, while Venus, Shukra, was the leader of the asuras.” [19]

The Mayans are well known for their astronomical accuracy through their studies of the cycles of Venus, yet their whole system of astronomy and cycles derives from their ancient Hindu past:

“Modern students of the ancient Mayan numerical glyphs have found that the dating of major series of events noted on Mayan stelae invariably give such reckonings in terms of the time elapsed since a date known as 4 Ahau 8 Cumhu. They know that for the Maya chroniclers this date represented a commencement point in time-reckoning of such awesome magnitude that it was central to all else in subsequent Maya history; but they don’t know what it meant or why it was so important to the latter.  Among other ancient nations only one, the Hindu peoples of the Indian subcontinent, is known to have developed a system of calendrics accounting for such vast periods of time. For computing the age of the earth and various geological and other epochs, as well as the age of mankind, the learned Brahman caste still employs a Tamil calendar derived from archaic astronomical data, known as the "Tirukkanda Panchanga" (The Secret Doctrine, II:49-51).” [20]
Other diverse commentators corroborate these facts:
"The Mayan culture flourished in Mesoamerica during the early Christian era, before being completely wiped out by the Spanish conquest. Astronomy played a significant role in Mayan culture. Venus in particular had a pre-eminent status. Testimony to this rich tradition is borne out by Mayan temple art and the few available Codices, or sacred books, of the Mayans. Western scholars have attempted to relate the Mayan concepts to those of Greek astronomy. The sidereal Mayan astronomy is more akin to the Hindu system and does not easily fit into the Greek model.” [21]
The theories about Greek astronomy are related to the misapprehension of cycles by historians and researchers down the ages – both east and west. Greece is a much more modern and recent culture, Indiaand the Mayans are very ancient. Confusion has arisen do to cross fertilisation of ideas between Greece and India in the past few thousand years, as well as the ‘Greek-centric’ view held by many western historians.
”Striking similarity is found between certain Mayan and Puranic stories, and their related astronomical interpretation. In the Puranas, Lord Vishnu is represented as resting on the serpent Ananta or Sesa, after having dissolved all creation. The serpent represents the eternity of time (Ananta), and the "remainder" (Sesa) in subtle form, of prakriti, the germ of all that has been and will be. After waking up from the yoganidra, Vishnu rides on the eagle Garuda. Both Garuda and Sesa are shown in association with Vishnu in the temples of India. It is said that Garuda represents the Vedas and the solar deities, and Sesa represents the watery deities. The serpent [Naga] is of great significance in the Mayan culture also. A supreme example is the serpent of sunlight and shadow seen at Chichén Itzá. At the time of the equinoxes, as the Sun moves from east to west, a pattern of light and shadow appears on the west balustrade of the north stairway of the Castillo at Chichén Itzá. This display resembles a descending snake whose head is the monumental serpent head carved out of stone at the foot of the stairs. The feathered serpent represents the Mayan God Kukulcan, who is associated with rain water and new life, among other things. Kukulcan appears to be Sesa and Garuda combined into one.” [22]
"In the book The Conquest of the Maya by J. Leslie Mitchell, he explains that the basis of the old Maya empire was not of the work of the ancestors of the present day Maya, but was an import from the same foreigners that built the palaces and temples of the Chams and Khmers in Cambodia, and the temples in Java. He also points out the similarities between the Maya rain-god Chac and the Vedic Indian Indra, and the Maya monkey-god and the Vedic Hanuman. The Vedic origin is further enhanced by the frequency that the elephant motif is found in Maya art, especially the earlier works of the Maya, such as at Copan, although the elephant never existed in the region.” [23]

The reader will note that the temples of Cambodia are commented upon in the newsletter “Ancient Cambodia: Angkor Wat and the Egyptian Connection.” (www.esotericastrologer.org/EA%20Essays/40%20Esoteric%20History%20I.htm)

The ancient Khmer (Cambodian) culture probably belongs to the second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2), the same as the Egyptians and Mayans, but of a different branchrace lineage. One is reminded of the vast extent of the Indian empire that stretched from South East Asia to Persia (Iran); it also extended southward to the old Tamil country, since sunk.

"One reason for these similarities between the Americas and India is that in ancient Vedic times there were two great architects, Visvakarma of the demigods or Aryans, and Maya of the asuras. Surya Siddhanta was revealed to Mayasura by Sun. The Mayan people, also known as technicians, were no doubt named as such because of being connected with this person named Maya or Mayasura and Maya Danava. They were a part of his clan or tribe. They had fallen away from the Vedic way of life and were sent or escaped to the region of Central America. They also carried with them much of the science of astronomy and navigation for which this Mayasura was known. Mayasura’s knowledge is more fully explained in the classic work of Indian Vedic astronomy known as the Surya Siddhanta for which he is given credit. Many people have wondered from where the Mayan acquired their astronomical knowledge. This would explain how the Mayan people had such a high degree of understanding in astronomy, from which they also developed their calendar. The Mayan calendar was a science they had long developed, carrying it with them from their previous location and civilization.” [24]

Note the reversal of Asuramaya’s name but the same historical details are intact. The Mayans were known as ‘technicians’ a very interesting word that denotes strong influence of the Fifth Ray of Science, which of course is related to astronomy. This ‘fifth aspect’ not only corresponds to the Fifth Rootrace and ‘fifth continent’ mentioned earlier but to possibly a fifth branchrace (clan/tribe) ‘signature’ such as 5.2.5 – the 5thbranchrace of the second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace.

The second subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.2) came forth around 860,000 years ago [25] – at the second great Atlantean flood and coincident with the migration from India that established the Egyptian civilisation on the Nile.


Atlantean Islands

This map is one of many speculations of the location of the Atlantean islands. It has been included to illustrate how it would not have been very difficult for the ancient Mayans (renowned mariners), to ‘island hop’ their way across the Atlantic from Africa to where Guatemala is today; if they came the same route as the Egyptians from India and kept heading west.

"Like the Vedic culture, the Maya had a pantheon of demigods, many of which have similarities to the Vedic deities. Mayan gods like Xiuhtechutli and Xipe Totec have their Vedic counterparts in Indra and Agni. Indra, like Xiuhtechutli, was the rain god and guardian of the Eastern Quadrant, and Agni, similar to Xipe Totec, was the god of sacrificial fire, born in wood and the life force of trees and plants. Then there is the Vedic Ushas, the beautiful goddess of Dawn or Sky, who is similar to the Mayan view of Venus, goddess of Dawn … Furthermore, hymn 121 of the book ten in the [Hindu] Rig Veda is very similar to the description of creation as found in the [Mayan] Popul Vuh.” [26]
None of this pantheon of gods would be complete without the legendary Quetzalcoatl:
”A Mesoamerican Christ: Quetzalcoatl is to the New World what Christ is to Europe [or Krishna to India]: the center of a religious cosmology and the pre-eminent symbol of the civilized nations of Mesoamerica. Both were considered to be men who ascended into heaven upon their death; Christ to sit at the right hand of God, Quetzalcoatl to become the Morning Star [Venus]. Both were tempted by evil powers; Christ by Satan, Quetzalcoatl by the wizard-god Tezcatlipoca. And both were prophesied to one day return to earth, Christ as the Prince of the Kingdom of Heaven, Quetzalcoatl as a god-king returned to claim his kingdom in Central Mexico. To understand the life and teachings of Jesus Christ is to understand Christianity, the root religion of what we refer to as Western Civilization. To understand the life and mystery of Quetzalcoatl is to understand the religious thought of what we call Mesoamerica.” [27]


Quetzalcoatl

Mayan Calendar
“The Vedic, Maya, and Hopi calendars all describe our current age as the fourth world. The Maya and Hopi calendars also describe the ending of a great age around the year 2000 (several Mayan calendar cycles end at winter solstice, 2012). Mayan cycles describe the Earth’s Great Year (a ~24,000-year cycle caused by the Earth’s wobble) as well as an additional rotation of our sun and galaxy around Alcyon, central star of the Pleiades. The Maya are one of many cultures (as far-flung as the Australian Aborigines, the ancient Greeks, and several Native American nations) with stories about the Pleiades.” [28]

“Incredibly, at the early Maya site of Izapa in southern Mexico, the galactic cosmology and a profound spiritual teaching are preserved. Izapa speaks to us of the Galactic Alignment in 2012 as a transformative nexus in time, a still-point turnabout, inviting us to reconnect with our cosmic heart and eternal source.”[29]

"The doctrine of the World’s Ages (from Hindu Yugas) was imported into Pre-Columbian America … the Mexican sequence is identical with the Hindus …The essential fact remains that they were derived from a common source … It would be ridiculous to assert that such a strange doctrine was of spontaneous origin in different parts of the Old and New Worlds." [30]

The above passage is a more exoteric view but nonetheless testifies to the origin of Mayan astronomy. These yugas contain other yugas within them, or cycles within cycles:
“The Dvapara Yuga  differs for each Race. All races have their own cycles, which fact causes a great difference.  For instance, the Fourth Sub-Race  of the Atlanteans  was in its Kali-Yug , when destroyed, whereas the Fifth was in its Satya or Krita Yuga. [Approximately 4 million years ago.]  The Aryan  Race is now in its Kali Yuga [3,102 BC] , and will continue to be in it for 427,000 years longer, while various “family Races ,” called the Semitic , Hamitic, etc., are in their own special cycles.  The forthcoming 6th Sub Race [of the Fifth Rootrace or 5.6] —which may begin very soon—will be in its Satya (golden) age while we reap the fruit of our iniquity in our Kali Yuga.” [31]

These dark and golden ages (Kali and Satya) overlap as one cycle finishes and another starts. The above statement is confirmed in the Puranas where Lord Krishna tells Ganga Devi that a Golden Age will come in theKali Yuga. Lord Krishna predicted that this Golden Age will start 5,000 years after the begnning of the Kali Yuga, and will last for 10,000 years.
The Mayan Calendar measures the unfolding evolution of consciousness – as do all cycles that are impelled by the rays, planets, yugas or zodiac signs; they all embody a much higher consciousness it is actually two calendars that are closely inter-related: The Tzolkin (Daily Calendar) of 260 days, and the Tun (Prophetic Calendar) of 360 days. These two ‘calendars’ intermesh like gears, the smaller Tzolkin with 260 ‘teeth’ (days) intermeshing with the larger Tun (360 ‘teeth’/days), then as the Tzolkin turns so does the Tun.
It takes 72 turns of the Tzolkin calendar (‘gear’) and 52 turns of the Tun calendar (‘gear’) for each ‘tooth’ (day) of each ‘gear’ (calendar) to come into contact. i.e. 18,720 days (72 x 260 or 52 x 360), or approximately 51 Gregorian calendar years. (18,720/365).


Mayan Calendar or Sunstone

The carvings in the stone represent the four cycles of creation and destruction. The skull at the center depicts the god, Tonatiuh, the fifth sun. The calendar was also adopted by the Aztec and Toltec nations after renaming the days and months.

The Maya of the Mayan Calendar (Maya = Illusion)
“One of the secrets of initiation is concerned with the apprehension of cycles , and with their duration … before a man is considered a true occultist .” [32]

One problem with comprehension of the Mayan Calendar is the hype about it in ‘New Age’ circles. Esoterically the whole subject is ‘glamoured’ – there have been so many speculations, claims and distortions by academics, mystics and ‘new agers’.
The exact astronomical date in 2,012 is something that the general public tend to get somewhat fixated upon, creating confusion, fear and much futile speculation; this is a perennial problem and other ‘significant dates’, including the yearly cycle of eclipses, that continually attract superstitious and uninformed reactions.John Major Jenkins, a leading scholar of the Mayan Calendar, has the following to say:
“So, in point of fact, we have a previous testimonial of Don Alejandro, from an interview he did with reporters that was published as "The Mayan Worldview of the Universe" by Patrisia Gonzales and Roberto Rodriguez, Universal Press Syndicate. The Denver Post, January 2, 2000. In it, we read:
"Based on thousands of years of astronomical observation, a cataclysm is indeed predicted by indigenous elders, as opposed to "prophesized." No one is predicting that at the strike of midnight, Dec, 20, 2012, the world will end. Instead, Mayan elders predict that the cataclysm can occur within a year or 100 years—and the cause would be something astronomical as opposed to metaphysical."

[Jenkins continues…] I’ve always agreed with this idea, that we should think of the 2012 end date as being a "zone" stretching on the order of decades. I don’t agree with the above view that the end date is only an astronomical event, for the physical dimension and the metaphysical (or spiritual) dimension unfold in parallel. We further read in the interview that:
"We don’t know what will happen in the next few days or in the next 12 years. What we do know is that it wouldn’t hurt to listen to the worlds of Don Alejandro who said that on Dec. 20, 2012 Mother Earth will pass inside the center of a magnetic axis and that it may be darkened with a great cloud for 60 or 70 hours and that because of environmental degradation, she may not be strong enough to survive the effects. ‘It will enter another age, but when it does, there will be great and serious events. Earthquakes, marimotos (tsunamis), floods, volcanic eruptions, and great illness on the planet Earth. Few survivors will be left.’"

[Jenkins continues…] “Thus, beginning on December 20, as stated, the events stretch almost three full days ("60 or 70 hours") through December 21st. The Earth passing "inside the center of a magnetic axis" is a striking description and sounds like the way I described the alignment in the last chapter to Maya Cosmogenesis 2012. "Darkened by a great cloud" almost sounds like a reference to the dark-rift in the Milky Way. Notice the difference between this conception of "earth in the darkness" and my alignment description — where I describe it as the sun passing through the dark-rift, through the "galactic axis," with different magnetic or gyroscopic effects on either side. I suppose Don Alejandro’s wording works fine, it’s just a translation or interpretation of where the effect is really to be felt (on Earth, ultimately) …
"He [Carlos] said Mayan Daykeepers view the Dec. 21, 2012 date as a rebirth, the start of the World of the Fifth Sun. It will be the start of a new era resulting from and signified by the solar meridian crossing the galactic equator, and the earth aligning itself with the center of the galaxy. At sunrise on December 21, 2012for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic. This cosmic cross is considered to be an embodiment of the Sacred Tree, The Tree of Life, a tree remembered in all the world’s spiritual traditions. Some observers say this alignment with the heart of the galaxy in 2012 will open a channel for cosmic energy to flow through the earth, cleansing it and all that dwells upon it, raising all to a higher level of vibration."" [33]

Interesting to note that the winter solstice period (in the northern hemisphere) will have its inherent symbolism of the ‘greatest darkness’ of winter extraordinarily amplified within the cosmic macrocosm in 2012. The winter solstice is a time of initiation where the candidate to the mysteries must ‘find their way through the dark’. The conjunction of the Sun with Pluto in December 2012 signifies the darkness of the underworld experience, transformation and initiation. The Moon is conjunct Uranus in Aries, reflecting the new revolutionary cycle that will begin in consciousness. Perhaps Humanity has an opportunity to do this en masse? A shift that may occur several years around this date is confirmed by other sources:
“In the time of the Buddha  and through the stimulation He produced there was a great gathering in of Arhats  [4th degree Initiates]. These were men who had achieved liberation through self initiated effort. This period, in our Aryan  race, marked a climax for the East . Since then the tide of spiritual life has steadily flowed westward, and we may now look for a corresponding climax in the West , which will reach its zenith between the years 1965 and 2025.” [34]

Phillip Lindsay© 2008. To donate to this work, please click here or email.



[1] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.35.

[2] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.8.

[3] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. P.557.
[4] www.hinduwsdom.org (source: India and Egypt – edited by Saryu Doshi, p. 69.)

[5] Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite.

[6] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.352.

[7] Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite.

[8] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.627.

[9] Isis Unveiled I, H.P. Blavatsky. p.589.

[10] Una Vision del Mundo, Prof. G. Zapata Alonzo, Merida, Mexico, 1994, p.71.

[11] See “Ophiucus : Astronomy , Astrology & the “Thirteenth Constellation” in Soul Cycles of the Seven Rays, Phillip Lindsay.
[12] Will the Maya Prophecy Really Happen? Gene D. Matlock.

[13] Hyderabad, INDIA, April 29, 2002.
[14] Dr. B. N. Narahari Achar. Professor of physics at the University of Memphis.

[15] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. Pp.67-8. p.50.

[16] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.227.

[17] The Light of the Soul, Alice A. Bailey. P.297.

[18] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.50.

[19] Hyderabad, INDIA, April 29, 2002.

[20] Ciphers and Civilizations, Blair Moffett.

[21] Dr. B. N. Narahari Achar.

[22] Maya-Hindu Connection, Dr. B. N. Narahari Achar. http://www.hinduismtoday.com

[23] Proof Vedic Culture’s Global Existence, Stephen Knapp pp.246-7.

[24] Proof Vedic Culture’s Global Existence, Stephen Knapp pp.246-7.

[25] See The Hidden History of Humanity, Phillip Lindsay. pp.361-370.

[26] Proof Vedic Culture’s Global Existence, Stephen Knapp p. 246 -247.

[27] Breakthrough Celebration:A Global Process leading into the Quetzalcoatl/Christ energy of the Fifth Day,Carl Johan Calleman.

[28] ‘JC’. http://www.alley29.com/Sphinx%20Group/sphinx.html

[29] John Major Jenkins, leading Mayan scholar.

[30] Myths of Pre-Columbian America, Donald Alexander Mackenzie (1873-1936).

[31] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. p.147.fn.

[32] A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice A. Bailey. p.792..

[33] John Major Jenkins in his article, “Carl Calleman’s latest assault on the traditional end-date, December 21, 2012.”
[34] The Light of the Soul, Alice A. Bailey. pp.ix-x.

Part III
The Greater Aquarian Cycle
Aquarius, Polaris and the Increasing Shamballa Force
Melchizedek, Libra and Shamballa
Shamballa and the ‘Gobi Zodiac’
Shamballa and the White Island
Kalachakra Mandala: Map of Shamballa
Return of Shamballa to South America


The Greater Aquarian Cycle
If the 26,000 Great Year Cycle of the Mayans is ending in 2012 (coinciding with the lesser 5,125 year cycle), it is highly significant because it may also relate to ‘the greater wheel’ and its cycle of 26,000 years – finishing one cycle and starting another. The twelve zodiac signs take 26,000 years to precess the full circle of 360 degrees, the same time span as it takes for one zodiac sign in the greater zodiac.

The world is entering the Age of Aquarius on both the smaller and greater wheels, an event that has only occurred six times (this is the seventh) – in the history of this Fifth Rootrace, hence a time of great opportunity. [1]

Nevertheless, we are on the cusp of these cycles, 500 years for the lesser wheel and 5,000 years for the greater wheel; it is doubtful (as mentioned by other authors) that something will ‘happen’ on December 21, 2012. We are going through a process of unprecedented change during this cuspal period. If the above date is accurate, then this is an advantage for students of astrology and cycles – as it may allow some accuracy to use this as a time marker to work forward or backward.

Another factor to consider is that the 26,000 year cycle coincides with a 104,000 years cycle of the ‘fourth Sun’. (104,000 = 26,000 X 4) In other commentaries this author has dated the fifth subrace of the Fifth Rootrace (5.5) as starting around 100,000 years ago.

Indeed, in this fifth branchrace of 5.5 (5.5.5), the race has reached its apotheosis, and in this Kali Yuga cycle of destruction, is ready for a major shift. According to the Mayans, Humanity will shift to the ‘fifth sun’ phase, "El Quinto Sol", where a golden age of higher consciousness will emerge.

As discussed earlier, there are ‘yugas within yugas’ and a Satya Yuga (golden age) may well be emerging and overlapping the Kali Yuga (black age) of 432,000 years. The Sixth Rootrace is only about 25,000 years away[2] and a parallel may be drawn with the previous Satya Yuga (1,728,000 years) for the Fifth Rootrace when it was in its nascent inception about four million years ago – at the decline of Atlantis when Atlantis was going through its Kali Yuga. Alternatively in this cycle, there may be a smaller Satya Yuga cycle emerging within the Kali Yuga.

Aquarius, Polaris and the Increasing Shamballa Force

The sign Aquarius and the pole star Polaris have a direct connection with the planetary centre called Shamballa. In this 25,000 year greater Aquarian cycle leading up to the start of the Sixth Rootrace, the direct influence of the Shamballa force will come  to bear upon Humanity:

“Polaris—The Star of Direction—governing Shamballa … The influence which emanates from the Pole Star and which is such a potent factor in our solar system reaches our planet via the sign Aquarius.  The reasons will be noted if the student bears in mind the significance of water as a symbol of the emotions, which are but a lower manifestation of love-desire.  Aquarius is a force centre from which the adept draws the "water of life" and carries it to the multitude.  This force from the Pole Star, via Aquarius, is of special power at this time and the day of opportunity is therefore great.  It is one of the agencies which make the coming of the Great Lord a possibility.”[3]

Of course the ‘Great Lord’ is The Christ or Lord Maitreya who intends to culminate the externalisation of the Masters of Wisdom, starting about 2025.
“Esoterically speaking, the Pole Star is regarded as the “star of re-orientation” whereby the art of “refacing and recovering that which is lost” is developed. This eventually brings a man back to his originating source.” It is also said that ‘concentration upon the Pole-Star will give knowledge of the orbits of the planets and the stars.’[4]
What is ‘his originating source’, the soul or even the monad? Note also the earlier statement about ‘meditating on the Sun’ in relation to Asuramaya and the gleaning of similar knowledge.


Polaris and the revolving heavens.

The axis of the Earth determines the poles – our planet is tilted toward the northern pole star, Polaris. The ancient story of Hamlet’s Mill is an allegory for the axis of the Earth, the ‘world tree’ or ‘spindle’ whereon the Earth rotates, angled toward the Pole Star. The Pole Star is where the ‘axle of the mill’ periodically aligns itself. The Earth’s axis symbolically passes through Shamballa, driving the Wheel of Karma, presided over by Sanat Kumara and other great Lords.


Earth’s Orientation to Polaris

Melchizedek, Libra and Shamballa

“Libra occupies a unique place in the Great Wheel, for it is the energy coming from this constellation which controls what we might call (for lack of a more suitable word) the "hub of the wheel." This is that point in intermediate space where the twelve zodiacal energies meet and cross.[5]… Libra admits the soul into the world centre which we call Shamballa.”[6]

Libra is also potent in the planetary horoscope during this transition from Pisces to Aquarius.

“Melchizadek…was lord of the Ecliptic, or balance, or line of adjustment, and therefore was THE JUST ONE … lord of the eighth [planet], which was Mater Terra [Mother Earth].”[7]

‘Melchizadek’ is Sanat Kumara, Lord of Shamballa. The ecliptic is the apparent passage of the Sun upon which the zodiac signs are ‘hinged’. The ‘balance’, ‘line of adjustment’ and ‘Just One’ are all Libran descriptions – “Libra admits the soul into the world centre which we call Shamballa”.[8] The following diagram with its central line illustrates this ecliptic in relation to the zodiac:


Zodiac: Apparent Path of Sun as Seen from Earth

So what does all this mean and what is its purpose? Basically the Planetary Plan is related to the three planetary centres of Shamballa, Hierarchy and Humanity being reduced to two centres:

“It is interesting to note (though it is of no immediate moment) that the work of destruction initiated by the Hierarchy during the past one hundred and seventy-five years (therefore since the year 1775) has in it the seeds—as yet a very long way from any germination—of the final act of destruction which will take place when the Hierarchy will be so completely fused and blended with Humanity that the hierarchical form will no longer be required. The three major centres will then become the two, and the Hierarchy will disappear and only Shamballa and Humanity will remain, only spirit or life, and substance as an expression of intelligent love will be left. This corresponds to the experience of the individual initiate at the fourth initiation, when the causal body, the soul body, disappears and only the monad and its expression, the personality (a fusion of soul and form) are left. This event of final dissolution will take place only at the close of our planetary existence, when the door to individualisation is finally closed for a pralayic period and the Way of the Higher Evolution will be more closely trodden than the Path of Initiation.”[9]


Shamballa, Hierarchy and Humanity

Note that the year 1775 was not only the start of a lesser cycle of the fifth ray, but also signalled the start of the 500 year cusp of the Aquarian Age; hence the destructive processes needed to break down the past Piscean cycle.

For Humanity to be blended with Hierarchy can only mean one thing: That Humanity will be initiated into higher consciousness en masse. It is still a ‘long way from germination’ let alone fruition as the impulse in the year 1775 only carried the ‘seeds …. of the final act of destruction’; the latter will occur in a smaller degree in the next 25,000 year cycle, in a greater degree in the Sixth Rootrace and ‘final dissolution will take place only at the close of our planetary existence’. The Tibetan continues:

“Therefore, my brothers, the closer relation of the Hierarchy to Shamballa, the stimulation of its own interior life, and the readiness of humanity for revelation and for certain unexpected development, will condition the cycle into which we are now entering. This is, therefore, the most amazing period in the history of humanity. Added to this, it must be borne in mind that we are entering another greater round of the Zodiac, and this coincides with the lesser zodiacal activity because Aquarius governs the greater immediate cycle of 25,000 years[10] and is also the sign into which the sun is now moving for a period of 2300 years—a most amazing happening and full of import in our planetary history [11]
Kalachakra Mandala: Map of Shamballa
“Kalachakra is an aspect of Buddha–mind representing Time and Space; past, present, future come together in a timeless union of wisdom and compassion. Buddhists regard the Kalachakra mandala at Shamballa as a blueprint for the planet. The sages of Shamballa (Kumaras, Chohans and Masters) perform its meditational practice, or Sadhana, to implement the Plan on Earth.

The Kalachakra mandala is a cosmogram of the outer and inner worlds in idealised form, free from imperfections. In Sanskrit, ‘kala’ means ‘time’ and ‘chakra’ is ‘wheel’. ‘Kala–chakra’, therefore, is ‘The Wheel of Time’; it is a process and an event.

The Wheel of Time implies cycles and therefore astrology, the Science of Cycles. Saturn of course, rules astrology and cycles generally, and is also the Lord of Karma. Saturn is exalted in Libra, a sign intimately related to Shamballa. The Wheel of Time is also known as a Peace Mandala, or a road map to the universe, and is the most complex of Buddhist mandalas. It describes the interrelationship of heavenly bodies, the workings of the human body/mind—the macrocosm and the microcosm. It also describes the stages of meditation followed on the path to inner peace. That inner peace attained is the Peace of Shamballa, and hence relates to Libra the Peacemaker.”[12]


Kalachakra Mandala: The Wheel of Time

Shamballa and the Gobi Zodiac
“In the same manner and on the plan of the Zodiac in the upper Ocean or the heavens, a certain realm on Earth, an inland sea, was consecrated and called “the Abyss of Learning”; twelve centres on it in the shape of twelve small islands representing the Zodiacal signs—two of which remained for ages the “mystery signs” and were the abodes of twelve Hierophants and masters of wisdom. This “sea of knowledge” or learning remained for ages there, where now stretches the Shamo or Gobi desert.  It existed until the last great glacial period, when a local cataclysm, which swept the waters south and west and so formed the present great desolate desert, left only a certain oasis, with a lake and one island in the midst of it, as a relic of theZodiacal Ring on Earth.  For ages the watery abyss—which, with the nations that preceded the later Babylonians, was the abode of the “great mother” (the terrestrial post-type of the “great mother chaos” in heaven), the parent of Ea (Wisdom), himself the early prototype of Oannes, the man-Fish of the Babylonians…”[13]

Recall the image of Melchizdek directing astrological and ray forces whilst bearing in mind the importance of Shamballa as an earth zodiac reflecting the celestial zodiac, then the above passage is a natural extension of this idea. The distribution occurs through certain Masters or ‘hierophants’ who help distribute these forces to all the kingdoms of the planet, not just Humanity. Recall also that there are seven Masters or ‘Chohans’ who are the custodians of the Seven Rays and who help distribute and ‘step them down’.

Shamballa and the ‘White Island’

“The last survivors of the fair child of the White Islandhad perished ages before. Their (Lemuria’s) elect, had taken shelter on the sacred Island (now the “fabled” Shamballah, in the in theGobi Desert)…”[14]

“Mysticism … is reported to have originated in the fabulous country Sambhala … beyond the Sir Deriáu [Yaxartes] between 45º and 50º north latitude. 110º east and 45º north is exact centre ofGobi.”[15]


The Gobi Altai rising from the edge of the Gobi,
southwestern Övörhangay, Mongolia. [16]

“The legend given in Isis [Unveiled] in relation to a portion of the globe which science now concedes to have been the cradle of humanity—though it is but one of the seven cradles, in truth—ran, condensed, and now explained, as follows:

Tradition says … that long before the days of Ad-am, and … He-va [Eve], where now are found but salt lakes and desolate barren deserts, there was a vast inland sea, which extended over Middle Asia, north of the proud Himalayan range, and its western prolongation.  An island, which for its unparalleled beauty had no rival in the world, was inhabited by the last remnant of the race which preceded ours.

The last remnant” meant the “Sons of Will and Yoga,” who, with a few tribes, survived the great cataclysm. For it is the Third Race which inhabited the great Lemurian continent, that preceded the veritable and complete human races—the fourth and the fifth. Therefore it was said in Isis that—
“This race could live with equal ease in water, air, or fire, for it had an unlimited control over the elements.  These were the ‘Sons of God’; not those who saw the daughters of men, but the realElohim, though in the oriental Kabala they have another name.  It was they who imparted Nature’s most weird secrets to men, and revealed to them the ineffable, and now lost ‘word.’”

The “Island,” according to belief, exists to the present hour; now, as an oasis surrounded by the dreadful wildernesses of the great Desert, the Gob—whose sands “no foot hath crossed in the memory of man.”[17]This ‘race’ was the primitive archetype of Humanity before the dawning of consciousness and the separation of sexes in later Lemuria (3.5). Adam and Eve (Heva) are the sexually separated hermaphrodite, now endowed with the ‘spark of mind’. These ‘Sons of God’ therefore, were the Lemurian (hermaphrodite) subrace before 3.5 (fifth subrace): 3.4.

It is logical that the Elohim lived in this highly magnetized area of Shamballa under the watchful eye of Sanat Kumara. These ‘Sons of God’ were the ‘ideal humanity’ cared for in the ‘nursery’ of Shamballa by Sanat Kumara and The Manu. This is a profound point as HPB says,

“The gradual evolution of man in The Secret Doctrine shows that all the later … Races have their physical origin in the early Fourth Race. But it is the sub-race, which preceded the one that separated sexually [5th subrace, 3.5], that is to be regarded as the spiritual ancestors of our present generations, and especially of the Eastern Aryan Races.”[18]
At present all this may read like pure fiction, given the incredulity that may accompany the extraordinary time scales, let alone the concepts of Shamballa and Melchizedek. Yet,
“At a later date than the present, discoveries will be made, revealing the reality of the old form of hierarchical work; ancient records and monuments will be revealed, some above ground and many in subterranean fastnesses.  As the mysteries of central Asia in the land stretching from Chaldea and Babylon through Turkestan to Manchuria, including the Gobi desert, are opened up, it is planned that much of the early history of the Ibezhan workers will be revealed.”[19]

A reminder to the reader of the overlapping periods and durations of the races in the following table. The Patriarch ages are code for the durations of the races, discussed at length in The Hidden History of Humanity.

Lemurian Patriarch

Atlantean Patriarch

Aryan Patriarch

3.4.5   Adam (Elohim)  930

3.5.5   Seth     912

4.1  Enos           905

3.6      Cainan   910

4.2  Mahaleel      895

3.7      Jared     962

4.3  Enoch          365

4.4  Methuselah  969

4.5  Lamech      777

5.0 Noah            950 yrs 

4.6

5.1 Enoch          

4.7

5.2 Menes      

5.3 Abraham      

5.4 Isaac         

5.5 Jacob       

5.6 Moses

Patriarchs or ‘Manus’ of the Rootraces and Subraces

Return of Shamballa to South America
The Sixth Rootrace promises the greatest human achievement through the expression of the buddhic principle and love-wisdom. That achievement will be paralleled or caused by the fusion of the two planetary centres, Humanity and Hierarchy into one centre that is in direct relationship with Shamballa.

If the new humanity of the Sixth Rootrace are going to be initially based in South America, then it stands to reason that Shamballa will be physically close to them; just as the Elohim or ‘Sons of the Fire Mist’ were in close proximity to Shamballa and the White Island in the Gobi Desert.

In this future time many initiates and Masters will walk amongst Humanity again, something that has not occurred since the time of the Atlantean war when They withdrew. We are now in the time of the ‘forerunner’ and from 2025 onward, the externalisation of the Hierarchy will proceed.

Eventually Humanity will once again become androgynous Elohim, returning to the state of their original beauty and purity, but with a highly expanded awareness resulting from Earth life activity in the intervening period.

Phillip Lindsay © 2008. To donate to this work, please click here or email.


[1] See previous newsletter “Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace: The Coming Sixth Rootrace”, Phillip Lindsay, The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A. Bailey. P.567 and “Zodiac & Ray Cycles  in Esoteric Astrology: Beginning of the Age of Aquarius  (2117).” in Destiny of the Races and Nations by Phillip Lindsay.

[2] See previous newsletter “Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace: The Coming Sixth Rootrace”, Phillip Lindsay.

[3] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. P.197. A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice A. Bailey. P.1263.

[4] Light of the Soul, Alice A. Bailey. P.239.

[5] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. P. 183.

[6] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. Pp. 183, 169.

[7] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.393.

[8] Esoteric Astrology, Alice A. Bailey. P. 168.

[9] The Externalisation of the Hierarchy, Alice A. Bailey. P.567.

[10] For more commentary on the lesser and greater cycles of Aquarius, see (A) “Zodiac & Ray Cycles in Esoteric Astrology: Beginning of the Age of Aquarius (2117)” in The Destiny of the Races and Nations, Phillip Lindsay. (B), ”Aquarius and the Fifth Rootrace: The Coming Sixth Rootrace”. Both can be found at http://www.esotericastrologer.org.

[11] ibid.

[12] The Shamballa Impacts, Phillip Lindsay.

[13] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.502.

[14] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.319.

[15] Collected Writings XIV, H.P. Blavatsky. P.441.

[16] Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite. © Brian A. Vikander.

[17] ibid. p.220.

[18] The Secret Doctrine II, H.P. Blavatsky. P.220.
[19] A Treatise on White Magic, Alice A. Bailey. P.379.

Bohemian Grove

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian_Grove

Bohemian Grove is a 2,700-acre (1,100 ha) campground located at 20601 Bohemian Avenue, in Monte Rio, California, belonging to a private San Francisco-based men’s art club known as the Bohemian Club. In mid-July each year, Bohemian Grove hosts a three-week encampment of some of the most powerful men in the world.[1][2]

Coordinates: 38.468091°N 123.002671°W

Summer, 1967 at Owls Nest Camp with two future U.S. presidents:Ronald Reagan, Harvey Hancock (standing), Richard Nixon and Glenn Seaborg[3]

Introduction

The Bohemian Club’s all-male membership includes artists, particularly musicians, as well as many prominent business leaders, government officials (including many former U.S. presidents), senior media executives, and people of power.[4][5] Members may invite guests to the Grove although those guests are subject to a screening procedure. A guest’s first glimpse of the Grove is typically during the "Spring Jinks", in June, preceding the main July encampment. Bohemian club members can schedule private day-use events at the Grove any time it is not being used for Club-wide purposes, and are allowed at these times to bring spouses, family and friends, though female and minor guests must be off the property by 9 or 10 p.m.[6]

After 40 years of membership the men earn "Old Guard" status, giving them reserved seating at the Grove’s daily talks, as well as other perquisites.

The Club motto is "Weaving Spiders Come Not Here", which implies that outside concerns and business deals are to be left outside. When gathered in groups, Bohemians usually adhere to the injunction, though discussion of business often occurs between pairs of members.[2] Important political and business deals have been developed at the Grove.[6] The Grove is particularly famous for a Manhattan Project planning meeting that took place there in September 1942, which subsequently led to the atomic bomb. Those attending this meeting, apart from Ernest Lawrence and military officials, included the president of Harvard and representatives of Standard Oil and General Electric. Grove members take particular pride in this event and often relate the story to new attendees.[2]

History

In the 1870s, Henry "Harry" Edwards was an actor with the California Theatre Stock Company, a founding Bohemian and the head entomologist at the California Academy of Sciences.

The tradition of a summer encampment was established six years after the Bohemian Club was formed in 1872.[2] Henry "Harry" Edwards, a well-loved founding member, announced that he was relocating to New York City to further his career. On June 29, 1878, somewhat less than 100 Bohemians gathered in the Redwoods in Marin County near Taylorville (present-day Samuel P. Taylor State Park) for an evening sendoff party in Edwards’ honor.[7] Freely flowing liquor and some Japanese lanterns put a glow on the festivities, and club members retired at a late hour to the modest comfort of blankets laid on the dense mat of Redwood needles. This festive gathering was repeated the next year, without Edwards, and became the club’s annual encampment.[8] By 1882, the members of the Club camped together at various locations in both Marin and Sonoma County, including the present-day Muir Woods and a redwood grove that once stood near Duncans Mills, several miles down the Russian River from the current location. From 1893, Bohemians rented the current location and, in 1899, purchased it from Melvin Cyrus Meeker who had developed a successful logging operation in the area.[2] Gradually over the next decades, members of the Club purchased land surrounding the original location to the perimeter of the basin in which it resides.[2]

Writer and journalist William Henry Irwin said of the Grove,

You come upon it suddenly. One step and its glory is over you. There is no perspective; you cannot get far enough away from one of the trees to see it as a whole. There they stand, a world of height above you, their pinnacles hidden by their topmost fringes of branches or lost in the sky.[9]

Not long after the Club’s establishment by newspaper journalists, it was commandeered by prominent San Francisco-based businessmen, who provided the financial resources necessary to acquire further land and facilities at the Grove. However, they still retained the "bohemians"—the artists and musicians—who continued to entertain international members and guests.[2]

Membership and past attendees

The Bohemian Club is a private club; only active members of the Club (known as "Bohos" or "Grovers"[10]) and their guests may visit the Grove. These guests have been known to include politicians and notable figures from countries outside the U.S.[2] Particularly during the midsummer encampment, the number of guests is strictly limited due to the small size of the facilities. Nevertheless, up to 2,900 members and guests have been reported as attending some of the annual encampments.

The membership list has included every Republican U.S. president since 1923 (as well as some Democrats), many cabinet officials, directors and CEOs of large corporations including major financial institutions. Major military contractors, oil companies, banks (including the Federal Reserve), utilities (including nuclear power) and national media (broadcast and print) have high-ranking officials as club members or guests.[11]

Facilities

The main encampment area consists of 160 acres (0.65 km2) of old-growth redwood trees over 1,000 years old, with some trees exceeding 300 feet (90 m) in height.[12]

The primary activities taking place at the Grove are varied and expansive entertainment, such as a grand main stage and a smaller, more intimate stage. Thus, the majority of common facilities are entertainment venues, interspersed among the giant redwoods.

Camps

A Bohemian tent in the 1900s, sheltering Porter Garnett, George Sterling and Jack London

There are also sleeping quarters, or "camps" scattered throughout the grove, of which it is reported there were a total of 118 as of 2007. These camps, which are frequently patrilineal, are the principal means through which high-level business and political contacts and friendships are formed.[2]

The pre-eminent camps are:[2][13]

  • Hill Billies (Big Business/Banking/Politics/Universities/Media);
  • Mandalay (Big Business/Defense Contractors/Politics/U.S. Presidents);
  • Cave Man (Think Tanks/Oil Companies/Banking/Defense Contractors/Universities/Media);
  • Stowaway (Rockefeller Family Members/Oil Companies/Banking/Think Tanks);
  • Uplifters (Corporate Executives/Big Business);
  • Owls Nest (U.S. Presidents/Military/Defense Contractors);
  • Hideaway (Foundations/Military/Defense Contractors);
  • Isle of Aves (Military/Defense Contractors);
  • Lost Angels (Banking/Defense Contractors/Media);
  • Silverado squatters (Big Business/Defense Contractors);
  • Sempervirens (California-based Corporations);
  • Hillside (Military—Joint Chiefs of Staff);
  • Idlewild (California-based Corporations)
Entertainment venues and gathering spots
  • Grove Stage—an amphitheater with seating for 2,000 used primarily for the Grove Play production, on the last weekend of the midsummer encampment. The stage extends up the hillside, and is also home to the second largest outdoor pipe organ in the world.
  • Field Circle—a bowl-shaped amphitheater used for the mid-encampment "Low Jinks" musical comedy, for "Spring Jinks" in early June and for a variety of other performances.
  • Campfire Circle—has a campfire pit in the middle of the circle, surrounded by carved redwood log benches. Used for smaller performances in a more intimate setting.
  • Museum Stage—a semi-outdoor venue with a covered stage. Lectures and small ensemble performances.
  • Dining Circle—seating approximately 1,500 diners simultaneously.
  • Clubhouse—designed by Bernard Maybeck in 1903, completed in 1904 on a bluff overlooking the Russian River;[14] a multi-purpose dining, drinking and entertainment building; the site of the Manhattan Project planning meeting held in 1942.
  • The Owl Shrine and the Lake—an artificial lake in the middle of the grove, used for the noon-time concerts and also the venue of the Cremation of Care, that takes place on the first Saturday of the encampment. It is also the location of the 12:30 p.m. daily "Lakeside Talks." These significant informal talks (many on public policy issues) have been given over the years by entertainers, professors, astronauts, business leaders, cabinet officers, CIA directors, future presidents and former presidents;[15]these have been the subject of ongoing controversy, as the transcripts of these talks are rarely released to the public (though have been known to be used for such mundane purposes as reading for the lecturer’s graduate students).

Camp Valets

Camp valets are responsible for the operation of the individual camps. The "head" valets are akin to a general manager’s position at a resort, club, restaurant, or hotel. Service staff include female workers whose presence at the Grove is limited to daylight hours and to central areas close to the main gate. Male workers may be housed at the Grove within the boundaries of the camp to which they are assigned or in peripheral service areas. High-status workers stay in small private quarters but most workers are housed in rustic bunkhouses.[2]

Symbolism and rituals

Since the founding of the club, the Bohemian Grove’s mascot has been an owl, symbolizing knowledge. A 40-foot (12 m) hollow owl statue made of concrete over steel supports stands at the head of the lake in the Grove; this Owl Shrine was designed by sculptor and two-time club president Haig Patigian, and built in the 1920s.[16] Since 1929, the Owl Shrine has served as the backdrop of the yearly Cremation of Care ceremony.[2]

The Club’s patron saint is John of Nepomuk, who legend says suffered death at the hands of a Bohemian monarch rather than disclose the confessional secrets of the queen. A large wood carving of St. John in cleric robes with his index finger over his lips stands at the shore of the lake in the Grove, symbolizing the secrecy kept by the Grove’s attendees throughout its long history.[2]

Cremation of Care

Cremation of Care in 1907

The Cremation of Care ceremony was first conducted in the Bohemian Grove at the Midsummer encampment in 1881, devised by James F. Bowman with George T. Bromley playing the High Priest.[17] It was originally set up within the plot of the serious "High Jinks" dramatic performance on the first weekend of the summer encampment, after which the spirit of "Care", slain by the Jinks hero, was solemnly cremated. The ceremony served as a catharsis for pent-up high spirits, and "to present symbolically the salvation of the trees by the club…"[18] The Cremation of Care was separated from the Grove Play in 1913 and moved to the first night to become "an exorcising of the Demon to ensure the success of the ensuing two weeks". The Grove Play was moved to the last weekend of the encampment.[19]

The ceremony takes place in front of the Owl Shrine, a 40-foot (12 m) hollow owl statue made of concrete over steel supports. The moss- and lichen-covered statue simulates a natural rock formation, yet holds electrical and audio equipment within it. During the ceremony, a recording of the voice of club member Walter Cronkite is used as the voice of The Owl.[1] Music and pyrotechnics accompany the ritual for dramatic effect.

Grove Play

A dress rehearsal for the 1909 Grove Play, St. Patrick at Tara

Main article: List of Grove Plays

Each year, a Grove Play is performed for one night during the final weekend of the summer encampment. The play is a large-scale musical theatrical production, written and composed by club members, involving some 300 people, including chorus, cast, stage crew and orchestra.[20] The first Grove Play was performed in 1902; during the war years 1943–1945 the stage was dark. In 1975, an observer estimated that the Grove Play cost between $20,000–30,000, an amount that would be as high as $121,000 in today’s dollars.[20]

Protests and controversies

With its combination of wealth and power, Bohemian Grove’s secrecy has been a target for protest for many years. The Bohemian Grove Action Network of Occidental, California organizes protests and has aided journalists who wish to penetrate the secrecy surrounding the encampment. Over the years, individuals have infiltrated the Grove then later published video and claimed accounts of the activities at Bohemian Grove.

Infiltrations

In the summer of 1989, Spy magazine writer Philip Weiss spent some seven days in the camp posing as a guest, which led to his November 1989 article "Inside Bohemian Grove".[1] He wrote about uninhibited behavior he witnessed: "You know you are inside the Bohemian Grove when you come down a trail in the woods and hear piano music from amid a group of tents and then round a bend to see a man with a beer in one hand and his penis in the other, urinating into the bushes. This is the most gloried-in ritual of the encampment, the freedom of powerful men to pee wherever they like…"[1] Weiss noticed "hundreds of cigars whose smokers had ignited them in defiance of the California Forest Service’s posted warnings."[1]

On July 15, 2000, Austin, Texas-based filmmaker Alex Jones and his cameraman, Mike Hanson, walked into the Grove. With a hidden camera, Jones and Hanson were able to film the Cremation of Care ceremony. The footage was the centerpiece of Jones’ documentary Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove.[21] Jones claimed that the Cremation of Care was an "ancient Canaanite, Luciferian, Babylon mystery religion ceremony," and that the owl statue was Moloch. The Grove and Jones’ investigation were covered by Jon Ronson in Channel 4‘s four-part documentary, Secret Rulers of the World. Ronson documented his view of the ritual in his book, Them: Adventures With Extremists, writing "My lasting impression was of an all-pervading sense of immaturity: the Elvis impersonators, the pseudo-pagan spooky rituals, the heavy drinking. These people might have reached the apex of their professions but emotionally they seemed trapped in their college years."[22]

Also filmed for The Order of Death[23] was Jones’ return to the entrance of the Bohemian Grove in 2005 where he filmed a protest organized by the Bohemian Grove Action Network that took place at the Grove’s entrance on Bohemian Highway, only to discover a majority of the protesters engaging in an "occult counter-ritual" known as the Resurrection of Care, supposedly a counter-ritual against the Cremation of Care. Jones’ narration for the film lambasted the protesters’ actions and motivations from a religious standpoint. In 2005, Chris Jones (no relation) walked into the Grove when hired as an employee, and videotaped the Owl Shrine in daylight, even venturing inside the hollow statue.[24] Chris Jones said he was regularly propositioned for sex by the Grovers. Chris Jones was subsequently sentenced to three years in state prison for sexual assault of minors.[25] Alex Jones included Chris Jones’ video in "The Order of Death".[26]

Actor/writer Harry Shearer (This is Spinal Tap, Saturday Night Live, The Simpsons), who has attended at least one Bohemian Club event, wrote and directed The Teddy Bears’ Picnic, a parody of Bohemian Grove mock pagan pageantry and drunken revelry.[27]

Women

Though no woman has ever been given full membership in the Bohemian Club, the four female honorary members were hostess Margaret Bowman, poet Ina Coolbrith (who served as librarian for the Club), actress Elizabeth Crocker Bowers and writer Sara Jane Lippincott.[19] After Coolbrith’s death in 1928, no other women were made member. These honorary members and other women guests have been allowed into the Bohemian "City Club" building and as daytime guests of the Grove, but not to the upper floors of the City Club nor as guests to the main summer encampment at the Grove.[19] Annual "Ladies’ Jinks" were held at the Club especially for spouses and invited guests.[19]

In 1978 the Bohemian Club was charged with a discrimination lawsuit by the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing over its refusal to hire women employees. In January 1981 Judge Robert Kendall issued a decision supporting the practices of the Club, noting that club members at the Grove "urinate in the open without even the use of rudimentary toilet facilities" and that the presence of females would alter club members’ behavior.[28] On October 17, 1981 the Department of Fair Employment and Housing countered the Kendall ruling by ordering the Club to begin recruiting and hiring women as employees.[29] In 1986 the Bohemian Club went to the California Supreme Court over the issue, arguing that their freedom of association was being harmed; the Court found against the Club and denied a review in 1987, forcing the Club to begin hiring female workers during the summer encampment at the Grove in Monte Rio.[30] This ruling became quoted as a legal precedent and was discussed during the 1995-1996 floor debate surrounding California Senate Bill SB 2110 (Maddy), a proposed bill concerning whether tax-exempt organizations (including fraternal clubs) should be exempt from the Unruh Civil Rights Act.[31]

Logging

Outside of the central camp area which is the site of the old-growth grove, but within the 2,712 acres (10.98 km2) owned by the Bohemian Club, logging activities have been underway since 1984. Approximately 11,000,000 board feet (26,000 m3) of lumber equivalents were removed from the surrounding redwood and Douglas fir forest from 1984 to 2007. In 2007, the Bohemian Club board filed application for a nonindustrial logging permit available to landowners with less than 2,500 acres (10 km2) of timberland, which would allow them to steadily increase their logging in the second-growth stands from 800,000 board feet (1,900 m3) per year to 1,700,000 board feet (4,000 m3) over the course of the 50-year permit.[32] The board had been advised by Tom Bonnicksen, a retired forestry professor with more than 35 years of experience in the field, that they should conduct group selection logging to reduce the risk of fire burning through the dense second-growth stands, damaging the old-growth forest the Club wants to protect. The Bohemian Club stated that an expansion of logging activities was needed to prevent fires, and that money made from the sale of the lumber would be used to stabilize access roads and to clear fire-promoting species like tanoaksand underbrush.[33] Opponents such as Stacy Martinelli, an associate biologist working with the California Department of Fish and Game, have instead recommended single-tree logging to preserve the habitats of murrelets and spotted owls in senescent trees. Philip Rundel, University of California, Berkeley professor of biology said that redwoods aren’t very flammable and "This is clearly a logging project, not a project to reduce fire hazard".[32] Reed F. Noss, professor at the University of California, Davis, has written that fires within redwood forests do not need to be prevented, that young redwoods are adapted to regenerate well in the destruction left behind by the fires typical of the climate.[34]

After controversy raised by opponents of the harvesting plan, the club moved to clearly establish their qualification for the permit by offering 163 acres to the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation in Missoula, Montana for a conservation easement. A further 56.75 acres were written off as not being available for commercial logging, bringing the total to 2,316 acres and thereby qualifying for the permit. Opponents and their lawyers interpret the relevant law as counting all timberland and not just that actually subject to the logging permit. They state that if the total of timberland is counted, 2,535.75 acres are owned by the club, so the permit should not be granted.[32]

Quotations

  • "The Bohemian club! Did you say Bohemian club? That’s where all those rich Republicans go up and stand naked against redwood trees right? I’ve never been to the Bohemian club but you oughta go. It’d be good for you. You’d get some fresh air."—President Bill Clinton to a heckler[35]
  • "The Bohemian Grove, that I attend from time to time—the Easterners and the others come there—but it is the most faggy goddamn thing you could ever imagine, that San Francisco crowd that goes in there; it’s just terrible! I mean I won’t shake hands with anybody from San Francisco."—President Richard M. Nixon on the Watergate tapes, Bohemian Club member starting in 1953.[15]
  • "If I were to choose the speech that gave me the most pleasure and satisfaction in my political career, it would be my Lakeside Speech at the Bohemian Grove in July 1967. Because this speech traditionally was off the record it received no publicity at the time. But in many important ways it marked the first milestone on my road to the presidency."—President Richard Nixon, Memoirs (1978).[15]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e Philip Weiss, Masters of the Universe Go to Camp: Inside the Bohemian Grove. Spy Magazine, November 1989
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Peter Martin Phillips, A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club, 1994.
  3. ^ Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Image Collection. Breakfast at Owls Nest Camp, Bohemian Grove, July 23, 1967 . Around the table, left to right: Preston Hotchkis, Ronald Reagan, Harvey Hancock (standing), Richard M. Nixon, Glenn Seaborg, Jack Sparks, (unidentified individual), (unidentified individual), and Edwin W. Pauley. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
  4. ^ Wallace Turner. "At the Bohemian Club, men join, women serve", The New York Times, 12 January 1981
  5. ^ Inside Bohemian Grove from Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting Nov-Dec 1991
  6. ^ a b OC Weekly. August 31, 2006. Nick Schou. Bohemian Grove Exposes Itself!
  7. ^ Garnett, 1908, p. 6.
  8. ^ Garnett, 1908, p. 7.
  9. ^ Garnett, 1908, p. 8.
  10. ^ Sonoma County Free Press. CounterPunch. Alexander Cockburn. June 19, 2001. The Truth About The Bohemian Grove. Retrieved December 7, 2008
  11. ^ Sonoma County Free Press. Bohemian Grove Fact Sheet. Retrieved December 7, 2008
  12. ^ SF Gate. Bohemian Club’s logging plan raises plenty of sawdust. Jane Kay, Chronicle Environment Writer. Thursday, July 12, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2008
  13. ^ Louis E. Gelwicks. The Camps: Facts, Artifacts and Fantasies 1979
  14. ^ Vernacular Language North. Bernard Maybeck. Bohemian Clubhouse. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
  15. ^ a b c Domhoff, G. William, The Bohemian Grove and Other Retreats: A study in ruling class cohesiveness, Harper and Row, 1974.
  16. ^ Starr, Kevin (2002). The Dream Endures: California Enters the 1940s. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195157974.
  17. ^ Garnett, 1908, p. 19.
  18. ^ Garnett, 1908, p. 25.
  19. ^ a b c d Ogden, 1990, p. 36.
  20. ^ a b Domhoff, 1975, p. 10
  21. ^ Alex Jones. "Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove"
  22. ^ Ronson, Jon (2002). Them: Adventures with Extremists. Simon and Schuster. p. 321. ISBN 0743233212. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
  23. ^ Alex Jones. "The Order of Death"
  24. ^ PrisonPlanet.com. Alex Jones and Paul Joseph Watson. "The Re-Infiltration of Bohemian Grove". January 17, 2006
  25. ^ Jack McLamb. Alex Jones Radio Show, May 23, 2008.
  26. ^ Infowars.net. Steve Watson & Paul Watson. "2008 Bohemian Grove Guest List Obtained By 9/11 Truth Activists." July 21, 2008
  27. ^ New York Times. Movie Review. Dave Kehr. March 29, 2002. Teddy Bear’s Picnic (2002)
  28. ^ New York Times. January 23, 1981. AP. AROUND THE NATION; Bohemian Club Is Upheld On Refusal to Hire Women.
  29. ^ New York Times. October 17, 1981. AP. AROUND THE NATION; Bohemian Club Ordered To Begin Hiring Women.
  30. ^ New York Times. July 8, 1987. Katherine Bishop. RETREAT MAY BE CLUB’S LAST WITHOUT WOMEN.
  31. ^ California State Senate. 1995-1996 Senate Bills. SB 2110
  32. ^ a b c "No retreat from uproar over Bohemian Club woods". San Francisco Chronicle. July 6, 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
  33. ^ Henley, Patricia Lynn. Metroactive, July 4–10, 2007. "Timber! Bohemian Club’s long-term logging plan draws fire." Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
  34. ^ Noss, Reed F.; Save-the-Redwoods League. The redwood forest: history, ecology, and conservation of the coast redwoods, p. 231. Island Press, 2000. ISBN 1559637269
  35. ^ Clinton Bohemian Club Heckler "Clinton makes ‘naked’ attack", CNN video, October 26, 2007
Bibliography
  • For a definitive look at the history of the Grove and the composition of Bohemian Club members and their social, business and political affiliations, updating Domhoff’s book (below), see A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club by Peter Martin Phillips, current Professor of Sociology at Sonoma State University in California. Phillips attended events at the Grove and conducted scores of interviews with attendees in his research.
  • Domhoff, G. William, The Bohemian Grove and Other Retreats: A study in ruling class cohesiveness, Harper and Row, 1974.
  • Field, Charles K., The Cremation of Care, 1946, 1953
  • Fletcher, Robert H., The Annals of the Bohemian Club, Hicks-Judd, 1900
  • Garnett, Porter, The Bohemian Jinks: A Treatise, 1908
  • Hanson, Mike, Bohemian Grove: Cult Of Conspiracy, iUniverse Inc, 2004
  • Hodapp, Christopher; Alice Von Kannon (2008). Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. ISBN 0470184086.
  • Hoover, Herbert, Memoirs, Vol 2: The Cabinet and the Presidency, Macmillan, 1952. Hoover was a prominent figure in the Grove’s history and coined the phrase: "The Greatest Men’s Party on Earth".
  • Hotaling, Richard M.; Wallace Arthur Sabin, George Sterling, Bohemian Club. The Twilight of Kings: A Masque of Democracy, the 16th Grove play (1918)
  • Ickes, Harold L., The Secret Diary of Harold L. Ickes, Vol 1. The First Thousand Days, 1933–36. Simon and Schuster, 1953. Ickes was Secretary of the Interior during the New Deal.
  • Isaacson, Walter, Kissinger: A Biography, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992, (updated) 2005. Contains a brief reference to his attendance at the Grove and fame for his performances in various skits.
  • Maupin, Armistead, Significant Others, Chatto and Windus, 1988. A fictionalized account of the grove, as described from the point of view of one of the major characters in this the fourth of the ‘Tales from the city’ series. Sympathetic and well informed, it includes an accurate description of the Cremation of Care ceremony.
  • McCartney, Laton, Friends in High Places: The Bechtel Story: The Most Secret Corporation and how It Engineered the World, Ballantine Books, Updated edition,1989. For the network of links between the Californian-based and privately-owned Bechtel Corporation and members of Reagan’s Cabinet, along with their camp membership in the Grove.
  • Nader, Ralph, The Big Boys, Pantheon, 1987. Contains a chapter on high-level businessmen and the tightly-held secrecy of their Club membership.
  • Nixon, Richard, RN : The Memoirs of Richard Nixon, Grosset & Dunlap, 1978.
  • Ogden, Dunbar H.; Douglas McDermott, Robert Károly Sarlós (1990). Theatre West: Image and Impact. Rodopi. pp. 36. ISBN 9051831250.
  • Quigley, Carroll, Tragedy And Hope: A History of the World in Our Time, G. S. G. & Associates, Incorporated, 1975. This book serves as the basis for many current conspiracy theories and studies of socio-economic elites.
  • Santilli, Armand, The Boys at Bohemian Grove, Xlibris Corporation, 2004
  • Schmidt, Helmut, Men and Powers : A Political Retrospective, Random House, 1990. He states in his memoirs that Germany had similar institutions, some of which included such rituals as Cremation of Care, but that his favorite was the Bohemian Grove.
  • Shultz, George P., Turmoil and Triumph: Diplomacy, Power and the Victory of the American Ideal, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993.
  • Stephens, Henry Morse; Wallace Arthur Sabin, Charles Caldwell Dobie, Bohemian Club. St. Patrick at Tara, 1909 Grove play
  • van der Zee, John, Power at Ease: Inside the Greatest Men’s Party on Earth, Harcourt Brace Javonovich, 1974. The author waited tables at the Grove in the summer of 1972. The book has a comprehensive history of the Grove and an extensive bibliography.
  • Warren, Earl, The Memoirs of Chief Justice Earl Warren , Madison Books, 2001. A frequent attendee, Warren mentions the Grove in his reminiscences.
  • Watson, Thomas J. Jr., & Peter Petre, Father, Son & Co. : My Life at IBM and Beyond, Bantam, 2000. An IBM CEO gives an insider’s business perspective on the Grove.

External links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian_Grove

Bohemian Grove Activities

Bohemian Club: Power, Prestige and Globalism

Bohemian Grove – The Headbones Connected To……….Bush?

Bohemian Grove Films

Teddy Bear’s Picnic – A Review

Bohemian Photos – 1

Bohemian Photos – 2

A Summer Job At The Grove

Hiding Geronimo’s Bones

Bohemian Grove Exposed!

CorpWatch.org – Update: Bohemian Grove Protest

Photographs of Protest at Bohemian Grove, July 2001

The Bohemian Club and its Secrets

Satanic killers tell of blood drinking rites

Satanists blame Devil for 666 ritual killing

Dark Secrets Inside Bohemian Grove (cover)

The New Faisaliah Giant Obelisk – Occult Symbolism?

Bohemian Grove intruder says he feared human sacrifices

Bohemian Club’s friends, foes dismiss dark tales

Masked Man Enters, Attacks Bohemian Grove

Blood-drinking devil worshippers face life for ritual Satanic killing

Is there an evil cult in the UK?

ANOTHER DEFENCELESS CHILD FOUND MURDERED IN RITUALISTIC CIRCUMSTANCES.  IS ANYBODY LISTENING?

Murder Spotlights Rise In Satanism

More than 100 bodies found as US crematorium gives up grisly secret

Vampire attacks increase in Colombian capital

Horror at Ga. Crematory Isn’t Over

Ga. Town Struggles to ID Corpses

Potter prompts course in witchcraft

Witch museum field trip prompts concern

Third Site Found Near Ga. Crematory

Public School Peddles Book Promoting Witchcraft

Bohemian Grove commando found guilty

Webstats4U - Free web site statistics

Bohemian Grove: World leaders worshipping Satan shouldn’t be protested

Occult Activities at the Elite Bohemian Grove in Northern California Exposed!
Alex Jones Tells His Story

Austin, TX — Last July, documentary filmmaker Alex Jones infiltrated Bohemian Grove, becoming the first person to capture the bizarre occult activities of the all-male elite club membership on videotape. This footage recently aired in England, Ireland and Scotland on UK Channel Four as Part Three of a four-part special: The Secret Rulers of the World.
Alex Jones was inside the 2,700 acre elite compound for over five hours, and states, "Thank God I caught the whole thing on videotape because no one would believe me if I hadn’t. I have trouble believing what I witnessed with my own two eyes. It was actually that bizarre."
For over 128 years, world leaders have traveled to Sonoma County California in the month of July. Almost immediately, bizarre rumors began to circulate in the local press that something dark and occult was going on. The rumors entailed dark stories of men in black and red robes and a giant 40-foot stone owl, to which something, or someone was being sacrificed.
Alex Jones, being a radio talk-show host had heard the rumors many times, so he decided to look into it and did some research. To his surprise, mainstream media articles from Parade Magazine, the Associated Press, Reuters, the Sacramento Bee, and the Washington Times confirmed the incredible. World leaders were traveling yearly to the rural redwood-covered hills of Northern California and photos actually existed of the giant stone owl and the men in black and red robes.
"I was angered," Jones said, "that in over 50 years there had been only a handful of news stories written on Bohemian Grove, and that these stories calmly reported on the rumors and engaged in a whitewash, thus hiding a giant story in plain view."
Reading about all the law enforcement and Secret Service protecting the Grove’s mysteries every July, Jones took the challenge of Jon Ronson of World of Wonder Productions to "blow Bohemian Grove wide-open with his hidden cameras."
After traveling from Austin, Texas to San Francisco, Jones and the other members of his team met up with the British filmmakers and began a three-day investigation before attempting to enter the Grove.
On July 15, 2000, Alex Jones and his assistant Mike, equipped with two hidden video cameras and disguised as members of the Bohemian Club successfully infiltrated the elite cult compound.
One of the most commonly asked questions is: How did they get in?
Following is a transcript of a taped interview with Alex Jones, who describes his infiltration of the super-secret elitist camp and what he witnessed inside:
"The Bohemian Club lies within a range of large hills and cliffs with 300-400 ft. drops. The club itself consists of large log cabin-style homes built into the gorge walls.
There is only one entrance on the north side of the compound, which is a paved road, appropriately named "Bohemian Avenue."
A low barbed-wire fence surrounds the entire perimeter of the club, but the fence doesn’t matter because there is only one place where the hills come together, leaving an opening traversable by foot or car. Simply stated, the Bohemian Grove is a walled city.
After being dropped off near the Bohemian Club, we inserted ourselves into the woods about 100 yards from the main entrance. After going over the barbed wire fence, we found ourselves in what can only be described as a moat. The entire area along the road to the foot of the cliff walls had been dug out and flooded.
We were able to make our way across the expansive swamp by jumping from broken tree limbs and other debris.
After climbing up a steep embankment, pulling our way up by gripping on tree roots, we found ourselves in a large parking lot, with hundreds of cars. We saw several dozen Bohemian Club employees/servants getting out of the vehicles, which were everything from Mercedes-Benz to Ford Tempos.
At about 100 yards through the trees, we saw a much larger parking lot, filled with more late-model, luxury-style cars. Obviously, this was the parking area of the actual 2,000 members of the Bohemian Club.
When you come in on the main road, the moat, the swamp and the embankment are off to the right (off to the west) just 50 yards of so. By going across the swamp or moat, we made our way past the first two checkpoints, which consisted of a small guard shack on the left-hand side of the road and another 50 yards down the road another guard shack on the right-hand side of the road.
It’s a good thing that we decided to sneak around the first two checkpoints, by entering through the Bohemian Grove employee parking lot, because the real checkpoints lie deeper inside the Grove. There was a checkpoint in the middle of the road (a large guard shack with several dozen security people) and then guard shacks on the left and right sides of the road, which were kind of like the German-style checkpoints you see in old news reels.
I told Mike I thought it would be a good idea if we tried to get on one of the large trucks (the flat-back open trucks that had padded seats that were actually picking up members of the Bohemian Club as well as the employees). So, we went ahead and walked through the woods to the Bohemian Club member parking area and waited for one of the large trucks to pull up, at which time myself and Mike climbed onto the back with two older gentlemen.
Mike and myself made small-talk conversation as we got onto the black-top road and drove deeper into the Grove, now approaching these larger checkpoints. In the two or three minutes that we were on board the truck, we caught an interesting conversation on tape, as two of the members discussed the prices of their ceremonial robes (all of that is in my video, Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove).
Our first close call happened as we neared the main checkpoint. The truck actually stopped, at which time an older, gray-haired man made eye contact with the driver of the truck and walked around the back of the truck to stare myself and Mike right in the eye. Obviously, he was afraid that we might be guests of the two older gentlemen we were riding in with in the truck (as Bohemian Club members are allowed to bring guests) so he didn’t ask us who we were or what we were doing. The guards went ahead and waved us on with a look of suspicion.
Then we were inside the Bohemian Grove. We had heard all of the bizarre rumors and were about to find out what was really going on inside. The mystery was getting closer to being solved.
The truck drove in for several more minutes and stopped at which time we off-loaded. I told Mike that I wanted to get to cover. It took us about 45 minutes to an hour to walk all the way through to the bottom of the gorge, at which point the road actually ended and a cars could no longer drive on it, as it turned into a concrete-paved, blacktop foot-path.
We reached the end of the gorge, which is an observation deck at the top of a 300-foot cliff overlooking the Russian River and the small town of Monte Rio on the other side. It was my plan to have the least amount of contact with the Bohemian Club members and staff as I could and to wait until nightfall to attempt to get out our hidden cameras and to catch the Cremation of Care ceremony on tape.
At this point, I should digress and go back and say that as we were walking into the Grove we came within about ten yards of the 40 foot stone owl that sits to the north side of the small lake. We were only about seven yards away from the black altar that sits at the base of the owl.
So, already at this point we had proven a big rumor true: yes there is a giant stone owl – yes there is an altar. As we were walking deeper into the grove, past the lake, we even saw little metal crosses sticking up from the water’s edge. We’ll get to those little metal crosses later.
So, now we had been there about an hour at the observation deck. There was no one around. All of the sudden, there was an older gentleman, about 67-70 years old, wearing a Sonoma County Sheriff’s Department uniform coming up the path . We didn’t even see him coming. I believe he was the Sheriff, and he started speaking to us in some kind of code.
He looked directly at me and said, "Were you here in 1913? Are you one of the old ones?"
Now obviously, I was 27 years old and the man knew I wasn’t around in 1913 and that I wasn’t one of the old ones. Knowing that he was testing me, I just calmly said, "Yeah, I’m with the Hillbillies."
To explain that, there are about 95 different clubs within the Bohemian Club. All the different club houses and log cabin-style mansions that are built into the cliffs have different names and different memberships. The most elite club, according to press reports is Mandaley, with Henry Kissinger and Paul Volcker, former Federal Reserve Chairman and other New World Order bosses.
The Hillbilly Camp is the camp that the Bushes are members of, along with many other notables in American industry, banking, media and government. At that point he smiled and said, "Well, enjoy the day." He then turned around and walked off.
After he left I said to Mike, "Look, we’ve got to get to a new position and hide ourselves in the woods." So we traveled back into the gorge, off the cliffside and the observation deck. About half-way into the gorge, we noticed that two men in dark suits and sunglasses were following us. I decided to slow down.
The two men ,who were obviously private security, Secret Service or somebody’s private body guards, walked up to us and asked us our names. I gave them my fake name and Mike gave them his fake name, and we told them that we were members of the Hillbilly Club.
They said, "take it easy, don’t stress yourselves out and enjoy yourselves," which was a theme that came up more later. At this point, we had been confronted twice and were now being followed. I told Mike that we had to get into a heavily populated area where a lot of the Grove members were congregating.
So we went into several of the clubs and almost had our identities blown. We went in and had a few drinks, because everyone was drinking copiously and they were offering us wine in some of the clubhouses. We then got back on the road and into a large outdoor feasting area, where hundreds of tables were being set from some party or revelry.
I told Mike we should go up the steep road into the hills where some of the larger structures were located. It took us about 20 minutes to walk up the road into the only hills that were accessible by foot. At that point some of the employees began to ask us why weren’t riding the truck up. We told them that we wanted exercise, at which point they started acting pretty suspicious.
We noticed that high up in the hills many of the large log cabin structures were deserted, with many large outside decks. So we went into the Web Camp and just made ourselves comfortable. (The camps have different names like Lost Boys, Doom, Dragon etc.) We simply sat out the next hour, reloaded our hidden cameras and got them back into place.
By then, the shadows were getting long and it was just a few minutes until dusk. We started to hear bizarre chanting and singing coming from down below us in the gorge. So we traveled back into the gorge. On our way back down, we saw thousands of men chanting and singing drunkenly beneath the giant redwoods.
It was like something out of a fantasy novel. I expected to see a dragon come hopping by any moment. There were huge skulls hanging down from the floodlights, satanic-styled owls with glowing eyes, (a lot of trappings of death) that we could now see in the twilight illuminated by the large floodlights.
The feasting revelers were beginning to break up and to travel down paths towards the lake. We decided to go ahead and mix in with them and go where they were going. They were going towards the east side of the bank about 100 yards across the north tip of the lake where the idol and altar stood.
As we were walking around the lake, the only black man we saw, a very large man, saw myself and Mike walking very quickly compared to other members in the crowd (we wanted to get a good place on the east side of the bank to watch the Cremation of Care ritual – most of the rumors I had heard were now coming true).
He said, "trouble yourselves not! Take it easy! The cares of the world are off your shoulders! You’re not supposed to walk that fast." He then gave us two full-color programs. On the cover of the program, they show Moloch, the big owl, with a burning body enflamed beneath it (the program can be viewed at infowars.com). Also a little demon, with the initials PJ was sweeping up someone’s ashes on the lower left-hand corner of the program (which is also on my film, Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove).
Thousands of the men began to gather on the eastern bank, private servants (as opposed to the Bohemian Grove employees, who all wear red shirts and who weren’t allowed to be present for the ritual) began to put out chairs for their elderly employers.
The sun had now sunk behind the hill. It was completely dark and you couldn’t even see the other side of the water. There were bats flying around and a lot of natural fog building on the surface of the water (there is a lot of fog in Northern California that time of year).
Picture this , if Count Dracula lived in North America, he would live in Sonoma County. This was spooky stuff. The hair on the back of my neck was beginning to stand up at this point.
Then, out of the woods, all of the sudden came thirty priests in black robes, their faces painted up like death, with a man dressed like the Grim Reaper pulling a wagon with a bound body. Then we noticed something that we had seen during the day. Large black canopies had been unfurled out of the trees on the western side of the bank (we’re on the eastern side – only about 70 yards away at that point) and they unfurled those, and the wagon pulled behind it.
The men then began to yell out, "burn him again! He’s going to get what he deserves!
Now, I must digress and say that the reason I was able to see the priest in the black robes, the priest painted-up like death, and the bound body on the back of the wagon, was because they were all carrying torches. The place was pretty illuminated by the torches being carried by the thirty priests in front and the thirty priests behind the wagon.
Probably out of the entire ritual that I witnessed, the most important aspect of the ceremony was what happened first. The wagon went behind these big black sheets hanging out of the trees, down to the ground, obscuring the view, and for about 10 minutes nothing happened.
It was quiet except for the hateful shouts of the old men, who said things like, "Oh yeah! Burn that bastard! Kill him! That’s what he deserves!" All we could hear was them whispering and smacking their lips. This went on and on.
Now on the west side of the bank, (we’re were on the east side, about 60-70 yards away) at the front, about 100 yards away on the north side, is the idol, sitting in darkness. No one was paying attention to that. Everyone was disoriented as they stared across the water at whatever was happening behind those black curtains with that bound body.
Whether it was an effigy or real, we do not know. (This is kind of like the Skull and Bones ritual that the New York Observer caught on tape. They claim that the video shows them slitting the throats of ceremonial effigies.) Is all of this in effigy? We don’t know.
We were all focused at what was going on across the pond. Suddenly the owl was lit up by some flood lights and out ran a hundred priests or so in black, red and green robes. Most of them were in black, some in red and a couple in silver or green robes.
Then, out came the high priest, who went through all his incantations about the dead (who is dead at the Grove in the past, may their spirits be conjured and brought back there by the "great owl"). He praised the owl for about twenty minutes and he talked about "goodly Tyre and Babylon."
(I know how bizarre this all sounds, just remember that we have all of this on tape in my video, Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove, which has aired nationally in the United Kingdom, and might air here in the United States, unless it is suppressed.)
So, the priest talked about "goodly Tyre and Babylon." Well,, there is only one "great owl" of Babylon and "goodly" Tyre. If you read your Bible, or any historical document of the time, they were burning children in the Babylonian and Caananite kingdoms before the owl-god Moloch.
Suddenly, (again, we had initially been misdirected from the owl by the activities behind the curtains across the bank, then we were paying attention to the owl and the priests on the island ) back on the west bank, there was an old-fashioned river-style boat, with that grim reaper character who had been driving the wagon, and he was poling himself across the water with the bound body up on the bow.
He brought the bound body to the high priest who was waiting for it at the foot of the owl, at the bottom of large circular steps on which the owl sits. Then, in very macabre fashion, the two black-clad priests rubbed and caressed the sacrificial body and brought it before the owl.
The body begged for its life, over a speaker system. They refused it mercy. They took it up onto the altar. The "great owl" told them to burn the body (which they called "dull care,")which looks like a human wrapped up in black cloth. Right above the altar there was a large stone lamp that was burning that they call the "eternal flame." The high priest took an unlit torch and lit his torch with this flame.
The body again begged for mercy. The high priest then walked down (with some difficulty, because this high priest was so old, he could hardly even walk), and lit the pyre on fire. He began to say that he would read the signs in the remains, a deep occult tradition. This is not the Hollywood devil with red pajamas – this is the real deal, Babylon mystery religion-style.
The body continued to scream in pain. Suddenly, all of those little metal crosses that we had seen along the bank during the day burst into flame. So, I was there witnessing something right out of the medieval painter Hieronymus Bosch’s Visions of Hell: burning metal crosses, priests in red and black robes with the high priest in a silver robe with a red cape, a burning body screaming in pain, a giant stone great-horned owl, world leaders, bankers, media and the head of academia engaged in these activities. It was total insanity.
So the ritual ended and all the old men started breaking up and going back to the big hall in the giant redwoods. Myself and Mike high-tailed it out of there, walking at a brisk pace. We encountered no resistance when we left. We walked right by guards and were out on the main road, Bohemian Avenue.
It is a lot easier to get out of the Grove than it is to get in, because a lot of these world leaders that you read about in the news leave the Grove to go into the small town Monte Rio. They go into the bars for prostitutes that are flown in from around the world to service them.
Down the road the British media was waiting to pick us up. They asked us, "Did you get it? Did you get it?"
One of the producers, John Sergeant, said, "You’ve done it Alex! You’ve blown Bohemian Grove wide open!"
There is so much more to this story that we don’t have time to get into. I decided to have this interview transcribed and put on my website, http://www.infowars.com. You really need to get the film, or at least look at the photos or the stills of the video on infowars.com. Look at the program there with the burning body and read the mainstream media news stories about the history of the Grove, and you will realize how real all this is.
You need to do this because a week after I got out of the Bohemian Grove, a group called the Bohemian Grove Action Network, (a group that protests the Grove and is against the corruption, elitism and how women are denied access, because the Grove is all-male, of course), contacted different press outlets. I got ten unsolicited media calls from the west coast media.
I gave them the information, and we put the video clips on the web at infowars.com. They all said that the infiltration and what our cameras caught on tape would be a huge story. After that, we never heard from them again.
That shows the power of the Grove. The only places we have been able to get information out about Bohemian Grove has been on talk radio across the country, the Internet, and now across the United Kingdom. Hopefully, they’ve broken the ice abroad by broadcasting this over UK Channel Four and this true story of Bohemian Grove will make it into the mainstream United States media.
This has really been life changing for me, to go in there and witness this and then have some people spin it, like, "oh, it’s just fraternity fun." These people were deadly serious. This is a story that needs to be told and the establishment is trying to suppress it. Please spread this information to every corner of the world.

Inside Bohemian Grove:The Story People Magazine Won’t Let You Read

When Dirk Mathison, San Francisco bureau chief for People magazine, infiltrated the exclusive Bohemian Grove retreat this summer, he got a view into the U.S. elite that very few reporters have glimpsed. Unfortunately, that elite includes the management of Time Warner, the owner of People, which prevented Mathison from telling his story.
Bohemian Grove, a secluded campground in California’s Sonoma County, is the site of an annual two-week gathering of a highly select, all-male club, whose members have included every Republican president since Calvin Coolidge. Current participants include George Bush, Henry Kissinger, James Baker and David Rockefeller — a virtual who’s who of the most powerful men in business and government.
Few journalists have gotten into the Grove and been allowed to tell the tale (one exception is Philip Weiss, whose November 1989 Spy piece provides the most detailed inside account), and members maintain that the goings-on there are not newsworthy events, merely private fun. In fact, official business is conducted there: Policy speeches are regularly made by members and guests, and the club privately boasts that the Manhattan Project was conceived on its grounds.
Given the veil of secrecy that surrounds the Bohemian "encampment," a reporter needs to enter the grounds covertly in order to get a full portrait. Mathison entered the grounds three times July 1991, aided by activists from the Bohemian Grove Action Network.
He witnessed a speech — "Smart Weapons" — by former Navy Secretary John Lehman, who stated that the Pentagon estimates that 200,000 Iraqis were killed by the U.S. and its allies during the Gulf War. Other featured speakers included Defense Secretary Richard Cheney on "Major Defense Problems of the 21st Century", former Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Joseph Califano on "America’s Health Revolution — Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Pays", and former Attorney General Elliott Richardson on "Defining the New World Order".
Mathison’s entree into the secret world of the Grove was cut short on July 20, however, when he was recognized by two of the participants in the festivities — executives from Time Warner, People’s publisher. More loyal to the Grove than to journalistic endeavor, they had the reporter removed from the premises (San Francisco Weekly, 8/7/91).
Mathison already had plenty of material, however, and turned in an article to his editors, which was scheduled to appear in the Aug. 5, 1991 issue. They were pleased with the piece, according to Mathison: "They liked it enough to expand it a bit," he told Extra!.
But then the story was suddenly killed. Landon Jones, managing editor of People, told Extra! that the decision had nothing to do with the Time Warner executives. "It was cut partially because he hadn’t been there long enough to get a complete story. Secondly, we felt very uncertain about reporting what we did have, because, and this is my fault and I take responsibility for this, I simply didn’t realize it was technically trespassing."
For his part, Mathison said he did not know why the story was killed, and implied it would be nearly impossible to find the real reason. "It’s easier to penetrate the Bohemian Grove than the Time-Life Building," he told Extra!.
But the story raises questions about the ability of a media entity to report critically on an elite when its executives are enthusiastic members of that elite. Indeed, the Time organization was noted for sending a corporate plane to the Bohemian gathering every year, according to long-time Grove-watcher Kerry Richardson.
Time Warner is not the only media corporation with Bohemian connections. The list of Fourth Estate bigwigs who have been members or guests is extensive: Franklin Murphy, the former CEO of the Times Mirror corporation; William Randolph Hearst, Jr.; Jack Howard and Charles Scripps of the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain; Tom Johnson, president of CNN and former publisher of the Los Angeles Times.
When Associated Press president Louis Boccardi spoke at one of the Grove’s "Lakeside Talks" about kidnapped reporter Terry Anderson (Spy, 11/89), he referred to his audience as men of "power and rank" and "gave them more details than he said he was willing to give his readers."
Walter Cronkite, now on the CBS board, hangs out at the same lodge at Bohemian Grove as George Bush and the former chairs of Procter & Gamble and Bank of America; Cronkite’s voice has served as the voice of the Owl of Bohemia, a fixture in the club’s mock-druidic rituals.
The media figures attending the retreat all agree not to report on what goes on inside. The prohibition seems to apply to reporters who are not guests or members as well: In 1982, NPR got a recording of Henry Kissinger’s speech at the Grove — but declined to air it (Spy, 11/89). Also in 1982, a Time reporter went undercover as a waiter in Bohemian Grove; like Mathison’s People article, his story was killed.

Movers, shakers from politics, business go Bohemian: Annual Sonoma fete draws Bushes, Kissinger, Powell, Gingrich

The Sacramento Bee
By Suzanne Bohan
Bee Correspondent
(Published Aug. 2, 1999)
MONTE RIO — The Bohemian Club’s Annual Summer Encampment came to a close here Sunday, ending a two-week retreat for the rich and powerful that President Herbert Hoover once called "the greatest men’s party on Earth."
The club’s famed annual gathering has been held for more than 100 years at the 2,700-acre Bohemian Grove in Monte Rio, about 70 miles north of San Francisco in Sonoma County. This year’s event drew in notables such as former President George Bush, Texas Gov. George W. Bush, Henry Kissinger, retired Gen. Colin Powell, former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and Dow Chemical Chairman Frank Popoff, as well as actor Danny Glover.
The men gather to celebrate what they call "the spirit of Bohemia," said Peter Phillips, a Sonoma State University sociology professor who wrote his doctoral dissertation on the Bohemian Club.
"This is a place men can go and hang out with people who are similar to them," he said.
The annual gathering near the Russian River, which was first held in 1879, starts with the "Cremation of Care" ritual, in which the club’s mascot is burned in effigy, symbolizing a freedom from care. Members also perform several plays, and gourmet food and expensive wine are plentiful.
While the club was formed in 1872 by a group of San Francisco journalists, the male-only club now bars journalists from membership to protect the group’s privacy. Membership is coveted, and people routinely wait 10 or 15 years before gaining admittance. There are currently about 2,700 members.
The club has drawn criticism for years because of its emphasis on privacy. What particularly concerns Phillips and others are the "Lakeside Talks" held during the summer retreat. This year, Powell was expected to deliver a talk titled "America’s Promise Leading Armies and Leading Kids," and Popoff, of Dow Chemical, was to give a speech called "Environmental Journey."
"These are often public policy speeches," said Mary Moore, with Bohemian Grove Action Network, a protest group. "And the American public is not privy to it."
No one from the club returned several calls from The Bee.
Bohemian Grove Action Network has periodically held demonstrations at the grove, although none were held this year.
The point of the protests, Moore said, has been "to let the American public know that what they’ve learned in civics isn’t the full story on how decision-making . . . is made in this country." The Bohemian Club, she said, "is one of the most elite organizations on the planet."
When the group sponsors public policy talks that are held without public scrutiny, "the average American feels left out of the process," she said.
Phillips echoes Moore’s objections to the off-the-record nature of the Lakeside Talks.
"These are extremely powerful people and private discussions on policy issues that affect us certainly go against democratic principles," he said. "There’s no reason that those speeches they’re giving couldn’t be transcribed and made public. They have a responsibility to be open about it."

Bohemian Club & Bohemian Grove
The August 2, 1982 edition of Newsweek magazine reported: "… the world’s most prestigious summer camp – the Bohemian Grove – is now in session 75 miles north of San Francisco. The fiercely guarded, 2,700 acre retreat is the country extension of San Francisco’s all-male ultra-exclusive Bohemian Club to which every Republican President since Herbert Hoover has belonged.
With its high-powered clientele, coveted privacy and cabalistic rituals, the Bohemian Grove has prompted considerable suspicion. … The most important events, however are the "lakeside talks" (past orators: Alexander Hague and Casper Weinberger). This year’s speaker was Henry Kissinger on The Challenge of the ’80s."

Maclean’s magazine, March 23, 1981 reported: "Each summer, for three weekends – this year’s will be the 103rd – nearly 2,000 Bohemians, with guests in tow, speed in by car and corporate jet to their guarded Grove, close by the hamlet of Monte Rio (population 1,200) on the Russian River. The Grove’s Shakespearean motto, "Weaving spiders come not here," is an injunction to forget wheeling and dealing which is widely ignored. While ‘ruling-class cohesiveness’ rarely lets slip details of accommodations arrived at there, some – such as the 1967 agreement by Ronald Reagan, over a drink with Richard Nixon, to stay out of the coming presidential race – have helped mold America’s destiny.
… Oddly enough, reporters are barred from this club, formed one night in 1872 by five bored news hawks on the old San Francisco Examiner to promote good fellowship (i.e., booze-ups) and ‘to help elevate journalism to that place in the popular estimation to which it is entitled.’ That aspiration went down the drain when membership was extended to show people, and by 1878, the year of the first Grove-fest, the journalist were already on their way out.
Today, a prospective member faces an interrogation that, according to one club man, ‘would satisfy the KGB.’ There is a waiting list of 1,500 notables, all eager to pay the $2,500 initiation fee and $600 a year dues.
Mother Jones, August 1981 volume 6 page 28, reported a partial list of some of the prominent members: "George P. Shultz, Stephen Bechtel, Jr., Gerald R. Ford, Henry Kissinger, William F. Buckley, Jr., Fred L. Hartley, Merv Griffin, Thomas Haywood, Joseph Coors, Edward Teller, Ronald Reagan, A. W. Clausen, George Bush, William French Smith, John E. Swearingten, Casper W. Weinberger, Justin Dart, William E. Simon, and hundreds of other prominent politicos and businessmen."
Antony C. Sutton, Editor of an excellent monthly newsletter, Phoenix Letter, stated in the October, 1996 edition:
"Up to a few months ago, our knowledge of Bohemian Grove, the exclusive elitist hideaway by supposedly adult wheeler dealers, a.k.a. Washington statesman and prominent people (all male.)
We dismissed the behavior as immature, even pitiful by emotionally disturbed juveniles and not worth attention. This is where Kissinger, Ford, Nixon, Bechtel, Bush, Cheney, Hoover and their friends (2600 members) hang out and "relax." And if they want to behave as little boys that is their privilege, it is private property.
Recent [O'Brien and Phillips, TRANCE Formation of America (pp 170-1)] information may radically change this perception of Bohemian Grove. Not merely drunkenness, unbounded use of alcohol and drugs with vague homosexual tones (confirmed by our sources) but reported activities much more serious – kidnapping, rape, pedophilia, sodomy, ritual murder. Investigation is blocked under the 1947 National Security Act. (!) And like the Omaha child abuse case, includes illegal detention of children.
For decades, there have been vague rumors of weird goings on in Bohemian Grove in more remote parts of its 2200 acres. Reliable reports claim Druidic like rituals, druids in red hooded robes marching in procession and chanting to the Great Owl (Moloch.) A funeral pyre with "corpses." (Scores of men work in the Bohemian Grove as servants so this party is fairly well established.)
An article in a local community newspaper, Santa Rosa Sun (1993, July) reported on the Cult of Canaan and the legend of Moloch in place at Bohemian Grove. The Moloch Pagan Cult of Sacrifice is human sacrifice. About the mid 1980s there were rumors of murders in remote parts of the property. A local police investigation went nowhere. State investigators on related criminal acts went nowhere.
According to an observer and near victim, who can describe the Bohemian Grove inner hideaways, the closed sanctum, even the decor at secret locations, places where no outsider goes (or servants according to our sources) there is an UNDERGROUND lounge (sign spelled U.N.derground) a Dark Room, a Leather Room and a Necrophilia Room.
Here is one of O’Brien’s quote "Slaves of advancing age or with failed programming were sacrificially murdered at random in the wooded grounds of Bohemian Grove and I felt it was only a matter of time until it would be me."
This potential victim survived. Others reportedly did not.
The Origin of Moloch, Druid and Canaanite Cult
These cults were based on human sacrifice. Why would a 20th century resort reproduce the cult ceremonies? At the minimum, it demonstrates an attraction to the ceremonial practices of the cult, i.e. adoration of destruction, blood, barbarity and sacrifice of children.
In brief, the O’Brien charges are consistent with the tenants of Bohemian Grove as played out in ceremony. This is not a resort devoted to, for example, tennis or swimming. It is apparently devoted to blood sacrifices.
John Milton in Paradise Lost described Moloch as follows:
"First Moloch, horrid king, besmirched with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents’ tears,
Though, for the noise of drums and timbrels loud,
Their children’s cries unheard, that passed through fire
To his grim idol."
"Many political reputations and world governments secrets were staked on the belief that I could not be deprogrammed and rehabilitated to recall that which I was supposed to forget."
So much for the programming experts. Colonel Aquino is a psychology "expert" linked to mind control with Defense Intelligence Agency and presumably first class talent, yet (Cathy) O’Brien was apparently deprogrammed and secrets spilled all over." (end quoting)
The monthly Phoenix Letter is available by writing to Phoenix Letter, Suite 216 C, 1517 14th St. West, Billings, MT 59102.
The book "TRANCE Formation of America" is an autobiography by Cathy O’Brien with Mark Phillips. Cathy and her 8 year old daughter were rescued from their mind-controlled existence in 1988 and taken to Alaska by Mark Phillips for safety and rehabilitation. She and her daughter were victims of the US Government Defense Intelligence Agency TOP SECRET MK-Ultra Project Monarch (MIND CONTROL). Cathy became a White House "Presidential Model" Mind-control slave. Later on, her very young daughter was included in this evil MIND CONTROL project, and was physically, sexually and mentally tortured by the pen-stripe suited leaders of the most powerful organization in the world, our US Government. I will not take this space to tell you the entire story, because it is much more alarming as it is related by Cathy in this VERY DISTURBING book. My first reaction to reading these facts was utter sadness to learn about two innocent human beings that were tortured and treated as simple tools for the pleasure of our world leaders. This was followed by extreme anger, when I realized that the persons committing these horrible crimes were not repeat offenders who were just recently released from a maximum security prison or mental hospital, but people who are our recent and current elected and appointed state and federal leaders. If this book does not deeply sadden you, and then make you very angry, you just don’t understand.
As these world leaders, who have all the creature comforts that they could ever desire, look around for something new and interesting to do to amuse themselves, is it not reasonable to assume that they eventually will revert to pagan ritual rites, mind control, pedophilia, necrophilia, homosexuality, bestiality, prostitution and yes – human sacrifice? Apparently they already have!!

Further information on Bohemian Grove and occult ritualistic events

Bohemian Grove Dirt and Related Occult New World Order organizations

Video clips from Bohemian Grove
Hooded priests with torches The priest praises the owl-god Black-hooded boatman crosses the lake Screams during simulated sacrifice
Alex Jones’ Dark Secrets trailer   Video clips and photos: © Alex Jones – http://www. infowars.com

World Leaders Engage in Symbolic Pagan Worship of Molech–the ‘god’ of Child Sacrifice

The Bohemian Grove club: America’s ruling elite at work & play
By Richard Tyler
27 December 2000

The World Socialist Web Site has noted the political and personal bonds linking members of the US Supreme Court with the incoming Republican administration. It is also worth noting that several of the justices, or their spouses, share another common bond with the Bush camp—participation in the activities of the highly secretive Bohemian Grove club.
Every year since 1879, the club holds its two-week Annual Summer Encampment, dubbed by President Herbert Hoover “the greatest men’s party on earth.” The gathering takes place on the exclusive 2,700-acre Bohemian Grove in Monte Rio, about 70 miles north of San Francisco, California.
Club membership, which is open only to males, is estimated at 2,700. Those belonging have included every Republican president since Calvin Coolidge, as well as a smaller number of Democratic presidents. The club mixes top-level politicians with the extremely wealthy, including the CEOs of many Fortune 500 corporations and global financial institutions.
Many of the interests represented in the club membership are subsidized by lucrative government contracts, including the military, oil, banking, the utilities and the media.
A list of members reads like a veritable “Who’s Who” of the American ruling elite. It includes former secretaries of state Henry Kissinger and George Shultz; S.D. Bechtel Jr., who heads the family-owned global engineering and construction corporation; Thomas Watson Jr. from IBM; Ralph Bailey of Dupont; former president George Bush; A.W. Clausen of the World Bank; CBS anchorman Walter Cronkite; and William F. Buckley, editor-in-chief of the conservative National Review magazine.
The club mixes extended bouts of eating and drinking with “artistic” pursuits—staging plays written and performed by members—along with mock “pagan” rituals. The annual gathering starts with the “Cremation of Care” ritual, the burning of an effigy of the club’s mascot as members stand chanting in their red-hooded robes before the base of a 40-foot stone owl altar.
The “Lakeside Talks” held as part of the gathering offer the members an opportunity to hear lectures on a variety of topics, usually including several on contemporary political issues. It is said that the Manhattan Project, responsible for building the nuclear bomb dropped on Hiroshima, was conceived at the Grove in 1942.
A brief listing of the topics discussed in recent years indicates the general tenor of the talks:
In 1997 the president of the American Enterprise Institute, Christopher DeMuth, delivered a lecture entitled, “The Triumph of the Market and the Politics of Affluence.” The same year, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, who played an instrumental role in handing George W. Bush the presidency earlier this month, spoke on “Church, State and the Constitution.”
The next year, James A. Baker, former secretary of state under Bush senior and head of George W’s legal challenge in Florida, expounded upon “The Imperative of American Leadership”. William Perry, the former secretary of defense under Clinton, outlined a “Preventative Defense and American Security Strategy for the 21st Century.”
The 1999 lecture programme seems somewhat prophetic in light of the successful Republican effort to steal the 2000 presidential election. Washington Post political correspondent David Broder spoke about “Direct Democracy—Curse or Blessing.” He shared the lecture programme with General Colin Powell (“America’s Promise—Leading Armies and Leading Kids”) and Walter Hussman, publisher of the Arkansas Democrat Gazette (“Lying, Cheating, Stealing in the Media”).
Those who attended the 1999 gathering were said to include George Bush senior, together with his sons, George W. and Jeb Bush, the Governor of Florida. Also present were Henry Kissinger, Colin Powell and Newt Gingrich.
This year’s Bohemian Grove gathering saw the return of George Bush the father, together with his former secretary of defense and now vice-president-elect, Richard Cheney.
According to the New York Times, US Supreme Court Justice Sandra O’Connor’s husband has also participated in the activities of the Bohemian Grove.
One does not have to subscribe to an outlandish conspiracy theory to imagine a conversation among the California redwoods beginning, “Now, gentlemen, I want to ask what you can do to help my son become the 43rd President…”

Bohemian Grove

Cremation of care

Membership list Camps list Symbolism

The Bohemian Grove is one of the more important places in the United States where businessmen, politicians, army officers, and scientists can sit around with each other and talk about anything they’re interested in. Although networking is officially not allowed, some business deals can always be made behind a couple of trees. The quote "makes it easier to pick up the phone" has been mentioned more than once. Politics can be discussed openly and whether a particular candidate is liked by the Bohemians or not can make or break his career. About 85% of the Bohemian Grove members are from California.


1970s or 1980s, dinner in the forest.

If you are interested in my thoughts on the symbolism surrounding the Cremation of Care and the Bohemian Grove you can take a look here. Nothing of that is discussed in this article.

On this page you can find a short historical timeline of the Bohemian Grove, a list of some of the relatively recent visitors of camp Mandalay, an analysis of the British visitors, and the layout and location of the Bohemian Grove itself. The membership list included with this article consists of 564 names, all of them with biographies, some more extensive than others. There’s a separate list of the 104 camps that are located within the Bohemian Grove. At the bottom of this article you’ll find many cached references.

All these are topics I generally missed in all the other articles about the Bohemian Grove, so I guess most of you will find this a useful expansion.

Timeline of the Bohemian Club and the Bohemian Grove.

1872
The Bohemian Club is organized in San Francisco as a gathering place for men who like the arts and literature. The clubhouse is located in the Astor Hotel on Sacramento Street and the owl is chosen as the club’s symbol.

1874
The Club has 182 members.

1875
The Bohemian Club’s motto, "Weaving spiders, come not here", first appears on a Club announcement. It was taken from Shakespeare’s "A midsummer Night’s Dream".

1877
The Club has outgrown the Astor Hotel and moves to 430 Pine Street in San Francisco.

1878
In 1878, several dozen Bohemians hold a Jinks in the forest in Sonoma County near what is now known as Camp Taylor (California Historical Society, Bohemian Club 1947). This was the start of a long Bohemian tradition of trekking to the Sonoma County redwoods during July and August of each year for camping and self entertainment.

1882
The Club’s patron saint becomes John of Nepomuk. The legend says that St. John was killed in 1393 at the orders of Wenceslaus IV, King of the Bohemians & King of the Holy Roman Empire, because he didn’t want to disclose the confessional secrets of Queen Johanna of Bohemia. Today, St. John symbolizes the right to privacy of the Bohemians. An interesting, but seemingly unconnected detail is that Wenceslaus IV struggled with his half-brother Sigismund I (same father) for the title of Holy Roman Emperor. King Sigismund was the one who reinstituted the ancient Dragon Court, which still exists today. The British Queen and the Lord Mayor of London are involved with it.

1885
The extremely successful Joseph D. Redding is elected president of the Bohemian Club and in 8 years he will devise [his version of?] the Cremation of Care. Redding is a very successful attorney for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, which is owned by the Rockefeller-connected Pilgrims Society families of Harriman & Harkness. Redding is considered a musical genius. [Reference 2 on this page; more details in the article on the BG symbolism and in the membership list]

1887
The Club has 561 members, which are a combination of literary figures and San Francisco businessmen. Among them are 4 members of the Crocker banking family, 3 Spreckles, William Randolph Hearst, Bay Area shipbuilder Arthur W. Moore, columnist and writer Ambrose Bierce, writer Henry George, and 14 officers from the Army and Navy. Other Bohemian Club writers are Charles K. Field, Ina Coolbrith, Bret Harte, Daniel O’Connell, and Mark Twain.

1892
The 70 ft. high Buddha statue is built within the Sequoia Valley, now known as the Bohemian Grove. It is modeled after the Daibutsu of Kamakura, the Great Buddha from Japan. The statue used to be part of the Cremation of Care.

1893
Joseph D. Redding creates the Cremation of Care and serves as High Priest of Bohemia during this ceremony. Within a couple of years he will move his business to New York where he again becomes part of ‘high society’. The Bohemian Club starts renting a piece of land in the Sequoia Valley from the Sonoma Lumber Company. They will do this until 1899 when they make their first land purchase.

1899
The Bohemian Club buys a 160 acre piece of land in the Sequoia Valley, today known as the Bohemian Grove. The Club will make twenty-eight purchases of land over a 67 year period. Today it owns 2,712 acres. The New York Times writes two articles about the Cremation of Care and how impressive it is.

1905
The Washington Post reads: "The Taft party to-day visited the Bohemian grove of redwoods…", which is the first reference I have seen to presidents visiting the Bohemian Grove.

1913
The Cremation of Care ceremony is moved to the first weekend of the encampment.

1914
The Bohemian Club has 1259 members, of which 787 resident members, 241 non-resident members, 19 Navy officers, 49 Army officers, 29 faculty members, 114 associate members, and 20 honorary members.

mid 1920’s
The Lake is built. It is about 100 feet wide and 400 feet long. Or for everybody outside of the United States: 30 meters wide and 124 meters long.

1929
The concrete owl is built and there are 169 camps in the Bohemian Grove.

summer 1933
The Club takes up residence at the Sir Francis Drake Hotel when the dismantling of the old clubhouse begins. The club has grown to about 2000 members. A large new Club House is opened the following year.

1941
Membership drops to 1643 due to World War II.

1981
The Lake is relined with earth and concrete. It has an artificial waterfall tumbling into it, and water lilies are kept in natural-looking patterns by water jets embedded in the lake bottom. The only natural aspect to the lake is the early morning mist rising off of it every morning.

1994
There are 124 camps in the Bohemian Grove.

Members of camp Mandalay

Many camps in the Bohemian Grove contain very prestigious visitors. You have camps like


July 23, 1950, Eisenhower, Hoover, Edward Teller, And Ernest Lawrence.
Cave Man, Hideaway, Hill Billies, Hillside, Isle of Aves, Lost Angels, Mandalay, Midway, Owl’s Nest, Sempervirens, Silverado Squatters, and Stowaway. Mandalay seems to be the camp for international relations and consists of many members officially or otherwise connected to the intelligence agencies. Mandalay is the only camp you cannot just walk into and before you are allowed on the compound someone will ask you who you have an appointment with. If you’re cleared for access, you are taken up the hill with

a Bechtel-designed electric pulley. Many members of camps like Hill Billies or Stowaway (Rockefellers and Morgans) have been to Mandalay at one time or another.

Visitors of Mandalay
They primarily represent

Armacost, Samuel Haydan
Bank of America; Merrill Lynch; Weiss, Peck & Greer L.L.C.; Stanford Research Institute (SRI) International; CFR.

Atwater, H. Brewster, Jr.
General Mills.

Bailey, Ralph E.
J.P. Morgan; Morgan Guarantee Trust; Du Pont; Conoco; Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc.; Fuel Tech.

Bechtels (3)
Bechtel Company; Trilateral Commission; Heritage Foundation (primary funder); directors Chase Manhattan; CFR.

Brady, Nicholas F.
Dillon Read & Co.; Rockefeller University; SMOM; CFR.

Brandi, Frederic H.
Dillon, Read & Co.; Father German Steel Trust; Pilgrims Society.

Brandi, James H.
UBS Warburg; ThyssenKrupp.

Bush, George H.W.
CIA; U.S. president; Trilateral Commission; CFR; Atlantic Council of the United States; Father was SMOM.

Casey, William J.
SEC; CIA; Bechtel; Wackenhut; Export-Import Bank; Iran-Contra; CFR; Atlantic Council of the United States; SMOM; Associate of Armand Hammer.

Cooley, Richard P.
Wells Fargo; Seafirst Bank; RAND; CFR.

Ducommun, Charles E.
Stanford psychology and education.

Ehrlichman, John D.
Top adviser to Nixon. Convicted for Watergate.

Firestone, Leonard K.
Firestone empire; World Affairs Council of L.A.

Flanigan, Peter M.
Assistant to Nixon; Dillon, Read, & Co.; UBS Warburg; SMOM; CFR.

Flanigan, John
Relative of Peter.

Ford, Gerald
United States president 1974-1977.

Ford, Henry
Ford. Built everything for the the nazis and bolsheviks. antisemite.

Hawley, Phillip M.
Carter Hawley Hale Stores; Trilateral Commission; Business Roundtable.

Houghton, Amory, Jr.
Corning Glass Works; CFR.

Johnson, Charles B.
Franklin Resources.

Kaisers (3)
ICF Kaiser Consulting Group, Kaiser Foundation.

Kearns, Henry
Bechtel; Export-Import Bank.

Kennedy, David M.
Continental Illinois Bank; Trust Company; CFR.

Kissinger, Henry
Rockefeller and Fritz Kraemer protege; Le Cercle; Pilgrims; 1001 Club; Bilderberg; CFR; Trilateral Commission; Atlantic Council of the United States; Open Russia Foundation; Forty Committee; J.P. Morgan; Kissinger Associates; Hollinger International; AIG.

Knight, Andrew S. B.
UK; The Economist; Rothschild & Murdoch interests; Reuters; Ditchley; Bilderberg; RIIA; Stanford Hoover Institution.

Lewis, Drew L.
Union Pacific Corp.; CFR.

Littlefield, Edmund W.
General Electric; Bechtel Investment Co.; Stanford Research Institute (SRI) International.

Marting, Walter A.
Hanna Mining Company.

McCone, John Alex
Atomic Energy commission; Bechtel; CIA; SMOM.

McLean, John G.
Continental Oil Company.

Mettler, Ruben F.
TRW Inc.; Space Technology Laboratories (STL); CFR.

Morrow, Richard M.
Amoco Corporation; National Acadamy of Engineering; Commercial Club; close to the Bechtels.

Neylan, John Francis
Republican party leader; friend of Nixon.

Nixon, Richard M.
United States president 1969-1974; Le Cercle; Pilgrims Society.

O´Reilly, David
ChevronTexaco; J.P. Morgan; Business Roundtable; Business Council; Trilateral Commission; National Petroleum Council; DAVOS.

Peterson, Rudolph A.
Bank of America; CFR; Bilderberg.

Powell, Colin Luther
Four-Star General; Joint Chiefs of Staff; US Secretary of State; Pilgrims Society; Trilateral Commission; CFR.

Reichardt, Carl E.
Wells Fargo; Ford Motor Company.

Rocard, Michel
French socialist prime minister.

Sage, Andrew G. C.
Lehman Brothers; Sage Capital Corporation; Robertson Ceco Corporation.

Shultz, George P.
Bechtel; J.P. Morgan Chase; Washington Institute for Near East Policy; Pilgrims Society; Trilateral Commission; CFR.

Smith, William French
Attorney general under Reagan.

Darrell M. Trent
Rollins Environmental Services, Inc.; National Security Council; NATO; Twice a deputy campaign manager for Reagan; President’s Office of Emergency Preparedness; hosted CIA director William Casey in 1980.

Volcker, Paul A.
Chase Manhattan; FED; CFR; Bilderberg; Group of Thirty; Trilateral Commission; RAND; Le Cercle; Pilgrims Society; Japan Society; Ditchley; J. Rothschild Wolfensohn & Co.; Power Corporation; Hollinger International.

Watson, Thomas J., Jr.
IBM; Pilgrims Society; 1001 Club; CFR.

Weinberger, Caspar Williard
Federal Trade Commission; Bechtel; Iran-Contra Affair; Forbes magazine; Ditchley; CFR.

The 51 gathered members of camp Mandalay represent the following organizations:

CFR
20

Bechtel
9

Trilateral Commission
8

Pilgrims Society
6

Knights of Malta (SMOM)
5

Morgan banking interests
4

Atlantic Council of the U.S.
3

CIA directors
3

Ditchley
3

RAND
2

SRI International (chairman)
2

Note: Available membership lists of the Pilgrims Society and the Knights of Malta are very incomplete. We have so little names of the 1001 Club I didn’t bother counting these members in camp Mandalay.


Pictures taken in 2004 and-or 2005. The lake, Hillbillies camp, and the owl shrine

British visitors

British visitors always seem to be closely connected to the British Crown and the major banks in the City of London. If they stay more than one day it is quite possible that all of these British representatives spent the night in camp Mandalay. The individuals below are the only ones I have found so far. Look for longer biographies in the membership list.

Prince Philip
Made an off-season visit to the Bohemian Grove in November 1962.

Queen Elizabeth
According to Texe Marrs the Queen visited the Bohemian Grove in 1983. Would be interesting to confirm or disprove. Normally women aren’t allowed in the Bohemian Grove.

Andrew Knight
Recent visitor of camp Mandalay. Governor of the Ditchley Foundations since 1981. Editor of The Economist and expanded its offices to Brussels. Director of Rothschild Investment Trust since 1997. Important functions at News Corp. and BskyB. Director of Reuters. Governor of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs. Governing council of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Member of the Steering Committee of Bilderberg.

John Major
Recent visitor who gave at least one speech at the Bohemian Grove. Prime Minister of the U.K. 1990-1997. Chairman of Carlyle Europe since 2001. Chairman of the Ditchley Foundation since 2005 and a member of the Queen’s Privy Council. Le Cercle members Robert Cecil and Norman Lamont were running his election campaigns. Member of the Pilgrims Society.

Lord Christopher F. Patten
Held at least one speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1998. Member of the Privy Council since 1989. As the last Governor of Hong Kong, he left the state on July 1, 1997, together with The Prince of Wales, on board of the HM Yacht Britannia.

Lord Peter Levine
Former advisor to Margaret Thatcher. Became Lord Mayor of London in 1998. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 called ‘We Reinvented Government Before You Did’. Chairman of Lloyd’s of London in 2004. Patron of the Lloyd’s Yacht Club.

Sir John Keegan
An English military historian specializing in 20th-century wars. Lectured for 26 years at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Defence Correspondent. Knighted in 2000.

Sir Hubert Brand
Rear-Admiral in the British navy, extra equerry to the King (1922), principal naval aide to the King (1931-1932), and a visitor of the Bohemian Grove in the early part of the 20th century (at least in 1929). One of his brothers, Lord Robert Brand, was a major player in Milner’s Round Table. One of Robert’s many positions was as a financial adviser to Lord Robert Cecil, chairman of the Supreme Economic Council of the Versailles Peace Talks (1919). Robert Cecil was a member of what probably is the most powerful dynastic family behind the British throne since the 1500s. The father of Robert Cecil was also a primary founder and coordinator of both the initial Rhodes secret society and the later Round Table. Other family members of Sir Hubert Brand also played a large role in the British empire.

Layout and location

Don’t forget the membership list, the camps list, or the article on the symbolism of the Bohemian Grove.

References

[1]
1892, Lewis Publishing Co., ‘San Francisco County Biographies’

[2]
June 25, 1899, New York Times, ‘"Bohemia" in California’

[3]
July 9, 1899, New York Times, ‘An Entertainment in a Forest Grove’

[4]
April 22, 1906, New York Times, ‘California’s Women Here are Going to Aid’ (Redding in New York)

[5]
August 12, 1929, Time Magazine, ‘Revived Rails’

[6]
November 22, 1932, New York Times, ‘Joseph D. Redding, Coast Attorney, Dies’

[7]
August 7, 1933, Time Magazine, ‘Bohemians’

[8]
August 7, 1964, Time Magazine, ‘Walden West’

[9]
May 13, 1971, Nixon expresses his opinion about the Bohemian Grove

[10]
July 17, 1975, G. William Domhoff, ‘Is There a Ruling Class?’

[11]
August 5, 1985, Fortune Magazine, ‘The male manager’s last refuge’

[12]
1987, Kerry Richardson, ‘The Bohemian Grove and The Nuclear Weapons Industry: Some Connections’

[13]
November 1989, Spy Magazine, ‘Masters of the Universe Go to Camp: Inside the Bohemian Grove’

[14]
November/December 1991, Extra!, ‘Inside Bohemian Grove: The Story People Magazine Won’t Let You Read’

[15]
June 11, 1993, Washington Times, David Gergen comment about running naked

[16]
1994, Peter Martin Phillips, ‘A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club’

[17]
July 1997, Sonoma County Free Press, ‘Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia Speaks at the Grove’

[18]
1997, anonymous, ‘A Summer Job at the Grove’

[19]
August 2, 1999, The Sacramento Bee, Bohemian Grove update

[20]
July 2000, Alex Jones, ‘Cremation of Care Transcript’

[21]
July 2000, Don Eichelberger, ‘Bohemian Club and the Power "Crisis"’

[22]
2000, Alex Jones, ‘Occult Activities at the Elite Bohemian Grove in Northern California Exposed!’

[23]
June 8, 2001, Peter Phillips, ‘San Francisco Bohemian Club: Power, Prestige and Globalism’

[24]
June 19, 2001, Counterpunch, ‘Meet the Secret Rulers of the World’

[25]
January 22, 2002, The Press Democrat, ‘In jailhouse interview, suspect says he sneaked into exclusive Monte Rio club prepared to kill’

[26]
June 18, 2003, SF Weekly, ‘The World According to Bechtel’

[27]
July 23, 2003, SF Gate, ‘Hallinan panned for giving alleged Fajitagate victim a break Some say D.A. tries to help credibility of his star witness’

[28]
July 2003, Sonoma County Free Press, ‘Bohemian Grove’

[29]
September 10, 2003, Mike Davis, ‘Cry California’

[30]
July 2004, San Francisco Chronicle, ‘Bohemian Grove Gathers Again’

[31]
July 22, 2004, New York Post, ‘Gay Porn Star Services Bohemian Grove Members’

[31]
July 24, 2004, Indymedia, ‘The Grateful Dead Play At Bohemian Grove!’

[32]
July 30, 2005, San Francisco Examiner, ‘Bohemian Grove endorses Roberts; 10 yrs in Iraq’

[33]
2005, G. William Domhoff, ‘Social Cohesion & the Bohemian Grove’

[34]
September 6, 2005, Coast to Coast AM, Jon Ronson talks about the fanaticism during the Cremation of Care. Alex Jones and Ronson also talk about their tapes that got erased.

Author: Joël van der Reijden
Written: September 7, 2005
Last update: January 28, 2005
Version: 1.2

Top of page

Bohemian Grove
Incomplete membership list
continually updated

Abel, Brent M.
Isle of Aves
President California Bar Association 1974-1975, director U.S. Trust of Delaware Inc. in 1986.

Adams, Robert M. Jr.
Sundodgers
Robert McCormick Adams Jr. (born 1926) is a U.S. anthropologist. He served as the provost of the University of Chicago from 1982 and 1984. He served as the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 1984. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Adams, William H.
Meyerling
Director at XTO Energy, Inc. since 2001. Adams has been a director of XTO Energy since 2001. He is Executive Regional President of Texas Bank in Fort Worth, Texas. Prior to that, he was employed by Frost Bank from 1995 to 2001, where he most recently served as President of Frost Bank-South Arlington. He also served as Senior Vice President and Group Leader of Commercial/Energy Lending at Frost Bank.

Adolf, Gustaf
He was the Crown Prince of Sweden at that time (House of Bernadotte) and the eldest son of Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife Princess Margaret of Connaught. His mother was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria since she was the daughter of HRH Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and his wife, Princess Margaret Luise of Prussia. On October 19, 1932 he married Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, daughter of Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Princess Sibylla was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, a granddaughter of HRH Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany. In 1947, Prince Gustaf Adolf was killed in an airplane accident at the Copenhagen Airport in Copenhagen, Denmark. One of his sons is Carl XVI Gustaf , today’s King of Sweden. In 1929, Time Magazine named him as a honorary member of the Bohemian Grove.

Akers, John Fellows
Yale Delta Kappa Epsilon, joined IBM in 1960 as a sales trainee in San Francisco following active duty as a Navy carrier pilot, president IBM Data Processing Division in 1974 (then IBM’s largest domestic marketing unit), vice president IBM in 1976, senior vice president IBM in 1982, president IBM in 1983, chairman and CEO of IBM 1986-1993, director New York Times Company since 1985, co-chairman Business Roundtable 1986-1990, director Pepsi since 1991, director Lehman Brothers, director Hallmark, director WR Grace & Co., member Council on Foreign Relations.

Albert, Eddie
Owl’s Nest
American actor born in 1908. Had his career from the 1940s until the 1980s.

Alexander, Lamar
Became governor of Tennessee in 1978, founder Corporate Child Care Services in 1987, became president University of Tennessee in 1988, became Secretary of Education in 1991, country and classical pianist who has played on the Grand Ole Opry and the Billy Graham Crusade, director Empower America, director Lockheed Martin, founder Republican Neighborhood Meeting. Lives in Nashville, Tennessee. Reading his official bio he comes across as a decent, outgoing guy, but his involvement in scandals tells us something else.

Alioto, Joseph
Mayor of San Francisco from 1968 to 1976 and president of the San Francisco National Bank. He was a friend of 1001 Club member Cyril Magnin., who was a well-known Jewish San Franciscan, president of Joseph Magnin Co., and president of the port of San Francisco. Some people have accused Cyril Magnin and Joseph Alioto of having been members of the mafia and the circle that killed JFK.

Allen, Howard Pfeiffer
Lost Angels
Studied economics at Pomona College and law at Stanford University, joined Southern California Edison Co. 1954, founding board member of the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee and instrumental in bringing the 1984 Olympics to the city, president and chairman of the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce, trustee of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and an officer in the National Conference of Christians and Jews, president of Southern California Edison and SCEcorp (renamed Edison International in 1997) 1980-1984, chairman and chief executive officer of Southern California Edison and Edison International 1984-1990, remained on the board until 1997.

Anderson, Martin
Sempervirens
Dartmouth College, 1957; M.S. in engineering and business administration, Thayer School of Engineering and Tuck School of Business Administration, 1958; Ph.D. in industrial management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1962. Assistant to the dean, Thayer School of Engineering, 1959; research fellow, Joint Center for Urban Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, 1961–62; assistant professor of finance, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University, 1962–65, associate professor, 1965–68; special assistant to the president of the United States, 1969–70; special consultant to the president of the United States for systems analysis, 1970–71; assistant to the president of the United States for policy development, 1981–82; member, Commission on Critical Choices for Americans, 1973–75; member, Defense Manpower Commission, 1975–76; public interest director, Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, 1972–79; member, Committee on the Present Danger, 1977–91; member, President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 1982–85; member, President’s Economic Policy Advisory Board, 1982–89; member, President’s General Advisory Committee on Arms Control, 1987–93; member, National Commission on the Cost of Higher Education, 1997–98; trustee, Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation, 1985–90; member, California Governor’s Council of Economic Advisers, 1993–98; chairman, Congressional Policy Advisory Board, 1998–01; member, Defense Policy Board, 2001; senior fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, 1971–; named Keith and Jan Hurlbut Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, 1998. Director of research, Nixon presidential campaign, 1968; senior policy adviser, Reagan presidential campaigns, 1976, 1980; policy adviser, Wilson presidential campaign, 1995, Dole presidential campaign, 1996, Bush presidential campaign, 2000; delegate, Republican National Conventions, 1992, 1996, 2000; served as 2d Lt., Army Security Agency, 1958–59. Columnist, Scripps Howard News Service, 1993–94; TV commentator, Nightly Business Report, 1997–. Author of many politics-oriented books.

Anderson, Robert A.
President, chairman, and CEO of Rockwell during the development of the Space Shuttle. Director of Aftermarket Technology Corporation. Member of the Board of Visitors of UCLA Anderson School of Management. Member of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, the Bohemian Grove, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Anderson, Ross F.
Unknown.

Andreas, Dwayne Orville
Chairman and chief executive officer Archer-Daniels-Midland (HQ: Decatur, Illinois), particularly close to vice-president Hubert Humphrey, charged with illegally contributing $100,000 to Humphrey’s 1968 campaign for President (acquitted), donates generously to many Democratic and Republican presidential candidates, has often been photographed with world leaders (including Mikhail Gorbachev), staunch supporter of federal tax subsidies for corn-based ethanol (gasoline additive), Federal prosecutors are investigating allegations that the company has conspired to fix commodity prices (2005), frequently attends Bilderberg, member Council on Foreign Relations.

Armacost, Samuel Haydan
Mandalay
B.A. in Economics from Denison University, M.B.A. from Stanford University, advisor to the State Department’s Office of Monetary Affairs 1971-1972, director of Exponent Inc., Del Monte Foods Company, Callaway Golf Company, director and later chairman SRI International, president, director and chief executive officer Bank of America 1981-1986, managing director Merrill Lynch Capital Markets 1987-1990, managing director Weiss, Peck & Greer L.L.C. 1990-1998, director ChevronTexaco since 2001. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Arscott, David Gilford
Aviary
College of Wooster with a B.A. in arts, Managing General Partner of Arscott, Norton & Associates 1978-1988, director Lam Research Corporation 1980-1982 and chairman 1982-1984, president Compass Technology Partners since 1988.

Ashley, Holt
Sundodgers
Stanford Professor Emeritus of Aeronautics and Astronautics, received the Daniel Guggenheim Medal, received an award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Atkins, Victor K.
Stowaway
Member Executive Committee of Caltech University, associate of the RAND Corporation and makes donations between 5.000 and 10.000 dollars a year, Emeritus trustee and donator to Claremont Graduate University with annual sums between 10.000 and 25.000 dollars, Atkins Company, he or his son (Jr.?) contributes more than 25.000 dollars a year to the Harvard Center (together with Mellon, Lehman en Loeb foundation).

Atwater, H. Brewster, Jr.
Mandalay
Chairman and CEO General Mills, a leading global food manufacturer 1981-1995. Despite a worldwide recession, Atwater led General Mills through 10 consecutive years of market value growth. He re-focused General Mills on its core products and services, and in so doing, enabled the company to profitably expand on a global level. Atwater is a director at General Electric (at least in 1996).

Augustine, Norman R.
A central figure in the American aerospace industry who has played an important role in shaping United States space policy. Augustine served as Under Secretary of the Army, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Development, and Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, before becoming chairman and chief executive officer of the Martin Marietta Corporation in the 1980s. He became chairman of the Defense Policy Advisory Committee on Trade in 1987, which provides confidential guidance to the secretary of defense on arms export policies. In 1990 he was appointed head of an Advisory Committee for the Bush (senior) administration which produced the Report of the Advisory Committee On the Future of the U.S. Space Program – a pivotal study in charting the course of the space program in the first half of the 1990s. In March 1995, he and Daniel Tellep, the CEO of Lockheed, agreed to merge, forming Lockheed Martin Corp. Augustine went on to become the chairman and chief executive officer of Lockheed Martin Corporation. At least in 1997 he gave a speech in the Bohemian Grove. Augustine is also a president of the Boy Scouts of America and chairman of the board of the American Red Cross. Has spoken at the Cosmos Club and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Avery, Ray Stanton
Lost Angels
Founder Dennison Company, became eventually Avery Dennison, considered the founder of the pressure sensitive label industry. Member of the Bohemian Grove.

Ayers, Thomas G.
Chairman Commonwealth Edison Company of Chicago, chairman Chicago Chamber of Commerce 1966-1967, life trustee Chicago Symphony Orchestra, lefe member The Commercial Club of Chicago. Went in 1981.

Bailey, Ralph E.
Mandalay
President of Consol (Conoco’s coal subsidiary). Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Conoco Inc (merged with Phillips). Vice-Chairman of Du Pont. Director and non-executive Chairman of Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Fuel Tech. Director of J.P. Morgan & Company and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company.

Bajpai, Shankar
Former Indian ambassador to the U.S. when he visited in 1989. Wrote articles for Foreign Affairs. Member Pacific Council on International Policy (based in LA, western partner of the CFR).

Baker, James A. III
Woof
Graduated from Princeton University in 1952. Attended Cap & Gown events, according to Kay Griggs, just as Allen Dulles, William Colby, Frank Carlucci, James Baker, George Griggs, and George P. Shultz (August 3, 2005, Rense). Houston lawyer. Friend of the Bushes. Undersecretary of commerce 1975–1976. Deputy manager of the 1976 and 1980 Ford and Bush presidential campaigns. Joined the Reagan administration in 1981. White House chief of staff 1981–1985. Treasury secretary 1985–1988. Attended the Fourth World Wilderness Conference in 1987, together with David Rockefeller, Edmund de Rothschild, and Maurice Strong. Planned the 1988 campaign that won George H.W. Bush the presidency. Secretary of State 1989–1992. Member National Security Planning Group. Played a prominent role in the Gulf crisis and the subsequent search for a Middle East peace settlement. Again White House Chief of Staff 1992-1993. United Nations special envoy to try and broker a peace settlement for the disputed territory of Western Sahara 1997. As an adviser to George W. Bush in the November 2000 presidential elections, he was influential in helping Bush secure the presidency by maneuvering the disputed vote count in Florida to the Republican-leaning Supreme Court. Baker was the manager of the foreign debts of occupied Iraq since 2003. Senior counselor for the Carlyle Group and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Also a member of the Atlantic Council of the United States, the Bohemian Grove, and the Pilgrims Society. Honorary trustee of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies.

Baker, Norman, Jr.
Owl’s Nest
President We-Go Rotary Club 1975-1976;"Rotary is a worldwide organization of business and professional leaders that provides humanitarian service, encourages high ethical standards in all vocations, and helps build goodwill and peace in the world. Approximately 1.2 million Rotarians belong to more than 31,000 Rotary clubs located in 167 countries."

Bancroft, James R.
Chairman UNC (United Nuclear Corporation).

Bancroft, Paul III
Hill Billies
Independent venture capitalist and a consultant, director of UNOVA since 1998, president, chief executive officer and director of Bessemer Securities Corporation 1976-1988.

Bannan, Bernard J.
Pink Onion
President and CEO of Binley Inc., a private real estate investment company. Director of MacNeal Schwendler Corp., a publicly traded software company. Director of Cable Design Technologies Corporation.

Barry, John M.
Writer & scholar.

Baxter, Alfred
Silverado Squatters
Gave up some time to support the work the Bohemian Club research of Peter Martin Phillips.

Boucher, Richard A.
He entered the Foreign Service in 1977. After studying Chinese, he served from 1979 to 1980 at the U.S. Consulate General in Guangzhou. In Washington he then worked in the State Department’s Economic Bureau and on the China Desk, and returned to China with his wife from 1984 to 1986 as Deputy Principal Officer at the U.S. Consulate General in Shanghai. Upon his return to Washington in July 1986, he served as a Senior Watch Officer in the State Department’s Operations Center. From August 1987 to March 1989, he worked as Deputy Director of the Office of European Security and Political Affairs. He started as Deputy Press Spokesman for the State Department under Secretary Baker in March 1989 and became Spokesman under Secretary Eagleburger in August 1992. Secretary Christopher asked him to continue as Spokesman until June 1993. United States Ambassador to Cyprus from 1993 to 1996. United States Consul General in Hong Kong 1996-1999. Spoke to the Asia Society on March 24, 1998. US Senior Official for APEC, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, since July 1999. Spoke to the London Pilgrims Society on November 28, 2002. Has repeatedly condemned Israel’s practice of killing terrorists and instead called for negotiations to settle the Palestinian-Israeli dispute. Supported the 2003 war against Iraq because it wasn’t cooperating with the sanctions.

Bechtel, Stephen D., Sr.
Mandalay
His father died under strange circumstances in Moscow. The Bechtel Company is a privately owned (giant) construction firm operating worldwide and headquartered in San Francisco and is a mainstay of the nuclear industry. Bechtel designed the military space shuttle facility at Vandenburg Air Force Base. It is known for decades for its many boondoggles all over the world. Bechtel had been rescued in its time of need by J. Henry Schroder and Avery Rockefeller. On June 3, 1954, the New York Times announced that Stephen Bechtel, chmn of Bechtel Corp. had become partner of J.P. Morgan Co. In 1955, Fortune reported that as Under Secretary of State, C. Douglas Dillon had arranged important contracts for Bechtel with the Saudi Arabian government, culminating in the present $135 billion Jubail operation. In January, 1975, Fortune pointed out that Bechtel had never been in the red for a single year, because "Its engineering projects are invariably financed by its clients." These clients are usually governments, a lesson which may have been learned from the Rothschilds. Bechtel funds the Heritage Foundation, which made large contributions to the neocon agenda since the 1980’s. Heritage is headed by Le Cercle member Edwin J. Feulner, who is another member of the Bohemian Grove. Bechtel is a leading player in water system privatization, ranking just behind the big three — Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux, Vivendi Universal and RWE/ Thames Water. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Bechtel, Stephen D., Jr.
Mandalay
Chairman of the Bechtel Corporation. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Bechtel, Riley P.
Mandalay
Personal fortune of 3 billion. University of Calif Davis, Bachelor of Arts / Science Stanford University, Masters of Business Administration. Great-granddad Warren started construction colossus Bechtel Group building railroads in 1890s Oklahoma Territory. Later: Hoover Dam, Oakland Bay Bridge. Dad Stephen Jr. took reins in 1960, built nuclear plants, Alaska pipeline, Chunnel. Riley is now learning the ropes. Member of the Trilateral Commission. Member of the International Council of J.P. Morgan Chase, together with Kissinger, Andre Desmarais, Lee Kuan Yew (Bohemian Grove), and others. Its headed by George Shultz, an employee of the Bechtels.

Beckett, John R.
Sempervirens
In 1960, John R. Beckett joined Transamerica as president. Over the next 20 years, he led Transamerica’s transition from a holding company into a major diversified operating company. At one time, Transamerica owned a motion picture distributor, an airline, a car rental company and a machinery manufacturer, in addition to its insurance and financial services businesses.

Bedford, Peter B.
Meyerling
Member Hoover Institution Board of Overseers, CEO and chairman of the board of Bedford Property Investors, Inc. Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Bendetsen, Karl R.
Member of an advisory group to Ronald Reagan that received security clearances to learn about new weapons developments such as nuclear x-ray lasers. Started in 1982. Went in 1980.

Bennett, Robert B.
Sunshiners
Unknown.

Bergen, Edgar
Dragon
He was at San Clemente for the climax of the Nixon-Brezhnev meetings in 1973, where he mingled with, among others, such Republican and Democratic fat cats as Leonard K. Firestone, David Packard, and Edwin Pauley.

Berry, John W.
Totem In
Unknown.

Bethards, Jack M.
Chairman of the Annals Committee of the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Biaggini, B.F.
Southern Pacific Chairman. Tenneco Director.

Bierce, Ambrose G.
American satirist, and critic, short story writer, editor and journalist. Born in Ohio in 1842. Military career from 1860 to 1866 and moved to San Francisco. He remained there for many years, eventually becoming famous as a contributor and/or editor for a number of local newspapers and periodicals, including The San Francisco News Letter, The Argonaut, and The Wasp. Bierce lived and wrote in England from 1872 to 1875. Returning to the United States, he again took up residence in San Francisco. In 1887, he became one of the first regular columnists and editorialists to be employed on William Randolph Hearst’s newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, eventually becoming one of the most prominent and influential among the writers and journalists of the West Coast. In December 1899, he moved to Washington, DC, but continued his association with the Hearst newspapers until 1906. Because of his penchant for biting social criticism and satire, Bierce’s long newspaper career was often steeped in controversy. On several occasions his columns stirred up a storm of hostile reaction which created difficulties for Hearst. One of the most notable of these incidents occurred following the assassination of President William McKinley when Hearst’s political opponents turned a satirical poem Bierce had written in 1900 into a cause célèbre. Bierce meant his poem, written on the occasion of the assassination of Governor-elect William Goebel of Kentucky, to express a national mood of dismay and fear, but after McKinley was shot in 1901 it seemed to foreshadow the crime:

The bullet that pierced Goebel’s breast
Can not be found in all the West;
Good reason, it is speeding here
To stretch McKinley on his bier.

Hearst was accused by rival newspapers — and by then Secretary of State Elihu Root (Pilgrims Society; co-founder Carnegie Endowment and its first president; main founder CFR) — of having called for McKinley’s assassination. Despite a national uproar that ended his ambitions for the presidency (and even his membership in the Bohemian Club), Hearst neither revealed Bierce as the author of the poem, nor fired him.

His short stories are considered among the best of the 19th century. In October 1913, the septuagenarian Bierce departed Washington on a tour to revisit his old Civil War battlefields. By December, he had proceeded on through Louisiana and Texas, crossing by way of El Paso into Mexico, which was then in the throes of revolution. In Ciudad Juárez, he joined the army of Pancho Villa as an observer, in which role he participated in the battle of Tierra Blanca. He is known to have accompanied Villa’s army as far as the city of Chihuahua, Chihuahua. After a last letter to a close friend, sent from that city on December 26, 1913, he vanished without a trace, becoming one of the most famous disappearances in American literary history. Subsequent investigations to ascertain his fate were fruitless and, despite many decades of speculation, his disappearance remains a mystery.

Boccardi, Louis
President and Chief Executive Officer of The Associated Press from 1985 until his retirement in 2003. He was a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board from 1994 to 2003 and Chairman of the Pulitzer Prize Board in 2002. Mr. Boccardi has been a member of the Board of Visitors, the Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University since 1989. He has been a director since July 2003. Director of Gannett Co. In 1989, he held a "Lakeside Talk" about kidnapped reporter Terry Anderson. He referred to his audience as men of "power and rank" and "gave them more details than he said he was willing to give his readers."

Boeschenstein, William W.
Piedmont
After his graduation from Yale University in 1950, William W. Boeschenstein joined Owens-Corning Fiberglas where he held a number of sales, management and marketing positions. In 1964, Mr. Boeschenstein became Vice President-Marketing and served in that position until his election to Executive Vice President in 1967. He was named President and Chief Operating Officer in 1971. In 1973, he was named Chief Executive Officer and in 1981 he became Chairman of the Board. Mr. Boeschenstein’s commitment to research and development is exemplified by the company’s doubling the size of its research center in Granville, Ohio. The facility -one of the industry’s most sophisticated -now has approximately 1,000 scientists, engineers and technicians working to expand Owens-Corning’s present capabilities, as well as to generate new product and technological opportunities for both near-and long-term. During his 12 years of leadership as CEO at Owens-Corning, the company has grown from a building materials and fiberglass manufacturer with sales of approximately $500 million to a strong multi-national corporation with sales in excess of $3.5 billion. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations in the 1970’s.

Bolick, Clint
Vice-president of the Institute for Justice. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Bonney, J. Dennis
Tunerville
Bonney joined Chevron in 1960. After a variety of assignments in the corporation’s Eastern Hemisphere operations, he was named assistant manager of the foreign operations staff in San Francisco in 1967 and manager in 1971. He was elected a corporate vice president in 1972. In 1974, Bonney became Chevron’s vice president for corporate planning, a function he directed until 1981 while also supervising Chevron’s Indonesian exploration and production activities. He assumed responsibility for European refining and marketing in 1981. He was named vice president for worldwide logistics and trading early in 1986. Member of Chevron’s board of directors since January 1986 and a vice chairman since January 1987 to December 1995. Supervised the five years of negotiations leading to Chevron’s 1993 signing of a joint venture with Kazakhstan to develop the Tengiz Field, which created the largest Western business venture in the former Soviet Union. Chairman of the U.S. National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (US-PECC) and is a director of the American Petroleum Institute. He is a trustee and vice chairman of the World Affairs Council of Northern California, a trustee of the Asian Art Museum Foundation, a member of the National Council of the World Wildlife Fund, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is a director of the San Francisco Opera Association and of the University of California’s International House. He is also a past president of the Commonwealth Club of California.

Bosque, Ed
Wrote about the Bohemian Grove and was a member.

Borman, Frank
Hill Billies
Fighter pilot, operational pilot and instructor, experimental test pilot and an assistant professor of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics at West Point, NASA instructor at the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB, member of the Apollo 204 Fire Investigation Board 1967, Commander Apollo 8 Mission 1968, later he became the Apollo Program Resident Manager, heading the team that re-engineered the Apollo spacecraft, field director of NASA’s Space Station Task Force, special advisor to and finally chairman of Eastern Airlines 1969-1986, director of the Home Depot, National Geographic, Outboard Marine Corporation, Auto Finance Group, Thermo Instrument Systems and American Superconductor, chairman and CEO of Patlex Corporation.

Boskin, Michael J.
Hill Billies
Senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, professor of economics at Stanford University, associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, former chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers (1989-1993). Boskin is a Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research and serves on the Commerce Department’s Advisory Committee on the National Income and Product Accounts. He is Chief Executive Officer and President of Boskin & Co., an economic consulting company. Director Oracle Corporation, Shinsei Bank, and Vodaphone Group

Boswell, James G. II
General Electric Director. Chairman and CEO of J.G. Boswell Co.

Bowes, William K .
Hill Billies
A founder of Amgen (with Bill Gates), Cetus, Raychem, Dymo Industries, and U.S. Venture Partners. Has been an active and prominent venture capital investor in the Bay Area for nearly 35 years. Bill sourced and led the Firm’s investments in Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Applied Biosystems, Devices for Vascular Intervention, Glycomed, Sun Microsystems and Ventritex, among others. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of Xoma Corporation. Before founding USVP, Bill was a Senior Vice President and Director of Blyth Eastman Dillon & Co. (formerly Blyth & Co., Inc.), where he worked from 1953 until 1978, and was a consultant to Blyth Eastman Paine Webber from 1978 to 1980. Activity in the nonprofit arena include: Board of Directors of the UCSF Foundation and Chairman of Mission Bay Capital Campaign; Advisory Council of Stanford University’s Bio-X Initiative; Executive Committee of San Francisco Conservatory of Music; Board Chairman of The Exploratorium (a leading interactive science museum); Board Member of the Asian Art Museum and Hoover Institution. Bill has a B.A. in Economics from Stanford, an MBA from Harvard and served in the U.S. Army in the South Pacific and Japan during and after World War II.

Brady, Nicholas Frederick
Mandalay
Brady was born April 11, 1930 in New York City. He was educated at Yale University (B.A., 1952) and Harvard University (M.B.A., 1954). He joined Dillon, Read & Company, Inc. in New York in 1954, rising to Chairman of the Board. He has been a Director of the NCR Corporation, the MITRE Corporation, and the H.J. Heinz Company, among others. He has also served as a trustee of Rockefeller University and a member of the Board of the Economic Club of New York. He is a former trustee of the Boys’ Club of Newark. Brady served in the United States Senate in 1982. During that time he was a member of the Armed Services Committee and the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee. In 1984 President Reagan appointed Brady to be Chairman of the President’s Commission on Executive, Legislative and Judicial Salaries. He has also served on the President’s Commission on Strategic Forces (1983), the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America (1983), the Commission on Security and Economic Assistance (1983), and the Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management (1985). Brady chaired the Presidential Task Force on Market Mechanisms (1987). He became the 68th Secretary of the Treasury in 1988 and was also in charge of the secret service in this way during the White House male prostitution scandal in 1989. He is said to have been the president of Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay. Member of the Knights of Malta. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Brand, Sir Hubert
Rear-Admiral in the British navy, extra equerry to the King (1922), principal naval aide to the King (1931-1932), and a visitor of the Bohemian Grove in the early part of the 20th century (at least in 1929). He was a member of a very powerful family (undoubtedly some Pilgrims Society members), which was close to the British royal family. One of his brothers, the third Viscount Hampden, was a lord-in-waiting to the King (1924-1936). Another brother, Robert H. Brand (since 1946 Baron Brand), was regarded as the economist of the Round Table Group or Milner’s Kindergarten and became a partner and managing director of Lazard Brothers, a director of Lloyd’s Bank, a director of The Times, a member of the Imperial Munitions Board of Canada (1915-1918), deputy chairman of the British Mission in Washington (1917-1918), financial adviser to Lord Robert Cecil, chairman of the Supreme Economic Council at the Versailles Peace Talks (1919), vice-president of the Brussels Conference (1920), financial representative for South Africa at the Genoa Conference (1922), head of the British Food Mission to Washington (1941-1944), chairman of the British Supply Council in North America (1942-1945, 1946), and His Majesty’s Treasury Representative in Washington (1944-1946). In this last capacity he had much to do with negotiating the enormous American loan to Britain for postwar reconstruction. Robert H. Brand also married Nancy Astor’s sister and was an intimate friend to Pilgrims Society and Round Table member Philip Kerr. Their father was a Governor of New South Wales and one of the original instigators of the federation of the Australian Colonies in 1900. A nephew was a Governor-General of Canada.

Brandi, Frederic H.
Mandalay
Father was a top coal executive in the German Steel Trust. Moved from Germany to the United States in 1926. CEO of Dillon, Read & Co. in the 1950s and 1960s, up until 1971. He was replaced by Nicholas Brady of the Bohemian Grove Mandalay Camp at that time. Brandi was a member of the Pilgrims Society.

Brandi, James H.
Mandalay
Son of Frederic Brandi. Invited to the Bohemian Grove in 1970 by his father. Trustee Berkshire School, managing director of UBS Warburg LLC of New York, director ThyssenKrupp Budd (North-American subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Automotive AG of Germany. The country his father came from.)

Bren, Donald
Chairman of The Irvine Company, has been deeply involved in California real estate as a master planner, master builder and a long-term investor. Promoted Schwarzenegger for president. In 2004, BusinessWeek magazine ranked Donald Bren 15th on its annual list of  "The 50 Most Generous Philanthropists" in the country.

Broder, David S.
David S. Broder, a national political correspondent reporting on the political scene for The Washington Post, writes a twice-weekly column that covers an even broader aspect of American political life. The column, syndicated by The Washington Post Writers Group, is carried by more than 300 newspapers across the globe. Broder was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in May 1973 for distinguished commentary. He has been named "Best Newspaper Political Reporter" by Washington Journalism Review. A survey for Washingtonian magazine found that Broder was rated "Washington’s most highly regarded columnist" by both editorial-page editors and members of Congress, leading 16 others in ratings for "overall integrity, factual accuracy and insight." Author and syndicated columnist. Before joining the Post in 1966, Broder covered national politics for The New York Times (1965-66), The Washington Star (1960-65) and Congressional Quarterly (1955-60). He has covered every national campaign and convention since 1960, traveling up to 100,000 miles a year to interview voters and report on the candidates. Broder is a regular commentator on CNN’s Inside Politics, and makes regular appearances on NBC’s Meet the Press and Washington Week. In 1999, he held a speech at the Bohemian Grove titled "Direct Democracy–Curse or Blessing".

Brooks, David
Has been a senior editor at The Weekly Standard, a contributing editor at Newsweek and the Atlantic Monthly, and he is currently a commentator on "The Newshour with Jim Lehrer." He is the author of "Bobos In Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There" and “On Paradise Drive : How We Live Now (And Always Have) in the Future Tense,” both published by Simon & Schuster. New York columnist. Lakeside talk; ‘The Landscape of American Politics.’

Brown, Harold
Lost Angels
Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University, research scientist at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, joined the staff of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Livermore in 1952 and became director in 1960, during the 1950s he served as a member of or consultant to several federal scientific bodies and as senior science adviser at the 1958-1959 Conference on the Discontinuance of Nuclear Tests, worked under Robert McNamara as director of defense research and engineering 1961-1965, secretary of the Air Force 1965-1969, president California Institute of Technology 1969-1977, Secretary of Defense under President Carter, pushed stealth technology, the advanced MX nuclear ICBM missiles and strengtened ties with NATO, counselor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, professor at John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, chairman John Hopkins Foreign Policy Institute, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission and a trustee of the RAND Corporation, Caltech JPL Committee, longtime director of Cummins Engine Company (helped establish the Health Effects Institute), Presidential Medal of Freedom 1981, director of the Philip Morris Companies since 1983, director of Warburg Pincus & Co. since 1990, board member of Evergreen Holdings Inc., bord member of Mattel.

Brown, Charles L.
Following his graduation, Mr. Brown was a member of the Navy until 1946 and served aboard the USS Mississippi in the WWII Pacific theatre. After his discharge, he worked for AT&T for over 40 years and served as CEO and Chairman from 1979-1986. In 1982, he successfully divested AT&T’s local phone business, the largest corporate reorganization in U.S. history, to settle Federal antitrust litigation. In the process, he created business entities that produced average annual returns to investors of 25%, reinvigorated AT&T’s research and development efforts and initiated AT&T global partnerships in Europe and Asia. During the 1980s, he was on the steering committee of the University of Virginia’s first comprehensive fund raising campaign and completed a term on the Board of Visitors, 1986-1990. In the 1993-2000 Capital Campaign, Mr. Brown served as vice chairman of the executive committee and as chair of the National Leadership Gifts Council, a coast-to-coast network of campaign volunteers, who helped to organize regional campaigns in some thirty cities around the country. Mr. Brown also served on the boards of Chemical Bank, Delta Airlines, DuPont, General Foods and Metropolitan Life. Other nonprofit leadership included Colonial Williamsburg, the Public Broadcasting System, the Institute for Advanced Studies, Boy Scouts of America, YMCA and the National Parks Foundation. Went to the Bohemian Grove in 1979. After his death his wife donated $5 Million to the University of Virginia School of Engineering and Applied Science.

Brown, Edmund G.
Few figures have played a more important role in the political and governmental history of modern California than that of Edmund G. "Pat" Brown. Elected district attorney of San Francisco in 1943, Brown began a productive and distinguished career in local law enforcement. He instituted a systematic reform program, cracked down on commercial vice, and reshaped much of the city’s legal system. Brown’s reputation soared along with his reforms. He won election to the office of state attorney general in 1950, adopted a tough approach to his responsibilities, and worked to root out official corruption and organized crime. By 1958 he had become the most popular figure in the California Democratic organization. Elected the same year to the governor’s office on a platform strongly committed to humane and responsive government, Brown set in a motion a chain of political and social reforms.

Bryan, J. Stewart III
Owlers
Is the 4th of a family dynasty of newspaper publishers, taking over the publishing of the Richmond Times-Dispatch and The News Leader from his father, D. Tennant Bryan in 1978. President of the Florida Press Association (1971-1972), chairman and CEO of Media General, chairman and President of Southern Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation, director of the Foundation for American Communications, director of Mutual Insurance Co. Ltd, director of The Associated Press (1984-1993), director of the Newspaper Advertising Bureau, (1977-1995), trustee of the Hoover Institution.

Bryan, D. Tennant
Lost Angels
University of Virginia Raven Society, publisher of Richmond Times-Dispatch and The News Leader 1944-1978, director Southern Railway Company 1953-1986, president American Newspaper Publishers Association 1958-1960, member of an advisory committee for an American exhibit in Moscow in 1959, director Southern Newspaper Publishers Association 1963-1966 (just as his father, grandfather and his son would be), director of the Associated Press 1967-1976, trustee Washington Journalism Center, Overseer Hoover Institution.

Buckley, Christopher
Hill Billies
Editor of Forbes FYI magazine, speechwriter for George H.W. Bush when he was vice president, political satirist.

Buckley, William F., Jr.
Hill Billies
Skull & Bones, chairman of the Yale Daily News, CIA agent (supposedly for only 1 year), editor of The Road to Yenan, a book addressing the Communist quest for global domination. Author of several books on communicating, history, political thought, and sailing, founder of the National Review and long time editor of it, delegate to the United Nations. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003. Member of the Knights of Malta.

Buffett, Warren
Studied at Wharton School of Finance 1947-1949, University of Nebraska 1950, Columbia University M.S., 1951. After working as an investment salesman and securities analyst, he was partner (1956-1969) in the investment firm Buffett Partnership, Ltd. In 1965, he acquired the textile manufacturer Berkshire Hathaway and became (1970) chairman and CEO. Through judicious investments and acquisitions of insurance companies and manufacturing and service firms, Buffett has transformed Berkshire Hathaway into a large conglomerate; in 1999, its assets were $124 billion. His investments have also made him one of the wealthiest people in the world. He has co-authored Warren Buffett Speaks (with J. C. Lowe, 1997) and Thoughts of Chairman Buffett (with S. Reynolds, 1998). His father, Howard Homan Buffett,. 1903-1964, an investment banker, was a U.S. congressman from Nebraska (1943-1949, 1951-1953). Warren Buffett is, just as Rupert Murdoch, acquinted with the Rothschild family and has been invited to Waddesdon Manor mansion in England. Member of the Alfalfa Club.

Burgener, Clair W.
Ladera
Republican, who served as member of California state assembly from 1963-1967, delegate to Republican National Convention from California in 1964, member of California state senate in 1967, U.S. Representative from California from 1973-1983.

Burns, Brian P.
Pelicans
A nationally regarded business executive, attorney and philanthropist, Brian P. Burns has been a moving force in many financial transactions involving mergers and turnarounds at many companies during his career. He is now chairman and president of BF Enterprises, Inc., based in San Francisco. He is founder and principal benefactor of the John J. Burns Library of Rare Books and Special Collections at Boston College, which was named in honor of his father. In 1990, the Burns Foundation, which Burns chairs, endowed the library with the visiting scholar in Irish Studies chair. Among his other activities, Burns is a director of the American Ireland Fund, and founding chairman of the board of the Palm Beach Pops Symphony Orchestra.

Bush, George H.W.
Hill Billies / Mandalay
Has a father who played a leading role in arming the Nazis. Skull & Bones. Salesman of Dresser Industries who sold important technology to the USSR. U.S. ambassador of the United Nations. U.S. ambassador to China. Chairman of the Republican National Committee during Watergate. Has openly supported the USSR, Communist China, Andropov & Mugabe. CIA director. US vice-president under Reagan. US president. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay and Hill Billies, the Atlantic Council of the United States, National Security Planning Group, and the Trilateral Commission. Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath. Director of the Carlyle Group. Close ties to the Bin Ladens and the Saudie Kingdom. George H.W. Bush and ex-MI6 and Le Cercle member Nicholas Elliott stood in contact with each other in 1980. Bush is not a confirmed member however.

Bush, George W.
Hill Billies
Yale Skull & Bones. Involved in a couple of failed oil companies. Texas governor. US president. Close to the Saudies.

Bush, John Ellis "Jeb"
Forty-third Governor of Florida. He is a prominent member of the Bush family, the younger brother of President George W. Bush.

Butler, Nicholas Murray
Butler earned an A.B (1882), M.A. (1883) and Ph.D. (1884), all in philosophy, at Columbia, specializing in the writings of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. He studied for a year at the universities of Berlin and Paris. Became a staff member of the Department of Philosophy at Columbia College, later known as Columbia University. In 1882, Nicholas Murray Butler was appointed by Columbia president Henry Barnard to offer Saturday lectures for teachers. The turnout was enormous. Member New Jersey Board of Education from 1887 to 1895. Delegate to the Republican Convention 1888-1936. In 1891 Butler founded the Educational Review, a journal of educational philosophies and developments. He served as its editor until 1921. Organized the New York College for the Training of Teachers in 1892, affiliated with Columbia. Chairman the Paterson school 1892-1893. In these roles he led efforts to remove state political interference from local New Jersey school systems. In New York City, he did the same, spurring the creation of a citywide school board that emphasized professionalism and policy over political spoils (1895–1897). When New York City’s consolidation was complete, New York State sought a similar reform with Butler’s advice, completed in 1904. Participated in the formation of the College Entrance Examination Board in 1900. Had become a close friend of Pilgrims Society member Elihu Root by this time. President of Columbia University 1901-1945. Professor Carroll Quigley wrote in ‘Tragedy and Hope': "J.P. Morgan and his associates were the most significant figures in policy making at Harvard, Columbia and Yale while the Whitneys and Prudential Insurance Company dominated Princeton. The chief officials of these universities were beholden to these financial powers and usually owed their jobs to them… Morgan himself helped make Nicholas Murray Butler president of Columbia." Robert A. McCaughey wrote in ‘Stand Columbia: A History of Columbia University in the City of New York, 1754–2004′: "A compulsive name-dropper given to self-puffery, Butler was nevertheless an effective administrator [of Columbia], and J.P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and E. H. Harriman sought to hire him to run their enterprises." Butler held the presidency in some of their railroad companies. President of the Germanistic Society of Columbia University in 1905-1906 and a director from 1908-1917. It organized and sponsored lecture series for German scholars in the United States. Travelled to Europe on occasion where he met with Kaiser Wilhelm and Mussolini in his early fascist days. Quote from the 1973 book ‘The Glory and the Dream, a Narrative History of America, 1932-1972′, by William Manchester, pages 67-68: "Nicholas Murray Butler told his students that totalitarian regimes brought forth "men of far greater intelligence, far stronger character, and far more courage than the system of elections," and if anyone represented the American establishment then it was Dr. Butler, with his 34 honorary degrees, and his thirty year tenure as president of Columbia University." (quoted by Charles Savoie) Supposedly Butler agreed with some of the Nazi racial theories about the superiority of the Teuton race. Another quote attributed to him is: "The history of American education and of our American contributions to philosophical thought cannot be understood or estimated with[out] knowing of the life work of Dr. William Torrey Harris." Harris, a supporter of Emmanuel Kant and Georg Hegel, shaped modern American education to a large degree. He also was highly influential in popularizing Hegel’s philosophies in the second half of the 19th century. Established a friendship with Governor Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century. President University Settlement Society 1905-1914. Became a trustee of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in 1905. President American Academy in Rome 1905-1940s. President of the American branch of International Conciliation, an organization founded in 1905 by a Nobel peace laureate, Baron d’Estournelles de Constant (from an "old aristocratic family which traced its genealogy back to the Crusades", whatever that means). Chairman of the Lake Mohonk Conferences on International Arbitration, which met periodically from 1907 to 1912. President American Scandinavian Society 1908-1911. Influential in persuading Andrew Carnegie (a Pilgrims member, Hegelian, and Social Darwinist) to establish the Endowment in 1910 with a gift of $10,000,000 he served as head of the Endowment’s section on international education and communication, founded the European branch of the Endowment, with headquarters in Paris, and held the presidency of the parent Endowment from 1925 to 1945. In 1912, Roosevelt ran for the presidency as the candidate of the Progressive Party, which drew most of its strength from Republicans, against the nominees of the constituted party: Taft for the presidency and Butler for the vice-presidency. By splitting the national vote, they permitted the Democrat, Woodrow Wilson, to win the election. President France-America Society 1914-1924. Nicholas Murray Butler, in an address delivered before the Union League of Philadelphia, Nov. 27, 1915: "The peace conference has assembled. It will make the most momentous decisions in history, and upon these decisions will rest the stability of the new world order and the future peace of the world."Both Nicholas Murray Butler and Elihu Root were staunch supporters of the League of Nations that would emerge after WWI. In 1916 Butler failed in his attempt to secure the Republican presidential nomination for Root. President American Hellenic Society 1917-1940s. William Bostock paper (University of Tasmania), ‘To the limits of acceptability: political control of higher education’ (2002): "On October 8, 1917, the famous historian Charles A. Beard resigned from Columbia University in protest over the dismissal of two colleagues, Professors Cattell and Dana, for having publicly opposed the entry of the United States into World War I. Cattell and Dana urged opposition to the draft, incurring the censure of Columbia President Nicholas Murray Butler and the Columbia Board of Trustees. There had also been a history of conflict over academic leadership and governance between Butler and Cattell, a distinguished psychologist." Michael Parenti, ‘Against Empire’ (1995), chapter 10: "A leading historian, Charles Beard, was grilled by the Columbia University trustees, who were concerned that his views might "inculcate disrespect for American institutions." In disgust Beard resigned from Columbia, declaring that the trustees and Nicholas Murray Butler sought "to drive out or humiliate or terrorize every man who held progressive, liberal, or unconventional views on political matters." Elihu Root, Nicholas Murray Butler, and Stephen P. Duggan Sr. (CFR director) founded the Institute for International Education in 1919. Failed to secure the Republican presidential nomination in 1920. During the 1920s Butler was a member of the General Committee of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, chaired by Thomas W. Lamont, a Rockefeller banker and Pilgrims Society member. John D. Rockefeller, Sr. once wrote a public letter to Butler explaining why he supported the prohibition movement. According to Richard Koudenhove-Kalergi in his 1958 book ‘Eine Idee erobert Europa. Meine Lebenserinnerungen’ (translated): "One of my most energetic American friends and patrons was the president of the Columbia University, Nicholas Murray Butler, the president of the Carnegie Endowment at the same time. He wrote the foreword to the American edition of Paneuropa." Kalergi’s Paneuropa movement was set up and funded by Max Warburg and Louis Rothschild in 1923. Paul and Felix Warburg were promoting the movement in the United States and Rothschild-ally Leopold S. Amery was a major supporter from the United Kingdom. Stephen P. Duggan, the CFR director and co-founder of the Institute for International Education, became the president of the American Cooperative Committee of the Pan-European Union (he held this position from 1925 to 1940). In 1927 Butler assisted the U.S. State Department in developing the Kellogg-Briand Pact. Failed to secure the Republican presidential nomination in 1928. President of the Pilgrims Society 1928-1946. Visitor of the Bohemian Grove and an honorary member by 1929. Butler gave the core members of the Frankfurt School’s Institute for Social Research a home in exile at Columbia University in 1934. These people were supporters of Georg Hegel, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, and Max Weber. Among these people was Herbert Marcuse, a Jewish Marxist Hegelian, who became the ‘father of the New Left’ in the 1960s. President Italy-America Society 1929-1935. Director of the New York Life Insurance Corporation 1929-1939. Nobel Peace Prize 1931. Received a gold medal from the National Institute of Social Sciences at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria in 1932, together with J.P. Morgan. On November 19, 1937, Butler attended a meeting where Pilgrims Society member Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, received a Nobel Prize for his work in establishing the League of Nations. Both Butler and Lord Cecil held speeches about the role the League of Nations should have. Although it is only a rumor, Butler is supposed to have said at this meeting (in private) that communism was a tool of the British financial powers to knock down national governments and to bring about a world government in the future. Chairman Carnegie Corporation of New York 1937-1945. Vice-president International Benjamin Franklin Society in 1939. Governor Pan American Trade Committee in 1939. Governor of the Metropolitan Club, founded by J.P. Morgan in 1891, and which counted among its members two Vanderbilts, three Mellons, five Du Ponts, and six Roosevelts. He was a governor Honorary president American Society of French Legion of Honor from 1944 on. Decorated by China, France, Dominican, Republic, Cuba, Germany, Greece, Yugoslavia, Belgium, Poland, Italy, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Holland, Chile and other countries. Quigley has quoted Butler as saying "The world is divided in to three classes of people: a very small group that makes things happen, a somewhat larger group that watches things happen, and the great multitude which never knows what happened."

Butler, Richard
Richard Butler, former head of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) to disarm Iraq is an expert in arms control, international security issues, the United Nations and the Middle East. He served as Australian Ambassador to the United Nations from 1992 to 1997, before serving as the head of UNSCOM from 1997-99. Currently Diplomat in Residence at the Council of Foreign Relations in New York, Richard Butler is an avid author who was granted the Order of Australia in 1988 for services to international peace and disarmament. His new book, "Fatal Choice: Nuclear Weapons and the Illusion of Missile Defense" was published in January 2002. Main Iraq negotiator for disarmament. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 titled "Saddam and Me".

Buttler, Samuel
Olin Chemical.

Calhoun, Alexander D.
Last Chance
Lawyer at Squire, Sanders & Dempsey LLP. Member of the American Bar Association, the State Bar of California, the New York State Bar, the District of Columbia Bar and the American Society of International Law. He has been a lecturer on international business transactions at the University of California Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, an adjunct professor of banking law at the University of San Francisco School of Law and a visiting lecturer at the Beijing Institute of Foreign Trade. Trustee of The Asia Foundation, a director emeritus of the Japan Society of Northern California and a commissioner of the Asian Art Commission, San Francisco. Recently, Mr. Calhoun has been involved in structuring constitutional convention and election-related arrangements in Afghanistan. He provides general corporate counsel to a nonprofit organization working to advance the mutual interests of the United States and the Asia Pacific region. This organization contracted with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAM) and the Afghan constitutional secretariat to support the process for Afghanistan’s Constitutional Loya Jirga (grand council), which recently adopted Afghanistan’s first constitution, and is currently supporting the election process under that constitution.

Califano, Joseph A.
Founding chairman and president of the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Director Ditchley Foundation. Legal council of the Democratic National Convention. Gave a speech in 1991: ‘America’s Health Revolution — Who Lives, WhoDies, Who Pays’.

Call, Richard W.
Lost Angels
The only Richard W. Call I see sits on the Board of Trustees of Santa Rosa Junior College (expiration date is 2008). This is located in California, not far from the Bohemian Grove.

Callaway, Howard H.
Pelicans
President Richard Nixon appointed Howard H. "Bo" Callaway as Secretary of the Army in 1973, Callaway continued in that position into the Ford administration. Callaway resigned from his post in June 1975 to become chairman of President Ford’s newly-formed campaign organization, the President Ford Committee (PFC). Callaway headed the PFC for nine months, overseeing the recruitment of personnel, the development of its organizational structure, and, in conjunction with the White House, the implementation of political strategies. In March 1976, Democratic Senator Floyd Haskell advanced charges that Callaway, while serving as Secretary of the Army, had furthered his family’s interests in a Colorado ski resort by persuading the Forest Service and the Civil Aeronautics Board to make rulings favorable to the resort. Callaway asked President Ford to relieve him of his duties pending the resolution of these charges. With Ford in a tough fight for the Republican nomination, Callaway soon resigned as PFC chairman. Member of the Council for National Policy (1998).

Carey, C. W.
Tunerville
Unknown.

Carter, Jimmy
Thirty-Ninth President of the United States 1977-1981.

Casey, Albert V.
Lost Angels
Harvard University, president of Times Mirror Co., publisher of The Los Angeles Times, CEO American Airlines 1974-1985, director of American Airlines, president and CEO Resolution Trust Corporation, Distinguished Executive at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, U.S. Postmaster General.

Casey, William J.
Mandalay
Chairman of the Security and Exchange Commission under Nixon, head of the Export-Import bank under Ford (1974-1975), Reagan campaign manager and CIA Director under Reagan, Bechtel consultant, outside legal counsel to Wackenhut, Knight of Malta, member Council on Foreign Relations, member Atlantic Council of the United States, died of a brain tumor 2 days before he could testify about his role in the Iran/Contra affair. According to "Watergate" journalist Carl Bernstein, Casey gave Pope John Paul II unprecedented access to CIA intelligence including spy satellites and agents.

Chadbourne, William
Mandalay
Stayed at Mandalay together with John Francis Neylan. They were coordinating the visit of Alexander Kerensky to the Bohemian Club, who was lecturing throughout the United States at that time.

Chain, John
A General and commander of the Strategic Air Command, who was lobbying for the B2-Spirit stealth bomber in 1989.

Chambers, Frank G.
Sempervirens
One of the most successful venture capital investor in the Silicon Valley. Chambers raised $5.5 million in 1959; his Continental Capital Corporation is believed to be the first Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) in Northern California.

Chambers, Robert L.
Midway
Director Allegiant Bancorp Inc. since 2000. Chambers has been President of Huntleigh Securities Corp., a securities brokerage company, since September 2000. Prior to that time, he was Chief Executive Officer of K.W. Chambers & Co., a regional, full-service broker/dealer, for more than five years.

Charles, Allan E.
Dog House
Unknown.

Cheney, Richard ‘Dick’ B.
Dropped out of Yale and wasn’t motivated in studying at all. Refocusing on academics, Cheney first matriculated to Casper Community College in 1963 and thereafter to the University of Wyoming where he began earning straight A’s. He received his bachelor’s degree in 1965 and master’s degree in political science in 1966 both from the University of Wyoming. Some time later, Cheney was selected for a one-year fellowship in the office of Representative William Steiger, a Republican congressman from Wisconsin. Dick Cheney’s public service career began under the Nixon administration in 1969. He served in a number of positions at the Cost of Living Council, at the United States Office of Economic Opportunity (as a special assistant to Donald Rumsfeld beginning in the spring of 1969), and within the White House. Under President Gerald Ford, Cheney became Assistant to the President and the youngest White House Chief of Staff in history (1975-1977). Chairman of the Republican Policy Committee from 1981 to 1987. In 1986, after President Reagan vetoed a bill to impose economic sanctions against South Africa for its official policy of apartheid, Cheney was one of 83 Representatives who voted against overriding the veto. Cheney served as the Secretary of Defense from 1989 to 1993 under President George H. W. Bush. He directed Operation Just Cause in Panama and Operation Desert Storm in the Middle East. Director Council on Foreign Relations 1987-1989 & 1993-1995. Member of the Trilateral Commission. Cheney joined the American Enterprise Institute after leaving office in 1993. From 1995 until 2000, he served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Halliburton, a Fortune 500 company and market leader in the energy sector. He also sat on the Board of Directors of Procter & Gamble, Union Pacific, and EDS. In 1997, he, along with Donald Rumsfeld and others, founded the "Project for the New American Century," a think tank whose self-stated goal is to "promote American global leadership". U.S. vice-president 2000-2008. Held a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1991 called "Major DefenseProblems of the 21st Century". Regent of the Corporate Management Board of the Smithsonian Institution.

Choper, Jesse H.
Law clerk to Chief Justice Earl Warren.

Clark, David A.
Fore Peak
Unknown.

Clark, James W.
Land of Happiness
Unknown.

Clark, Richard Ward
Aviary
Slowly worked himself up in General Mills and McKesson, vice- president of Finances and CFO of the Provigo Corporation, has produced a few low-circulation albums and has authored a book.

Clark, William Patrick
Isle of Aves
Stanford University and Loyola Law School, United States Secretary of Interior, National Security Advisor, deputy secretary of state, justice of the California Supreme Court, justice of the California Court of Appeal, and judge of the Superior, chairman of the Task Group on Nuclear Weapons Program Management, presidential emissary to the chairmen of the Navajo and Hopi Indian tribes, member of the Commission on Defense Management (headed by David Packard), as a member of the Defense Department’s Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy, trustee Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Library, chief executive officer Clark Company, senior counsel to the law firm of Clark, Cali and Negranti.

Clausen, Alden W.
Hill Billies
Chairman and CEO BankAmerica Corporation, President World Bank 1981-1986, trustee Asia Foundation, and the A.W. Clausen Center for World Business is named after him.

Clay, Lucius D.
Held many army administrative posts and became (1944) deputy director of the office of War Mobilization and Reconversion. Clay was (1945–47) deputy chief of the U.S. military government in Germany and in 1947 became commander of U.S. troops in Europe. He directed operations in the Berlin blockade as U.S. military governor (1947–49). Clay retired from the army as a full general in May, 1949, to enter private business. After the closing of the borders between East and West Berlin by the Communists, he served (Sept., 1961–May, 1962) as President Kennedy’s personal representative in Berlin with the rank of ambassador. He wrote Decision in Germany (1950). Went to the Bohemian Grove in the 1960s. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Cleave, Peter Van
President of the Northwestern Alumni Association from 1980 to 1982, Mr. Van Cleave also sat on the board of the John Evans Club for six years. His firm, Peter Van Cleave & Associates, helped families set up charitable trusts to honor deceased relatives. He also volunteered extensively with people with learning disabilities at the Roseland Training Center on Chicago’s South Side.

Clemm, Michael von
President of Templeton College, Oxford, who gave a speech in the Bohemian Grove in 1997. Von Clemm was an American, born on Long Island, educated at Exeter and Harvard. He and his wife left the U.S. to pursue postgraduate studies in anthropology at Oxford and, later, to spend two years with a Tanganyikan tribe. He flirted with notions of journalism and the World Bank, where he thought that his anthropological expertise might be of use –"Giving aid to societies without knowing how the societies work would be like pouring money down the drain," he said — but saved himself much frustration by making finance his principal career instead. He joined the London office of Citibank where he invented several financial instruments, helping to found the "Eurodollar" market and to establish London as the world’s leading financial center. Member of the White’s Club.

Clinton, William Jefferson
Rhodes scholar; Bohemian Grove 1991 (no regular); Bilderberg 1991; United States president 1992-2000; member of the Trilateral Commission; member of the Council on Foreign Relations; went to Davos World Economic Forum.

Clinton, J. Hart
Cliff Dwellers
Publisher of San Mateo Times. Antitrust attorney with the San Francisco firm Morrison & Foerster.

Coelho, Tony
Chairman of the House Democratic Campaign Committee before he visited the Bohemian Grove in 1989.

Cole, Jerry C.
Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Coleman , Lewis W.
Isle of Aves
Stanford University, 13 years with Wells Fargo and Company and ending as chairman, chairman of Banc of America Securities LLC, and Chief Financial Officer, head of the World Banking Group and head of Capital Markets at BankAmerica, director Northrop Grunman, director Chiron Corporation, a biotechnology company, president of the Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation (San Francisco) 2000-2004, now a trustee of that foundation, overseer of the Hoover Institution, member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Collier, Harry
Stowaway
He was a co-captain of the Stowaway camp. Graduated Oxford University 1963 (Modern History). Worked in technical and scientific publishing 1964-71 (McGraw-Hill, Butterworth Scientific, Pergamon Press, Institution of Electrical Engineers). Worked for ISI (Philadelphia) as Head of European Operations 1971-79, based for four years in France and four years in England. Joined Learned Information in Oxford in 1979 as a Director responsible for publishing, newsletters and projects. In December 1987 he formed his own company, Infonortics Ltd to specialise in newsletters, conferences, studies, seminars and projects in the area of electronic information. Harry Collier was Chairman of EUSIDIC, the European Association of Information Services, 1983–84, and again in 1985–86. From January 1988 until December 1991 he was Executive Director of EUSIDIC, and for eight years a Council member of INTUG, the International Telecommunication Users Group. In 1992 he was one of the founders of the Association of Global Strategic Information (AGSI) and played a major organisational part in that association. Harry Collier is a frequent speaker at meetings throughout Europe and North America. He was founder editor and chief writer for the industry monthly newsletter Monitor from its first issue in 1981 until December 1993; he is author of a book ‘Strategies in the Electronic Information Industry’, and his latest book (1998) is ‘The Electronic Publishing Maze: Strategies in the Electronic Publishing Industry’. In May 1998 he received the OSS ‘Golden Candle’ Award for his services to the information community. Harry Collier speaks English and French, with some Italian and German. Hobbies include food, wine, playing the violin, and collecting recordings of violinists.

Colmery, Harry W.
Piedmont
National commander of The American Legion. Author of the initial draft of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the GI Bill of Rights.

Conger, Harry M.
Isle of Aves
Chairman Western Business Roundtable 1985, chairman and CEO Homestake Mining Company (gold mines in North America, South America and Australia. Merged with Barrick Gold Corporation in 2001), chairman American Mining Congress, chairman World Gold Council, director Pacific Gas and Electric Company, trustee Caltech, fellow California Council on Science and Technology.

Coolbrith, Ina
Became California’s poet laureate in 1918 and was the first woman in any state to have been appointed to that position. Bohemian Grovers Jack London and Mark Twain were among here admirers. She was a Librarian at the Bohemian Club and edited Daniel O’Connell’s poet "Songs of Bohemia". She was born in the 1841.

Cook, Sam B.
Last Chance
From a ground floor office at First National Bank of St. Louis headquarters in Clayton, Sam Bryan Cook has operational authority over a $4 billion banking empire that extends into almost every part of Missouri. Cook, 46, last year was named president and chief operating officer of Central Bancompany Inc., the 13-bank holding company headed by his father, Sam B. Cook. The move was viewed by many in the industry as an indication that Sam Cook, 75, would soon hand the reins of the family-controlled firm over to his only son, the only family member active in the company’s operations. The younger Cook — who goes by his middle name — also is vice chairman of Central Bancompany and chairman and chief executive officer of First National Bank of St. Louis.

Cooley, Richard P.
Mandalay
President and CEO of Wells Fargo 1966-1982, chairman and CEO Seafirst Bank 1983-1994, trustee of the RAND Corporation 1971-1981 & 1982-1992, trustee of Caltech, director of PACCAR 1991-1996 (which manufactures Peterbilt trucks). Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Coolidge, Calvin
President of the United States (1923-1929).

Coors, Joseph
Described as "anti-labor, racist, and homophobic". His grandfather founded Golden-based Adolph Coors Co. in 1873 and made a fortune. Joseph later used this brewing fortune to support President Reagan and help create the conservative Heritage Foundation in 1973 (donated $250,000). The prominent right-wing activist Paul Weyrich and wealthy right-wingers Richard Scaife (donated $900,000) and Edward Noble helped with the creation of this foundation. By 1995, the Foundation had an annual budget of $25 million and was headed by Le Cercle member Edwin Feulner. Coors was a member of an advisory group to Ronald Reagan that received security clearances to learn about new weapons developments such as nuclear x-ray lasers, which started in 1982.

Coors, Bill
Brother of Joseph Coors. He is vice-chairman for Adolph Coors Co. The chairman is his son, Peter Coors.

Coppola, Francis Ford
Made Apocalypse Now in 1979. In 1986 Coppola, with George Lucas, directed the Michael Jackson film for Disney theme parks, Captain Eo, which at the time was the most expensive film per minute ever made. Made The Godfather series from 1972 to 1990. Directed Bram Stoker’s Dracula in 1992. In 1998, he gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove titled ‘Two Republics: Rome and America’.

Costello, Joseph V., Jr
Owner and founder of Hill & Company. Since 1956 Hill & Co. has been one of San Francisco’s premier brokerage for residential real estate. His wife, Patricia Funsten Costello, a Past President of the Junior League (1964-1965) and a vivacious San Francisco community leader, died on January 22, 2004. During her time as president of the Junior League funds were approved to establish the Ravenswood Child Care Center in East Palo Alto.

Creson, William T.
Cuckoo’s Nest
CEO and chairman of Crown Zellerbach, until it was taken over by Sir James Goldsmith (Le Cercle).

Crocker, Charles
Stowaway
Chairman of the board of Children’s Hospital in San Francisco, chairman of the Hamlin School’s Board of Trustees, president of the Foundation of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, president of Crocker Capital Corporation, founder, chairman and chief executive officer of BEI Technologies Inc., board member of BEI Medical Systems Company, Inc., board member of Fiduciary Trust International, board member of Pope & Talbot Inc., board member of Teledyne Technologies Incorporated since 2001, director at Franklin Templeton Investments, where Anne M. Tatlock is vice-chairman (left her WTC office on 9/11 to meet with Warren Buffett at Offutt AFB, where Bush would land that day) and Thomas Kean is a director (headed the 9/11 commission in 2004-2005).

Cronkite, Walter
Hill Billies
Very well-know journalist and anchorman, who sat on the board of CBS. Supposedly he did the Owl’s voice in the Cremation of Care ceremony. Newswriter and editor, Scripps-Howard, also for United Press, Houston, Texas; Kansas City, Missouri; Dallas, Austin, and El Paso, Texas; and New York City; United Press war correspondent, 1942-45, foreign correspondent, reopening bureaus in Amsterdam, Brussels; chief correspondent, Nuremberg war crimes trials, bureau manager, Moscow, 1946-48, manager and contributor, 1948-49, CBS-News correspondent, 1950-81, special correspondent, since 1981; managing editor, CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite, 1962-81.

Crosby, Bing
One of the most popular and influential American singers and actors of the 20th century, rivaled only by Elvis Presley and The Beatles. Die in 1977.

Crown, Lester
Billionaire. General Dynamics Executive vice president and director. Went in 1979. Chairman of Henry Crown and Company (diversified investments) since 2002. President of Henry Crown and Company from 1973 to 2002. Director of Maytag Corporation. Lester controls family holdings, including large stakes in General Dynamics, Maytag, Bank One and pro basketball’s Chicago Bulls. Major benefactor of Jewish charities, universities and the Aspen Institute. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Cunningham, Keith A.
UNC Resources (United Nuclear Corporation). 1980 guest of James Bancroft.

Dachs, Alan
Hill Billies
President and CEO of the Fremont Group and director of Bechtel Group Inc.

Dart, Justin
Justin Dart, Jr., was born on August 29, 1930, into a wealthy and prominent family. His grandfather was the founder of the Walgreen Drugstore chain, his father a successful business executive, his mother a matron of the American avant garde. In 1981, President Ronald Reagan appointed Dart to be the vice-chair of the National Council on Disability. The Darts embarked on a nationwide tour, at their own expense, meeting with activists in every state. Dart and others on the Council drafted a national policy that called for national civil rights legislation to end the centuries old discrimination of people with disabilities — what would eventually become the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. In 1986, Dart was appointed to head the Rehabilitation Services Administration, a $3 billion federal agency that oversees a vast array of programs for disabled people. A leader of the international disability rights movement and a renowned human rights activist, died last night at his home in Washington D.C. Widely recognized as "the father of the Americans with Disabilities Act" and "the godfather of the disability rights movement," Dart had for the past several years struggled with the complications of post-polio syndrome and congestive heart failure. He was seventy-one years old. Dart was also a highly successful entrepreneur, using his personal wealth to further his human rights agenda by generously contributing to organizations, candidates, and individuals.

Davidow, William
Former CEO at Intel. Dr. William H. Davidow has served as a Director since April 1995 and as Chairman of the Board of Directors since June 1996 of FormFactor, Inc.. Since 1985, Dr. Davidow has been a general partner of Mohr, Davidow Ventures, a venture capital firm. Dr. Davidow serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors of one publicly traded company, Rambus Inc., in addition to FormFactor. Dr. Davidow also serves on the board of directors of one privately held company. Dr. Davidow holds an A.B. and a M.S. in electrical engineering from Dartmouth College, a M.S. in electrical engineering from the California Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University.

Davidson, Ralph P.
River Lair
Since 1986 Mr. Davidson has been chairman of the executive committee of the Time, Inc., board of directors in New York, NY. Prior to this he served as chairman of the board of Time, Inc., 1980 – 1986. Mr. Davidson has been with Time, Inc., since 1954 in various capacities: retail representative for Life magazine, European regional manager of Time International, advertising sales executive, European advertising director in London, managing director of Time International and associate publisher, and vice president and publisher. In 1982 Mr. Davidson was appointed to the President’s Commission on Executive Exchange. He is also a member of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Centennial Commission, chairman of the executive committee of the Business Committee for the Arts, and a director of the New York City Ballet. Member of the CFR and the Trilateral Commission.

Davis, Donald W.
Iron Ring
Unknown.

Davis, Dwight F.
Secretary of War 1925-1929. He succeeded Henry L. Stimson as governor-general (1929-1932) of the Philippines. In World War II, Davis served in the army as a major general. Died in 1945.

Davis, Paul L., Jr.
Unknown.

Davis, Richard Mercer
Poker Flat
Unknown.

Davis, William L.
Sahara
Spent more than 20 years at Emerson Electric Co. where he held several senior positions, including president of Appleton Electric Company and president of Skil Corporation. In 1988, he was promoted to executive vice president responsible for Emerson’s Tool Group, and in 1993 he was named senior vice president responsible for Emerson Industrial Motors and Drives Group and the Process Control Group. Prior to joining Emerson, Davis spent 12 years in retail with Sears, Roebuck & Co. Davis currently serves on the boards of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the Chicago Urban League, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, and the YMCA of Metropolitan Chicago. In addition, he is a trustee of Northwestern University and serves on the advisory board of the J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management; and is a member of the Civic Committee of the Commercial Club of Chicago. Davis is chairman, president and CEO of R.R. Donnelley, one of the leading commercial printers and content management suppliers in the world. Director of Marathon Oil Corporation since 2002. Trustee of the Aspen Institute.

Day, Robert A.
Whoo Cares
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Trust Company of the West, an investment management company. Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of W. M. Keck Foundation, a national philanthropic organization. Director of Syntroleum Corporation, Sociiti Ginirale and McMoRan Exploration Co. (McMoRan). Director at
Freeport-McMoran Copper & Gold, Inc since 1995.

De Benedetti, John L.
Skyhi
John is President of MarketPulse, a consulting firm that works with leading biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies on strategies for product development and launch, doctor acceptance, product pricing and market acceptance issues. Director of directMD, Inc. (another one of these directors is in business with the Bechtels)

DeMuth, Christopher
J.D., University of Chicago Law School A.B., Harvard University. DeMuth researches regulation. He served in the Nixon and Reagan administrations and was a senior advisor to the Bush 2000 Election Campaign. He is on the Board of the Smith Richardson Foundation, which funds several right-wing think tanks, including AEI. DeMuth also heads one of the most influential think tanks in Washington, the American Enterprise Institute, which saw about two dozen of its affiliates receive appointments in the administration of George W. Bush. DeMuth gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Dennis, Reid W.
Midway
A venture capitalist and recipient of the “Lifetime Achievement Award” from the National Venture Capital Association. He was formerly president and chairman of the National Venture Capital Association (NVCA) and a past President of the Western Association of Venture Capitalists (WAVC).Mr. Reid is also the founder and a managing director of Institutional Venture Partners (IVP). IVP has invested in over 200, including Atmel, Foundry Networks, Juniper Networks, LSI Logic, Sequent Computer Systems, Stratus Computer, Synoptics, and Wellfleet.

DePalma, Robert A.
Rockwell Chief Financial Officer in the 1980’s.

Dickason, James F.
Lost Angels
Studied at Stanford University, 10 year trustee of Stanford University, helped direct fund-raising drives for the University and served as president of the business school advisory council, President The Newhall Land and Farming Co., instrumental in the development of the city of Valencia in northern Los Angeles County, member of the Hoover Institution Board of Overseers 1986-1992.

Dillingham, Lowell
Scion of an old Hawaiian family and son of Walter F. Dillingham. Dillingham gradually assumes control of the company since 1960. He oversees the merger of Hawaiian Dredging and the Oahu Railway in that same year to form the Dillingham Corp. and transforming the family business into a public company. He later becomes chairman of the company and is mentioned as a visitor of the Bohemian Grove in the 1980s. In 2003 the company filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy. Founded in the 1880s to build a railroad across the swamps of Oahu, Dillingham became a leading engineering and construction firm, building dams, airfields, high-rise offices, hotels and embassies around the world — including San Francisco’s Embarcadero One, the Hyatt at Union Square and the Wells Fargo Building. in the past decade, Dillingham became embroiled in several nasty disputes with government customers — notably Los Angeles and San Francisco — in which the company said it was owed millions, while the cities or counties alleged overbilling, substandard construction and misrepresentation of minority involvement.

Dingman, Michael D.
Whoo Cares
Dingman has been President of Shipston Group Ltd. (international investments) since 1994. He was Chairman of the Board of Fisher from 1991 to 1998. Still a director at Fisher Scientific International Inc.

Djerejian, Edward P.
founding Director of the The Honorable Edward P. DjerejianJames A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University, is one of the United States’ most distinguished diplomats with his career spanning the administrations of eight U.S. Presidents. A leading expert on the complex political, security, economic, religious, and ethnic issues of the Middle East, Ambassador Djerejian has played key roles in the Arab-Israeli peace process, the U.S.-led coalition against Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait, successful efforts to end the civil war in Lebanon, the release of U.S. hostages in Lebanon, and the establishment of collective and bilateral security arrangements in the Persian Gulf. Prior to his nomination by President Clinton as United States Ambassador to Israel, Ambassador Djerejian served both President Bush and President Clinton as Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs and President Reagan and President Bush as U.S. Ambassador to the Syrian Arab Republic. Ambassador Djerejian has also served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, as Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the White House, and as Deputy Chief of the U.S. mission to the Kingdom of Jordan. A foreign service officer since 1962, other assignments include political officer in Beirut, Lebanon, and Casablanca, Morocco, Consul General in Bordeaux, France, and he headed the political section in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow during the critical period in U.S.-Soviet relations marked by the invasion of Afghanistan. Ambassador Djerejian served in the United States Army as a First Lieutenant in the Republic of Korea following his graduation from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. He holds a Bachelor of Science, an Honorary Doctorate in Humanities from Georgetown University, and an Honorary Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, from Middlebury College, and is fluent in Arabic, Russian, French, and Armenian. Director of the James Baker III Institute for Public Policy–Rice University. In 1999, he gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove titled "The Middle East Peace Process: Changes and Prospects". Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Doan, Herbert D.
Sundodgers
President and CEO of The Dow Chemical Company from 1962 to 1971. He served on the Dow and Dow Corning boards of directors and in 1973 founded Doan Associates, the second venture capital company in Michigan. He chairs the board of Neogen Corporation and is on the boards of the Michigan Molecular Institute (MMI) and Dendritech, Inc., a for-profit subsidiary of MMI. In the public arena he has served on the National Science Board (the governing body of the National Science Foundation) and the board of the Office of Technology Assessment. He has worked with the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, cochaired Michigan’s Venture Capital Task Force, and served as president of the Michigan High Technology Task Force. Doan is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Chemical Society, and Sigma XI, and has received several honorary degrees. Since 1996 he has been president and chairman of the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Foundation. Recipients of the Petrochemical Heritage Award.

Dockson, Robert R.
Cuckoo’s Nest
Robert R. Dockson graduated from the University of Southern California with a masters degree in international relations and a Ph.D in economics. He was later appointed dean of the University of Southern California School of Business Administration. In 1970 he became chairman and CEO of CalFed Inc.

Dodd, Edwin D.
Midway
Chairman and chief executive officer of Owens-Illinois Inc., was appointed by Ronald Reagan to the Commission on Industrial Competitiveness.

Doolittle, Jimmy
Old Aviator who went in the 1960s.

Donovan, William
William Donovan was born in Buffalo, United States, on 1st January, 1883. After graduating from Columbia University in 1907 he became a lawyer. Donovan was an active member of the Republican Party and after meeting Herbert Hoover he worked as his political adviser, speech writer and campaign manager. During the First World War Donovan joined the United States Army and as a colonel in the 69th Infantry Regiment won the Medal of Honor and three Purple Hearts. While in Europe he visited Russia and spent time with Alexander Kolchak and the White Army. Donovan ran unsuccessfully as lieutenant governor in 1922 but was appointed by President Calvin Coolidge as his assistant attorney general. In 1932 he was the Republican candidate for the post of governor of New York. By the time Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president in 1932 Donovan was a millionaire Wall Street lawyer. He was a strong opponent of Roosevelt’s New Deal but shared the president’s concern about political developments in Nazi Germany and in 1940 Donovan agreed to take part in several secret fact-finding missions in Europe. In July 1941, Roosevelt appointed Donovan as his Coordinator of Information. The following year Donovan became head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), an organization that was given the responsible for espionage and for helping the resistance movement in Europe. He was helped in this by William Stephenson and Britain’s MI6 chief, Stewart Menzies. Donovan was given the rank of major general and during the Second World War he built up a team of 16,000 agents working behind enemy lines. As soon as the Second World War ended President Harry S. Truman ordered the OSS to be closed down. However, it provided a model for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) established in September 1947. Donovan returned to his law practice in 1946. In 1949, he became chairman of the newly-founded American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), which he helped to establish together with Churchill son-in-law and CIA agent Duncan Sandys, Vatican agent Joseph Retinger, and Knights of Malta member and CIA chief Allen Dulles. Donovan himself was another member of the Knights of Malta. Through the ACUE a lot of CIA, Rockefeller, and Ford money was funneled to Radio Free Europe, the Economist, the European Council of Princes, the Gehlen Organization, and the Stay-Behind networks. Donovan became ambassador to Thailand in 1953 and died in 1959. He was already attending the Bohemian Grove in the 1920’s.

Douglass, Kingman
Isle of Aves
Yale, investment banker, military service in World War II: senior US Army Air Corps intelligence liaison officer in British Air Ministry; Allied Intelligence Group in Pacific Theater, OSS, deputy director CIA March 1946 to July 1946, assistant director CIA 1951-1952.

Drake, J. Harrington
Drake presided over a decade of top financial performance at Dun & Bradstreet Corporation – growing revenues from $480 million to over $2 billion. He was chairman from 1975 to 1984 and achieved ten consecutive years of top market value performance and expanded D&B’s core services, most notably with the acquisition of A. C. Nielsen Company. Went to the Bohemian Grove in 1981 as a gueast of Henry T. Mudd, then former Chairman of Cyprus Mines.

Draper, William H. III
Hill Billies
President and chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United States 1981-1986, director of the United Nations Development Program 1986, founder and managing director of Draper International venture capital firm. His father, William H. Draper, Jr., (1894-1974) was made director, vice president, and assistant treasurer of the German Credit and Investment Corp (set up by Dillon, Read & Co. of Pilgrim Clarence Dillon). His business was short-term loans and financial management tricks for Thyssen and the German Steel Trust. Draper was an associate of Prescott Bush and Pilgrim Averell Harriman. Member Atlantic Council of the United States.

Dreier, David
A Republican member of the United States House of Representatives (congress) since 1981, representing the 26th District of California. Dreier has served as chairman of the powerful House Rules Committee since 1999. He has also served as chairman of California’s Republican Congressional Delegation since 2001. Dreier was a major player in helping elect Arnold Schwarzenegger in California’s 2003 recall election, and is a frequent guest on the political talk show circuit. Throughout his early Congressional service, Dreier established a record as a strong supporter of tax cuts and of President Reagan’s anti-Communist foreign policy. Locally Dreier is well known for supporting local institutions such as the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Metro Gold Line, and advocates for transportation improvements such as railroad grade separations and highway expansion. Homosexual.

Drury, Allen
Totum Inn
The veteran journalist was covering the U.S. Senate for The New York Times in 1959 when he finally completed and published the political novel he had begun seven years earlier. The tale of political and sexual scandal involving selection of a new secretary of state won immediate critical acclaim and became a best-seller. It earned the Pulitzer for literature the following year, launching a new career for Drury as author. He went on to write 17 other novels and five nonfiction books.

DuBain, Myron
Midway
Businessman and friend of the Bush family. He received a BA from the University California, Berkeley in 1946 and also graduated from Stanford University in 1967. DuBain has been on the board of advisors of the University California, Berkeley. DuBain served as President and CEO of the Fireman’s Fund Insurance from 1974 to 1975; Chairman, President, and CEO until 1981. From 1981 to 1982 he served as Vice Chairman of the board of American Express. He served as chairman of SRI International from 1985 to 1989. DuBain has also served on the board of Transamerica, Wells Fargo Bank, and SCIOS. He serves on the board of directors of the San Francisco Opera. From 1989 to 1996 he served as Chairman of the James Irvine Foundation. DuBain is a member of the Bohemian Club, Pacific Union Club, California Tennis Club, Lagunitas Country Club, and the Villa Taverna Club.

Ducommun, Charles E.
Mandalay
Professor of Education and Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. He sat on Stanford’s board of trustees from 1961 to 1971.

Duggan, Ervin S.
Reporter for the Washington Post, 1964 – 1965. Staff assistant to the President at the White House 1965 – 1969. Director of Special Projects (History and Art) at the Smithsonian Institution 1969 – 1970. Author with Doubleday and Co. 1970 – 1971. Special assistant to Senator Adlai E. Stevenson 1971 – 1977. Special Assistant to the Secretary at the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1977 – 1979. Member of the policy planning staff at the Department of State, 1979 – 1981. National editor of Washingtonian Magazine, 1981 – 1986. Since 1981, Duggan has served as a communications consultant with Ervin S. Duggan Associates in Washington, DC. President and CEO of Public Broadcasting Service 1994 – 1999. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Duncan, Charles W. Jr.
Duncan joined Duncan Foods Company in 1947 and was elected president in 1958. When Duncan Foods merged into The Coca-Cola Company in 1964, Duncan was elected to the company’s board. He served as deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of Defense from January 1977 to August 1979 and as secretary of the Department of Energy from August 1979 until January 1981. Director of United Technologies when he went to visit the Bohemian Grove in 1981. Duncan is treasurer and director of The Methodist Hospital. He is a trustee emeritus and past chairman of the board of governors of Rice University. He was also appointed commissioner on the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission and continues to be actively involved with other civic, charitable and corporate organizations.

Du Pont, John Eleuthere
Isle of Aves
Fortune estimated at about 250 million, gay, B.S. Zoology at University of Miami 1965, supposedly lived for about the first 50 years with his mother, threatened his wife a couple of times with a gun, calling her a Soviet spy, converted his 800 acre Foxcatcher into a wrestling "training compound", complete with 14,400 square foot training facility costing over half a million dollars, became the primary benefactor to the sport of amateur wrestling in the entire United States, Du Pont perfected an (illegal) wrestling move, the ‘Foxcatcher Five’, in which the opponent’s testicles are cupped not-so-gently, opened a firing range at Foxcatcher, which he named the ‘J. Edgar Hoover Pistol Training Center’, as his mother dies at age 91, Du Pont shows up at her funeral late and in a track suit 1988, dismisses three black wrestlers, telling them Foxcatcher was now a "KKK organization." in 1995, John du Pont kills Olympic wrestler David Schultz in 1996 and is taken into custody after a 2-day standoff.

Duryea, Leslie N. II
Lost Angels
Stanford University member, which means he has been giving donations and did lots of voluntary work for them.

Eastwood, Clint
Famous movie star. Appeared in Schwarzenegger’s Pumping Iron remake. Also went to the Sun Valley meetings.

Edwards, William C.
Member of the Hoover Institution Board of Overseers.

Ehrlichman, John D.
Mandalay
Ehrlichman, who along with H.R. Haldeman was one of Nixon’s two top advisers (Domestic affairs), resigned from his White House post in April 1973 and was convicted two years later for obstruction of justice, conspiracy and perjury in the attempted cover-up of the Watergate burglary and related crimes. After his release from prison, Ehrlichman later moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he began a new career as an artist, writer and commentator. He wrote four books. He eventually moved to Atlanta where he was senior vice president of Law Environmental. He once said to a reporter: "Once you’ve spent three days with someone in an informal situation, you have a relationship — a relationship that opens doors and makes it easier to pick up the phone."

Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Stowaway
In his early Army career, he excelled in staff assignments, serving under Generals John J. Pershing, Douglas MacArthur, and Walter Krueger. After Pearl Harbor, General George C. Marshall (Pilgrims Society) called him to Washington for a war plans assignment. He commanded the Allied Forces landing in North Africa in November 1942; on D-Day, 1944, he was Supreme Commander of the troops invading France. After the war, he became President of Columbia University, then took leave to assume supreme command over the new NATO forces being assembled in 1951. Stayed in the Bohemian Grove camp Stowaway in 1951. Republican emissaries to his headquarters near Paris persuaded him to run for President in 1952. U.S. president from 1953 to 1961.

Elachi, Charles
He is currently the Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Vice President of the California Institute of Technology, where he is also a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Planetary Science. He taught "The Physics of Remote Sensing" at Caltech from 1982 to 2000. Elachi was Principal Investigator on numerous research and development studies and flight projects sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He was Principal Investigator for the Shuttle Imaging Radar series (SIR-A in 1981, SIR-B in 1984 and SIR-C in 1994), was a Co-Investigator on the Magellan imaging radar, and is presently the Team Leader of the Cassini Titan Radar experiment and a co-investigator on the Rosetta Comet Nucleus Sounder Experiment. 2004 lakeside talk; ‘Exploring Mars and Searching for Life in the Universe.’ In his 30 year career at JPL, Dr. Elachi played the lead role in developing the field of spaceborne imaging radar from a small research area to a major field of scientific research and application. As a result, JPL and NASA became the world leaders in the field of spaceborne imaging radars, and over the last decade, developed Seasat, SIR-A, SIR-B, SIR-C, Magellan, SRTM and the Cassini Radar.

Elliott, George
In 1989 he wrote at the Bohemian Grove: "Around campfires large and small, warm hospitality awaits you. Of course you must be with us." As Kerry’s former commanding officer in Vietnam, he became a key figure in a book and ad campaign questioning Democratic Presidential Candidate John F. Kerry’s war record. Changed his mind a couple of times over it a couple of times.

Emett, Robert L.
Star & Garter
Trustee of California’s Claremont McKenna College.

Evans, James H.
University of Chicago Law School, high positions at Reuben H. Donnelley Corp., Dun & Bradstreet Inc., and the Seamen’s bank for Savings, in the navy during WWII, chairman 1965 Red Cross Campaign for Greater New York, chairman of the Union Pacific Corporation, director Citicorp, AT&T, Bristol-Myers, General Motors Corp. and Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., governor Foreign Policy Association, trustee Rockefeller Brothers Fund, University of Chicago and the American Youth Foundation, Bohemian Grove visitor.

Fay, Paul B., Jr.
Zaca
President, The Fay Improvement Company – financial consulting and business ventures. Director at First American Corporation and Vestaur Securities Inc.

Feick, William
Whoo Cares
Served as managing-director of William D. Witter, Inc., 1987-1993 and as a financial consultant tsince 1994. Director at Piedmont Mining Co. since 1984. Chairman Peggy Guggenheim Collection Advisory Board.

Feulner, Edwin J.
Cave Man
Once hosted by Nixon. Member of the secretive intelligence group Le Cercle. Dr. Feulner has studied at the University of Edinburgh, the London School of Economics, the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, and Regis University. Feulner is the President of enormously influential right-wing Heritage Foundation, Washington’s leading public policy organization or think tank. Unlike most other think tanks, Heritage not only suggests ideas but actively pushes them in Congress. If you have any doubt that the Heritage Foundation is engaged in systematic lobbying, consider the words of Heritage vice presidents Stuart Butler and Kim Holmes, published in the 1995 Annual Report issued in spring 1996:
Butler: Heritage now works very closely with the congressional leadership…. Heritage has been involved in crafting almost every piece of major legislation to move through Congress.
Holmes: Without exaggeration, I think we’ve in effect become Congress’s unofficial research arm…. We truly have become an extension of the congressional staff, but on our own terms and according to our own agenda.
Butler: That’s right. As Kim knows, things have been happening so fast on Capitol Hill we’ve had to sharpen our management skills to take full advantage of the opportunities. There has also been an unprecedented demand on us to "crunch the numbers" for the new congressional leadership.
On January 18, 1989 President Reagan conferred the Presidential Citizens Medal on Feulner as "a leader of the conservative movement." Feulner also serves as Treasurer and Trustee of The Mont Pelerin Society; Trustee and former Chairman of the Board of The Intercollegiate Studies Institute; member of the Board of the National Chamber Foundation; member of the Board of Visitors of George Mason University; a Trustee of the Acton Institute, and the International Republican Institute. He is past president of various organizations including The Philadelphia Society and the Mont Pelerin Society, and past Director of Sequoia Bank, Regis University and the Council for National Policy. Feulner served on the Congressional Commission on International Financial Institutions ("Meltzer Commission," 1999-2000). He was the Vice Chairman of the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform ("Kemp Commission," 1995-1996), Counselor to Vice Presidential candidate Jack Kemp (1996), Chairman of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy (1982-91), a Consultant for Domestic Policy to President Reagan, and an advisor to several government departments and agencies. He was a member of the President’s Commission on White House Fellows (1981-83), of the Secretary of State’s UNESCO Review Observation Panel (1985-89), and of the Carlucci Commission on Foreign Aid (1983). In the summer of 1982, he served as a United States Representative to the United Nations Second Special Session on Disarmament (with the rank of Ambassador) where he delivered the final United States address to the General Assembly. During the transition from the Carter Administration to the Reagan Administration, Feulner served on the Executive Committee of the Presidential Transition. He remains involved in various aspects of foreign policy, particularly public diplomacy, international communications issues and international economic policy. He has served on the United States delegations to several meetings of the IMF/World Bank group. Feulner was the former chairman of the Institute for European Defense and Strategic Studies. By Georges Magazine he was ranked nr 45 in a list of the 50 most influential politicians. Greenspan was one, Cheney was two.

Field, Charles K.
Charles Kellogg Field (1873-1948), was a graduate of the Stanford class of 1895, and wrote Four-leaved Clover: being Stanford Rhymes, in 1896, under the pen name Carolus Ager. He also penned Stanford Stories, in 1900, with author Will Irwin. He wrote several Bohemian Grove plays performed during midsummer jinks between 1902 and 1918. Became editor of Sunset Magazine in 1911, after Charles Sedgwick Aiken had headed it since 1902. Sunset was founded in May 1898 by Southern Pacific Railroad. Chairman of this company was Edward Harriman. One of the largest stockholders in the company was Harknesses, also large shareholders of Standard Oil and intermarried with the Stillman family, which, in its turn, was also intermarried with the Rockefellers. The magazine dealt with the outdoors, artistic writings, and things about everyday life. It also wrote about the Asian-American relations along the Pacific Coast, a sensitive issue for the magazine because of its geographic proximity to large Asian communities in San Francisco. In 1914, Southern Pacific Railroad sold the Magazine to Woodhead, [charles] Field and Company, largely because many contributors to the magazine were against many of the policies of the extremely wealthy industrialists. After Southern Pacific bounced it, the magazine focused even more on the works of Bohemians like Ina Coolbrith, Jack London, Bret Harte, and John Muir (founder of the Sierra Club). Until his death in 1910, the magazine also published the works of Pilgrims Society member and Bohemian Club member Mark Twain. Charles Field was very much a member of Bohemian Club and literary circles during the early part of the century. He entered broadcasting in his 60s, and was “Cheerio” on KGO-AM in the mid 1930s. In 1936, he bought the Johnson-Field house and turned the barn into a theater. Supposedly, he hanged himself from the banister in 1948. According to a webpage written by the Newfane Elementary School: "Mr. Charles K. Field bought the house in 1936. He was famous and had a national radio show. He turned the barn into a theater. A ballet troupe even trained there. On September 3, 1948, Mr. Field hanged himself from the banister." Field was one of the friends of Herbert Hoover from their Stanford days.

Finch, Robert H.
Robert Finch was born in Tempe, Arizona. After serving in the Marines briefly during World War II, he entered Occidental College in Los Angles where he graduated in 1947 with a bachelor’s degree. Following college, Mr. Finch went to Washington, D.C. where he worked as an administrative aide to Congressman Norris Poulson, representative from California. It was during this time that he met and became friendly with freshman Congressman Richard M. Nixon. Partly at Nixon’s suggestion, Mr. Finch returned to California to study law at the University of Southern California where he took his LL.B. degree in 1951. After being admitted to the California bar, he practiced law until 1958 when he went back to Washington as administrative assistant to Vice-President Nixon. In 1960, Mr. Finch managed Vice-President Nixon’s unsuccessful campaign for President of the United States. In 1966, he was elected as Lieutenant Governor of California, serving under Governor Ronald Reagan until 1969, when he accepted a post in the Nixon Cabinet as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, a position he held until 1970.

Firestone, Leonard K.
Mandalay
Educated at Princeton, sales manager and director Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., a company founded by his father, president Firestone Aviation Products Co. from 1941, inactive navy lieutenant, president Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. from 1943, U.S. ambassador to Belgium under Nixon and Ford, president World Affairs Council of L.A., generous contributor to charities.

Fisher, Donald G.
Hill Billies
Founder and chairman of Gap Inc. (annual sales of approximately $15 billion), trustee of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, ,director of the United Way of the Bay Area, the Boys and Girls Club of San Francisco, EdVoiceTeach for America and a governor of Boys & Girls Clubs of America. Actively involved in the California Business Roundtable and the San Francisco Committee on Jobs. Three presidential appointments to the Advisory Council for U.S. Trade Representatives, was named to the Presidio Trust board of directors by President Bill Clinton in 1997. Member of the California State Board of Education, a member and former chairman of University of California Haas School of Business Advisory Council, trustee of Princeton University.

Flanigan, John
Mandalay
Brother of Peter.

Flanigan, Peter M.
Mandalay
Peter M. Flanigan was an assistant to the President on the White House staff, 1969-1974 (Nixon). He was an executive director of the Council on International Economic Policy during this time. Previously he had been involved in investment banking with Dillon, Read, and Co. (advisor and partner – then owned by Bechtel) He returned to business when he left government service. His position in the White House involved him in efforts to gain approval to build the Space Shuttle in the 1969-1972 period. Anno 2005 he is a trustee of the Manhattan Institute, an advisor to UBS Warburg LLC of New York, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and s member at-large of National Catholic Educational Association. Knight of Malta. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Flax, Robert J.
Aviary
Executive Vice President and General Counsel at Bay View Bank.

Florida, Richard
Richard Florida is a professor of regional economic development at Carnegie Mellon University and a columnist for Information Week. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003, probably in reaction to his bestselling book ‘The Rise of the Creative Class’.

Foley, Thomas S.
An American politician of the Democratic party, having served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and ambassador to Japan. He served in the US Congress from 1964 to 1994. His thirty year career in Congress was notable for its length and for his steady climb up the ranks of the Congressional and Party leadership, and also for the manner of its conclusion: when the Republican Party gained control of Congress in 1994, Foley became the first sitting Speaker of the House since 1860 to fail to be re-elected. He was Tammany district leader of the Irish-Italian district east of city hall. Member of the Trilateral Commission.

Forbes, Malcolm Stevenson, Sr.
Son of the Forbes Magazine founder. A 1941 graduate of Princeton University. Publisher of Forbes magazine 1964-1990. Legendary for his lavish lifestyle, his private Capitalist Tool jet, his Highlander yachts, and huge art collection. Has a substantial collection of Harley Davidson motorbikes. Member of the Bohemian Grove and the Pilgrims Society. Member of the American Society of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.

Ford, Gerald
Mandalay
Ford was a member of the House of Representatives for 24 years from 1949 to 1973, and became Minority Leader of the Republican Party in the House. Ford was very popular with the voters in his district and was always re-elected with 60% margins. During his tenure, Ford was chosen to serve on the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the causes of, and quell rumors regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. After Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned during Richard Nixon’s presidency, on October 10, 1973, Nixon nominated Ford to take Agnew’s place, under the 25th Amendment – the first time it was applied. The United States Senate voted 92 to 3 to confirm Ford on November 27, 1973. Ford had long been one of President Nixon’s most outspoken supporters (someone joked once that "He is one of the few people who not only admires Nixon, but actually likes him!"). Ford traveled widely as Vice President and made many speeches defending the embattled President. He cited the many achievements of President Nixon and dismissed Watergate as a media event and a tragic sideshow. When Nixon then resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal on August 9, 1974, Ford assumed the presidency, proclaiming that "our long national nightmare is over". On August 20 Ford nominated former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller to fill the Vice Presidency he had vacated, again under the 25th Amendment. United States president 1974-1977.

Ford, Henry
Mandalay
Grandson of Henry Ford and was born in Detroit. He was president of Ford Motor Company from 1945 to 1960. Chairman and CEO of Ford from 1960 to 1980. The company became a publicly traded corporation in 1956.

Ford, Ernest J.
Ernest Jennings Ford (1919-1991), better known by the stage name Tennessee Ernie Ford, was a pioneering U.S. recording artist and television host who enjoyed success in the country & western, pop, and gospel musical genres.

Foster, Paul S. III
Sunshiners
unknown.

Francois-Poncet, Jean A.
French politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under Valéry Giscard d’Estaing (right wing, tied up with Le Cercle) between 1978 and 1981. In 1999 he held a speech at the Bohemian Grove titled "The New Europe".

Frank, Anthony M.
Bald Eagle
Postmaster General of the United States 1988-1992, chairman Belvedere Capital Partners 1993-1999, Director Temple-Inland, Inc., Cotelligent, Inc., Bedford Property Investors & Crescent Real Estate Equities.

Freeman, Gaylord A.
Chairman of the First National Bank of Chicago.

Frist, Bill
In 1985, Dr. Frist joined the faculty at Vanderbilt University Medical Center where he founded and subsequently directed the multi-disciplinary Vanderbilt Transplant Center, which under his leadership became a nationally renowned center of multi-organ transplantation. A heart and lung surgeon, he performed over 150 heart and lung transplant procedures, including the first successful combined heart-lung transplant in the Southeast. First elected to the U.S. Senate in 1994. Frist is particularly passionate about confronting the global AIDS pandemic. He frequently takes medical mission trips to Africa to perform surgery and care for those in need. Frist rose rapidly through Senate leadership. In 2000, he was unanimously elected chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC) for the 107th Congress and in December 2002 was unanimously elected Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate (108th Congress). Under his leadership as Chairman of the NRSC, for the first time in history, the party of the President won back majority control of the U.S. Senate in a midterm election. He assumed his position as the 18th Senate Majority Leader and 14th Republican Floor Leader having served fewer total years in the U.S. Congress than any previous leader. He currently serves on the following committees: Finance; Rules; Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP). In the past, he has served on the following committees: Foreign Relations, Budget, Banking, Commerce, and Small Business. In 2001, he was named one of two Congressional representatives to the United Nations General Assembly.

Furth, Alan C.
Tie Binders
Alan C. Furth has been with the Southern Pacific Co. since 1950, serving as general counsel (1963 – 1966), executive vice president (1976 – 1979), and president (1979 – to at least 1985).

Gagosian, Bob
Robert B. Gagosian came to Woods Hole in 1972 as an Assistant Scientist. After spending his undergraduate years at MIT, he earned a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Columbia University in 1970 and held a National Institutes of Health postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley, from 1970 to 1972. At WHOI, he held successive appointments in the Chemistry Department, culminating in the chairmanship in 1982. He was appointed Associate Director for Research in 1987 and Senior Associate Director in 1992. He became Acting Director in mid-1993 and was named Director in January of 1994. He has served on a wide variety of visiting committees and research panels for the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, and universities and research organizations in the US and internationally. He served as Chairman of the Board of Governors for the 52-institution Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education from 1998 to 2001, was a Faculty Fellow of the World Economic Forum in 2001 and 2002, and is a member of the Science Advisory Panel of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Science Advisory Board. An active member of the Geochemical Society of America, Gagosian is also a member of four other US professional organizations and the European Association of Organic Geochemists. In addition, he serves as a regional board member of BankBoston and on the corporations of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research and the Sea Education Association. He has supervised 14 graduate students or postdoctoral fellows, and has participated in four major field programs and 14 oceanographic cruises, including seven as chief scientist. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Gaither, James C.
Friends of the Fores
Partner of Cooley Godward LLP, managing director of Sutter Hill Ventures, trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, trustee of the Hewlett Foundation, trustee of the RAND Corporation, director Basic American Inc., director Levi Strauss Company.

Galbraith, Evan G., Jr.
Hill Billies
U.S. defense representative in Europe and defense adviser to the U.S. mission to NATO, former ambassador to France 1981-1985, advisory director of Morgan Stanley, chairman of the National Review.

Galvin, Robert W.
Motorola, Inc., Chairman of the Executive Committee. Bob Galvin started his career at Motorola in 1940. He held the senior officership position in the company from 1959 until Jan. 11, 1990 when he became Chairman of the Executive Committee. He continues to serve as a full time officer of Motorola. He attended the University of Notre Dame and the University of Chicago, and is currently a member and was the recent chairman of the Board of Trustees of Illinois Institute of Technology. Galvin has been awarded honorary degrees and other recognitions, including election to the National Business Hall of Fame and the presentation of the National Medal of Technology in 1991. Motorola is the first large company-wide winner of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award presented by President Reagan at a White House ceremony in November 1988. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Garrity, Edward
Director at IT&T.

Gates, Thomas S., Jr.
Son of an investment banker. Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1928 and joined the investment banking firm of Drexel and Company in Philadelphia. Became became a partner in 1940. Rose to the rank of lieutenant commander in the Navy 1940-1945. Under-secretary of the Navy 1953-1957. Secretary of the Navy 1957-1959. Secretary of defense 1959-1961, who authorized U-2 reconnaissance flights. Director and president Morgan Guaranty Trust Company 1961-1965. CEO and chairman of Morgan Guaranty Trust Company in 1965. Nixon appointed him chairman of the Advisory Commission on an All-Volunteer Force, which presented its influential report in November 1969. Ambassador to China 1976-1977. Member Council on Foreign Relations. Member Pilgrims Society. Member Bohemian Grove.

Gergen, David
Served in the White House as an adviser to four Presidents: Nixon, Ford,
Reagan, and Clinton. Special international adviser to the president and to Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Editor-at-large at U.S. News & World Report. Analyst on various news shows. Moderator at a PBS documentary; ‘The world at large’. Chairman of the National Selection Committee for the Ford Foundation’s program on Innovations in American Government. Of the U.S. News & World Report. Member Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission.

Gerstner, Louis V. Jr.
Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. was chairman of the board of IBM Corporation from April 1993 until his retirement in December 2002. He served as chief executive officer of IBM from 1993 until March 2002. In January 2003 he assumed the position of chairman of The Carlyle Group, a global private equity firm located in Washington, DC. Prior to joining IBM, Mr. Gerstner served for four years as chairman and chief executive officer of RJR Nabisco, Inc. This was preceded by an 11-year career at American Express Company, where he was president of the parent company and chairman and CEO of its largest subsidiary, American Express Travel Related Services Company. Prior to that, Mr. Gerstner was a director of the management consulting firm of McKinsey & Co., Inc., which he joined in 1965. Mr. Gerstner is a director of Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. and a member of the advisory boards of DaimlerChrysler and Sony Corporation. He is vice chairman of the board of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, a member of the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of The Business Council, and a fellow of the America-China Forum. In past years he served on the Boards of The New York Times Company, American Express Company, AT&T, Caterpillar, Inc., Jewel Companies, Melville Corporation, and RJR Nabisco Holdings Co. Member of the Trilateral Commission.

Giannini, Amadeo Peter
Credited with a temper to match that of the elder J. P. Morgan. In 1928, banker Giannini formed Transamerica Corp. as a holding company for all his interests. Transamerica Corp., holding 99% of Bank of America stock, controlling the Giannini branch banks (485) in California besides other banks in Oregon, Nevada, Washington and Arizona, was the largest bank holding company in the world. Giannini was a great admirer of the New Deal.

Gilligan, Patrick
Valley of the Moon
Unknown.

Gingrich, Newt
Gingrich attended school at various military installations and graduated from Baker High School, Columbus, Georgia, in 1961. He received a bachelor’s degree from Emory University in Atlanta in 1965. He received a master’s degree in 1968 and doctoral degree in 1971 in Modern European History from Tulane University in New Orleans. He taught history at West Georgia College in Carrollton, Georgia, from 1970 to 1978. Gingrich was elected as a Republican to the House of Representatives in November 1978. In 1981, Gingrich was a cofounder of both the Congressional Military Reform Caucus and the Congressional Space Caucus. In 1983 he founded the Conservative Opportunity Society, a group that included young conservative House Republicans. In 1983, Gingrich demanded the expulsion of fellow representatives Dan Crane and Gerry Studds for their roles in the Congressional Page sex scandal. In 1987, Gingrich brought ethics charges against Speaker of the House Jim Wright, a Democrat, who eventually resigned as a result of the Congressional ethics inquiry. Gingrich served as Minority Whip until the election of 1994, the first midterm election during the Presidency of Bill Clinton. Fined $300.000 for financial misdeeds by the House ethics committee in 1995, called the Lewinsky affair a coverup. In 1995 he was named Time Magazine’s Man of the Year. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999.

Goff, Harry R.
Wayside Log
Co-chairman of the Citigroup Maryland Leadership Council. President and CEO of CitiFinancial (part of Citigroup).

Goldwater, Barry
Cave Man
A five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953-1965, 1969-87), he was the Republican Party candidate for the U.S. President in the 1964 election. Went at least once to the Bohemian Grove in 1964 when he was the guest of retired general Albert Wedemeyer. In 1969, he also had the opportunity to complete a Mach 3+ check ride in the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird. Hard to pigeonhole, he began as a reform Democrat, served as a friend and colleague of Joseph McCarthy to the bitter end (one of only 22 Senators who voted against McCarthy’s censure), developed a deep friendship with President John F. Kennedy and a lasting dislike for Lyndon B. Johnson, whom he said "used every dirty trick in the bag", and Richard Nixon, whom he later called "the most dishonest individual I have ever met in my life." Interested in the UFO topic but never gained access to the data. Freemason.

Gore, Albert "Al" A.
The Gore family has married into the Schiff family, Harvard, served in Vietnam War as a journalist, Armand Hammer sells a zinc mine to the father of Al Gore in 1973, ten minutes later his father sells the mine to little Gore, democratic congressman 1976-1985, U.S. Senate 1985-1992, took the initiative for creating the internet in 1989, U.S. vice president 1992-2000, very large supporter of environmental issues and the United Nations.

Glover, Danny
Moviestar most famous for his role in the Lethal Weapon movies.

Gray, Harry Jack
Owl’s Nest
Chairman United Technologies Corporation. United Technologies Chemical Systems Division builds rocket motors for Titan, Minuteman III, Trident, and Tomahawk cruise missiles. U.T. makes Pratt and Whitney jet aircraft engines and Sikorsky helicopters, member Council on Foreign Relations. Currently, Gray is chairman and CEO of Harry Gray Associates and also serves as chairman and CEO of SourceOne and as chairman of Mott Corporation. Became chairman of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (AICGS) in 1986 and is that still today. The chair before him was Donald Rumsfeld.

Grey, John R.
Stowaway
Board member of Grossman’s Inc. until 1997, president of Coldwell Banker F.I. Grey & Son, Inc.

Greenberg, Maurice R.
Cave Man
Rose to the rank of captain in WWII and Korea, recipient of the Bronze Star, chairman and chief executive officer of American International Group, Inc. (AIG), chairman and trustee of the Asia Society, founding chairman of the U.S.-Philippine Business Committee, vice chairman of the U.S.-ASEAN Business Council, chairman of the U.S.-Korea Business Council, member of the U.S.-China Business Council and the Business Roundtable, member Atlantic Council of the United States, has been a chairman, deputy chairman and director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, chairman emeritus of New York Hospital, chairman of the Starr Foundation, vice-chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations 1994, member of the Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg 1991, his fortune amounts to about 3.5 billion.

Greenspan, Alan
Chairman and President of Townsend-Greenspan & Co.(1954-1974, 1977-1987); Chairman of the National Commission on Social Security Reform (1981-1983); nominated to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to fill an unexpired term (1987). Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Greenspan also serves as Chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the Fed’s principal monetary policymaking body. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire 2002. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Member of the Trilateral Commission

Griffin, Merv
He began his career as a singer and even appeared on Broadway; he later became host of his own TV show, The Merv Griffin Show, and an entertainment business magnate. He created the wildly successful game shows Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune. Upon his retirement, he sold his production company, Merv Griffin Enterprises, to Coca-Cola’s Columbia Pictures Television unit for $250 million, which was the largest acquisition of an entertainment company owned by a single individual at that time. He retained the title of executive producer of both shows.

Haas, Walter A., Jr.
Graduated from Berkeley in 1937. Haas was the great grand-nephew of Levi Strauss and came from a long line of family philanthropists. Joined the San Francisco-based Levi Strauss & Company in 1939. In 1953 he set up a the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund with his wife, Evelyn. President and chief executive officer of Levi Strauss between 1958 and 1976 and chair of the board from 1970 to 1981. Visitor of the Trilateral Commission in the early 1980s. Honorary chair until his death in 1995. His son is a member of the CFR and the Trilateral Commission.

Haig, Alexander Jr.
Born in Philadelphia in 1924. University of Notre Dame 1942-1944. West Point 1944-1947. Commissioned a second lieutenant in the Army, serving in Japan and Korea on the staff of General Douglas MacArthur. In 1950, he married the daughter of MacArthur’s deputy chief of staff, to whom Haig was aide-de-camp. Served in Korea 1950-1951 where he freed Sun Myung Moon (the person who thinks he’s the new Messiah) from a concentration camp during the battle of Inchon in September 1950. Studied business administration at Columbia University 1954-1955. Operations officer of a tank battalion in Europe 1956-1958. Student at Naval War College 1959-1960. M.A. in International Relations from Georgetown University 1962. In 1962 he was selected over many other applicants to become a staff aide to a Kennedy Administration task force on Cuba directed by Cyrus Vance and Joseph A. Califano, Jr. Here he became involved with the CIA trying to overthrow Fidel Castro. He was the Pentagon’s representative to a highly classified unit known as the "Subcommittee on Subversion", who’s target was Cuba. Stayed at the Pentagon until 1965. Battalion and brigade commander in Vietnam 1966-1967. Deputy Commander of Cadets at West Point 1967-1968. Military aide on the National Security Council staff 1968-1969. Senior Military Advisor to the Assistant of the President for National Security Affairs, Henry Kissinger, 1969-1973. Worked all the time-every day, every night, and every weekend-to insure that the flow of documents in and out of Kissinger’s office was uninterrupted. Haig was one of the persons that kept pushing the bombing of Cambodia and was working every moderate staff member out of office. Coordinated Nixon’s historic visit to China in February 1972. Haig long was rumored to have been Deep Throat, the inside source for the Washington Post as the paper exposed the Nixon cover-up of the Watergate break-in of June 1972. Haig helped South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu to negotiate the final cease-fire talks in October 1972. Promoted to full 4 star general in 1972. Vice Chief of Staff of the Army January to May 1973. Nixon’s White House Chief of Staff 1973-1974, at which point he retired after twenty-six years in the Army. Commander in Chief of United States European Command 1974-1979. Supreme Allied Commander of NATO 1974-1979. Retired from the Army in 1979. President and CEO of United Technologies Corporation 1979-1981 for which he still serves as a senior adviser (has negotiated international arms deals for the company). When the P2 scandal unfolded in 1981-1982, Haig and Kissinger were named among those who stood in contact with this neo-fascist lodge that fought the communist influence on the Italian government. U.S. Secretary of State 1981-1982. Reagan didn’t like him, because Haig pushed his own policies too hard. During the confusion after Ronald Reagan was shot by John Hinckley, Haig asserts at the White House, "I’m in control here", forgetting about the Constitutional line of succession. One of the more famous Haigisms from those days is "That’s not a lie. It is a terminological inexactitude". Visited the Trilateral Commission since at least 1982 (and until at least 1990) as a fellow of the Hudson Institute. In 1984 he was the founder of the global consulting firm Worldwide Associates, Inc. and has headed it ever since (seems to be a similar concept as Kissinger Associates). It has a strong focus on the former Soviet Union and China and today it is run by the United Technologies Corporation, to which Haig still is a senior advisor today. A 1991 Congressional report in the aftermath of the BNL affair said about Haig’s role in United Technologies: "neither Paul nor Haig would comment on what Haig was doing for the company." A basic description (the only thing available) about Worldwide Associates reads: "… the company assists corporations in developing and implementing acquisition and marketing strategies. It also provides advice on the domestic and international political, economic and security environments and their effects on the global marketplace." Today’s managing director of Worldwide Associates is retired Army Colonel Sherwood D. Goldberg, a civilian aide to the Secretary of the Army. He is about the only person besides Haig Sr. and Jr. that has been identified as an employee of Worldwide Associates. Wrote the book ‘Caveat: Realism, Reagan and Foreign Policy’ in 1984. Ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination in 1988. Wrote the book ‘Inner Circles: How America Changed the World – A Memoir ‘ in 1992. Host of the weekly television program, "World Business Review," and is a member of the board of directors of Compuserve Interactive Services, Inc., Metro-Goldwyn Mayer, Inc., MGM Mirage, Inc., Indevus Pharmaceuticals, Inc., SDC International, Inc., Abington Biomedical Funds, and China Overseas Shipping Co. (one of the largest dry bulk shipping companies in the world, among other things, and a front for the Chinese military), the National Foundation for Advanced Cardiac Surgery, and Preferred Employers Holdings, Inc. Today (2005) a director of the Jamestown Foundation, which was created in 1983 for the purpose of educating the United States and the West about the nature and purposes of the Soviet Union. It helped defectors from the communist world resettle in the United States. Other board members have included Dick Cheney, James Woolsey, Donald Rumsfeld, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Tom Clancy, Admiral John McCain, and Donald Rumsfeld. It is focused on the former USSR and China. Haig was a founding director of America Online, Inc. and is a strategic advisor to DOR BioPharma, Inc. since 2003. Serves on the board of Newsmax together with Arnaud de Borchgrave. Member of the neoconservative Benador Associates, together with James Woolsey, Lord Lamont (chairman of Le Cercle), Arnaud de Borchgrave, and Richard Perle. Advisor to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Trustee of the Foreign Policy Research Institute. Advisor to the National Infantry Foundation. Senior advisor to United Technologies Corporation. Member of the Knights of Malta, the Bohemian Grove, the Atlantic Council of the United States, and the Council on Foreign Relations. Just as Arnaud de Borchgrave and Jerry Falwell, Haig is a close friend and colleague of Sun Myung Moon. Haig has claimed that Moon’s educational battle fought on the pages of the international newspapers and on the college campuses has been a primary reason for the demise of communism.

Hackbarth, Alfred E., Jr.
Land of Happiness
Director of UPBancorp Inc., an OTCBB listed multi-bank holding company.

Hambrecht, William R.
Midway
An investment banker and co-founder of Hambrecht & Quist. Also founder of WR Hambrecht & Co. Hambrecht & Quist helped take over Apple Computer and Adobe Systems public and backed Netscape, MP3.com, and Amazon.com. The company was bought by Chase Manhattan (now J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. in 1999 for $1.35 billion. He is also known to have attendee Bohemian Grove and is a graduate of Princeton University. Hambrecht has also supports turning public schools over to for-profit companies. According to Business Week, Hambrecht has invested at least $6 million in Beacon Education Management, which operates 24 charter and district schools in five states.

Hancock, Harvey
Owl’s Nest
Unknown.

Hansel, Henry
Director California Motor Car Dealers Association (CMCDA), Hansel Auto Group.

Hanson, Victor Davis
Victor Davis Hanson is the Martin and Illie Anderson Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. Hanson was a National Endowment for the Humanities fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California (1992–93), a visiting professor of classics at Stanford University (1991–92), a recipient of the Eric Breindel Award for opinion journalism (2002), and an Alexander Onassis Fellow (2001) and was named alumnus of the year of the University of California, Santa Cruz (2002). He was also the visiting Shifrin Chair of Military History at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland (2002–3). Hanson is the author of some 170 articles, book reviews, and newspaper editorials on Greek, agrarian, and military history and essays on contemporary culture. He currently lives and works with his family on their forty-acre tree and vine farm near Selma, California, where he was born in 1953. Hanson gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Hardie, John L.
Son’s of Toil
Unknown.

Harrar, J. George
Hideaway
Guest of Frederick Seitz. George Harrar was responsible for opening the Rockefeller Foundation’s Mexico field office. After his tenure in Mexico from 1943-52, he returned to headquarters to serve as Deputy Director for Agriculture from 1952-55, Director for Agriculture from 1955-59, Vice President from 1959-61 and President of the foundation from 1961-72. Under his guidance, the foundation joined in cooperation with other U.S. foundations and inter-governmental organizations to form the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). The Rockefeller Foundation stood at the base of the so called ‘Green Revolution’, which started around 1944.

Harris, Milton M.
Sunshiners
Unknown.

Harrison, William Greer
From a large family from Ireland, membership goes back to the 19th century, president Harrison & Co Agents for Thames and Mersey Marine Insurance Co, Liverpool, founding member of the Bohemian Club, close friend of fellow Bohemian Daniel O’Connell, had literary pretentions, 7 time president of the Olympic club, got a bit disillusioned with the club.

Hart, George D., Jr.
Pig’n Whistle
Trustee of the California State University 1963-1974 (Chairman 1972-1974).

Harte, Bret
An American author and poet, best remembered for his accounts of pioneering life in California. Born in Albany, New York, he moved to California in 1854, later working there in a number of positions, including miner, teacher, messenger, and journalist. Died in 1902.

Hartley, Fred L.
Chairman of the Board and President, Union Oil Company of California. Director of Rockwell and Unocal. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Harvey, James R.
Midway
Occidental Petroleum, Hooker Chemical…finance company executive born in Los Angeles, California. Harvey graduated with a BS in Engineering from Princeton University in 1956. From 1956 to 1961 he was an engineer for Chevron (now ChevronTexaco.) He then attended the University California, Berkeley, where he receive an MBA in 1963. For two years he was an accountant for the high power Touche, Ross chartered accountants. In 1965 he was appointed as Chairman of the Board of Transamerica, a position he serve until 1995. During Harvey’s time as Chairman the corporation underwent major restructuring and acquired several financial service companies. Harvey also served of the board of directors of Airtouch Communications, McKesson, and the Charles Schwab Corporation . member of the Pacific-Union Club.

Hauser, William Kurt
Director and Economist Stanford University: BA 1960, MBA 1962. Mr. Hauser joined the investment management firm of Brundage, Story and Rose in New York City in 1962, where he served until 1966, when he began his association with Wentworth, Hauser and Violich. He was awarded the Chartered Investment Council designation by the Investment Counsel Association in 1976. Hauser gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Hawley, Wallace R.
Parsonage
Mr. Hawley is a co-founder of InterWest Partners (1979), one of the largest venture capital partnerships in the United States with over $600 million in committed capital, formed to make equity investments in diversified U. S. growth companies which range in size from seed-stage to later-stage investments. Mr. Hawley’s prior experience includes seven years as president of SHV North America Holding Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of a Netherlands corporation with $4 billion in sales and a partner in SHV’s venture capital subsidiary. He was a consultant with McKinsey & Company, Inc., an international management consulting firm. Vice Chairman of the Center for Economic Policy Research, Stanford University Guest lecturer at Stanford Business School Trustee of the Foundation for Teaching Economics Board member of the National Foundation for Teaching Entrepreneurship Member of the Board of Trustees of Young Life. He also serves as an advisor to a number of financial firms including: Wingate Partners of Dallas, Texas; Brynwood Partners of Greenwich, Connecticut; Noro-Moseley Partners of Atlanta, Georgia; Rosewood Capital L. P. of San Francisco. Mr. Hawley is a past board member of the Sanford Institute at Duke University, past president of the San Francisco chapter of the Association for Corporate Growth, and past board member and officer for the Western Association of Venture Capitalists.

Hawley, Phillip M.
Mandalay
Former chairman and CEO of Carter Hawley Hale Stores, which at the time of his retirement was the biggest department store chain in the West. He has also served as director at AT&T, Atlantic Richfield Company, BankAmerica, Johnson & Johnson, Walt Disney Company and Weyerhaeuser. Member of Phi Beta Kappa, the Business Roundtable, and the Trilateral Commission.

Haynes, Harold J.
The Boeing Company board of Directors. Retired Chairman of Chevron Corporation.

Hayward, Thomas B.
Hillside
Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1978-1981; US navy admiral; chairman of the Hawaii Space Development Authority; member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Hearst, William Randolph, Jr.
U.S. journalist and newspaper proprietor. Hearst shared a 1956 Pulitzer prize for international reporting shortly after being named editor in chief of the Hearst Corporation. The privately held company had been built into a media empire by his father, William Randolph Hearst, Sr., the flamboyant press baron.

Helms, Richard
Interviewed Adolf Hitler in Nuremberg as a reporter for UPI, covering the 1936 Olympics, joined the OSS under Allen Dulles in 1943, chief of operations CIA clandestine operations since 1952, instigated MK-ULTRA in 1953, director CIA in 1966, ordered by Kissinger to prevent Allende from coming to power in 1970, ambassador to the Shah’s Iran 1973-1977, consultant to Bechtel on business in Iran, pleads guilty for perjury failing to testify to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the CIA overthrew Chile’s Allende after which he is fined 2000 dollar.

Henderson, Fred
Unknown.

Heston, Charlton
An American film actor (50’s and 60’s) noted for heroic roles, and his personal conservative Republican politics.

Hewlett, William R.
Highlanders
Hewlett Packard Corporation co-founder. Hewlett Packard is a contractor on the B-52 bomber and the Pershing missile. In Sonoma County, the location of the Bohemian Grove, Hewlett Packard is the largest employer and the number one recipient of Department of Defense funds. (1987 description) Trustee Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Hickel, Walter J.
Secretary of the Interior, invited by Fred L. Hartley, president of Union Oil. Union Oil caused the Santa Barbara oil spill and Walter Hickel was involved in solving that problem.

Higgins, William L.
Tunerville
William (Bill) Higgins was a co-founder of Caspian Sea Ventures Co., Limited, a recent acquisition of RealAmerica Co. He has held executive management positions in McDermott International, Inc., serving as Executive Vice President from 1988 to 1995. His total career with McDermott spanned 27 years. Mr. Higgins was also President and chief executive officer of Dillingham Construction Holdings, Inc. from 1996 to 1998. He was named a Director in February,2000. Currently Mr. Higgins is Chief Operating Officer of the Dick Corporation, a Pottsburg, Pennsylvania based civil construction company.

Hiller, Stanley, Jr.
Hiller has been a senior partner in Hiller Investment Company (private investments) since 1968. Chairman of the Board of Key Tronic Corporation (manufacturer of computer keyboards and other input devices). Previously, he was Chairman of the Board of Baker International, Reed Tool, York International, and other corporations. Director of the Boeing Corporation 1976-1998.

Hixon, Alexander P.
Zaca
Unknown.

Hoffman, Wayne M.
Spot
Hoffman is the former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Flying Tiger Line, Inc. and Tiger International, Inc., the international air cargo and transport company. During Mr. Hoffman’s 19 years at Flying Tiger, the company grew to $2.5 billion in revenues and was sold to Federal Express in the late 1980s. Prior to Flying Tiger, Mr. Hoffman served as Chairman of the Board of the New York Central Transportation Company, and in other executive roles with the New York Central Railroad Co. and the Illinois Central Railroad. He formerly served on the boards of Hoffman Pacific Corporation (owner), Pacific Executive Aviation, Adventure Airlines, U.S. Sunamerica, Inc., Kaufmann & Broad, Rohr, Inc. and Aerospace Corp. Mr. Hoffman also co-founded the Hungry Tiger chain of restaurants located throughout the western United States.

Hollister, Charles Davis
Joined the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in 1967 as an oceanographer/sedimentologist in the Department of Geology and Geophysics. His early research documented the global effects of deep ocean circulation on sediment texture and on the distribution of current controlled sediment rifts. Hollister started the development of the giant piston coring system and documented the longest continuous record of ocean basin history in a single 100 foot long core. He also made significant discoveries concerning ocean sediment transport and directed the High Energy Benthic Boundary Layer Experiment (HEBBLE). In addition, Hollister initiated the sub-seabed concept and led the international team that studied the scientific feasibility of isolating high-level radioactive material into sediments below the sea floor. Hollister gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997 about the disposal of nuclear waste.

Hood, Edward E.
Hood joined General Electric in 1957 as a design engineer after service in the U.S. Air Force. In 1962, he was selected to head GE’s Supersonic Transport Project, and was named general manager of GE’s Commercial Engine Division and elected a vice president of the company in 1968. In 1972, Hood was promoted to Vice President and Group Executive of GE’s International Group. The following year, he was named Vice President and Group Executive of the Power Generation Group, a position he held until late 1977 when he was promoted to Senior Vice President and Sector Executive of Technical Systems and Materials Sector. He was elected Vice Chairman of GE’s board of directors in 1979, a position he held until his retirement in 1993. America’s toughest boss by Fortune magazine in 1984.

Hoover, Herbert
Cave Man
Head of the Food Administration under Wilson, head of the American Relief Administration, member of the Supreme Economic Council, organized shipments of food for starving millions in central Europe and Soviet Russia after WWI, Secretary of Commerce under Presidents Harding and Coolidge, United States president 1929-1933, became the scapegoat for the great depression, powerful critic of the New Deal, elected by Truman and Eisenhower to reorganise the Executive Departments.

Hopper, James
Guest from long ago.

Hotchkis, Preston
Owl’s Nest
An insurance executive and member of the Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce. Met with Eisenhower and Richard Nixon in the 1950s.

Houghton, Amory, Jr.
Mandalay
Chairman of New York-based Corning Glass Works until 1983 (The fifth generation of his family to head this company). Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Howard, Benjamin
British physician, membership goes back to the 19th century.

Howard, Jack R.
Cave Man
Yale, president of Scripps Howard Broadcasting Company in 1937, assistant executive editor of Scripps Howard Newspapers in 1939, president of The E.W. Scripps Company in 1953, president Scripps Howard Foundation 1963-1968, Jack R. Howard Fellowships in International Journalism.

Huber, Gordon
Wild Oats
Unknown.

Hussman, Walter
Publisher of the Arkansas Democrat Gazette. Member of the Bohemian Grove.

Imbler, Stephen V.
Romany
Senior vice president and chief financial officer Hyperion. President of Liquid Audio.

Inman, Bobby Ray
He served as Director of Naval Intelligence from 1974 to1976, then moved to the Defense Intelligence Agency where he served as Vice Director until 1977. He next became the Director of the National Security Agency from 1977 to 1981. In 1982, Inman joined the board of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC – the largest employee-owned research and engineering firm in the United States). He retired from SAIC in 2003. After retiring from the Navy, Inman was chairman and chief executive officer of the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation in Austin, Texas, for four years and chairman, president, and chief executive officer of Westmark Systems Inc., a privately owned electronics industry holding company, for three years. Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas from 1987 through 1990. His primary activity since 1990 has been investing in start-up technology companies, where he is a managing partner with Gefinor Ventures. He is also a member of the board of directors of Fluor (which has contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan), Massey Energy Company, SBC Communications and Temple Inland. He is known publicly as President Bill Clinton’s first choice to succeed Les Aspin as Secretary of Defense in 1993. He withdrew from consideration in a televised conference in which he complained about a "conspiracy" to attack his character. Among those he named were Senator (and future presidential candidate) Bob Dole, and neoconservative pundit William Safire. He has also been influential in various advisory roles. Notably, he chaired a commission on improving security at U.S. foreign installations after the Marine barracks bombing and the April 1983 US Embassy bombing in Beirut, Lebanon. The commission’s report has been influential in setting security design standards for U.S. Embassies. Since 1987, Inman has also served as a professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Went in 2005 to the Bohemian Grove, where he told the Bohos that the U.S. will have to stay in Iraq another 10 years before it can accomplish anything there. Bobby Ray is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission.

Ireland, R. L. III
Unknown.

Jackson, Maynard
Jackson was a prominent member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established for African Americans. In 1965 Jackson became a lawyer with the first and largest black law firm in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1974 he was elected mayor of Atlanta, the first black mayor of a major southern city, and served until 1982. He was reelected in 1989.

Jaedicke, Robert K.
Sempervirens
Former Dean of the Stanford University Graduate School of Business and member of the boards of directors of Wells Fargo Bank, Boise Cascade, GenCorp, State Farm Insurance, Enron, and Homestake Mining.

Jameson, Andrew G.
Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Jenkins, William M.
Woof
Dr. Jenkins holds a B.S. in Psychology, an M.A. in Psychobiology and a Ph.D. in Psychobiology from Florida State University, with additional post-doctoral training from UCSF. Founder/Divisional Senior VP of Scientific Learning Corporation.

Jewell, James Earl
Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Johnson, Belton Kleberg
River Lair
Unknown.

Johnson, Charles B.
Mandalay
Fortune of 1.5 billion, runs mutual fund giant Franklin Resources with half-brother Rupert Johnson (see). Yale grad and ex-Army lieutenant, Charles is chairman and CEO. After last year’s purchase of Fiduciary Trust, firm now manages $271 billion in assets.

Johnson, W. Thomas
Lost Angels
Chairman and CEO of CNN, president Los Angeles Times, executive assistant of Lyndon B. Johnson, trustee Southern Center for International Studies, member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Member of the Trilateral Commission.

Jones, David C.
Dog House
Jones graduated from Roswell flying school in New Mexico in 1943 and the National War College in 1960. He also attended the University of Nebraska, Louisiana Tech University, Minot State University, Boston University, and Troy University. In 1943 he was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in the United States Air Force. He advanced through the ranks and was created a general in 1971. Jones was deputy Commander of operations in Vietnam, vice commander of the 7th Air Force, commander-in-chief of the U.S. Air Force in Europe, and commander 4th Allied Tactical Air Force. From 1974 to 1978 he served as Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1978 until he retired from military service in 1982. Jones is a member of the Air Force Association, the Falcon Foundation, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Alfalfa Club, and the Bohemian Club.

Jones, John Lowell
Derelicts
John Lowell Jones was a director of Norfolk Southern Corporation.

Jones, Richard W.
Sleepy Hollow
Unknown.

Jones, Thomas V.
Lost Angels
President, chairman and CEO of Northrop Corporation 1952-1990, Northrop Corporation. This company has been involved with constructing planes like the F/A 18 hornet, the B2-Spirit, and the F22 Raptor. It provides technologically advanced products and services in defense electronics, systems integration, information technology, nuclear and non-nuclear shipbuilding, and space technology. The company’s headquarters are located in Los Angeles. Member of the Circle of Presidents at the RAND Corporation, which means he has donated at least tens of thousands of dollars if not millions.

Jowitt, Ken
Ken Jowitt is the Pres and Maurine Hotchkis Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Robson Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. Jowitt specializes in the study of comparative politics, American foreign policy, and postcommunist countries. He is particularly interested in studying types of anti-Western ideologies that might appear in the near future and, in that context, is working on Frontiers, Barricades and Boundaries, a book dealing with the changes in international political geography and the challenges to American and Western institutions. Jowitt has been teaching at the University of California, Berkeley, since 1968. In 1983 he won the University Distinguished Teaching Award and was dean of undergraduate studies from 1983 to 1986. In 1995, the year he was named Robson Professor of Political Science, he also received the Distinguished Teaching Award for the Division of Social Sciences. Jowitt received his bachelor’s degree from Columbia College in 1962 and his master’s degree and doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1963 and 1970, respectively. The University of California Press published his doctoral thesis, Revolutionary Breakthroughs and National Development: The Case of Romania, in 1971. Jowitt gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Kaiser, Henry J.
Mandalay
Industrialist. Founder Kaiser Engineers. Now it’s part of ICF Kaiser Consulting Group. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Goes into health and medical policies.

Kaiser, Edgar F.
Mandalay
Family of Henry J. Kaiser, Kaiser Foundation.

Kaiser, Edgar F., Jr.
Mandalay
Son of Edgar F. Kaiser. Invited by his father in 1970.

Karlstrom, Paul J.
Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Kearns, Henry
Mandalay
A good friend of Stephen Bechtel Sr. Chairman of the Export-Import Bank 1969-1973 (resigned after an inquiry had been started). Under Kearns’ chairmanship of the Import-Export bank, Bechtel received numerous lucrative contracts. Kearns also convinced the board to drop the requirement that approval of loans should be relaxed. Thereafter, Kearns could personally approve loans of US $30 million or less directly to Bechtel. During Stephen’s Bechtel Sr.’s tenure on the board, the Export-Import Bank lent hundreds of millions of dollars to several countries, including Indonesia, the Phillipines, Brazil, Egypt, and Algeria for the financing of Bechtel-related projects.

Keegan, John
An English military historian specializing in 20th-century wars. In 1960 he was appointed to a lectureship at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, a post he held for 26 years. In 1986 he moved to the Daily Telegraph to take up the post of Defence Correspondent. In 1998 he wrote and presented the BBC’s Reith Lectures, entitled War and Our World. He was knighted in 2000.

Kelly, John Michael
Camels
Unknown.

Kelley, Thomas B.
Seven Trees
A partner in the Faegre & Benson LLP’s ’s Denver office. Tom has more than 33 years experience in media and communications law and is the pre-eminent media and First Amendment attorney in the Rocky Mountain Region. He is listed in the First Amendment Law category in The Best Lawyers in America. Tom has worked on high profile cases such as: the Oklahoma City bombing; Kobe Bryant case; JonBenet Ramsey; and the Columbine High School shootings.

Kemp, Jack F.
Jack F. Kemp is the founder and a co-director of Empower America. He served four years as the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (his then Assistant Secretary of Housing was Catherine Austin Fitts.) and as the U.S. Representative from New York state (18 years). Jack Kemp was a honorary co-chairman of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institute (publishes propaganda from major corporations) in the mid-1990s at a time when AdTI was involved in pro-tobacco activities sponsored by Philip Morris. In 1996, he was nominated by then Senator Bob Dole as the Republican Party’s vice presidential candidate. Kemp is on the board of Habitat for Humanity and "several technology companies including Oracle." Fitts described how Kemp could sometimes slip into psychotic rages. Rev Moon partner (who believes he’s an incarnation of the Messiah), member Council for National Policy, Empower America, Heritage Foundation, and the Washington Family Council. Said to be a high-level Freemason.

Kennedy , David M.
Mandalay
History professor from Stanford University, chairman of the Continental Illinois Bank and Trust Company, Secretary of the Treasury, guest of Rudolph A. Peterson. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Kennedy, Robert D.
Owl’s Nest
Cornell University Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. Mr. Kennedy, age 72, held a number of executive and senior management positions with Union Carbide Corporation, including Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President. He retired as Chairman from Union Carbide in 1995 after a career that spanned 40 years. He is a member of the Boards of Directors of Sunoco Inc., Blount International Inc., and Hercules Incorporated. He is on the advisory board of RFE Associates.

Kennedy, Robert F.
Younger brother of President John F. Kennedy, and was appointed by his brother as Attorney General for his administration. He worked closely with his brother during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. After his brother’s death, Kennedy ran in 1964 for the New York senate seat, winning that office in the November of that year. In 1968, he was assassinated during his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination. He spoke at the Bohemian Grove in 1964.

Keller, Stephen F.
Skyhi
Unknown.

Kerr , John C.
Land of Happiness
B.A. University of British Columbia, M.B.A. University of California, Berkeley, chairman and chief executive officer of Lignum Ltd., chairman of Lignum Investments Ltd., director Scotiabank 1999 and on, member of the Corporate Governance and Pension Committee and the Human Resources Committee, sits on the boards of the Vancouver Foundation and the Council of Forest Industries and is involved in the negotiation of softwood lumber agreements with the United States on behalf of the Canadian lumber industry. In addition, at different times during the period from 2000 to 2004, Mr. Kerr served as a director of the following publicly-traded companies: Riverside Forest Products Ltd. and Bombardier Inc., received the Order of Canada from the Governor-General of Canada (representative of the British Empire).

Ketelsen, James L.
Uplifters
He began his business career in 1955 as a CPA in Chicago with the firm of Price Waterhouse. In 1959 he joined J I Case Company and became president of Case in 1967. He served as president of Case until moving to Tenneco Inc. at its Houston headquarters in 1972 as a member of the Board of Directors and as executive vice president. He served as chairman and chief executive officer of Tenneco Inc. from July 1, 1978, to January 1, 1992. He is a former regent of the University of Houston System and a trustee of Northwestern University. Morgan Guaranty & Trust. Investor in nuclear industries.

Killefer, Tom
Chairman and president of U.S. Trust Corp. and a former member of the Stanford Board of Trustees. Director Northrop Corporation. Went to the Bohemian Grove in 1981. In 1971, he became a member of Stanford’s Board of Trustees, serving in that capacity until 1981. In 1976, he became chairman of the board of directors of the Detroit branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and of Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. At various times, he also served as a director or trustee of the Naval Aviation Museum Foundation, the Detroit Symphony, the New York Philharmonic Society, Columbia Presbyterian Hospital in New York, the Lucile Salter Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, the Atlantic Council of the United States, the Community Foundation of Santa Clara County, the National Council of Crime and Delinquency, and as a member of the Rockefeller University Council. Member of the Atlantic Council of the United States.

Kimball, William R.
Faraway
He founded a fiberglass products company in the 1950s and served on the boards of several top companies during his business career. Kimball has been called a pioneer in the use of fiberglass plastics through Kimball Manufacturing Corp., where he also was president. He went on to found Kimball & Co., which manages various operations and investments. He also had been a director on the boards of Levi Strauss & Co., Cox Communications, Clorox Co. and RSI Corp. In addition, Kimball co-founded Alpine Meadows Ski Resort in Lake Tahoe, the Acorn Foundation and the Kimball Foundation. The Acorn Foundation gives grants to grassroots organizations for environmentally sustainable building projects, and the Kimball Foundation supports nonprofit groups that assist poor and disadvantaged families in the Bay Area. Kimball’s extensive civic service in and around San Francisco included being chairman emeritus of the California Academy of Sciences’ board of trustees and board member for the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, the Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the San Francisco Symphony and the American Conservatory Theater. He was also the founding chairman of the Kimball Art Center and School in Park City, Utah.

King, Larry
Not the guy from "Larry King Live". John deCamp – Named by Paul Bonacci as the organiser of an off-season pedophile homosexual snuff film made at the Bohemian Grove. Bonacci would eventually be granted 1 million dollars by the court. King served 5 years in jail.

Kirby, Robert E.
After receiving a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Penn State in 1939, Mr. Kirby took a job with the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company in Tyrone, Pa., and within a year became assistant superintendent of the mill. In 1943, he joined the Navy’s highly secret radar corps. He was sent to study electrical engineering at Princeton University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bell Labs and was discharged in 1946 with the rank of lieutenant after serving as an electronics officer. In 1952, Westinghouse sendtKirby to Harvard Business School for 16 months. He became chairman of the board of Westinghouse in 1975 and retired in 1983. Westinghouse contracts include radar for the B-1B bomber and launch tubes for the Trident missile. They are heavily involved with nuclear propulsion systems. Kirby went to the Bohemian Grove in 1979 and 1980.

Kirkham, Francis R.
Dragon
General counsel of Standard Oil of California 1960-1970.

Kissinger, Heinz "Henry " Alfred
Mandalay
Henry Kissinger was born in the Bavarian city of Fuerth. He was a son of Louis and Paula Stern Kissinger. The elder Kissinger was a school teacher and after Hitler’s rise to power, the family immigrated to London in 1938. After a short stay, they moved to Washington Heights in New York City. Recruited by Fritz Kraemer during WWII. Served in the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps 1943-1946. According to Hersh, Kissinger stayed on active duty in West Germany after the war and was eventually assigned to the 970th CIC Detachment, whose functions included support for the recruitment of ex-Nazi intelligence officers for anti-Soviet operations inside the Soviet bloc. Captain in the Military Intelligence Reserve 1946-1949. Went to Harvard in 1947, where he was picked by the Rockefellers, three of whom were overseers there at the time. Executive director Harvard International Seminar 1951-1969. Became an consultant to the Operations Research Office in 1951. According to Hersh, that unit, under the direct control of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, conducted highly classified studies on such topics as the utilization of former German operatives and Nazi partisan supporters in CIA clandestine activities. Became a consultant to the Director of the Psychological Strategy Board in 1952, a covert arm of the National Security Council. The first director (and primary founder) was Gordon Gray, who served in this position from June 1951 to May 1952. Under Eisenhower, on September 2, 1953, the role of this department was expanded and the name became Operations Coordinating Board (OCB). Became an consultant to the Operations Coordinating Board in 1955, which was then the highest policy-making board for implementing clandestine operations against foreign governments. JFK would abolish the OCB in 1961 although a similar unacknowledged structure would remain operational. Became known as the most trusted aide to Nelson Rockefeller in the mid 1950s, who by then had served as Eisenhower’s Special Assistant for Cold War Planning and overseer of all the CIA’s clandestine operations. Member of the Department of Government, Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, 1954-1969. Study director of nuclear weapons and foreign policy at the Council on Foreign Relations 1955-1956. Director Special Studies Project for the Rockefeller Brothers Fund 1956-1958, which worked out basic cold war policy manifestoes (hardline). They were in large part adopted by successive administrations in Washington. Author of ‘Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy’, released in 1957. Consultant Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1959-1960. Consultant National Security Council 1961-1962. Consultant RAND Corporation 1961-1968. Consultant United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1961-1968. Consultant to the Department of State 1965-1968. Right-hand man to Nelson Rockefeller during the 1968 Republican nomination campaign. Nixon’s National Security Advisor 1969-1973. Chairman of the secretive Forty Committee, the covert apparatus of the National Security Council, from at least 1969 to 1976, which oversaw the CIA’s clandestine operations. Nelson Rockefeller, even in his Senate bio, has been named as an (earlier) chairman of the Forty Committee. As head of this committee Kissinger had access to more information than the other members and he is said to have distorted it at times. During this same time period Kissinger also set up and headed the Washington Special Action Group (WSAG), another very important foreign policy group. Committee Secretary of State 1973-1977. Made two secret trips to China in 1971 to confer with Premier Zhou Enlai. Together with David Rockefeller involved in setting up the National Council for US-China Trade in 1973. Negotiated the SALT I and ABM treaty with the Soviet Union. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973. Made other secret trips to China in later years to make extremely sensitive intelligence exchanges. Robert C. McFarlane was among those who went to China with Kissinger, in his case between 1973 and 1976. Negotiated the end of the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Said to have played a role in the 1973 Augusto Pinochet coup. Approved President Suharto’s invasion of East-Timor in 1973, which resulted in a bout 250,000 dead communists and socialists. Suspected of having been involved in Operation Condor which started around 1975 and was an assassination and intelligence gathering operation on 3 continents. Director Council on Foreign Relations 1977-1981. Together with Cyrus Vance and David Rockefeller he set up the US-China Business Council in 1979, the sucessor to the Council for US-China Trade. Annual visitor of Bilderberg since at least the 1970s. Annual visitor of the Trilateral Commission since the late 1970s. Visited Le Cercle. Member of the 1001 Club and the Pilgrims Society. Visitor of Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay. Founder of Kissinger Associates in 1982, a secretive consulting firm to international corporations. Some of the first members to join Kissinger Associates were Brent Scowcroft (vice-chairman), Lawrence Eagleburger (president), Lord Carrington, Lord Roll of Ipsden, and Pehr Gyllenhammar. Some served until 1989, others were still active for Kissinger Associates in the late 1990s. Chairman National Bipartisan Commission on Central America 1983-1984. Set up the America-China Society in 1987, together with Robert McFarlane and Cyrus Vance. Appointed chairman of AIG’s advisory council in 1987. Director of the Atlanta branch of the Italian Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) from 1985 to 1991. This was during the 1989 BNL Affair (Iraq Gate) in which it became known that the Atlanta branch had made $4 billion in unreported loans to Iraq. After the revelation, the money was said to be used by the Iraqis to buy food and agriculture equipment, but in reality they were buying loads of military equipment. His consultancy firm, Kissinger Associates, set up the China Ventures fund with CITIC in 1989, which would be in the same year that he defended the Tiananmen Square massacre, arguing against sanctions being placed on China. In 1990, he sat on boards of American Express, Union Pacific, R.M. Macy, Continental Grain, CBS, and the Revlon Group. Also a consultant to ABC news at this time. Member Atlantic Council of the United States. Member of the Council of Advisors of the United States-Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce. Trustee of the Center Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the Arthur F Burns Fellowship, the Institute of International Education, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Honorary Governor of the Foreign Policy Association. Patron of the Atlantic Partnership and the New Atlantic Initiative. Chairman of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, the Nixon Center, and the American Academy in Berlin. Co-chairman of the Editorial Board of ‘The National Interest’ magazine. Chancellor of the College William and Mary. Honorary chairman World Cup USA 1994 (Kissinger has attended football matches with his friend and colleague Etienne Davignon). Named Honorary Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George, 1995. Director Freeport-McMoRan 1995-2001. Director of Conrad Black’s Hollinger International Inc. Member of J.P. Morgan’s International Advisory Council. Former member of the Advisory Council of Forstmann Little & Co. and American Express. Advisor to China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC). Member of the Europe Strategy Board of Hicks, Muse, Tate & Furst. Director of Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation. Chairman of the International Advisory Board of the American International Group (AIG), a partner of Kissinger Associates. Also chairman of the Advisory Boards of AIG Asian Infrastructure Funds I & II and a director of AIG Global. In 1997, Kissinger became the central advisor to the Business Coalition for US-China Trade, a group of about a 1000 leading companies willing to invest in China. In 2000, Henry Kissinger was quoted by Business Wire: "Hank Greenberg, Pete Peterson and I have been close friends and business associates for decades." Maurice Greenburg is head of AIG and Peter G. Peterson is head of The Blackstone Group, which is the other major partner of Kissinger Associates. Peterson is also a former chairman of Lehman Brothers. Kissinger is a friend of Lynn Forester and introduced her to Sir Evelyn de Rothschild at the 1998 Bilderberg conference. They would soon become married. After Pulitzer Price winning journalist Peter Arnett produced a CNN report on Operation Tailwind (a Vietnam operation in which US Special Forces allegedly killed US defectors with Sarin) in 1998, Kissinger and his friends called up CNN to demand that the news network should distance itself from the story (a story which CNN initially approved) and made sure that the producers of the show were publicly humiliated and fired. Arnett was fired again by NBC and National Geographic in March 2003 immediately after he said the Bush Administration was looking for a plan B now that Iraqi resistance turned out to be much more intense than expected. Within 24 hours the Daily Mail hired him. When Henry Kissinger is invited to speak at the United Nations Association on April 11, 2001 Lord Jacob Rothschild is flanking his side. Picked as the initial head of the 9/11 investigating committee in 2003, although he turned out to be too controversial to remain in that position. Henry Kissinger is a patron of the Open Russia Foundation since 2001, together with Lord Jacob Rothschild. The Foundation was set up by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a controversial oligarch, later locked up by Putin. Honorary trustee of the Aspen Institute. Because of previous international attempts by European and South American judges to question him, he is known to take legal advice before traveling to certain countries in either continent.

Kluge, John W.
Wohwohno
German émigré having tougher time re-creating earlier success. Amassed $8 billion fortune buying, selling cellular and broadcasting properties to Rupert Murdoch and WorldCom. Latest venture, Metromedia Fiber, less lucrative: company filed for bankruptcy earlier this year. Stepped down as chairman of Metromedia International (telecom, cable) after flak from shareholders. He has a personal fortune of $10 billion.

Knight, Andrew S. B.
Mandalay
Resident of the United Kingdom. Educated at Ampleforth College and Balliol College, Oxford (MA, Modern History). Knight worked at the City of London merchant bankers, J. Henry Schroder Wagg, from 1961 to 1963 and the Investors Chronicle from 1964 until 1966. He joined The Economist in 1966 on the international business and investment sections. From March 1968 to April 1970 he served in the Washington offices of the paper before returning to Europe to establish its European section and, in 1973, its offices in Brussels. Editor of the Economist 1974-1986. Governor of the Ditchley Foundation since at least 1981 (still a member in 2005). CEO and editor in chief of the Daily Telegraph plc. 1986-1989. Identified as a governor of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs in 1987. Chairman of News International (News Corp) 1990-1994. Executive and later non-executive director of News Corp. Director of BskyB since 1994 (later chaired by Jacob de Rothschild and the son of Rupert Murdoch). Non-executive director of Rothschild Investment Trust Capital Partners plc. since 1997 (chairman is Jacob Rothschild, co-director is Nathaniel Rothschild). Chairman of the Compensation Committee and a member of the Audit Committee of News Corporation. Member of the advisory board for Centre for Economic Development and Policy Research at Stanford University. Director of the Anglo-Russian Opera. Director Templeton Emerging Markets Investment Trust plc. since 2003. Chairman of the Jerwood Charity and Shipston Home Nursing; a member of the Advisory Board of the Centre of Economic Policy Research at Stanford University, California; a member of the Advisory Council of the Institute of International Studies, Stanford University; Governor (and member of the Council of Management) of the Ditchley Foundation; Chairman of the Harlech Scholars’ Trust; a Director of the Kirov Opera and Ballet (London). He was also formerly Chairman of the Ballet Rambert; Trustee of the Victoria & Albert Museum; Governor of Imperial College of Science & Technology; Council member of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House); member of the Board of Overseers at the Hoover Institution, Stanford; member of the Steering Committee of Bilderberg (seemed to have began visiting since 1996); Visitor of Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay; Council member of Templeton College, Oxford; non-executive Director of Reuters Holdings plc and of Tandem Computers Inc.

Kravis, Henry R.
First cousins partnered with fellow Bear Stearns mentor Jerome Kohlberg to form leveraged buyout firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts 1976. Bought underperforming companies using junk bonds, reworked balance sheet, sold for profit. Kohlberg exited in 1987. "Barbarians at the gate" best known for $25 billion RJR Nabisco buyout 1989. Recent spending spree: PanAmSat (satellites), Sealy Mattress, Auto-Teile-Unger (German auto parts). Also sprucing up Primedia: sold off moneylosing New York and Seventeen magazines; developing TV shows to boost Hot Rod, Motor Trend brands. High-profile New York socialite big donor to Metropolitan Museum; wife, Marie-Josée, former director of poverty-fighting Robin Hood Foundation.

Krebs, Robert D.
Sempervirens
Krebs retired as Chairman of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation (transportation) in April 2002. He held that position since December 2000. He was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer from June 1999 until December 2000, and Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer from April 1997 to May 1999. He is a director at Phelps Dodge Company and has been listed in Forbes’ America’s Most Powerful People.

Kroc, Ray
Founder of the McDonald’s Corporation in 1955, although not of the restaurant chain itself, which was started by Dick and Mac McDonald in 1940. Dubbed the Hamburger King, Kroc was included in the TIME 100 list of the world’s most influential builders and titans of industry and amassed a $500 million fortune during his lifetime. Died in 1984.

Krulak, Victor H.
Owl’s Nest
Marine Lieutenant General Victor Krulak arrived at the Naval Academy at the young age of 16. “Brute” as he was known, would later play a major role in three wars: World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam. During World War II, Lieutenant Colonel Krulak led a raid against the Japanese at Choiseul Island in the Northern Solomon Islands. He succeeded in his mission of creating a diversion to cover a larger invasion, but was wounded in the battle. PT boats had been dispatched to help Krulak’s battalion evacuate, and he was rescued by a Skipper of one of the boats—John F. Kennedy. When the Korean War broke out, Krulak was assigned to serve as Chief of Staff for the First Marine Division. From 1957-1959, he served as director of the Marine Corps Education Center in Quantico. In March 1964, Krulak was designated commanding general, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and promoted to lieutenant general. In this position, Krulak was responsible for all Fleet Marine Force units in the Pacific and made more than 50 trips to the Vietnam Theater. His book, First to Fight: An Inside View of the U.S. Marine Corps, is still widely read around the world.

Kurutz, Gary F.
Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997. Not a businessman.

Laird, Melvin R.
After serving (1942–46) in the navy during World War II, he entered politics as a Republican and was (1946–52) a state senator in Wisconsin. As a member (1953–69) of the U.S. House of Representatives, he served on the appropriations committee where he actively supported a large military budget and a strong nuclear defense posture as well as increased funds for health and education. Laird became secretary of defense in President Nixon’s cabinet and presided over the shift from a conscripted to an all-volunteer army. He supported (1970) the invasion of Cambodia and approved the strategy of bombing North Vietnam to force a peace settlement. After his resignation as secretary, he served (1973) briefly as counselor to the president for domestic affairs. Laird is the author of A House Divided (1962) and editor of Republican Papers (1968). U.S. secretary of defense (1969–73).

Landis, Richard G.
Uplifters
Retired Chairman and CEO Del Monte Corporation. Honorary chairman of the University of La Verne (CA). Member of the Newcomen Society.

Lane, Laurence W., Jr.
Sempervirens
Chairman of the Board Lane Publishing Co. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Australia 1985-1989.

Lane, Melvin B.
Sempervirens
Trustee of the Sierra Club 1977-1984. Founding Chairman of the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission. Member of the Advisory Council of Save the Bay.

Larson, Charles
Retired four star Admiral of the United States Navy. He twice served as Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. He also served as CINCPAC (Commander in Chief, Pacific). In 2002, after switching parties to become a Democrat, he ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland with Democrat Kathleen Kennedy Townsend. He and his wife Sally reside in Annapolis. As of 2004, he serves on the Northrop Grumman Corporation’s Board of Directors.

Larson, John W.
Derelicts
Unknown.

Lawrence, Ernest O.
Nuclear physicist who occupied the Bohemian Grove Redwood Clubhouse at the time of the Manhattan Project.

Leavitt, Dana G.
Pelicans
Unknown.

Lehman, John F.
Born in 1942, and a scion of one of Philadelphia’s oldest and wealthiest (banking) families. Lehman can trace his family line back to an aide to William Penn, founder of the Quaker colony. Received a B.S. in international relations from St. Joseph’s University in 1964. Bachelor of Arts and Masters of Arts degrees from Cambridge University. While at Cambridge, Lehman frequently spent weekends at the palace of Prince Rainier and Princess Grace in Monaco, because he is a second cousin of the late Grace Kelly (Princess Grace of Monaco). Received a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania (1974). As a student, he joined the Intercollegiate Student Institute, founded by William Buckley, Jr. (Skull & Bones; CIA; Knights of Malta; Bohemian Grove), and as a graduate student roomed with Edwin Feulner (later Heritage Foundation president; Mont Pelerin Society president; member Le Cercle; Bohemian Grove; etc). Flew combat missions during the Vietnam War. Served under Henry Kissinger at the National Security Council 1969-1974. He was a delegate to the Vienna Mutual Balanced Force Reductions negotiations 1975-1978. Deputy Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Worked for UBS AG. President of the aerospace consulting firm Abington Corporation 1977-1981. Managing Director Corporate Finance at PaineWebber, Inc. 1981-1987. Secretary of the Navy under Reagan 1981-1987. Member of the Committee on the Present Danger under Reagan, together with William Casey, Frank Gaffney, George Shultz, and Richard Perle. Was forced to leave the Reagan administration for his extreme anti-communist convictions. Became a trustee of the Philadelphia-based Foreign Policy Research Institute, a conservative think tank. At the Bohemian Grove in 1991, he delivered a speech in which he claimed that 200,000 Iraqis had been killed in the Gulf War. The speech was called ‘Smart Weapons’. Founder and chairman of J.F. Lehman & Company in 1992. This company invests mainly in small- to mid-sized defense companies and employs a small group of former Joint Chiefs, Admirals, and Marine commanders, together with people from NASA, Boeing, General Dynamics, United Technologies, Bechtel, the Department of Energy, etc. Lehman has served on the boards of TI Group plc, Westland Helicopter plc Sedgwick plc and all of J.F. Lehman’s realized investments. He currently is a director of Ball Corporation, ISO Inc., EnerSys and Hawaii Superferry, Inc. and Chairman of Special Devices, Incorporated and chairman of OAO Technology Solutions, Inc. He is also Chairman of the Princess Grace Foundation and an Overseer of the School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. Has been a member of the Heritage Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been a member of the 9/11 Commission in 2003 & 2004. Supporter of the Project for the New American Century and pressed for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Lehman himself persists in supporting the administration’s claim that Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda were working together. A ‘new revelation’ he made on NBC in June 2003 that an Iraqi colonel was an Al-Qaeda operative was violently opposed by the CIA, which claimed that this link had turned out to be bogus a long time ago. Lehman has always been one of the harshest critics of the CIA for its pre- and post-9/1l intelligence. He led the American delegation to the funeral of Prince Rainier in 2005. Has been quoted as saying: "Power corrupts. Absolute power is kind of neat." Member of the Advisory Board of Paribas Affaires Industrielles.

Leighton, Judd C.
Parsonage
Director Gulf & Western Inc. Chairperson Leighton-Oare Foundation, Inc.

Leighton, Philip
One of the persons who were thinking about establishing what would become the Stanford Research Institute.

Leland, Ted
Stanford University´s athletic director. Lakeside talk; ‘College Athletics: Serious Business or Toy Department?’.

Levine, Lord Peter
Jewish. Former advisor to Margaret Thatcher. Became Lord Mayor of London in 1998. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 called ‘We Reinvented Government Before You Did’. Chairman of Lloyd’s of London in 2004. Patron of the Lloyd’s Yacht Club. Chairman of the Board of Governors for the London Seminar of the Asia Insurance Review in 2004.

Lewis, David S.
Owl’s Nest
Mr. Lewis was a major force in the aerospace and defense industry for three decades. His management skills were notable for their breadth, ranging over military and commercial aviation, space exploration, land combat systems, submarines and surface ships. Mr. Lewis was chairman and chief executive officer of General Dynamics from early 1971 until his retirement at the end of 1985. During his tenure, General Dynamics’ revenues and earnings quadrupled. While he was chairman, the company designed and/or built Los Angeles-class fast attack submarines, Trident submarines, M1 Abrams tanks and the first ships ever built to transport liquefied natural gas throughout the world. Under his leadership, the company won the highly competitive U.S. Air Force Lightweight Fighter Competition, with the F-16 Falcon. He was brought along by General Dynamics chairman Roger Lewis in the early 1980s.

Lewis, Drew L.
Mandalay
Former secretary of transportation 1981-1983. chairman and CEO Union Pacific Corp. Director Gannett Corp. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Lewis, Gerald J.
Crossroad
Gerald J. Lewis has been a director of the Company since 1996. Judge Lewis has been Chairman of Lawsuit Resolution Services since 1997, and was of counsel to the law firm of Latham & Watkins from prior to 1996 to 1997. Judge Lewis is also a director of Invesco Mutual Funds. Director at General Chemical Group

Lewis, Roger
Owl’s Nest
Assistant Air Force secretary, president of the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK) in 1971, and CEO and chairman of General Dynamics up to the 1980s.

Lilley, James R.
During a government career spanning four decades, James Lilley served in the CIA, White House, State Department, and Defense Department. He is the only American to have served as the head of the American missions in Beijing, where he was ambassador from 1989-1991, and Taiwan, where he was Director of the American Institute in Taiwan from 1982-1984. He also served as the U.S. ambassador to South Korea from 1986-1989. He is currently a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, DC. Member Council on Foreign Relations.

Linkletter, Art
The host of two of the longest running shows in broadcast history: House Party which ran on CBS TV and Radio for 25 years, and People Are Funny which ran on NBC TV and Radio for 19 years. Art’s daughter, Diane Linkletter, committed suicide on October 4, 1969 by jumping out of her sixth floor kitchen window. She was 21 years old. Several contradictory stories were brought forward, and Art concluded that she committed suicide because she was on or having a flashback from an LSD trip. Several reports claimed that there was no involvement from LSD, but Art still continues to speak out against drugs. Art also lost his son to an automobile accident.

Littlefield, Edmund W.
Mandalay / Rattlers
A leading San Francisco business executive, and a major benefactor of Stanford University and the Stanford Graduate School of Business. Head of Utah International Inc. until 1976 when it merged with General Electric. He joined Utah Construction Co. in 1951 and began his 21-year career as the firm’s principal officer in 1958. Under his leadership, the company was transformed into a worldwide natural resources and shipping company, which was renamed Utah International Inc. In 1976 the company merged with General Electric in what was then the largest merger in history. Littlefield continued as a member of the GE board of directors. Listed as a member of G.E.’s largest stockholding family. Stayed in Rattlers in 2004. Littlefield served on numerous corporate boards throughout his career including Bechtel Investment Co., Chrysler Corp., Del Monte Corp., Hewlett-Packard Co., and Wells Fargo & Co. He was also generous with his time, serving on the Stanford University Board of Trustees from 1956 until 1969 and on the Graduate School of Business Advisory Council from 1959 until 1984. He served on the Hoover Institution Board from 1990 to 1994. He also served at different times as a director of both the San Francisco and the California chambers of commerce, as chairman of SRI International, and as a trustee of the Bay Area Council and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.

Livermore, Charles
President of the Bay View Business Association.

Lockhart, James B.
Sunshiners
Lockhart is the co-founder and former managing director of NetRisk, a risk management software and consulting firm serving major financial institutions, including banks, insurance companies and investment management firms worldwide. He has an extensive background in insurance. Prior to founding NetRisk, he was Senior Vice President of Finance for National Re and a Managing Director for Smith Barney. Earlier in his career he was Vice President and Treasurer for Alexander & Alexander, and worked for Gulf Oil in Europe and the U.S., serving as Assistant Treasurer. He served with distinction in the previous Bush Administration as Executive Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation from 1989 until 1993. He was a director of the Association of Private Pensions and Welfare Plans (now the American Benefits Council) from 1993 until 1995. Lockhart was nominated by President Bush in July 2001 and confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 2002 as the new Deputy Commissioner of Social Security.

London, Jack
Famous writer at the beginning of the 20th century.

Lozano, Ignacio E., Jr.
Cuckoo’s Nest
Ignacio E. Lozano, Jr. served as the US Ambassador to El Salvador from 1976-1977. He was a Director of Bank of America, The Walt Disney Company, Pacific Life and Sempra Energy. He also has extensive experience in journalism having been Publisher and Editor of La Opinion. He is a graduate and a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Notre Dame.

Ludwig, Daniel K.
Set up National Bulk Carriers, which became the largest shippin company in the US. His shipyards pioneered the use of welding rather than riveting the hulls of ships, thereby saving valuable time during World War II when demand for ships soared. He transported oil and molasses around the world. He set up the Jari project, which was an attempt to create a tropical tree farm in Brazil for producing pulp for paper. Later helped Meyer Lansky, chief of the Jewish maffia in New York, to set his drug money laundering empire in Bahamas. Ludwig is one of the richest private citizens in the world and has been a member of the 1001 Club, together with Meyer Lansky.

Lundborg, Louis
Former chairman of the Bank of America.

Lurie, Bob
Bought the San Francisco Giants in 1976.

Lutz, Robert A.
Vice-Chairman, Product Development and Chairman, GM North America, General Motors Corporation, USA. 1961, BSc in Production Science (Hons) and 1962, MBA (Hons), Univ. of California-Berkley. 1963-70, held a variety of senior positions, Europe, General Motors; 1970-73, Exec. VP, Sales and Member, Board of Management, BMW Munich. 12 years’ experience with Ford Motor Co.: Exec. VP, Truck Operations; Chairman, Ford Europe; Exec. VP, Int’l Operations; 1982-86, Member of the Board. 1986, joined Chrysler Corp.: Exec. VP; President and COO, Car and Truck Operations Worldwide; Vice-Chairman. 2001-02, Chairman and CEO, Exide Technologies. Currently, Chairman, General Motors, North America and Vice-Chairman, Product Development, General Motors Corp. Chairman, The New Common School Foundation. Trustee, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Inst. Goes to DAVOS – World Economic Forum. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

MacDonnell, Robert I.
Uplifters
Retired from Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. where he was a partner from 1982 to 2002. He is also a director of Xstrata (Schweiz) AG. Director at Safeway Inc.

Mackinlay, Ian
Chairman of Ian Mackinlay Architecture Inc. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Madden, Richard B.
Midway
Director of the URS Corporation since 1992 and is known to have attended Bohemian Grove. He has also served as CEO of Potlatch Corporation from 1971 to 1994, director of PG&E Corporation from 1996 to 2000, director of Pacific Gas and Electric Company from 1977 to 2000, and director of CNF Inc. from 1992 to 2002.

Madrid, Miguel de la
De la Madrid received a degree in law from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) in Mexico City in 1957 and a master’s degree in public administration from Harvard University in 1965. He worked for the National Bank of Foreign Commerce and the Bank of Mexico, and, until 1968, he taught law at the UNAM. Between 1970 and 1972 he was employed by Pemex, Mexico’s state-owned petroleum company, after which he held several other bureaucratic posts in the government of Luis Echeverría Álvarez. In 1976 he was chosen to serve in José López Portillo’s cabinet as secretary of budget and planning. Was president of Mexico from 1982 to 1988.

Mahoney, Richard J.
Monsanto Corporation Chairman and CEO. Went in 1986. Monsanto manages the Mound Facility in Miamisburg Ohio for the Department of Energy. The main activity of the Mound Facility is the production and maintenance of the non-nuclear components for U.S. nuclear weapons: detonators, timers, firing sets, and test equipment. Some work with nuclear materials also occurs there.

Major, John
He worked as an executive at Standard Chartered Bank in May 1965 where he rose quickly through the ranks, before leaving on his election to Parliament in 1979. He is an Associate of the Institute of Bankers. Became a Knight of the Companions of Honour 1998. Former Prime Minister of the U.K. 1990-1997. Member Carlyle Group’s European Advisory Board since 1998 and chairman of Carlyle Europe since 2001. Chairman of the Ditchley Foundation since 2005 and a member of the Queen’s Privy Council. Major is one of the few Brits that visited the Bohemian Grove. In 2002, it became known that Major has had a four year extramarital affair in the past. Le Cercle members Robert Cecil and Norman Lamont were running his election campaigns. In February 2005, John Major and Norman Lamont were accused of holding up the release of papers on Black Wednesday under the Freedom of Information Act. Black Wednesday refers to September 16, 1992 when the British government was forced to withdraw the Pound from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) by currency speculators – most notably Le Cercle member George Soros who made $1 billion that day. Member of the Pilgrims Society.

Malott, Robert H.
Silverado Squatters
Graduate of Kansas University and Harvard Graduate School of Business and attended NYU Law School, board member of the Amoco Corporation, Bell & Howell, United Technologies Corporation, Sovereign Specialty Chemical Company, the Hoover Institution, Public Broadcasting Service and the National Park Foundation, chairman and chief executive officer of FMC Corporation, chairman of Argonne National Laboratory, Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History, the Lyric Opera of Chicago and the Chicago Botanic Garden, trustee of the Aspen Institute, American Enterprise Institute and the University of Chicago.

Marshall, J. Howard
Midway
Was a wealthy oil man and was briefly married to the actress, Anna Nicole Smith. Shortly after the marriage Mr. Marshall died and Anna Nicole Smith was involved in a court battle with her former stepson. She was eventually awarded $88 million. In 1931 J. Howard Marshall graduated from the law school of Yale University with a Magna Cum Laude. After graduating he became assistant dean at Yale Law School. It was here he studied oil, which took him on a lifelong journey that eventually made him a multi-millionaire. Just two years later he was recruited by Secretary of the Interior, Harold Ickes and later was a member of the Petroleum Administration for War. A year before the end of World War II began his career in the oil industry when he joined Ashland Oil and Refining Co. He went on to hold top positions at various oil companies until 1984, when he founded Marshall Petroleum.

Martin, Robert C.
Sons of Rest
Robert C. Martin has been a software professional since 1970. He is CEO, president, and founder of Object Mentor Inc., a firm of highly experienced software professionals that offers process improvement consulting, object-oriented software design consulting , training, and development services to major corporations around the world.

Marting, Walter A.
Mandalay
Yale and Harvard. President of Hanna Mining Company of Cleveland, Ohio. President and Chief Executive Officer of Hcell Technology. Early in his career he served as Vice President Administration and Finance for Amax Europe, a subsidiary of Amax,Inc., at the time a Fortune 500 diversified mining concern. He worked more recently as an investment banker with the Los Angeles M&A boutique, L.J.Kaufman and Co. whose clients included Carnation and Hughes Aircraft. With Hughes he arranged a number of innovative lease financings for their in-flight entertainment equipment group. Most recently Mr. Marting has served as CFO of a rapidly growing digital systems firm based in Orange County for whom he arranged seed and early stage capital fundings. He will be involved at hCell in strategic partnering initiatives and in helping the Company achieve its longer term financial and market objectives.

Matthews, Chris
MSNBC host. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003. Matthews, a Roman Catholic, graduated from The College of the Holy Cross, and did graduate work in economics at the University of North Carolina. Then he served in the Peace Corps in Swaziland as a trade development advisor. As a Democrat, Matthews has worked for several Democratic politicians. He was a presidential speechwriter for four years during the administration of Jimmy Carter. He served as a top aide to long-time Speaker of the House of Representatives Tip O’Neill for six years. He worked in the U.S. Senate for five years on the staffs of Senators Frank Moss and Edmund Muskie before running for U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Matthews worked as a print journalist for 15 years, spending 13 years as Washington Bureau Chief for The San Francisco Examiner (1987 – 2000), and two years as a nationally syndicated columnist for The San Francisco Chronicle.

Maybeck, Bernard
Well-known US architect who built the Bohemian Grove club house in 1904.

McCarthy, Roger
Chairman of Exponent, Inc.of Exponent Inc., a company he joined in 1978. 2004 lakeside talk: ‘The Coming Virtual Soldier’.

McCaw, Craig O.
Net Worth: $2.5 billion. He gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997. One of four sons of John Elroy McCaw, early investor in cable TV. Second-oldest Craig took over cash-strapped company after father’s death in 1969; sold cable, reinvested in cellular phone networks. Sold McCaw Cellular to AT&T for $11.5 billion in 1993. Brothers dabble in business independently: Craig stayed in telecom, rescued wireless carrier Nextel and founded broadband provider XO Communications. Also funds satellite communications venture Teledesic, but telecom crash making it hard to get business off ground. Finds solace on the high seas: with Paul Allen (see), financed OneWorld Challenge, yacht syndicate competing in the America’s Cup.

McCollum, Leonard F., Jr.
Green Mask
University of Texas B.S. in geology, staff geologist with Humble Oil and Refining Company, president of Carter Oil Company (a division of Standard Oil) at 39, making him the youngest head of an oil company in America, director and later CEO of the Continental Oil Company (Conoco).

McCone, John Alex
Mandalay
Executive vice-president Llewelyn Ironworks. Established the McCone Engineering Company, which built oil refineries and industrial plants. On the brink of WWII he established the California Shipbuilding Company Bechtel-McCone Corp. Chairman of the Atomic Energy commission. CIA director under Kennedy to replace Allen Dulles. Director of ITT, Pacific Mutual Life Insurance, United California Bank, Standard Oil of California, and Western Bancorporation. Member of the Knights of Malta.

McCourt, Frank J.
Member of Senate (1967-70). Member, House of Delegates (1963-67). President of City Center Democrats. Vice-President of Second District Young Democrats. Director of 11th Ward Democratic Club. Director of Downtown Democratic Club. Director of Mount Royal Democratic Club. Member of Bohemian Club. Member of Maryland and Baltimore City Bar Associations. Member of Forty-Niners Club. Member of YMCA. Member of Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. Member of The University Club.

McFaul, Michael
McFaul was born and raised in Montana. He received his B.A. in international relations and Slavic languages and his M.A. in Slavic and East European studies from Stanford University in 1986. He was awarded a Rhodes scholarship to Oxford where he completed his Ph.D. in international relations in 1991. Michael McFaul is the Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He is also an associate professor of political science at Stanford University and a non-resident associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Before joining the Stanford faculty in 1995, he worked for two years as a senior associate for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in residence at the Moscow Carnegie Center. McFaul is also a research associate at the Center for International Security and Arms Control and a senior adviser to the National Democratic Institute. He serves on the Board of directors of the Eurasia Foundation, Firebird Fund, International Forum for Democratic Studies of the National Endowment for Democracy, Institute of Social and Political Studies, Center for Civil Society International, and Institute for Corporate Governance and Law, the steering committee for the Europe and Eurasia division of Human Rights Watch, and the editorial boards of Current History, Journal of Democracy, Demokratizatsiya, and Perspectives on European Politics and Society. He has served as a consultant for numerous companies and government agencies. McFaul’s current research interests include democratization in the post-communist world and Iran, U.S.-Russian relations, and American efforts at promoting democracy abroad. With Abbas Milani and Larry Diamond, he co-directs the Hoover project on Iran. In 2003, he gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove about the dwindling US-Russian relations.

McDonald, Angus Daniel
President of the Southern Pacific Company, the parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. Trustee of Notre Dame. Knight of Malta. Died in 1941.

McDonald, Robert A.
Divisional President/Divisional Vice Chairman at Procter & Gamble Company.

McElroy, Neil
A business executive who took his Harvard diploma to Cincinnati to work for Procter & Gamble. He worked through the ranks in advertising and gained the post of president (1948–57) then took some time off to serve in the as Secretary of Defense under President Eisenhower (1957–59). He returned from Washington and became chairman of P&G (1959–72). Went to the Bohemian Grove in the 1960’s.

McHenry, Dean E.
Isle of Aves
Studied at UCLA, Stanford, Berkeley and received a Ph.D., taught government at Williams College in Massachusetts and political science at Pennsylvania State College, UCLA political science faculty 1939 and on, Carnegie Fellow in New Zealand and Australia 1946-1947, Fulbright Lecturer at the University of Western Australia in 1954, authored books like The American Federal Government and The American System of Government, dean of social sciences and chairman of the Department of Political Science, assistent-president University of California from 1958, drafted California’s Master Plan for Higher Education in 1960, founding chancellor of the University of California – Santa Cruz, driving force behind the growth of California’s multitiered system of public higher education, his son is another geopolitical expert with great interest in Africa.

McLaren, Loyal
Mandalay / Stowaway / Cave Man
His primary camp was Stowaway where he was a co-captain. McLaren assisted Firestone with his guest, Henry Ford, to meet prominent republicans in different camps. One of them was Gerald Ford. In 1954, on request of the White House, McLaren arranged for the Prime Minister of Pakistan to be received at the Bohemian Grove that summer. He put him in the Stowaway camp and made sure he could give a lake side talk.

McLean, John G.
Mandalay
Harvard professor who had written a visionary report predicting the inevitability of an oil supply crunch. Became president of Continental Oil Company. Died in 1974.

McNear, Denman K.
President of the Southern Pacific Transportation Company in the 1970’s.

McPherson, Rene C.
Elected President of Dana Corporation in 1968 and continued in that office until becoming Chairman and CEO in 1972 (until 1980). Served as President of Hayes-Dana Division in Canada, leading a turnaround to profitability. Director of The Boeing Company and Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Died in 1996.

McWilliams, James K.
Skiddoo
Former coal operator and current executive for utility giant American Electric Power Service Corporation.

Meese, Edwin III
Edwin Meese III served on the Council for National Policy (CNP) Executive Committee in 1994 and as CNP President in 1996. Meese was distinguished fellow and holder of the Ronald Reagan Chair in Public Policy, the Heritage Foundation; former Attorney General of the U.S. 1985-1988; Counselor to the President, 1981-1985; former Chief of Staff and Senior Issues Advisor for the Reagan-Bush Committee; former president, Council for National Policy; former professor of law, University of San Diego; former vice president for administration, Rohr Industries. As Chairman of the Domestic Policy Council and the National Drug Policy Board, and as a member of the National Security Council, he played a key role in the development and execution of domestic and foreign policy. During the 1970s, Mr. Meese was Director of the Center for Criminal Justice Policy and Management and Professor of Law at the University of San Diego. He earlier served as Chief of Staff for then-Governor Reagan and was a local prosecutor in California. Mr. Meese is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Institute of United States Studies, University of London. He earned his B.A. from Yale University and his J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. During the Reagan Kitchen Cabinet, Joseph Coors and others from the Heritage Foundation received a letter of endorsement from White House Chief of Staff Ed Meese in which Meese promised Edward J. Feulner, Jr., the president of Heritage, that ‘this Administration will cooperate fully with your efforts.’ After leaving the Reagan administration, Meese joined the staff of the Heritage Foundation. Walsh’s Iran/Contra Investigation Report, August 1993: "Attorney General Edwin Meese III became directly involved in the Reagan Administration’s secret plan to sell weapons to Iran in January 1986, when he was asked for a legal opinion to support the plan. When the secret arms sales became exposed in November 1986, raising questions of legality and prompting congressional and public scrutiny, Meese became the point man for the Reagan Administration’s effort, in Meese’s words, ‘to limit the damage.’"

Megeath, Samuel A. III
A former director and chairman of PLM International Inc. (PLM).

Merrill, Harvie M.
The Webb
Director TIS Mortgage Investment Company. Director Hexcel Corporation. Shareholder Fibreboard Corporation.

Merrill, Steven L.
Woof
Steve Merrill has been active in venture capital investing since 1968, and most recently was a Partner with Benchmark Capital. He was president of BankAmerica Capital Corporation in 1976 and managed this very successful venture activity until 1980 when he formed Merrill, Pickard, Anderson & Eyre (MPAE), a privately held venture capital partnership. MPAE managed funds of approximately $285 million provided by a group of 50 limited partners, including major corporations, pension funds, insurance companies, university endowments, and prominent families. Some of the companies funded by MPAE include America Online, Aspect Telecommunications, Cypress Semiconductor, Documentum, and Palm Computing. MPAE stopped making new investments in 1996 and the partners founded Benchmark Capital and Foundation Capital. Steven is a limited partner in both of these firms but is no longer involved in the day-to-day management. Currently, Steven is devoting more time to civic and non-profit activities as well as his private investments. He was chairman of the Board of Trustees of Town School for Boys, a member of the Committee to Restore the San Francisco Opera House, and he is a past director of the Children’s Health Council. Steven is also a past president of the Western Association of Venture Capitalists and a past director of the National Venture Capital Association, and has been a director of numerous privately held companies. He holds an MBA from the Wharton School of Finance and a BA in Sociology from Stanford University.

Mettler, Ruben F.
Mandalay
B.A. of science degree at California Institute of Technology, sent to Bikini atol after WWII and witnessed some atomic bomb explosions, later studied electrical and aeronautical engineering at Caltech, where he earned a Master of Science degree in 1947 and a Ph.D. in 1949, graduating at the top of his class. Recruited into Hughes Aircraft Corporation and remained there until 1954, after working in different military systems he went to Washington and became a consultant to the Department of Defense, joined Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation in 1955 as assistant director and worked for many years on missile guidance systems and ICBM missiles, Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation changed into TRW Inc. 1958, with TRW Inc. he served as executive vice-president for Space Technology Laboratories (STL) 1959-1962, TRW/STL built the first satellites without government funding and STL went on to become the first contractor selected by NASA to design and build a large scientific spacecraft, Mettler becomes president of TRW Systems Group, which grew out of STL and expanded its leadership in development of large, complex spacecraft for both the Air Force and NASA. All in all, Mettler has been president, chief operating officer, chief executive officer and chairman of TRW Inc. He completely resigned in 1994. Mettler has been a member of the Japan Society, of the Bretton Woods Committee 2004 and of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Miller, Arjay
Sempervirens
He graduated from UCLA in 1937 and spent three years in graduate school working part-time as a teaching assistant at UC Berkeley, before becoming an economist for the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. After three years in the Air Force Miller joined Ford Motor Co. in 1946. He became president of Ford in 1963 and vice chairman in 1968, a year before moving to Stanford. Arjay Miller became the fourth Dean of the Graduate School of Business on July 1, 1969. Under Miller’s ten-year deanship the Stanford Business School became the top-ranked graduate school in the U.S., taking over the position from Harvard.

Miller, Henry S., Jr.
Meyerling
Chairman emeritus of the Henry S. Miller Companies and Henry S. Miller Interests, Inc.; and is Managing Partner of Highland Park Village and Preston Royal shopping centres. His career in real estate began in 1938, when he joined his father, the founder of the companies. By 1984 Henry S. Miller was the 5th largest real estate brokerage firm in America.

Miller, Paul Albert
Stowaway
Cryptanalyst, intercepting and deciphering secret German radio transmissions and codes 1943-1945, Harvard University, joined the family company Southern California Gas Co. around 1949, in 1968 he became chief executive officer of the gas company’s parent corporation, Pacific Lighting, which was the largest private gas utility in the nation at the time, providing energy to all of Southern California. he company, which in 1988 changed its name to Pacific Enterprise, acquired the Thrifty Drug Store chain, which later bought out Pay’n Save drug stores and Bi-Mart stores. It also acquired Big Five Sports and other retail businesses. Served as president and chairman of the Pacific Lightning until 1989, was a trustee of Wells Fargo Bank, Newhall Land and Farming and the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, served on the Arthritis Foundation Board, chairman of the local and national United Way, the American Enterprise Institute, the California Chamber of Commerce, the World Affairs Council of Los Angeles, the Civic Light Opera and the University of Southern California, also a member of the Pacific Union Club. He married 5 times, was a gambler and always intensely competitive.

Miller, Richard S.
Green Mask
Unknown.

Miller, Richard Russell
Pink Onion
Unknown. Probably the person involved in the Iran Contra scandal with Oliver North, etc.

Miller, Robert F.
Moro
Unknown.

Miller, Robert Gordon
Medicine Lodge
Unknown.

Miller, William Frederic
Sunshiners
Unknown.

Milligan, R. Sheldon, Jr.
Cool-Nazdar
In the Eagle Scouts when he was young, he and his wife were involved with the University of California’s Botanical Garden.

Milliken, Roger
Westinghouse Electric Corporation director. Chairman and CEO of the textile firm Milliken and Company.

Montgomery, George G. Jr.
Santa Barbara
Senior advisor to Seven Hills merchant bankers. From 1981 until 2002, George served as a General Partner, Managing Director and then Advisory Director at Hambrecht & Quist and its successor, JP Morgan H&Q. Previously, George held senior management positions at Blyth Eastman Paine Webber, Merrill Lynch, and White Weld & Co. Throughout his career, George has specialized in mergers and acquisitions, with a particular expertise in the life sciences industry. George received an MBA from Harvard Business School and a BA from Yale. George is a Trustee and former Board Chairman of the Environmental Defense Fund and serves on the board of the California Academy of Sciences.

Moore, Gordon E.
Jinks Band
Gordon E. Moore is currently Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation. Moore co-founded Intel in 1968, serving initially as Executive Vice President. He became President and Chief Executive Officer in 1975 and held that post until elected Chairman and Chief Executive Officer in 1979. He remained CEO until 1987 and was named Chairman Emeritus in 1997. Moore is widely known for "Moore’s Law," in which in 1965 he predicted that the number of transistors the industry would be able to place on a computer chip would double every year. In 1975, he updated his prediction to once every two years. While originally intended as a rule of thumb in 1965, it has become the guiding principle for the industry to deliver ever-more-powerful semiconductor chips at proportionate decreases in cost. He is a director of Gilead Sciences Inc., a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the IEEE. Moore also serves on the Board of Trustees of the California Institute of Technology. He received the National Medal of Technology from President George Bush in 1990.

Moore, Thomas W.
Cuckoo’s Nest
Unknown.

Moorer, Thomas H.
Silverado Squatters
Thomas Hinman Moorer (1912 -2004) was a U.S. admiral. He served as the chief of naval operations between 1967 and 1970. He also served as the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1970 until 1974. While Chair, Moorer received unauthorized material taken from the White House offices of the National Security Council. He was fiercely critical of Zionist influence on the US government and protested to the end the official version of the USS Liberty incident. In 1984 he said: "I’ve never seen a president—I don’t care who he is—stand up to them [the Israelis]. It just boggles your mind. They always get what they want. The Israelis know what is going on all the time. I got to the point where I wasn’t writing anything down. If the American people understood what a grip those people have on our government, they would rise up in arms. Our citizens don’t have any idea what goes on." Moorer was a guest of one of his bosses, Deputy Secretary of Defense David Packard.

Morgan, Neil
Silverado Squatters
The locally well-known Neil Morgan, 50 year San Diego Union-Tribune editor and columnist who was suddenly fired in 2004 for unknown reasons. In the past he was a friend to Union-Tribune Publishing Co. chairman James Copley.

Morgan, Henry S.
Stowaway
A son of J.P. Morgan, Jr. He worked at his family’s business, Morgan Stanley & Co. During World War I, one of the most important elements of agent authentication was the fabrication of passports, identification cards and other documents. The censorship and documents branch was headed by commander Henry S. Morgan of the United States Naval Reserve. Morgan’s agency collected and compiled intelligence from mail, cables, and telephone conversations intercepted by the War Department under the government’s wartime censorship powers. Co-founder of Morgan Stanley in 1935, together with Harold Stanley of J. P. Morgan & Co., and others from Drexel & Co.

Morgan, Charles F.
Stowaway
Son of Henry Morgan. Invited in 1970.

Morris, Walter K.
Tie Binders
Served in the U.S. Air Force as a flight engineer on B-29s during World War II, and after three years with United Airlines he joined Chevron’s engineering department in 1949. He held positions in engineering and the company’s foreign operations staff before being elected president of a London-based Chevron oil subsidiary in 1963. Morris was appointed manager of the foreign staff in 1967 and became general manager of what was then the public relations department in 1969. He was named assistant vice president, public affairs, in 1977 and was elected vice president in January 1978. During his many years of community service, he was chairman of the board of KQED, Inc., and chairman of the board of Mills-Peninsula Hospital Foundation in San Mateo. He served on the boards of the American Red Cross, Golden Gate Chapter; California Council for Environmental and Economic Balance; Meyer Friedman Institute; Independent Colleges of Northern California, Inc.; and the San Francisco Planning & Urban Research Association (SPUR). He was a trustee of the Citizens’ Research Foundation. He also served as chairman of the executive advisory committee, Program in Business and Social Policy at the University of California, Berkeley; vice chairman of the Public Affairs Council; regional vice chairman of the U.S. Council for International Business; and vice president of the British-American Chamber of Commerce. He was active with the World Affairs Council of Northern California and United Way of the Bay Area. Morris was a member of the Bohemian Club, the Stock Exchange Club and the Burlingame Country Club. He was an avid skier, hiker and enjoyed traveling to remote corners of the world.

Morrow, Richard M.
Mandalay
Morrow began his career with SoCalGas in 1974 as an engineer and has held various positions in engineering, gas supply planning and acquisition, transmission and storage, distribution and customer operations, and marketing. Retired president, CEO, and chairman of Amoco Corporation. Chairman National Acadamy of Engineering. Vice president of customer service for Major Markets San Diego Gas & Electric and Southern California Gas Company. President of the Commercial Club in 1988-1989. Member of the Executive Committee of The Chicago Community Trust 1991-1996. Brought Stephen Bechtel, Jr as a guest to the Bohemian Grove.

Mosbacher, Emil, Jr.
Cave Man
Served on a navy minesweeper in the Pacific in WWII, oversaw his family’s oil, natural gas, and real estate business, Chief of protocol at the Department of State 1969-1972, overseer of the Hoover Institution 1975-1994.

Moulin, Gabriel
Made the 1915 photo, which appeared in the National Geographic.

Mountbatten, Prince Philip
Loyal McLaren (1972) writes about how Prince Philip sought to visit the Grove: Before leaving London for a visit to California in November, 1962, Prince Philip wrote to Jack Merrill, an old friend and expressed a desire to visit the Bohemian Grove… Since the weather was unpredictable at this time of the year; we decided it would be safer to hold the party inside the grill and bar building… we restricted the invitation to former presidents of the club, committee chairmen, and groups of our highly talented entertainers… At luncheon… Charlie Kendrick delivered the speech of welcome. However, the show was stolen by Prince Philip, who made a most amusing but salty speech in keeping with the traditions of Bohemia. (p. 451) – ‘Taken from A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club’, by Peter Martin Phillips.

Born in 1921 on the Isle of Corfu, Greece. Parents were evacuated from Greece after a revolution and both became depressed (father) or mentally instable (mother). Studied in Germany under Kurt Hahn and both came to Scotland in 1933. Played polo in his youth, often against Sir Evelyn de Rothschild. Philip is the Duke of Edinburgh, a Knight of the Order of the Garter, a Knight of the Order of the Thistle, Grand Master and First or Principal Knight of the Order of the British Empire, and was a prince of Greece and Denmark until he married. Patron or President of 814 organizations. His wife, Queen Elizabeth II is patron of the Pilgrims Society. Long career in the navy from the start of WWII as a midshipsman to commanding his own frigate, the HMS Magpie. William R. Denslow’s 10,000 Famous Freemasons:"Philip was initiated in Navy Lodge No. 2612 of London on Dec 5, 1952. Present at the initiation were the Earl of Scarbrough, grand master, q.v., and Geoffrey Fisher, archbishop of Canterbury." Philip is a Master Mason, never having shown great interest in the organization, while his cousin, Prince Edward (b. 1935) is the grand master of the United Grand Lodge. He and his wife set off for a tour of the Commonwealth, with visits to Africa, Australia, and New Zealand in 1952. They went on to visit the remote parts of the Commonwealth in 1956. Gordon Creighton, a Foreign Service official and Intelligence officer, concluded his story about a reported 1960s UFO landing on the estate of Prince Philip with: "So there had been a landing on the estate of Mountbatten and there was Mountbatten’s great interest." The entire testimony was made during an interview with the Disclosure Project in September 2000. Prince Philip supposedly had a drawer full of sketches and information on different types of UFOs. Philip co-founded the WWF International in 1961 with Julian Huxley and Prince Bernhard. He has been the long time president of WWF UK. Co-founded the 1001 Nature Trust and 1001 Club from 1971 to 1974, together with Anton Rupert and Prince Bernhard. Co-founded the Interfaith consultations between Jews, Christians, and Muslims in 1984, together with Crown Prince Hassan of Jordan and Sir Evelyn de Rothschild at Windsor castle. In August 1988, Prince Philip said to the West German Deutsche Press Agentur: "In the event that I am reincarnated, I would like to return as a deadly virus, in order to contribute something to solve overpopulation". He wrote something along similar lines in the foreword of the 1987 book ‘If I Were An Animal’, written by Fleur Cowles. Philip was supposedly hostile to Diana after she divorced Charles in 1996. Mohamed Al-Fayed claimed Prince Philip had ordered Diana’s murder who was killed in a car crash on August 31, 1997. Queen Elizabeth II said to Diana’s butler Paul Burrell in December 1997: "Nobody, Paul has been as close to a member of my family as you have… There are powers at work in this country about which we have no knowledge." She advised him to be cautious and to lay low. Unlike his son, Charles, Philip supports genetically modified foods. On June 7, 2000, The Guardian quoted the Duke of Edinburgh as saying: "Do not let us forget we have been genetically modifying animals and plants ever since people started selective breeding." Philip is known to be the head of the family; what he says, generally goes. He is still president emeritus of the WWF International.

Mudd, Henry T.
Formerr chairman of Cyprus Mines.

Muir, John
A Scot (1838-1914) who was one of the first persons to call for practical action to safeguard and cherish the worlds wild places. A founding father of the world conservation movement and founder of the Sierra Club.

Mullikin, Harry
Owl’s Nest
Unknown.

Murdock, David
Personal fortune of about $1.1 billion. Head of Dole Food Company and privately held Pacific Holdings has spent hundreds of millions buying up developer Castle & Cooke and its jewel: The Hawaiian island of Lanai. Promoted Schwarzenegger for president.

Murphy, John M.
Abbey
Founder (1971), chairman, president and CEO of Home Loan & Investment Bank, seemingly a relatively small, more consumer-friendly bank. His father died when he was young and he was raised by the The Boys & Girls Club at Fox Point.

Murray, Charles
An American writer and researcher. He is best known as the co-author of The Bell Curve. Murray has been affiliated with the American Enterprise Institute since 1990. During 1981-1990, he was a fellow with the Manhattan Institute, where he wrote Losing Ground and In Pursuit. During 1974-1981, Murray worked for the American Institutes for Research (AIR), one of the largest of the private social science research organizations, eventually becoming Chief Scientist. While at AIR, Murray supervised evaluations in the fields of urban education, welfare services, daycare, adolescent pregnancy, services for the elderly, and criminal justice. Before joining AIR, Murray spent six years in Thailand, first as a Peace Corps Volunteer attached-to the Village Health Program, then as a researcher in rural Thailand.

Myers, Michael E.
Roaring
Former president of the The Texas Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (TAIFA).

Myhrvold, Nathan
Dr. Myhrvold is co-president of Intellectual Ventures, a private entrepreneurial investment firm he co-founded with his former Microsoft colleague, Dr. Edward Jung. Before Intellectual Ventures, Dr. Myhrvold spent 14 years at Microsoft Corporation. In addition to working directly for Bill Gates, he was a top technical and business strategist for the company and was involved with founding the company’s scalable operating systems efforts which lead to the Windows NT and Windows CE product lines. During his tenure, Dr. Myhrvold held several executive positions, eventually retiring as Chief Technology Officer in May 2000. In addition to advising Gates and the company on future business and technical strategies, Dr. Myhrvold was responsible for founding Microsoft Research and numerous technology groups that resulted in many of Microsoft’s core, leading products. Before joining Microsoft in 1986, Myhrvold was founder and president of Dynamical Systems. Prior to that he was a postdoctoral fellow in the department of applied mathematics and theoretical physics at Cambridge University and worked with Professor Stephen Hawking on research in cosmology, quantum field theory in curved space time and quantum theories of gravitation. He has published scientific papers in journals including Science, Nature, Paleobiology and the Physical Review. His paper "Cyberpaleontology – Supersonic Sauropods," co-authored with Dr. Philip Currie, was added to the Smithsonian Institution’s 1998 Innovation collection and was one of the 1998 finalists for the Computerworld Smithsonian Innovation Awards.

Naegele, Robert E.
Sundodgers
Former vice president and director of The Dow Chemical Company and a long-time Midland resident. Died in 2000.

Nelder, Alfred
Chief of Police in San Francisco.

Neuharth, Al
An American businessman, author, and columnist. Al helped to build Gannett into the largest newspaper company in the U.S. He also founded USA Today, the most widely read newspaper in the U.S. Neuharth retired from Gannett in 1989, at the age of 65. On December 22, 2004, Neuharth sparked controversy when he called in his column for American troops to be brought home from the "ill-advised adventures" in Iraq, which he compared to the immorality of the Vietnam war. Neuharth also stated that if he were eligible for service in Iraq, he would do everything possible to avoid it. Chairman of the Freedom Forum.

Neylan, John Francis
Mandalay
Republican party leader and U.C. trustee. In 1950 he wrote to Richard Nixon: "I’m sorry I missed you during your visit to Mandalay Camp at the Grove. Some of my fellow members told me they had a very delightful visit with you. I shall be very glad to be helpful and shall look forward to seeing you on your return trip to San Francisco (Neylan 7-24-50)."

Nixon, Richard M.
Cave Man / Owl’s Nest / Mandalay
Raised as an evangelical Quaker, Duke University law school, served voluntary in WWII, congressman, senator, very anti-communist, vice president under Eisenhower, lost the presidency from JFK, who supposedly was his friend, United States president 1969-1974, resigned after the Watergate scandal, mentioned that the Bohemian Grove was visited by a bunch of fags.

Novak, Robert
Newspaper columnist and CNN co-host. In 2003 he exposed Valerie Plane as a CIA employee, which led to the capture and death of many overseas agents. Earlier in 2003, her husband, former U.S.Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, had criticized George W. Bush for relying on false data that Saddam Hussein supposedly was purchasing uraniumin in Niger. Novak never disclosed who leaked this information to him and has never been persecuted.

O’Brien, James
Dragon
Vice-president and director of Standard Oil of California since the mid-1960s (at least up to 1975).

O’Connell, Daniel
Poet. His membership goes back to the 19th century. Wrote the poet "songs of Bohemia", which was later edited by Ina Coolbirth, who was librarian at the Bohemian Club.

O’Conner, John
Pelicans
Sandra Day O’Connor, his wife, first woman Supreme Court Justice in 1981. Member of the Pilgrims Society and the Bohemian Grove.

O’Keefe, Sean
Secretary of the Navy and Defense Comptroller, participated in a 1994 round table of the Frank Gaffney’s Center for Security Policy and argued vociferously for increasing funding for the B-2 bomber, paid consultant and advisory board member for the manufacturer of the B-2, Northrop Grumman and Raytheon, Office of Management and Budget, head of NASA.

Olson, James E.
Jim Olson took the reins of AT&T following the divestiture of the telecommunications field in the mid 80s. AT&T was no longer the "giant," but just one more competitor in a growing field. He spearheaded a reorganization and cost reduction program that saved AT&T over $1 billion in 1987. In 20 short months, his strategies returned the company to the forefront of the industry, restoring its competitive edge and the morale of its 300,000 employees.

O’Malley, Peter
Former owner of Los Angeles Dodgers.

O’Neill, George D., Jr.
Romany
Founder of the Lost Classics Book Company.

Ong, John Doyle
Hill Billies
Ohio State University and a law degree from Harvard University, chairman The BF Goodrich Company 1979-1997, chairman of the Business Roundtable, National Alliance of Business and the Ohio Business Round Table, chairman New American Schools, chairman of the Board of the Musical Arts Association of Cleveland, life trustee of the University of Chicago, ambassador to Norway since 2002. Member of the Bohemian Grove.

O´Reilly, David
Mandalay
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of ChevronTexaco since the completion of the merger between Chevron and Texaco in October 2001 and, prior to the merger, held the same positions with Chevron since January 2000. Prior Positions Held: Mr. O’Reilly was Vice-Chairman of the Board of Chevron from 1998 until 1999. He was a Vice-President of Chevron from 1991 until 1998. He was President of Chevron Products Company, from 1994 until 1998. He was a Senior Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer of Chevron Chemical Company from 1989 until 1991. Other Directorships and Memberships: American Petroleum Institute; Eisenhower Fellowships Board of Trustees; the Institute for International Economics; The Business Council; The Business Roundtable; JPMorgan International Council; World Economic Forum’s International Business Council; the Trilateral Commission; the National Petroleum Council; the American Society of Corporate Executives.

Owens, William A.
Retired Admiral Owens was born and raised in Bismarck, North Dakota, graduating from Bismarck High School in 1958. On the encouragement of his father, he decided to apply to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. He was accepted, graduating in 1962. Owen’s naval career includes more than 10 years or 4,000 days of service on a submarine, including duty in the Vietnam War. He served in four strategic nuclear powered submarines and three nuclear attack submarines, including tours as Commanding Officer of USS Sam Houston and USS City of Corpus Christi. From November 1990 to July 1992, Owens commanded the U.S. Sixth Fleet, from which the first attacks of Desert Storm were launched, and NATO’s Naval Striking and Support Forces Southern Europe. He then directed the post-Cold War restructuring of the U.S. Navy as the first Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Resources, Warfare Requirements and Assessments. On March 1, 1994, Owens was appointed by President Clinton to serve as Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In this capacity, he was the nation’s second highest-ranking military officer, overseeing more than 1.5 million people in uniform. Owens currently serves as Co-Chief Executive Officer and Vice Chairman of Teledesic, a private company based in Kirkland, WA. Owens gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Packard, David
Silverado Squatters
Stanford, director of the Boeing Company, Caterpillar Tractor, Chevron, Genentech Inc. and the Wolf Trap Foundation, founder and vice-chairman of the California Roundtable, co-founder of Hewlett Packard with William R. Hewlett, president of Hewlett-Packard 1947-1964, chief executive officer of Hewlett-Packard 1964-1968, chairman of the board of Hewlett-Packard 1964-1968 & 1972-1993, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense under Nixon, trustee of the Herbert Hoover Foundation, the American Enterprise Institute and the Hoover Institution, chairman of the U.S.-Japan Advisory Commission 1983-1985, member of the Trilateral Commission 1973-1981, chairman of the Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, member of the US-USSR Trade & Economic Council’s committee on science and technology 1975-1982, member of the Business Roundtable , member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology 1990-1992, member of the Atlantic Council of the United States.

Parker, Jack S.
Pelicans
Vice Chairman of General Electric. TRW Corporation director. TRW Corporation is a leader in Strategic Defense Initiative Star Wars contracts and was recently (1987) selected to manage the Pentagon’s free electron laser experiment program. They have been researching a new method of producing weapons grade plutonium using lasers (also 1987). TRW was an MX missile contractor.

Patten, Lord Christopher F.
British; Baron Patten of Barnes. Patten worked in the Conservative Party from 1966, first as desk officer and then director (from 1974 to 1979) of the Conservative Research Department. Patten was a Member of Parliament from 1979 to 1992, serving as Minister for Overseas Development at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1986 to 1989. Member of the Privy Council since 1989. He was later Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (a sinecure) from 1990 to 1992, whilst also serving as Chairman of the Conservative Party. In July 1992, he was appointed the 28th and last Governor of Hong Kong until its handover to the People’s Republic of China on 30 June 1997. After Hong Kong’s handover, he left Hong Kong on 1 July 1997, together with The Prince of Wales, on board HM Yacht Britannia. Held a speech in 1998 in the Bohemian Grove titled ‘Asia: What Comes After the Miracle?’. In 1998-1999, he chaired the ‘Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland’, better known as the Patten Commission. In 1999, he was appointed one of the United Kingdom’s two members of the Commission of the European Communities, with responsibility for Foreign Relations. He held this position within the Prodi Commission from 23 January 2000 to 22 November 2004. Although nominated for the post of President in the next Commission in 2004, he was unable to gain support from France and Germany. Lord Patten of Barnes is the Chancellor for the Universities of Newcastle and Oxford and a patron of the Tory Reform Group.

Patterson, William A.
President of United Airlines from 1934 until 1966. Chairman and CEO of United Airlines 1963-1968.

Patterson, William A., Jr.
Son of William A. Patterson of United Airlines. Invited in 1970.

Paulson, Allen E.
Dog House
He turned Grummann Corp.’s struggling general aviation division into top-of-the-line Gulfstream Aerospace Corp, Chatham’s largest industrial employer. He also was one of Georgia Southern University’s main benefactors.

Pauley, Edwin W.
Owl’s Nest
Pauley made his fortune running oil companies from the mid-1920s onward. He became involved with the Democratic Party as a fundraiser in 1930s, eventually becoming treasurer of the Democratic National Committee. In the summer of 1944, while treasurer of the DNC, Pauley was part of a group that persuaded Roosevelt to choose Truman over Henry Wallace as the vice-presidential nominee. He later served as United States representative to the Allied Reparations Committee from 1945-1947. In May 1946, Pauley met with Herbert Hoover to discuss the impact of food relief on Japan’s ability to pay reparations. Pauley was en route to East Asia to discuss with General MacArthur the Japanese situation in light of rising tensions with the Soviet Union. When Truman nominated Pauley to be Undersecretary of the Navy in 1946, he was opposed by Secretary of the Interior, Harold Ickes. Ickes held that Pauley’s ties to oil interests was a clear conflict of interest. Truman pressed ahead with the nomination, so Ickes resigned. This effectively scuttled Pauley’s nomination, and led him to return to working behind the scenes in the Democratic Party. Pauley served in Truman’s ‘kitchen cabinet’ and advised Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He also was an ardent supporter of UCLA, both as a regent and as a financial donor. Pauley Pavilion is named for him.

Percy, Charles H.
Father-in-law of John D. [Jay] Rockefeller IV. Joined the company of Bell & Howell; during the Second World War enlisted in the United States Navy in 1943 as an apprentice seaman and was honorably discharged in 1945 with the rank of lieutenant; after the war, rejoined the company of Bell & Howell, eventually becoming president, chief executive officer, and chairman of the board; appointed as President Dwight Eisenhower’s personal representative to presidential inaugurations in Peru and Bolivia with rank of special ambassador 1956; unsuccessful candidate for governor of Illinois in 1964; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1966; reelected in 1972 and 1978 and served from January 3, 1967, until January 3, 1985; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1984; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Ninety-seventh and Ninety-eighth Congresses); president, Charles Percy and Associates, Inc.; serves on the boards of several foundations and committees; is a resident of Washington, D.C. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Perkins, John S.
Thalia
Hughes Launch Service Acquisition director.

Peterson, Rudolph A.
Mandalay
Swedish-born, California raised, president and CEO of Bank of America, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, member of the Commission on Postal Organization, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme 1972-1976, director of the James Irvine Foundation 1971-1982, trustee of the Asia Foundation, visited Bilderberg.

Pfeiffer, Robert J.
Pig’n Whistle
Pfeiffer joined Matson Navigation Co. in 1956 and became its president in 1973, then kept rising to A&B, Matson’s parent company. He led A&B for more than a dozen years. Pfeiffer retired in 1999 but was named chairman emeritus and continued to keep regular office hours at Matson headquarters in San Francisco until shortly before his death.

Phelan, James D.
Phelan was born in San Francisco, California in 1861, the son of an Irish immigrant who became wealthy during the California Gold Rush as a trader , merchant and banker. Phelan graduated from St. Ignatius College in that city in 1881. He studied law at the University of California, Berkeley and then became a banker. He was elected Mayor of San Francisco and served from 1897 until 1902. Phelan was president of Relief and Red Cross Funds after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. He was then elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4 1915 to March 3 1921. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920. During his time in the Senate he was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Railroads during the 64th Congress and of the U.S. Senate Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands during the 65th Congress. After his time in the Senate, Phelan returned to banking, and collected art. He died at his country estate Villa Montalvo in Saratoga, California in 1930.

Piggott, Charles M.
Uplifters
Retired chairman and CEO of Paccar Inc. Haynes was a director of Boeing from 1974 to 1982 and from 1984 until 1998. Former director of Chevron.

Pigott, James C.
Thalia
President of Pigott Enterprises, Inc., a private investment company, and has held that position since 1983. He was chairman and chief executive officer of Management Reports and Services, Inc., a provider of business services, from 1986 until December 1999. He is the uncle of Mark C. Pigott, a director of the Company. He has served as a director of the Company since 1972.

Pings, Cornelius J.
Professor of chemical engineering, served as provost of the University of Southern California from 1981 to 1993, and as vice provost and dean of graduate studies at Caltech from 1970 to 1981. He was also president of the Association of American Universities from 1993 to 1998. Based in Washington, D.C., the AAU represents the nation’s major research universities.

Pitchess, Peter J.
Sheriff of Los Angeles County 1958-1982. A 1978 report: "…The suspect was arrested a few days later and pleaded guilty to the crime. Our actions were commended by FBI special Agent in Charge, Ted L. Gunderson and Sheriff Peter J. Pitches." (Ted Gunderson? It’s a small world after all)

Poett, Henry William III
Derelicts
Unknown.

Policy, Carmen
While practicing law in his native Youngstown, Ohio, he served the San Francisco 49ers’ front office in 1983 as vice president and general counsel. By 1991 he had been promoted to president and chief executive officer. He played a key role in all five of the 49ers’ Super Bowl winning teams in 1982, ’85, ’89, ’90 and ’95. He earned a reputation as one of the preeminent executives in professional sports during his years as president and chief executive officer of the 49ers. Policy was a member of the NFL Finance Committee and the Committee on Opportunities and Challenges. Both The Sporting News and Pro Football Weekly named him NFL Executive of the Year in 1994, the latter award having been determined by a vote of NFL owners and executives. He serves on the board of directors of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and expects to maintain a high level of civic and charitable involvement in the Cleveland area. He holds the prestigious Silver Cable Car Award from the San Francisco Convention and Visitors Bureau and The Mayor’s Fiscal Advisory Committee Award in recognition of his managerial skills. Some have asked why Carmen Policy used to spent months at a time defending some of the most notorious mobsters between New York and Chicago. Other questions are tougher. Like why his name was mentioned repeatedly, and often cryptically, in secretly recorded 1980 conversations after mobsters laundered money through Policy’s law partner. Or what Policy might have known about alleged links between the gangsters he represented and one of his biggest business clients. Or why so many of his business partners wind up in trouble with the law. Policy will not answer these or any other questions about his past. A Browns spokesman turned down a request for an interview, saying Policy does not have the time.

Pollock, Charles E.
Totem In
Unknown.

Popoff, Frank P.
Joined Dow in 1959, starting in technical service and development and then moving through sales, marketing, business management and other positions in the United States and Europe. He was named Dow’s president, chief operating officer and then CEO in 1987, and chairman of the board in 1992. He retired as CEO on his 65th birthday in 1995 and continued to serve the company as chairman of the board until November 2000. In 1989, the Queen of The Netherlands bestowed on him the title of Knight Commander in the Order Oranje-Nassau. Popoff has been recognized internationally as a leading proponent of sustainable development, which seeks to reconcile economic growth with environmental protection. In 1991, he was appointed by President George H.W. Bush to the President’s Commission on Environmental Quality and as chairman of the Committee on International Cooperation. Popoff also is a director of American Express Co., Qwest Communications International Inc., United Technologies Corp. and Chemical Financial Corp. He serves on the boards of the Michigan Molecular Institute, the Kelley School of Business Dean’s Advisory Council, the National Volunteer Center, and the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Foundation. He is director emeritus of the IU Foundation. Popoff is a past chairman of the Chemical Manufacturers Association and a member of the Business Council for Sustainable Development, The Council on Foreign Relations, The Business Council, the Council for Competitiveness and the American Chemical Society.

Pouge, Richard W.
Pelicans
Unknown.

Powell, Colin Luther
Mandalay
In 1989, Powell was promoted to four-star general, becoming the first African American to hold that rank, and was named chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He had an important role in planning the American invasion of Panama in late 1989, and prior to the Persian Gulf War (1991) he played a crucial role in planning and coordinating the victory of U.S. and allied forces. He declined to run for the U.S. presidency in 1995, despite widespread encouragement to do so, and in 1997 became chairman of America’s Promise–the Alliance for Youth, a charitable organization formed to help needy and at-risk U.S. children. Powell was appointed secretary of state by President George W. Bush in 2001. He advocated the so-called Powell doctrine—that U.S. military power only be used in overwhelming strength to achieve well-defined strategic national interests—while promoting “a uniquely American internationalism,” and he also showed a particular interest in African affairs. As secretary of state, however, his influence on foreign policy issues was not as great as that of National Security Adviser Condoleeza Rice (who succeeded him in 2005), Vice President Dick Cheney, and others. Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (Honorary) 1993. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission, and the Pilgrims Society. Former member of the Advisory Council of Forstmann Little & Co. Director of AOL and Revolution. Has been hired by the Carlyle Group as a speaker. Joined the venture capital firm Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers in 2005.

Prussia, Leland S.
Sempervirens
In April 1981, Leland Prussia assumed the offices of Chairman of the Board of BankAmerica Corporation and Bank of America NT&SA. Mr. Prussia joined Bank of America as a Research Economist in 1956 after receiving Bachelor’s & Master’s Degrees in Economics from Stanford University. From this position, he rose through the ranks and, in 1971, became Senior Vice President in charge of the Bank Investment Securities Division. By 1974, he was promoted to Executive Vice President and Cashier (Chief Financial Officer) and was named to the bank’s Managing Committee two years later. In 1979, Mr. Prussia was named Executive Officer of the bank’s World Bank Division and retained that position until becoming Chairman. Since his retirement from Bank of America in 1987, Mr. Prussia has been primarily involved in economic and financial consulting and advisory work. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors of Crowley Maritime Corporation headquartered in Oakland, CA. In addition to his duties with Bank of America, Mr. Prussia has also been a former California Region Chairman of the Securities Industry Association and past president of the Bank Capital Markets Association. He has served on the California State Senate Commission on Corporate Governance, Shareholders Rights and Securities Transactions and has been a director of the California Economic Development Corporation. Mr. Prussia is a former member of the Board of Trustees of the University of San Francisco, the University of San Diego, and a former member of the Advisory Council of the School of Business at San Francisco State University. In addition, he was the first chairman of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget of Washington, D.C. and a trustee of the Neighborhood Housing Services of America Foundation.

Reagan , Ronald
Owl’s Nest
United States president 1981-1989, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath. He got rousing applause when he called for greater regulation of the media. "You know, the press conferences were adversarial bouts — they were there to trap me in something or other."

Redding, Joseph D.
His father, B.B. Redding, was a general land agent for Southern Pacific Railroad Company (Harriman & Harkness owned). Born in Sacramento, September 13, 1858. He studied earnestly under the best masters of the music business, and reached an eminence in musical skill that but few can attain. He was also considered a brilliant chess player. Admitted into the scientific department of Harvard University in 1876. Attended Harvard Law School in 1878 and 1879. In August, 1879, he entered the law offices of McAllister & Bergen, in San Francisco, and was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of California, in December of that year. He has also practiced before the Supreme Court of the United States and before the departments at Washington. He has been one of the attorneys for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company (Harriman & Harkness owned) since 1881, with special reference to the land departments. He had a wide experience in many important legal cases, having been directly connected with them. His practice was large and lucrative and was estimated at between $15,000 and $20,000 per year. In 1884, he delivered a lecture before the Academy of Science, on the fish supply of the Pacific coast, which was warmly applauded. Elected president of the Bohemian Club in 1885 (age 27). Elected president of the San Francisco Art Association in 1886. Elected president of the Haydn Society in 1887. Member of the Pacific Club. In 1893, he devised the Cremation of Care ceremony and played the High Priest. Somewhere between 1893 and 1899 he went to New York where he resided in Pilgrims Society circles. He was still there at the time of the great San Francisco earthquake of 1906. The New York Times on June 25, 1899: "The most noteworthy performance of the kind occurred in 1893 when Joseph D. Redding, now a lawyer in New York, devised a beautiful spectacle, "The Cremation of Care." Time Magazine in 1933:"Origin of the Grove plays goes back to one Joseph D. Redding, San Francisco attorney who died last year. He proposed and wrote the first play, The Man of the Forest. In 1911 his Natoma was set to music by Victor Herbert, produced in Philadelphia with Mary Garden and John McCormack.’ The best western composers have contributed scores for the Grove plays and Bohemians aver that much beautiful music is thereby lost to the world, as the plays are seldom given public performance." Redding was respected as an attorney, musician, composer, chess player, and scientist. Was very interested in marine life.

Reed, John S.
Director Council on Foreign Relations 1989 1992. Reed is currently Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange, a position he has held since September 2003, but he will be stepping down from that position in April 2005. He also served as Interim Chief Executive Officer of the New York Stock Exchange from September 2003 to January 2004. Reed had also been the Chairman of Citicorp and Citibank, 1984-1998. Reed had held numerous positions with Citigroup Inc., and its predecessors and affiliates since 1965. He is also a member of the Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a director of the Spencer Foundation, Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., and National Writing Project, and a trustee of The RAND Corporation. Mr. Reed served as a director of the Company from 1975 to September 2003, when he resigned to serve as Interim Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the New York Stock Exchange. He is Chair of the Compensation Committee and a member of the Audit, Executive, Finance, and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees. He’s a director of United Technologies and Altria Group, Inc.

Reed, Philip Dunham
Electrical Engineering and law degrees, admitted to the New York State Bar Association 1925, patent counselor Van Heusen Company, deputy director Materials Division of the War Production Board 1942, working with other Pilgrims from General Electric. Reed was re-assigned to assist (Pilgrim) Averell Harriman as the Deputy Chief of the U.S. Mission for Economic Affairs in London in 1943, becoming chief of that mission with the rank of minister in October 1943, serving until January 1945. After leaving the U. S. Mission for Economic Affairs, Reed served as legal consultant to the U.S. delegation to the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco; this led to Reed’s long affiliation with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). He was a member of the ICC from 1945-1975; he served as president from 1949 to 1951. Reed headed the U.S. Mission on Anglo-American Council of Productivity, a Marshall Plan agency, established in 1948. Reed was vice chairman of the Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce (became the Business Council in 1961) from 1951 to 1952. He was also active in the Committee for Economic Development where he served as a trustee and a member of the Research & Policy Committee from 1946 to 1975. Reed acted as an Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships trustee from 1953 to 1975, serving as Vice Chairman from 1955 to 1975, and Chairman of the Finance Committee from 1956 to 1958. Reed also served as a Trustee of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from 1960 to 1965, and as a Trustee of the Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States from 1970 to 1975. President and chief executive officer General Electric Company 1940-1942 & 1945-1959, chairman International General Electric 1945-1952, chairman Finance Committee and General Electric Pension Trust 1952-1959, member Committee on the University and World Affairs 1960, director Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1959-1960, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1960-1965, chairman Executive Committee of the International Executive Service Corps 1966-1974, director Council on Foreign Relations 1946-1969. Director of American Express, Bankers Trust Company, Bigelow-Sanford Inc., Cowles Communication, Kraftco Corporation, Otis Elevator, Metropolitan Life Insurance, Scott Paper, Tiffany & Co., U. S. Financial Inc., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Ford Foundation, visitor Bohemian Grove 1966-1988, member Pilgrims Society, stood in contact with the American Ditchley foundation 1957-1986.

Rees, William M.
Owlers
Unknown.

Reichardt, Carl E.
Mandalay
Joined Wells Fargo in 1970, president 1978-1981, chief operating officer 1981-1983, chairman and CEO of Wells Fargo & Company 1983-1994, director of Ford Motor Company since 1981, vice-chairman Ford Motor Company since 2001, director PG&E. Corp., McKesson Corp., ConAgra Inc. and HCA (formerly Columbia/HCA) Healthcare Corp.

Richardson, Elliot L.
As a Lieutenant in the U.S. Army (1942-45), he landed at Normandy, and earned a purple heart and bronze star. He clerked for Circuit Judge Learned Hand (1947-48) and Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter (1948-49). In five cabinet departments, he served as Assistant Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (1957-59); Under Secretary of State (1969-70); Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (1970-73); Secretary of Defense (1973); Attorney General (1973); and Secretary of Commerce (1976-77). In diplomatic assignments, he was Ambassador to Great Britain (1975-76); Special Representative of the President to the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1977-80); and Special Representative of the President for Multilateral Assistance to the Phillipines (1989-94). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1991 called "Defining the New World Order’ (Russia collapsed, which ment there was a NWO). Member of the Pilgrims Society and the Council on Foreign Relations. Freemason.

Richardson, H. Leonard
President Educators’ Collaborative Inc., Sonoma, CA. Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Richardson, William C.
Monastery
Richardson is president and chief executive officer of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation and a trustee of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation Trust. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Public Health Association. He serves on the boards of the Council of Michigan Foundations and the Council on Foundations (trustee and chairman). He also serves on the boards of directors of CSX Corporation and The Bank of New York. He chairs of the Committee on Quality of Health Care in America for the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. As a member of Kellogg Company’s Board of Directors, Dr. Richardson chairs the Finance Committee. He also serves on the Executive Committee, the Compensation Committee, the Consumer Marketing Committee and the Social Responsibility Committee.

Rickenbacker, Eddie
Cave Man
Became America’s top flying ace (22 kills) in World War I; owned Indianapolis Speedway (1927-45) and ran Eastern Air Lines (1938-59). Died in 1973.

Ridder, Daniel H.
Hermits
Chairman and trustee of California State University 1969-1970. Trustee of the California State University 1962-1975. Editor and publisher of the Long Beach paper.

Robert, Donald R.
Uplifters
Unknown.

Roberts, George R.
Uplifters
Left Bear Stearns with first cousin Henry Kravis (Bohemian Grove) and Jerome Kohlberg to form investment boutique KKR. Bought underperforming companies using high-yield bonds. Immortalized as "barbarians at the gates" during Nabisco buyout of 1989. Kohlberg left 1987; partners still run firm using less debt in longer-term deals.

Rocard, Michel
Mandalay
French socialist prime minister. Rocard spoke at the Bohemian Grove, remarking on topics such as French agricultural policy and removing barriers to trade in Europe.

Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich
Dartmouth College Psi Upsilon Fraternity. Director Rockefeller Center 1931-1958. Coordinator Office of Inter-American Affairs 1940-1944. Chairman International Development Advisory Board 1950-1951. Chairman President’s Advisory Committee on Government Organization 1952-1958. Present at the United Nations founding in San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945, and is said to have played a prominent role. His father donated the land the United Nations headquarters was built on. Governor of New York 1959–1973. Vice-president of the United States under Gerald Ford 1974–1977. Chairman National Commission on Critical Choices for America. Member Council on Foreign Relations. Died in 1979 when he was with his mistress, Megan Marshak. He was cremated within 18 hours after his death. There is no known "tell all" of the events by Marshak, and she appears to have dropped out of public view since Rockefeller’s death.

Rockefeller, David
Stowaway
Born in 1915 and youngest son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Descendant of the German-Jewish Roggenfelder family which came to the United States in 1722. Attended school in New York City and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in English history and literature from Harvard University in 1936. This was followed with a Ph.D. (1940) in economics from the University of Chicago and a study at both Harvard and the London School of Economics. Married Margaret "Peggy" McGrath in September 1940 and they raised six children, including son David Rockefeller Jr. Along with his brothers – John D. III, Nelson, Laurance, and Winthrop, David Rockefeller established the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) in 1940. Became a trustee of The Rockefeller Institute (later transformed into a university) for Medical Research in 1940. Trustee Rockefeller University 1940-1995. Secretary to New York City Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia 1940-1941. Assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Service 1941-1942. Enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1942. Military Intelligence officer in North Africa and Southern France 1942-1945. Assistant Military Attaché in Paris in the last 7 months of the war. Joined Chase National/Manhattan Bank in 1946 as an assistant manager under Winthrop W. Aldrich (Rockefeller intermarried) in the Foreign Department. Assistant manager in the Foreign Department, Chase National Bank 1947-1948. Played a major role in the development of the Morningside Heights neighborhood on the Upper West Side of Manhattan as president (1947-1957) and then chairman (1957-1965) of Morningside Heights, Inc. Second vice president Chase National Bank 1948-1949. Director of the Museum of Modern Art 1948-1958. Vice president Chase National Bank 1949-1952. Vice-president Council on Foreign Relations 1950-1970. Chairman of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research 1950-1975. In 1953, at this position, he recruited Detlev W. Bronk as president of the Rockefeller Institute and head of its medical research program. Bronk, a biophysicist, appeared on the initial membership list of the MJ-12 study group. Senior vice president of Chase National Bank with responsibility for supervising the economic research department and customer relations in the metropolitan New York area, including all the New York City branches 1952-1955. Attended the first Bilderberg meeting in 1954 and was one of its founders. When Chase National and the Bank of the Manhattan Company merged in 1955, David Rockefeller was appointed an executive vice president in charge of the bank development department. In 1957, he became vice chairman of the Board of Directors with responsibility for the administrative and planning functions of the bank as a whole. Briefly chairman of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in 1958. Again in 1962-1972, and again in 1987-1993. Life trustee of the University of Chicago (which his grandfather helped to establish) and an honorary trustee of International House (New York), established by his father. In 1958 David Rockefeller helped establish the Downtown-Lower Manhattan Association (D-LMA), serving as its chairman 1958-1975. Primary founder of the Dartmouth Conferences in 1960, which was initiated at Dartmouth College in an effort to prevent U.S.-Soviet nuclear conflict. Only influential private citizens with no government positions were supposed to meet here. President Chase Manhattan 1961-1969. In 1962, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began plans to build the World Trade Center, which was pushed hard for by David and Nelson Rockefeller. Founding member of the Commission on White House Fellows, 1964. David had a two and a half hour meeting in Moscow with Nikita Khrushchev in the summer of 1964. He reported to president Johnson that Khrushchev would like to do more trade with the United States and David recommended that more credit should be extended to the Russians. Met Khrushchev’s successor, Leonid Brezhnev, soon afterwards. Also met Chou En-lai in the 1960s, to discuss economic cooperation. Other leaders David met with are Deng Xiaoping, Nasser, Saddam Hussein, Fidel Castro, the Shah of Iran, etc. David is on very good terms with Nelson Mandela and they regularly meet each other. It’s interesting to note that Mandela is one of George W. Bush’s fiercest critiques. Instrumental in the formation of the International Executive Service Corps and chairman 1964-1968. Founder Americas Society in 1965 (then called Council of the Americas). Helped found the Rockefeller Family Fund in 1967. Helped form The Business Committee for the Arts in 1967. Chairman and CEO of the board of Chase Manhattan 1969-1981. Chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1970-1985. In May 1973 Chase Manhattan Bank opened it Moscow office at 1 Karl Marx Square, Moscow. Chairman of the Overseas Development Council of the US-USSR Trade and Economic Council, Inc., which was founded in 1973. Founder of the Trilateral Commission in 1973. Chairman Trilateral Commission 1977-1991. Founded the New York City Partnership in 1979 and was chairman 1979-1988. Chairman Chase Manhattan Bank Advisory Committee 1981-1999. Trustee Carnegie Endowment International Peace since 1981. President of the Harvard College Board of Overseers; life trustee of the University of Chicago; one of the most important members of the Bilderberg committee; visitor of the Bohemian Grove Stowaway camp; member American-Australian Association; chairman Americas Society 1981-1992; chairman Rockefeller Group 1981-1995. Helped to establish the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University in 1994. Chairman of Rockefeller Center Properties 1996-2001; became a director of the Shinsei Bank in 2000; chairman Rockefeller University; chairman of the Museum of Modern Art; member International Council of J.P. Morgan Chase; wrote ‘Unused Resources and Economic Waste’ (1940), ‘Creative Management in Banking’ (1964), and ‘Memoirs’ (2002); major shareholder of Atlantic Richfield Petroleum and International Petroleum Corporation (also a napalm manufacturer). David is the last of the "Fortunate Five" brothers. Winthrop died in 1972 after having been devastated by a chemotherapy procedure; John D. III died in a 1978 car crash; Nelson died in 1979 in bed with his mistress. Laurance died in 2004 of natural causes. David and Laurance were members of the Peace Parks foundation. David has attended meetings of Le Cercle and is a member of the Pilgrims Society.

Rockwell, Willard F. Jr.
Member of the founding family of Rockwell Company. Willard was chairman from 1967 to 1979. Rockwell wass the main B-1B bomber and space shuttle contractor and they worked on the MX and Trident missiles. They also produced plutonium and nuclear triggers for hydrogen bombs.

Rogers, William P.
Under Thomas E. Dewey he worked from 1938 to 1942 in the prosecution of organized crime in New York City. He entered the US Navy in 1942, serving on the USS Intrepid, including her action in the Battle of Okinawa. While serving as a Committee Counsel to a US Senate committee, he examined the documentation from the House Un-American Activities Committee’s investigation of Alger Hiss at the request of then-Congressman Richard M. Nixon, and advised Nixon that Hiss had lied and that the case against him should be pursued. In 1950, Rogers became a partner in a New York City law firm, Dwight, Royall, Harris, Koegel & Caskey. Thereafter he returned to this firm when not in government service. It was later renamed Rogers & Wells, and subsequently Clifford Chance Rogers & Wells. He worked in the firm’s Washington, D.C. office until several months before his death. Rogers joined the Administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in a Deputy-Attorney-General position in 1953, and then served from 1957 to 1961, as Attorney General. He remained a close advisor to then-Vice-President Nixon, throughout the Eisenhower administration, especially in the slush fund scandal that led to Nixon’s Checkers speech, and Eisenhower’s two medical crises. He also served as Secretary of State in the Nixon Cabinet, from 1969 January 22 through 1973 September 3. Rogers is also notable for leading the investigation into the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. This panel, called the Rogers Commission, was the first to criticize NASA management for its role in negligence of safety in the Space Shuttle program. Among the more famous members of Rogers’ panel were astronauts Neil Armstrong and Sally Ride, Air Force general Donald Kutyna, and physicist Richard Feynman. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Romulo, Carlos
English Professor and later member of the board of regents of the University of the Philippines (1923-1941), Philippine Resident Commissioner to the United States (1944-46), President of the United Nations General Assambly (1949), Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs (1950-51,1969-84), Philippine Ambassador to the U.S. (1952-53, 1955-62), President of the United Nations Security Council (Jan. & Dec., 1957), Philippine Secretary of Education (1962-68), President of the University of the Philippines (1966-68). Author of numerous bestsellers in the Philippines and the United States.

Roosevelt, Theodore
The twenty-fifth (1901) Vice President and the twenty-sixth (1901-1909) President of the United States, succeeding to the office upon the assassination of William McKinley. At 42, Roosevelt was the youngest person ever to serve as President of the United States.

Rose, Charlie
Acclaimed interviewer and broadcast journalist Charlie Rose engages America’s best thinkers, writers, politicians, athletes, entertainers, business leaders, scientists and other newsmakers in one-on-one interviews and roundtable discussions. Charlie Rose is also a correspondent for 60 Minutes II. Charlie Rose airs Monday through Friday on over 200 PBS affiliates throughout the United States. Rose gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Rosenblatt, Toby
Hill Billies
Yale, chairman of the Presidio Trust under Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, president and general partner of Founders Investments, Ltd., director of the State Street Research Mutual Funds, MetLife Series Mutual Funds, AP Pharma, Inc., Pherin Corporation, Premier Pacific Vineyards.

Ross, Dickinson C.
Tie Binders
Former chairman Johnson & Higgins of California. Vice-president Fletcher Jones Foundation. Director at Fremont General Corporation.

Rostenkowski, Dan
U.S. congressman, b. Chicago. A Democrat, he was first elected as a U.S. representative from Illinois in 1958. Rostenkowski became chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee in 1981. He helped secure (1983) legislation to keep the social security system solvent and played a major role in the passage (1986) of a new federal tax code. In 1994, Rostenkowski was indicted on corruption charges and stepped down as Ways and Means chairman; he lost his House seat in the Congressional elections later that year. He pleaded guilty to mail fraud in 1996, and was fined and served (1996–97) a 17-month sentence. He has subsequently worked as a political consultant and commentator. Rostenkowski was pardoned by President Clinton in 2000.

Roth, William Matson.
Moonshiners
Graduated from Yale University in 1939 and began his career with Barber Oil Corporation in 1947. He was also a director at the Honolulu Oil Corporation from 1948-1950, chairman of the board of Pacific National Life Assurance Company from 1948-1950, vice president of finance and a director of the Matson Nav. Co. from 1952-1961 and director of the McClatchy Newspapers. Roth was employed by the government, serving as Deputy Special Representative for Trade Negotiations from 1963-1966, and White House Special Representative to the Trade Negotiations from 1967-1969. He was also Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California in 1960. Mr. Roth is known to have attended Bohemian Grove and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations

Rove, Karl
In 1970, as a protégé of Donald Segretti (later convicted as a Watergate conspirator), Karl Rove sneaked into the campaign office of Illinois Democrat Alan Dixon and stole some letterhead, which he used to print fake campaign rally fliers promising "free beer, free food, girls and a good time for nothing," and distributed them at rock concerts and homeless shelters. Rove admitted the incident years later, saying "I was nineteen and I got involved in a political prank." Rove learned at age nineteen, during his parents’ divorce, that the man who raised him, a mineral geologist, was not his biological father. Rove’s mother committed suicide in Reno, Nevada, in 1981. Rove dropped out of the University of Utah in 1971 to become the Executive Director of the College Republican National Committee and held this position until 1972, when he became the National Chairman (1973-1974). In this role, Karl Rove had access to powerful politicians and government officials of the Republican party, and formed ties with George H. W. Bush, then Chairman of the Republican National Committee (1973-1974). For the next few years, Rove worked in various Republican circles and assisted George H. W. Bush’s 1980 vice-presidential campaign. Rove is credited for introducing Bush to Lee Atwater, who would go on to play a critical role in Bush’s 1988 presidential campaign. Like Atwater, Karl Rove is well known for his effective campaign tactics, employing push polls and frequently attacking an opponent on the opponent’s strongest issue. In 1981, Rove founded direct mail consulting firm, Karl Rove + Company, based out of Austin, Texas. This firm’s first clients included Republican Governor Bill Clements and Democratic Congressman Phil Gramm, who later became a Republican Congressman and United States Senator. In 1993, Rove began advising George W. Bush’s gubernatorial campaign. He continued, however, to operate his consulting business until 1999, when he sold the firm to focus his efforts on Bush’s bid for the presidency. In 1986, just before a crucial debate in the election for governor of Texas, Karl Rove claimed that his office had been bugged by the Democrats. The police and FBI investigated and discovered that bug’s battery was so small that it needed to be changed every few hours, and the investigation was dropped. Critics alleged that Rove had bugged his own office to garner sympathy votes in the close governor’s race. Rove is thought to be behind misleading Swift Boat Veterans for Truth television ads that quoted Kerry as saying U.S. military personnel in Vietnam "had personally raped, cut off ears, cut off heads," "randomly shot at civilians," and "razed villages in a fashion reminiscent of Genghis Khan," without Kerry’s qualification that he was reporting what others said at a Vietnam veterans’ conference, and not what Kerry had personally witnessed. Another ad from SBVT accused Kerry of lying to win his Vietnam combat medals. George W. Bush called Rove the "architect" of his 2004 Presidential Campaign in his 3 November 2004 acceptance speech. Rove has been accused of pulling many other dirty tricks over the years. In March 2001, Rove met with executives from Intel, successfully advocating a merger between a Dutch company and an Intel company supplier. Rove owned $100,000 in Intel stock at the time. In June 2001, Rove met with two pharmaceutical industry lobbyists. At the time, Rove held almost $250,000 in drug industry stocks. On 30 June 2001, Rove divested his stocks in 23 companies, which included more than $100,000 in each of Enron, Boeing, General Electric, and Pfizer. On 30 June 2001, the White House admitted that Rove was involved in administration energy policy meetings, while at the same time holding stock in energy companies including Enron. June 23, 2005, marked another controversial statement from Rove. "Conservatives saw the savagery of 9/11 in the attacks and prepared for war; liberals saw the savagery of the 9/11 attacks and wanted to prepare indictments and offer therapy and understanding for our attackers," said Mr. Rove at a fund-raiser in New York City for the Conservative Party of New York State. Presently embroiled in controversy concerning his involvement in revealing the identity of CIA employee Valerie Plame, allegedly in retaliation for her husband’s criticisms of the administration.

Rumsfeld, Donald H.
Hill Billies
Princeton University. Attended Cap & Gown events, according to Kay Griggs, just as Allen Dulles, William Colby, Frank Carlucci, James Baker, George P. Shultz, ang George R. Griggs (August 3, 2005, Rense). Naval aviator 1954-1957. Administrative assistant to a Congressman from Ohio 1957-1960. A.G. Becker investment firm from 1960-1962. Congressman 1962-1969. Various assistent jobs to the Nixon 1969-1973. According to Steven Greer, the Disclosure Project is in the possession of documents from the late 1960s that indicate Rumsfeld was spinning UFO information that had to be delivered to a member of Congress (November 30, 2005, Jim Fisher Show). U.S. ambassador to NATO in Belgium 1973-1974. White House Chief of Staff 1974-1975. He and Dick Cheney managed to keep the MK-ULTRA project in part under wraps in 1975. US Secretary of Defense under Gerald Ford 1975-1977. Presidential Medal of Freedom 1977. CEO, president, and finally chairman of G.D. Searle & Company 1977-1985. Chairman of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies 1983-1986. In this period he managed to ram aspartame through the FDA. Rumsfeld is believed to have earned around $12 million from the sale of Searle to Monsanto. Met with Saddam Hussein on December 19, 1983 and March 24, 1984 to discuss the selling of weapons, including WMD. Member of an endless stream of committees 1982-2000. Chairman of Gilead Sciences, Inc. and the RAND Corporation. Member of PNAC, the Council on Foreign Relations, Bilderberg, the Bohemian Grove, the Trilateral Commission, and the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs (identified as a governor in 1987). Former member of the Advisory Council of Forstmann Little & Co, just as Henry Kissinger and George P. Shultz. US Secretary of Defense under George W. Bush 2000-2008.

Russell, D.J.
Director Emeritus of Tenneco.Tenneco operates the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. and builds nuclear submarines capable of carrying nuclear warhead armed missiles and builds Nimitz class nuclear propelled aircraft carriers. He invited James L. Ketelsen to the Bohemian Grove.

Safire, William
Speechwriter for Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew. Public relations executive. Radio and television producer. United States Army correspondent. NY Times columnist. Author of 15 books. 1978 Pulitzer Prize winner. Well-known critic of the Clintons and a big supporter of the Jewish cause. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 2003.

Sagdeyev, Roald Z.
One of the leading figures in Soviet space science from the 1960s to the 1980s. Sagdeyev was involved in virtually every Soviet lunar and planetary probe in this period, including the highly successful Venera and Vega missions. He also advised Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on space and arms control at the 1986 Geneva, 1987 Washington, and 1988 Moscow summits. In the late 1980s, Sagdeyev left the Soviet Union and settled in the United States where he headed the East-West Science and Technology Center at the University of Maryland, College Park. Present at the Bohemian Grove in 1989.

Sage, Andrew G. C.
Mandalay
Andrew G.C. Sage, II, age 79, has been president of Sage Capital Corporation since 1974. Immediately prior to that time, he served as president of the investment banking firm of Lehman Brothers. Presently, Mr. Sage is chairman of Robertson Ceco Corporation, a prefabricated metal buildings company, and a director of Tom’s Foods, Inc. Throughout his career, Mr. Sage has served in board and executive positions for numerous public companies. Director at American Superconductor Corporation.

Salleo, Ferdinando
Former ambassador from Italy to the United States. In 1998, he held a speech at the Bohemian Grove titled ‘Diplomacy: Beyond Conventional Wisdom’.

Sauter, Van Gordon
President CBS News in the early 1980s. Producer of the syndicated ‘Voices of America with Jesse Jackson’ 1990-1991.

Scalia, Antonin
Assistant attorney general for the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department under Gerald Ford. Since 1986 US Supreme Court Associate Justice. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997.

Schilling, Gary
President of A. Gary Shilling & Co., Dr. Shilling is well known for his forecasting record. A poll conducted by Institutional Investor magazine twice ranked him as Wall Street’s top economist. Dr. Shilling has been a Forbes columnist since 1983, and his articles appear in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times , and other well known publications. It is widely speculated that if the ailing Chief Justice William Rehnquist were to retire during President Bush’s term, which ends in January 2009, Justice Scalia would likely be Bush’s nominee to replace Rehnquist as the Chief Justice.

Schirra, Wally
One of the original Mercury 7 astronauts chosen for the Project Mercury, America’s first effort to put men in space. He was the only man to fly in America’s first three space programs: Mercury, Gemini and Apollo and has logged a total of 295 hours and 15 minutes in space. He served as a flight leader with the 136th Bomb Wing, and then as operations officer with the 154th Fighter Bomber Squadron. He flew 90 combat missions between 1951 and 1952, Director, Rocky Mountain Airways; U.S. Department of Interior Advisory Board on National Parks, Historical Sites and Monuments; Honorary Belgian Consul, Colorado; Director, Electromedics, Colorado and Director Watt Count, Nashville, Tennessee. Freemason, just as many other astronauts.

Schmidt, Helmut
He was elected to the Bundestag in 1953 and in 1957 he became member of the SPD parliamentary party executive. Vocal critic of conservative government policy. In 1958 he joined the board of the SPD (Bundesvorstand) and campaigned against nuclear weapons and the equipping of the Bundeswehr with such devices. In 1958 he lost his seat. Minister of the Interior (Innensenator) on the Hamburg Senate from 1961 to 1965. Improved his reputation with the work he did during the 1962 flooding of Hamburg. In 1965 he was re-elected to the Bundestag and became head of the SPD faction in 1967. Deputy chairman of the party in 1968. First cabinet post in October 1969 as Defence Minister under Willy Brandt. From July to November 1972 he was both Minister for Economics and Minister of Finance, and from December onwards until May 1974 Minister of Finance. Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1974 to 1982. Tied his political future strongly to NATO expansion following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and tied his party firmly to the "double resolution" for the elections in 1980. In 1983 he joined the nationwide weekly Die Zeit newspaper as co-editor, in 1985 he became Managing Director. With Takeo Fukuda he founded the Inter Action Councils in 1983. Retired from the Bundestag in 1986, but remained active. In December 1986 he was one of the founders of the committee supporting the EMU and the creation of the European Central Bank. In his autobiography he mentioned the Bohemian Grove was his favorite retreat. His friend George Shultz invited him to it.

Schmidt, Chauncey E.
He has been Chairman of C. E. Schmidt & Associates, an investment firm, since April 1989. From 1987 to March 1989, he was Vice Chairman of the Board of AMFAC, Inc., a New York Stock Exchange-listed company engaged in diversified businesses. He has previously served as President of The First National Bank of Chicago and Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of The Bank of California, N.A. Mr. Schmidt is on the Board of Trustees of the U. S. Naval War College Foundation and is active in several civic and charitable organizations. Director at Docucon, Incorporated. Director of the Palo Alto Medical Foundation.

Schmidt, Jon Eugene
Head of Jon E. Schmidt & Associates Co.

Schneider, Edward J.
Pink Onion
Unknown.

Schwarzenegger, Arnold
Famous bodybuilder, movie star and later politician. Quite controversial, because of his Nazi father and the continues accusations about people, especially women, he abuses. He’s a Republican Catholic.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman
Attended the 1990 Le Cercle meeting in Oman. Born in Trenton, New Jersey to Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr., he graduated from West Point in 1956, and earned a masters degree in missile engineering from the University of Southern California in 1964. After graduating from West Point and receiving a commission in the infantry, Schwarzkopf had assignments in the United States and Germany before going back to school to earn his masters in guided missile engineering. Schwarzkopf then returned to West Point as a member of the faculty. Following Schwarzkopf’s first year as a member of the faculty at West Point he requested a reassignment to Vietnam. Schwarzkopf served as an adviser to the Vietnamese airborne division during his two combat tours in the Vietnam War and received the Purple Heart after being injured. Schwarzkopf made general in 1978, and in 1983 was deputy commander during the US invasion of Grenada, and in 1988 was appointed to the U.S. Central Command. In 1990 he was chosen to run Operation Desert Storm, and was responsible for the "left hook" strategy that went into Iraq behind the Iraqi forces occupying Kuwait, and widely credited with bringing the ground war to a close in just four days. He was personally very visible in the conduct of the war, giving frequent press conferences, and was dubbed "Stormin’ Norman." He was awarded the United States Republican Senatorial Medal of Freedom and the British Order of the Bath. Attended a 1990 meeting of Le Cercle in Oman.

Scripps, Charles E.
Friends of the Fores
Charles E. Scripps served as chairman of the board of The E.W. Scripps Company from 1953 until 1994. He continues as chairman of the board of trustees of The E.W. Scripps Trust and chairman of The E.W. Scripps Company executive committee. Scripps is a grandson of E.W. Scripps, who founded the newspapers that eventually grew into the Cincinnati-based media company known as The E.W. Scripps Company, or Scripps Howard.

Seaborg, Glenn T.
Owl’s Nest
In 1939, Dr. Seaborg was appointed an instructor in chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was promoted to Assistant Professor in 1941, and to Professor of Chemistry in 1945. In 1946, he also took responsibility for direction of nuclear chemical research at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, operated for the Atomic Energy Commission by the University of California; from 1954 to 1961, he was Associate Director of LRL. In the same year, he was appointed by President Truman to be a member of the AEC’s first General Advisory Committee, a post he held until 1950. In 1958, he was appointed Chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley. In that capacity he served until his appointment by President Kennedy to the Atomic Energy Commission in 1961, when he was designated Chairman of the Commission. His term of office expires in 1968. From 1959 to 1961, he was also a member of the President’s Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Seaborg was given a leave of absence from the University of California from 1942-1946, during which period he headed the plutonium work of the Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory. He was co-discoverer of plutonium and all further transuranium elements through element 102. In addition to the discovery of transuranium elements, Dr. Seaborg and his colleagues are responsible for the identification of more than 100 isotopes of elements throughout the Periodic Table.

Seeligson, Arthur, Jr.
Woof
Unknown.

Seitz, Frederick
Hideaway
Princeton University, one of two inventors of the Wigner-Seitz unit cell, which is an important concept in solid state physics, president of the National Academy of Sciences 1965-1968, president of the Rockefeller University 1968-1978, questions the reasons for global warming, was a director and shareholder of a company that operated coal-fired power plants, chairman Science and Environmental Policy Project, Chairman George Marshall Institute, violently opposes the Kyoto protocols and is being criticized for that, member of the New York City Commission for Science and Technology, chairman of the United States delegation to the U.N. Committee on Science and Technology for Development.

Shaughnessy, Frank
President of the San Francisco Stock Exchange in 1937.

Shultz, George P.
Mandalay
Born December 13, 1920, in New York City, the son or Birl E. and Margaret Pratt Shultz. Charles Pratt (1830-1891), Margaret’s grandfather, became a partner of John D. Rockefeller after merging his oil company with Standard Oil in 1874. His son, Shultz’s grandfather, Charles Millard Pratt (1858-1933), was treasurer of Standard Oil and his widow bequeathed their New York mansion, the Charles Pratt House, to the Council on Foreign Relations in 1945, which serves as its headquarters ever since. Birl Earl Shultz (1883-1955), George’s father, was a personnel director with the American International Corporation and founded the New York Stock Exchange Institute (November 10, 1955, NY Times, obituary). B.A. degree in economics from Princeton University in 1942. Attended Cap & Gown events, according to Kay Griggs, just as Allen Dulles, Donald Rumsfeld, William Colby, Frank Carlucci, James Baker, and George Griggs (August 3, 2005, Rense). U.S. Marine Corps 1942-1945, attaining the rank of Captain. Faculty member at MIT 1946-1947. At MIT, according to several accounts, Shultz teamed up with the German social engineer Kurt Lewin, who was setting up a psychological research institute there (died in 1947). Lewin emigrated from Germany to the US in 1932 and is said to have been a leading member of the Tavistock Institute (at the very least he served as a source of inspiration to many of their psychiatrists). Taught in both the MIT Department of Economics and the MIT Sloan School of Management 1948-1957. Earned a Ph.D. from MIT in industrial economics in 1949. Chairman of MIT’s Industrial Relations Division 1954-1957. Leave of absence in 1955 to serve on President Dwight Eisenhower’s Council of Economic Advisers as a senior staff economist. Joined the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business as professor of industrial relations in 1957 and served as dean of the school from 1962 to 1968. Involved in Nixon’s election campaign of 1968. Nixon’s Secretary of Labor 1969-1970. One of the main organizers of the US-USSR Trade and Economic Council in 1972. Nixon’s Secretary of the Treasury 1972-1974. It was during this period that Schultz, along with Paul Volcker and Arthur Burns, supported the decision of the Nixon administration to end the gold standard and the Bretton Woods system. Shultz also regularly played golf with Stephen Bechtel Jr. at Burning Tree. President and director of the Bechtel Group 1974-1982, a privately-held huge construction company strongly linked to the intelligence agencies. Also acted as president of the Bechtel Foundation. Ran Ronald Reagan’s election campaign in 1980, together with Bechtel vice-president Caspar Weinburger. Chairman of the President’s Economic Policy Advisory Board from 1981-1982. Reagan’s Secretary of State 1982-1989. Hosted his good friend Helmut Schmidt at the Bohemian Grove in 1982 and has stayed at Camp Mandalay. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and Atlantic Council of the United States. Member National Security Planning Group. On Oct. 25, 1984, speaking at the Park Avenue Synagogue in New York, Shultz delivered remarks calling for the U.S. to adopt a preemptive first-strike policy, such was implemented 20 years later by the Bush-Cheney administration. According to John Perkins, former chief economist and "economic hitman", Shultz functioned as the heir to Robert Strange McNamara (1001 Club) as one of the top figures in the new imperial pyramid of power, which employed the structure of economic hitmen to bleed and crush nations. Examples are the Philippines’ Ferdinand Marcos in 1986, and such as the various attacks on Panama, culminating in the 1989 invasion. Then-Secretary of State Shultz had spoken one day earlier, Sept. 30, threatening the nations present that they had better stay in line, and pay their debts to the IMF. As Secretary of State, he automatically became a honorary member of the Pilgrims Society and gave at least one speech to this club in 1985. In August 1988, while travelling from the airport to La Paz, Bolivia, Shultz’s motorcade was bombed, supposedly by drug dealers. There was only material damage. In 1989 he rejoined Bechtel as a director and senior counselor (he still is anno 2005). Director at Gilead Sciences since 1996. Director Fremont Group, Inc. (owned by the Bechtel corporation) and the Charles Schwab Corporation. Chairman of Accenture’s Energy Advisory Board. Former member of the Advisory Council of Forstmann Little & Co. (Henry Kissinger, Colin Powell, and Donald Rumsfeld have been other members). Has visited the Trilateral Commission in the 1990s. Teamed up with George Soros in 1998 to promote a series of referenda to legalize narcotics. According to author James Mann, who wrote the Rise of the Vulcans book about Bush’s inner Cabinet, Shultz initiated a discussion with George W. in the Spring of 1998, whereby the future President sat down in Shultz’s living room on the Stanford University campus, in order to see if he would be the right man for the presidency. At that meeting were Martin Anderson, the former advisor to both Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan; Abraham Sofaer, a former Shultz aide; John Cogan and John Taylor, two economics professors; and Stanford’s provost, and Shultz protege, Condoleezza Rice. After the scholars associated with the Hoover Institution indicated that they thought Bush would make a good Presidential choice, Bush invited Shultz, Rice, and Anderson down to Austin, Texas for a follow-up meeting in the Summer. Out of that meeting, which was joined by Dick Cheney and Paul Wolfowitz, came the public decision for Bush to run for President. Soon Richard Perle and Dov Zakheim were holding Monday morning conference calls with Bush. Bush W. became president in 2000, selecting the above individuals as his primary staff members. Initial member of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq in 2002, a year before that country was invaded. Co-chairman of the economic taskforce for California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2003. Co-chairman of the Commonwealth Club Centennial meeting in 2003, sponsored by Goldman Sachs and Carnegie Corporation. Anno 2005, Shultz is chairman of J.P. Morgan Chase’s International Advisory Council, co-chairman of the Committee on Present Danger (together with James Woolsey), and an advisor to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (together with Alexander Haig, Lawrence S. Eagleburger, Richard Perle, James Woolsey, and, until recently, Paul Wolfowitz). Honorary director of the Institute for International Economics (headed by Peter G. Peterson. Other directors are Paul Volcker, Maurice R. Greenberg, and David Rockefeller). Member of the Hoover Institution and the American Enterprise Institute New Atlantic Initiative. Shultz’s most senior advisor and confidant is Charles Hill, a former diplomat to Israel, the Far East, and to the secretary-general of the UN, who now holds positions at Yale and Stanford. Shultz has been a long time associate of Henry Kissinger.

Shumway, Forrest N
River Lair
Retired vice-chairman of Allied-Signal Corporation (now called Honeywell) and life trustee of University of Southern California.

Shustak, Seth
Astronomer at the SETI Institute.

Sigler, Andrew Clark
Chairman and CEO of Champion International. Trustee Emeritus of Dartmouth College.

Silha, Otto A.
During his senior year at the University of Minnesota he "tried out" for a newsroom job at the Minneapolis Star, where he was hired in May 1940 as a copyeditor. Following four years of service in the Air Force, Mr. Silha was named promotion director of the Minneapolis Star and Tribune Company. Four years later, in 1952, he took on the added responsibilities of personnel director. In 1954 he became the company’s business manager. Within two years he was general manager and was elected vice president. In 1968 he became executive vice president and publisher of The Minneapolis Star and The Minneapolis Tribune. In 1973 he was elected president of the company. He served as chairman of the Board of Directors of the company, now renamed Cowles Media Company, from 1979 until his retirement from the Board in 1984. He then founded his own consulting firm, Silha Associates. Active in a variety of professional and civic organizations and projects, Mr. Silha served as a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota and is a trustee and senior vice president of the University of Minnesota Foundation. Silha has played a leadership role in several major professional groups, including the American Newspaper Publishers Association, the Associated Press, the Newspaper Advertising Bureau, the International Newspaper Promotion Association, the Newspaper Readership Project, and the Newspaper Joint Postal Task force.

Simon, William E.
William E. Simon became the 63rd Secretary of the Treasury on May 8, 1974. In August, he was asked to continue to serve in this position by President Ford, who shortly afterward appointed him Chairman of the Economic Policy Board and chief spokesman for the Administration on economic issues. On April 8, 1975, President Ford also named him Chairman of the newly created East-West Foreign Trade Board, established under the authority of the Trade Act of 1974. At the time of his nomination as Treasury Secretary, Mr. Simon was serving as Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, a post he had held from January 22, 1973. As Deputy Secretary, he supervised the Administration’s program to restructure and improve U.S. financial institutions. He also served as the first Administrator of the Federal Energy Office. From December 4, 1973, Mr. Simon simultaneously launched and administered the Federal Energy Administration at the height of the oil embargo. He also chaired the President’s Oil Policy Committee and was instrumental in revising the mandatory oil import program in April 1973. Mr. Simon was a member of the President’s Energy Resources Council and continued to have major responsibility for coordinating both domestic and international energy policy. Castigated George H.W. Bush in 1994 at the Bohemian Grove for abandoning the Reagan agenda. The son of an insurance executive, Mr. Simon was born in Paterson, New Jersey, on November 27, 1927. He was graduated from Newark Academy and, after service in the U.S. Army (infantry), received his B.A. from Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, in 1951. He began his extraordinary career with Union Securities in 1952. He served as Vice President of Weeden & Company before becoming the senior partner in charge of the Government and Municipal Bond departments at Salomon Brothers, where he was a member of the seven-man Executive Committee of the firm. Following government service, Mr. Simon co-founded Wesray Corporation, a successful pioneer in mergers and acquisitions. Seven years later he launched WSGP International, which concentrated on investments in real estate and financial service organizations in the western United States and on the Pacific Rim. Most recently, in 1988, he founded William E. Simon & Sons, a global merchant bank with offices in New Jersey, Los Angeles and Hong Kong. During his remarkable business career, Mr. Simon served on the boards of over thirty companies including Xerox, Citibank, Halliburton, Dart and Kraft, and United Technologies. In recognition of his visionary leadership in business, finance and public service, the Graduate School of Management at the University of Rochester was renamed the William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration in 1986. Mr. Simon was an active member of the United States Olympic Committee for over 30 years. He served as Treasurer from 1977 to 1981 and as President of the U.S. Olympic Committee for the four-year period, which included the 1984 Games in Sarajevo and Los Angeles. He chaired the U.S. Olympic Foundation, created with the profits of the Los Angeles games, from 1985 through 1997, and was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1991. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations .

Skinner, David .E.
David "Ned" Skinner took over Alaska Steamship after the death of his father, G. W. Skinner, in 1953. Increased competition from state-subsidized ferries and barge operations had put the company into a decline and Skinner had to close it in 1971, a major disappointment in his business life. But as head of the Skinner Corporation, Ned branched out into real estate (the Skinner Building and 5th Avenue Theatre in Seattle, Carillon Point in Kirkland), Pepsi-Cola bottling, and NC Machinery tractor sales. By 1988, the Skinner Corporation was the 10th largest privately held corporation in the U.S. In 1960, Skinner joined with other investors to form the Pentagram Corporation to build the Space Needle, a futuristic, 605-foot tower and revolving restaurant that would become the icon for the Century 21 Seattle World’s Fair and for Seattle itself. The 1962 World’s Fair marked the shift in Seattle from "provincial backwater into a genuinely cosmopolitan port city" (Crowley). Skinner is said to have raised more than $5 million for the fair and was prepared to take a loss on his own investment if it raised Seattle’s profile in the world. Skinner sat on the boards of the Boeing Company, Safeco, Pacific Northwest Bell, Pacific National Bank, and actively guided corporate policy. Skinner died of cancer in 1988.

Smith, F. Allen
Jinks Band
Unknown.

Smith, Mark D.
President & CEO, California HealthCare Foundation since its formation in 1996. Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 titled "Is the Healthcare System Headed for a Meltdown?" Smith is a member of the Institute of Medicine and on the board of the Washington Business Group on Health. He has served on the Performance Measurement Committee of the National Committee for Quality Assurance and the editorial board of the Annals of Internal Medicine. A board-certified internist, he is a member of the clinical faculty at the University of California San Francisco and an attending physician at the AIDS clinic at San Francisco General Hospital. Prior to joining the California HealthCare Foundation, Smith was executive vice president of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and served as associate director of the AIDS Service and assistant professor of Medicine and Health Policy and Management at Johns Hopkins University.

Smith, Robert Michael
T-N-T
Professor of sculpture, 3D computer visualization/animation and philosophy of aesthetics at the New York Institute of Technology and Fine Arts. Smith is a member of the Board of Directors for the New York City chapter of SIGGRAPH (Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics) and president of the Sculptors Guild. He is also a board member of the International Sculptors Symposium, Inc., the Washington Sculptors Group, and the Philadelphia Sculptors.

Smith, William French
Mandalay
In 1946 he joined the law firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher in Los Angeles, where he was a senior partner when he was appointed Attorney General by President Ronald Reagan. Smith was a member of the American Law Institute, American Judicature Society, and the Institute of Judicial Administration’s Board of Fellows, as well as a fellow of the American Bar Foundation. He served as Attorney General from 1981 to 1985 and then joined the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. He has served as a member of the U.S. Advisory Commission on International, Educational and Cultural Affairs in Washington, D.C. from 1971 to 1978; a member of the board of directors of the Los Angeles World Affairs Council since 1970 and its president since 1975; a member of the Los Angeles Committee on Foreign Relations from 1954 to 1974; and a member of the Harvard University School of Government since 1971. He has also served as a member of the advisory board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown University, since 1978 and was a member of the Stanton Panel on International Information, Education and Cultural Relations in Washington from 1974 until 1975. His business affiliations included service as a director of the Pacific Lighting Corp. of Los Angeles from 1967 to 1981 and the Pacific Lighting Corp. of San Francisco from 1969 to 1981, a seat on the board of directors of Jorgensen Steel Company from 1974 to 1981, and a seat on the board of directors of Pullman, Inc. of Chicago from 1979 to 1980. He was a member of the California delegation to the Republican National Convention in 1968, 1972, and 1976, serving as chairman of the delegation in 1968 and vice chairman of the delegation in 1972 and 1976.

Snyder, William Paul
Hillside
Snyder served as Chief Counsel of the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge Operations Office from 1979 to 1991 and served on the U.S. Commission on Government Procurement. He received the rank of Meritorious Executive from President Reagan for his work on various energy projects. Mr. Snyder’s practice includes litigating contract claims before courts and administrative bodies dealing with environmental regulatory compliance and defending against environmental claims, and defending against qui tam actions brought under the False Claims Act.

Sparks, Jack D.
Owl’s Nest
After being enlisted in the Army Air Corps (WWII) he advanced to the rank of captain before returning to his job on the assembly line at the 1900 Corporation. People in positions of authority knew Sparks and recognized his potential. Within a few years, Sparks was moved out of the factory into personnel work and labor relations. Later, he moved into sales and marketing where he became producer of a strong Whirlpool product line. In the Whirlpool sales department he was promoted to director of marketing, and later, became chairman, president, and chief executive officer of the Whirlpool Corporation. He started the employee-training programs now in place at Whirlpool.

Spencer, John
Woof
Unknown.

Spencer, William I.
President of Citicorp from 1970 to 1982. Director of United Technologies. Died in 1987.

Spencer, William M.
Parsonage
Unknown.

Stamper, Malcolm T.
Malcolm Stamper graduated from Georgia Institute of Technology with a degree in electrical engineering and joined Boeing in 1962 as director of the company’s aerospace electronics operations. In 1965, he was elected company vice president and named general manager of the Turbine Division. In the years that followed he led the 747 program and, as vice president-general manager of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Company, directed all the activities involving production, sale and development of the 707, 727, 737, 747 and SST. He served as president of the company and a member of the board of the directors from 1972 until 1985, when he became vice chairman of the board. He retired in 1990.

Stansbury, Herbert E.
Highlanders
Director of ACR Group, Inc.

Starr, Kevin
University Professor of History at USC and California state librarian emeritus. Pro-Schwarzenegger. Member of the Bohemian Grove Annals Committee in 1997.

Stephens, Donald R.
Unknown.

Stephens, Paul H.
Hill Billies
Co-founder of Robertson Stephens & Company in 1978, which became one of the world’s premier boutique investment banks, helping to finance hundreds of Silicon Valley growth companies. (sold in 1997) Manager of Robertson Stephens venture capital group 1984-1990, chairman Stephens Investment Management LLC, co-founder and Managing Director of RS Investments (San Francisco-based mutual fund group that manages over $7 billion in assets), chairman and board member of the Haas Business School Advisory Board at the University of California, active board member of DUMAC (the Duke Management Company), which manages Duke University’s endowment fund, as well as a director of the U.C. Berkeley Foundation.

Sterling, George
In 1892, Sterling, a real estate speculator, met the dominant literary figure on the west coast, Ambrose Bierce, at Lake Temescal and immediately fell under his spell. Bierce — to whom Sterling referred as "the Master" — guided the young poet in his writing as well as in his reading, pointing to the classics as model and inspiration. Sterling also met adventure and science fiction writer Jack London. Sterling also maintained a room at the Bohemian Club in San Francisco, to whose exclusive fold Bierce had given him entrée. This Club (founded in 1872, it was the first in the U.S.) sponsored summer outings on the Russian River, north of San Francisco, which were called "High Jinks" and were attended by Sterling, London, Stewart Edward White, and many others. Sterling wrote and directed a number of plays for these events, including ‘The Triumph of Bohemia: A Forest Play’ and ‘Truth; A Grove Play’.

Sterling, J. E. Wallace
Cave Man
Served as the president of Stanford University between 1949 and 1968.

Stevens, Roger L.
Dragon
Real estate impresario, together with David Rockefeller he worked on the Business Committee for the Arts.

Stever, Horton Guyford
Hideaway
Phi Beta Kappa, CalTech Ph.D. in physics, member of the MIT Radiation Lab since 1941, Aeronautics and Astronautics professor and head of two MIT engineering departments, chairman Scientific Advisory Board, Chief Scientist of the Air Force Advisory Board, consultant to the United Aircraft Corporation and Space Technology Laboratories, Scientist and consultant for TRW Inc., but also companies like Goodyear and Schering Plough, president of the Carnegie Mellon University, Director National Science Foundation, chairman of the White House Energy R&D Advisory Commission, chairman of the US-USSR Commission on S&T Cooperation, founding Chairman of the US-Israel Bi-national Science Foundation, member of the National Academy Sciences, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the National Academy Engineering and the Carnegie Commission on Science Technical and Government, also president of the Universities Research Association, chairman of an independent panel of experts established by the National Research Council to advise NASA and monitor its compliance with the recommendations of the Rogers Commission that investigated the Challenger explosion in 1986.

Stewart, James E.
Wohwohno
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of cement manufacturer Lone Star Industries (1970’s and 1980’s).

Stewart, Samuel B.
Toyland
Unknown.

Sticht, J. Paul
Owl’s Nest
Sticht began his career with United States Steel Corp. and then Trans World Airlines Inc. He joined Campbell Soup Co. where he became Vice President of Marketing and later President of its international subsidiary. He left Campbell to join Federated Department Stores as Executive Vice President and a member of its board of directors, and soon after became President of Federated. "He became a member of the Board of Directors of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in 1968 and in 1972, after retiring from Federated, was elected Chairman of the Executive Committee. In 1973, Paul was elected President of RJR, which by that time had changed its name to R.J. Reynolds Industries, Inc. He was elected Chief Executive Officer in 1978 and Chairman of the Board in 1979. After his retirement as a full-time employee in 1984, Paul remained on the Board of Directors serving as Chairman of the Executive Committee and a coinsultant. Paul was brought back twice from his retirement at R.J. Reynolds Industries, Inc. He first returned from April until October of 1987 to serve as Chairman of the company which had by then become known as RJR Nabisco, Inc. and then returned from February until April of 1989 as acting Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, following the acqusition of RJR Nabisco by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Company." He has been a member of the boards of directors of Celanese Corp., Chrysler Corp., S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc., McKesson Corp., Textron Inc., Wachovia Bank and Trust Co. and Wachovia Corporation.

Stone, Michael P.W.
Hill Billies
Michael P. W. Stone was born in London, England, on 2 June 1925; has resided in the United States since 1929; served in the British Royal Navy during World War II as an aviator with the Fleet Air Arm of the British Royal Navy and was assigned to the British carrier HMS Glory , operating in the Mediterranean and Far East, 1943-1945; received a B.A. degree from Yale University, 1948; studied at New York University Law School, 1948-1949; founding partner in Sterling International, a paper marketing and manufacturing business, 1950-1964; was vice president of that company and several of its subsidiaries including Sterling Vineyards, 1960-1982; was Director of the U.S. Mission in Cairo, Egypt, of the Agency for International Development, 1982-1985; Director of the Agency for International Development Caribbean Basin Initiative, 1985-1988; was Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management), 27 May 1986-12 May 1988; served concurrently as Acting Under Secretary of the Army, 28 February 1988-23 May 1988; was Under Secretary of the Army and Army Acquisition Executive, 24 May 1988-13 August 1989; while serving as Army Under Secretary, performed the duties of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 13 May 1989-10 August 1989; was Secretary of the Army, 14 August 1989-19 January 1993; chairman of the board of the Panama Canal Commission, 1990-1993; died in San Francisco, California, 18 May 1995.

Sullivan, Louis W.
One of the few black man that have attended the Bohemian Grove. He gave a speech in 1997. Louis W. Sullivan, president emeritus, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga. Since completion of his medical training, Sullivan has held both professional and administrative positions in health care facilities and medical training institutions. He joined Morehouse College as Professor of Biology and Medicine in 1975 and was the founding dean and director of the Medical Education Program at the college. He was named president of Morehouse School of Medicine in 1981. He served as secretary, United States Department of Health and Human Services, from 1989 to 1993. He returned to Morehouse School of Medicine in 1993. Sullivan retired as president in 2002. Sullivan is on the boards of the following public companies in addition to 3M: Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., CIGNA Corp., Equifax Inc., Georgia-Pacific Corp., Henry Schein Inc. and United Therapeutics Corp. He also is affiliated with certain nonprofit organizations, including chairman of Medical Education for South African Blacks and trustee of the Little League Foundation.

Swain, Robert
One of the persons who was thinking about establishing what would become the Stanford Research Institute.

Swartz, Thomas B.
Land of Happiness
Class I Director of Capital Alliance Advisors, Inc. (San Francisco based) since 1995; current term expires in 2006; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Capital Alliance Advisors, Inc. (1989 to date); Chairman, Sierra Capital Acceptance (1995 to 2000); Founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Sierra Capital Companies and its Affiliates (1980 to date); Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Trustee of seven equity real estate investment trusts (1980-1991); Attorney at Law, Thomas Byrne Swartz, Inc. (1980 to date), and Bronson, Bronson, & McKinnon, San Francisco, California (Senior Partner 1960-1980); Past President (1989-1990) and Member, Board of Governors (1983 to 1993), National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts; Director (representing Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) of two subsidiaries of American Diversified Savings Bank (in liquidation)) (1990 to 1992) Member of the Real Estate Advisory Committee to California Commissioner of Corporations (1972-1973); University of California at Berkeley Boalt School of Law, L.L.B. 1959; Lieutenant, U.S.N.R. 1954-1956 (active) and to 1967 (reserve); Yale University, A.B. 1954.

Swearingen, John E.
Cave Man
Received a master of science degree from Carnegie–Mellon University in 1939, honorary degrees by 15 colleges and universities, among them the University of South Carolina and Carnegie–Mellon, chairman Standard Oil Company of Indiana (BP) 1965-1983, chairman National Petroleum Council 1974-1975, chairman American Petroleum Institute1978-1979, chief executive officer Continental Illinois Corporation 1984-1987, director of the Organization Resources Counselors, Inc., served as a director of Aon Corporation, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Sara Lee Corporation, Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, Chase Manhattan Corporation, First Chicago Corporation, American National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago, and McGraw Wildlife Foundation. Member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Junior Achievement National Business Hall of Fame, the Chicago Business Hall of Fame, and the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame, and he is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He has been decorated by the governments of Egypt, Italy, and Iran. Received the Herbert Hoover Humanitarian Award by the Boy Scouts of America in 1980, the Charles F. Rand Memorial Gold Medal by the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical & Petroleum Engineers in 1980, the Washington Award by the Western Society of Engineers in 1981, and the Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement by the American Petroleum Institute in 1983.

Swim, Dudley
One of the persons who were thinking about establishing what would become the Stanford Research Institute.

Symington, James W.
Hill Billies
U.S. representative 1969-1977. Chief of protocol of the Department of State 1966-1968. Counsel in the law firm of O’Connor & Hannan since 1986. Director at Saul Centers, Inc. since 1993. Chairman Emeritus of National Rehabilitation Hospital. Member of the Atlantic Council of the United States. Trustee of the Center for Russian Leadership Development (Open World Program), together with Bill Frist (Bohemian Grove) and George Soros (Le Cercle). The program has brought nearly 4,000 young Russian leaders from 87 regions to 680 communities in the United States, including 150 members of the two houses of the Russian Parliament, the Federation Council and the State Duma. It has also brought 169 Russian judges to the United States. These Russians will return to Russia after having experienced the American way of life. Symington is a member of the National Peace Foundation’s Advisory Board.

Symonds, J. Taft
Seven Trees
Chairman of the Board at TETRA Technologies, Inc. (Texas). He has served as Chairman and a director of Maurice Pincoffs Company, Inc., a private international marketing company, and as President and a director of Symonds Trust Co., Ltd., a private investment firm, since 1978. Mr. Symonds also serves as a director and a member of the audit and compensation committees of the board of directors of Plains Resources, Inc., an energy company, and as a director and member of the audit committee of Plains All American Pipeline, L.P., which is engaged in crude oil transportation, terminaling and storage. Mr. Symonds received his B.A. degree from Stanford University and his M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.

Taft, William H.
Son of the co-founder of the Yale Skull & Bones Society, himself Skull & Bones 1878, Cincinnati Law School 1880, member Ohio Superior Court 1890-1892, solicitor general of the United States 1892-1900, Governor of the Philippines 1901-1904, Secretary of War 1904-1908, President of the United States 1909-1913, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court 1921-1930, member of the Pilgrims Society.

Teller, Edward
Associate Director emeritus of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Gave a speech in 1980. Teller is a physicist who played a major role in developing the hydrogen bomb and he is a leading promoter of Star Wars weaponry. The Livermore Lab is the number one recipient of Strategic Defense Initiative Star Wars research dollars. (1987 description)

Terry, Walter E.
Aviary
Unknown.

Thacher, Carter P.
River Lair
Became President and CEO of Willbur Ellis and its chairman in the 1980’s. Recently, Thacher stepped back a little and became Vice-Chairman. Willbur Ellis is a California-based leading international marketer and distributor of agricultural and industrial products, with sales exceeding $1.474 billion in 2004.

Thomas, Lowell
Cave Man
The first roving newscaster, a film maker through the 1920s, a radio presenter in the 1930s, an adventurer who wrote more than 50 books, he was heralded as the father of ‘Cinerama’. He was also the first man to film the Dalai Lama in Tibet. Thomas died in 1981 in New York at the age of 89.

Thomas, Lowell, Jr.
Cave Man
Son of the roving newscaster Thomas Lowell. Former lieutenant governor of Alaska, who is credited with leading the battle to establish Alaska’s Chugach State Park. He fought to protect the Alaska wolves from aerial hunting and helped to preserve the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Director of the Alaska State Bank.

Thomason, A. Mims
Cave Man
He was president, general manager, and director of United Press International from 1962 to 1972. Deceased. At the Bohemian Grove, he was the guest of Jack R. Howard, president of Scripps-Howard Newspapers.

Thomson, Hunter S.
Well-known reporter who committed suicide in 2005. He was named by Paul Bonacci as a participant in an off-season pedophile homosexual snuff film made at the Bohemian Grove. Bonacci would eventually be granted 1 million dollars by the court. Senator John DeCamp wrote a book about the affair.

Tight, Dexter C.
Faraway
Unknown.

Todd, William H.
Pink Onion
Unknown.

Tollenaere, Lawrence R.
Stowaway
Headed the Beavers association for one year, Director Newhall Land and Farming Company, Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, Parsons Corp. (engineering giant), and Avery Dennison Corporation (since 1964), trustee of the Claremont Graduate University, has been a chairman, chief executive officer, president and director of Ameron Inc. (manufacturer of construction products)

Traub, Marvin S.
Former CEO and Chairman of Bloomingdales, serves as senior advisor to Financo, Inc. and is Chairman and CEO of Financo Global Consulting (FGC), the consulting arm of Financo. He also serves as President of his marketing and consulting firm, Marvin Traub Associates, Inc. (“MTA”) Mr. Traub served as Chairman of The Home Company, which he founded in 1997, and the Johnnie Walker Collection which he created in 1998. Prior to creating MTA, Mr. Traub was Chairman and CEO of Bloomingdale’s for 14 years. Mr. Traub began his career at Bloomingdales in 1950 and served in various capacities including Vice Chairman and Director of Campeau Corporation and a Director of Federated Department Stores. Mr. Traub‘s consulting clients include American Express, Ralph Lauren, Jones New York, Saks Fifth Avenue, Federated Department Stores, Nautica Europe, Lanvin – France, Coin – Italy, Men’s Health magazine, Yue Sai Kan – China, Aishti, – Lebanon, Quartier 206 – Berlin, and AOL Time Warner Center at Columbus Circle – New York.

Trent, Darrell M.
Parsonage / Mandalay
Currently a Senior Research Fellow with the Hoover Institute at Stanford University, Darrell Trent served as Chairman of the US delegation to the European Civil Aviation Commission. He has held various other government positions that include Deputy Secretary of the US Department of Transportation and Director of the President’s Office of Emergency Preparedness. His corporate positions include: Chairman, President and CEO of Rollins Environmental Services, Inc.; President and CEO of Food Service, Inc. and Supermarkets, Inc. He served as a member of the National Security Council and of the NATO Senior Civil Emergency Planning Commission. Ambassador Trent was Deputy Campaign Manager for Ronald Reagan’s Presidential Campaigns of 1976 and 1981. Ambassador Trent, who is a graduate of Stanford University with post-graduate degrees from Columbia University and the International Law School at The Hague, is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Acton Development Inc. (since 1988). Hosted CIA director William Casey in the Bohemian Grove in 1980. The year before Trent went to Mandalay.

Trione, Victor
Son of financier and philanthropist Henry Trione

Turner, Fred L.
Outpost
Was one of the first employees of McDonald’s in 1956. He rose up the ranks of the company and eventually became CEO in 1974 and was names Senior Chairman in 1990. In 2004 he retired as Senior Chairman. Turner is also a director of Aon Corporation, Baxter International, Inc., and W.W. Grainger, Inc. He has received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Drake University in 1983 and an honorary doctor of business administration in foodservice management from Johnson & Wales University in 1991.

Turner, William Cochrane
Parsonage
William C. Turner served as the US Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) from 1974-1977. He also held the following governmental positions: Member of the US Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs; Member of the National Review Board of the East-West Center; Member of the Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations; US Representative of the Consultative Group of the parent organization of COCOM. He sat on the Boards of Directors of Rural/Metro Corp., AT&T International, Salomon Inc., Pullman Corporation, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Microtest Inc., and Nabisco Brands Inc.; Chairman of the AT&T International European Advisory Council and Asia Pacific Advisory Council; Chairman of the International Advisory Council of Avon Products; Member of the Europe Advisory Council of IBM, the Asia Pacific Advisory Council of American Can, the Brazilian Advisory Council of General Electric Company, and the Brazilian and Asia Pacific Advisory Councils of Caterpillar Tractor Co. Since returning to the US, he has been chairman of Argyle Atlantic Corp. that advises multinational corporations on international strategy, investments, acquisitions, joint ventures and strategic alliances. He also is a trustee and past chairman of Thunderbird, The American Graduate School of International Management; a former director and member of the executive committee of the US Council for International Business; former chairman of the board and director of Mercy Ships International; and former Governor of the Lauder Institute of Management and International Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. He has been a member of the National Council of the World Wildlife Fund, the Conservation Foundation, the Bohemian Grove, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Atlantic Council of the United States, and the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs (governor in 1987). Received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws degree from Thunderbird, The American Graduate School of International Management, and the Distinguished Service Award from the East-West Center.

Twain, Mark
Also a Pilgrims Society member. Mark Twain (pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens) was an American writer, journalist and humorist, who won a worldwide audience for his stories of the youthful adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri, of a Virginian family. He was brought up in Hannibal, Missouri. After his father’s death in 1847, he was apprenticed to a printer and wrote for his brother’s newspaper. He later worked as a licensed Mississippi river-boat pilot. The Civil War put an end to the steamboat traffic and Clemens moved to Virginia City, where he edited the Territorial Enterprise. On February 3, 1863, ‘Mark Twain’ was born when Clemens signed a humorous travel account with that pseudonym. In 1864 Twain left for California, and worked in San Francisco as a reporter. He visited Hawaii as a correspondent for The Sacramento Union, publishing letters on his trip and giving lectures. He set out on a world tour, traveling in France and Italy. His experiences were recorded in 1869 in The Innocents Abroad, which gained him wide popularity, and poked fun at both American and European prejudices and manners. The success as a writer gave Twain enough financial security to marry Olivia Langdon in 1870. They moved next year to Hartford. Twain continued to lecture in the United States and England. Between 1876 and 1884 he published several masterpieces, Tom Sawyer (1881) and The Prince And The Pauper (1881). Life On The Mississippi appeared in 1883 and Huckleberry Finn in 1884. In the 1890s Twain lost most of his earnings in financial speculations and in the failure of his own publishing firm. To recover from the bankruptcy, he started a world lecture tour, during which one of his daughters died. Twain toured New Zealand, Australia, India, and South Africa. He wrote such books as The Tragedy Of Pudd’head Wilson (1884), Personal Recollections Of Joan Of Arc (1885), A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) and the travel book Following The Equator (1897). During his long writing career, Twain also produced a considerable number of essays. The death of his wife and his second daughter darkened the author’s later years, which is seen in his posthumously published autobiography (1924). Mark Twain was present at a February 1908 Pilgrim dinner in New York, as reported by the New York Times (The newspaper wrote a huge amount of articles about him).

Valentine, Jack
Has been chairman, CEO, and president of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

Vanderjagt, Guy
Congressman. Chairman of the House Republican Campaign Committee, which put George H.W. Bush into the office of President.. Went to the Bohemian Grove in 1989.

Volcker, Paul A.
Mandalay
Volcker was born on September 1927 in Cape May, New Jersey. He earned a bachelor of arts degree, summa cum laude, from Princeton in 1949, and a master of arts degree in political economy and government from the Harvard University Graduate School of Public Administration in 1951. Research assistant in the research department of the New York Fed during the summers of 1949 and 1950. Pilgrims Society member and later Rockefeller Foundation vice-chair Robert Vincent Roosa was his mentor there, and Paul Volcker became part of his ‘Brain trust’, or ‘Roosa bloc’ in the following years. Volcker would also become a member of the Pilgrims Society. From 1951 to 1952, he was Rotary Foundation Fellow at the London School of Economics (Rotary International and the Lions Clubs are still seen today by some as the most important recruiting centers for the Masonic movement). He returned to the New York Fed as an economist in the research department in 1952, and special assistant in the securities department from 1955 to 1957. Financial economist at Chase Manhattan Bank 1957-1961. Director of the Office of Financial Analysis at the Treasury 1962-1963. Deputy Undersecretary for Monetary Affairs at the Treasury 1963-1965. Rejoined Chase Manhattan as vice president and director of forward planning 1965-1968. Undersecretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs 1969-1974. Senior fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University for the 1974-1975 academic year. Director Council on Foreign Relations 1975-1979 & 1988. President Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1975-1979. On July 26, 1979 the New York Times stated: "David Rockefeller, the chairman of Chase, and Mr. Roosa were strong influences in the Mr. Carter decision to name Mr. Volcker for the Reserve Board chairmanship."Chairman Federal Reserve System 1979-1987. Identified by BND officer Hans Langemann as a person who attended the December 1, 1979 meeting of Le Cercle in the Madison Hotel in Washington. Others that attended the meeting were the German Karl-Heinz Narjes (Bundestag; soon went to the ECC), William Colby (the recently retired CIA director at the time), Ed Feulner (president of the Heritage Foundation), Julian Amery (later chairman of Le Cercle; Privy Councillor; father was one of the closest Rothschild allies in building up Israel), and Jean Violet (French intelligence officer; Habsburg employee; Le Cercle co-founder and chairman; Fascist militant before WWII). Volcker became a member of the advisory board of Power Corporation in 1988 and is a friend to Canadian Paul G. Desmarais, Sr., a Privy Councillor and controlling shareholder of Power Corporation since 1968 (Desmarais and the Belgian Albert Frère jointly own about half of the major industries in France and Belgium, including Suez, Société Générale, Total, Imerys, and Groupe Bruxelles Lambert). Director of Prudential Insurance 1988-2000. Chairman of Wolfensohn & Co. in New York 1988-1996. North American chairman of the Trilateral Commission 1991-2001. Chairman of the newly created J. Rothschild, Wolfensohn & Company from March 1992 to 1995, Wolfensohn & Co.’s London-based joint venture. Visited Bilderberg in 1997. Attended meetings of the Ditchley Foundation and has chaired some of them. Advisor to the Japan Society and the International House. Member of the advisory board of Hollinger, together with Henry Kissinger, Richard Perle, and Zbigniew Brzezinski. Director of UAL Corporation, Bankers Trust New York Corporation, and Nestle, S.A. Director United States/Hong Kong Economic Cooperation Committee. Public member of the Board of Governors of the American Stock Exchange American Stock Exchange. Honorary trustee of the Aspen Institute. American Council on Germany, and the American Assembly. Co-chairman of the advisory board of Leadership Forum International and a principal of the Council for Excellence in Government. Member Circle of Presidents RAND Corporation, which means he has donated at least tens of thousands of dollars if not millions. Trustee International Accounting Standards Committee. Honorary chairman Financial Services Volunteer Corps, a firm founded by Cyrus Vance and John C. Whitehead in 1990. Honorary chairman Committee to Encourage Corporate Philanthropy. Chairman Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil-For-Food program, which also employed Rockefeller’s granddaughter, attorney Miranda Duncan. Chairman board of trustees Group of Thirty (2005). Paul Volcker is a visitor of the Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay. Director of the United Nations Association of the United States of America 2000-2004. Director of the Fund for Independence in Journalism. Wrote the foreword of George Soros’ 2003 book ‘The Alchemy of Finance’. Director of the Institute for International Economics, Washington, headed by Peter G. Peterson. Other directors of the institute are Maurice R. Greenberg and David Rockefeller. Trustee of the American Assembly anno 2005, together with Admiral Bobby Ray Inman (former NSA head; director SAIC; Bohemian Grove; CFR; Trilateral Commission), David Gergen (Bohemian Grove; CFR; Trilateral Commission), and Frank A. Weil (governor Atlantic Institute; CFR). The American Assembly is sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation.

Volkmann, Daniel G., Jr.
Derelicts
Director of the San Francisco Opera.

Walker Brooks, Jr.
Stowaway
Chairman of San Francisco Real Estate Investors, chairman of the Board of USL Capital Corporation, director of the Schwab Fund for Charitable Giving (1999), W.M. Beaty & Associates Inc. (CA area land and forest management), emeritus chairman and trustee of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2004 and 2005).

Walker, Robert W.
Ladera
Unknown.

Walters, Vernon
General Walters occupied a front- row seat at an array of historic events in the post-World War II era, as a translator, adviser, administrator and diplomat. He spoke seven or eight languages, five of them fluently, and served part time as an interpreter to five presidents. Vernon Anthony Walters was born in New York City on January 3, 1917, and attended Stonyhurst College in England. He joined the United States Army in 1941, and served in North Africa and Italy during World War II, retiring in 1976 as a Lieutenant General. From 1955 to 1960, he was a staff assistant to President Eisenhower, acting as interpreter for the President, Vice President and senior diplomatic and military officials. Appointed by President Nixon, General Walters was deputy chief of the C.I.A. from 1972 to 1976. Just weeks after Mr. Nixon sent him to the agency, the White House tried to involve the C.I.A. in the Watergate scandal that eventually forced Mr. Nixon’s resignation. According to later Congressional testimony by John W. Dean 3d, the President’s counsel at the time, Mr. Nixon had picked General Walters for the job in order to have a "good friend" in the intelligence agency. Two Nixon aides, H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, asked General Walters to caution the Federal Bureau of Investigation to limit its inquiries lest they compromise C.I.A. operations. "It simply did not occur to me that the chief of staff of the President might be asking me something that was illegal or wrong," Mr. Walters wrote in his memoir. But on orders from his superior, Richard M. Helms, the director of central intelligence, the general rescinded his advisory to the F.B.I. According to General Walters, Mr. Dean subsequently asked him repeatedly to pay off the Watergate burglars with secret C.I.A. funds, but he refused to do so and threatened to resign publicly if there was one more such call. In 1981, President Reagan offered General Walters the job of roving ambassador, which he accepted. Finally, he served as ambassador to the United Nations from 1985 to 1988, and as ambassador to West Germany from 1989 to 1991. He had many opportunities in his career to witness the making of history. He was W. Averell Harriman’s aide in the early years of the cold war, accompanied President Truman to a meeting with an insubordinate General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War and shuttled with President Eisenhower to a series of summit meetings, held in Geneva and White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, among other places. As translator for Vice President Nixon during his good-will tour of Latin America in 1958, General Walters was cut in the mouth by broken glass when a mob stoned their car in Caracas. Later, as a military attaché in Paris, General Walters is remembered for borrowing the private plane of President Georges Pompidou to smuggle Henry A. Kissinger in and out of France for clandestine meetings with Le Duc Tho of North Vietnam."He was great as our James Bond, getting us in and out secretly, even giving us code names," said Winston Lord, former president of the Council on Foreign Relations, who accompanied Mr. Kissinger to the secret talks with the Vietnamese. General Walters, a bachelor, leaves no immediate survivors. Walters was a Knight of Malta.

Warner Rawleigh, Jr.
Director AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph).

Warren, Earl
Earl Warren was an immensely popular Republican governor when President Dwight Eisenhower appointed him to the Supreme Court. Ike later regretted his choice; he had hoped toappoint a moderate conservative; Warren proved to be an unabashed liberal.Went to the Bohemian Grove in the 1960s. Became the president of the Warren Commission. Pilgrims Society members John J. McCloy, Allen Dulles, and Gerald Ford (at least honorary member later on) were members of the commission.

Waste, Stephen
Gave a speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1999 titled "The Alaska Oil Spill Revisited"

Watson, Ray
Walt Disney’s director and later chairman of its executive committee (1999).

Watson, Thomas J., Jr.
Mandalay
Eldest son of Thomas J. Watson, the founder of IBM, known to have struggled throughout his life with depression, earned a business degree from Brown University in 1937, and worked a few years as an IBM salesman. In May of 1956 Watson Jr. was named CEO of the company. Only six weeks later his father died. Thomas Jr. took the single biggest risk in IBM’s history when he decided to make all of its previous computer software (and hardware, for that matter) obsolete, by developing a uniform range of new IBM mainframe computers. The new machines were compatible within the range—i.e., they could run the same software and use the same peripherals—but incompatible with the former mainframes. The new series, called the System/360, almost completely bankrupted the entire company; its highly successful launch in 1964 was called by Fortune magazine "IBM’s $5 Billion Gamble". That same year, because of this success, Dwight D. Eisenhower at the New York World’s Fair awarded Thomas J. Watson Jr. the Medal of Freedom, the highest award a U.S. President can bestow on a civilian. Watson was CEO of IBM from 1956 to 1971 and became a US ambassador to the Soviet Union 1979-1981. He also was a trustee of the China Institute and was called by Fortune Magazine “the most successful capitalist who ever lived” (1976) He was a member of the Pilgrims Society, the 1001 Club, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Webster, William H.
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 1978 to 1987 and director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 1987 to 1991. He was a former federal judge who ascended to the CIA after his successful coups against the New York mafia families while director of the FBI under President Jimmy Carter. Since 1991, Webster has practiced law at the Washington D.C. firm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy where he specializes in arbitration, mediation and internal investigation. He served as Co-chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Wedemeyer, Albert
Cave Man
Born in Omaha, Neb., he graduated from West Point and served in China, the Philippines, and Europe until World War II. As a staff officer in the war-plans division of the U.S. War Department (1941–43), he was the principal author of the 1941 Victory Program for U.S. entry into the war and helped plan such strategies as the Normandy Campaign. He became chief of staff to Gen. Chiang Kai-shek and commander of U.S. forces in China (1944–46). He retired in 1951 and was promoted to general in 1954. Went to the Bohemian Grove in the 1960s. Barry Goldwater was his guest.

Weinberger, Caspar Williard
Isle of Aves / Mandalay
Harvard. Entered U.S. army in 1941. Captain on General Douglas MacArthur’s intelligence staff at the end of the war. California State Assembly 1952-1958. Chairman California Republican Party 1962-1967. Chairman of the Commission on California State Government Organization and Economy from 1967 (appointed by governor Reagan). State director of finance from 1968-1970. Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission. Deputy director Office of Management and Budget 1970-1972 and as director from 1972 to 1973. Secretary of health, education, and welfare 1973-1975. Vice president and general counsel of the Bechtel Group of Companies in California 1976-1980. Secretary of Defense 1981-1987. Pushed for dramatic increases in the United States’ nuclear weapons arsenal and was a fervent supporter of the Star Wars program, indicted in the Iran-Contra Affair but received a presidential pardon from George H.W. Bush. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. Publisher and chairman of Forbes magazine since 1989 (Forbes is long time Pilgrims Society family). Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. Advisor to the American Ditchley Foundation (2005).

Welch, John F.
General Electric Chairman. G.E. operates a plant in Florida that makes neutron generators for nuclear bombs. They made the reentry vehicle for the Minuteman missile. They make propulsion systems for nuclear submarines and jet aircraft engines and are involved in electronic warfare work. They are developing the engine for the Stealth bomber.

Wheat, Francis M.
Silverado Squatters
Harvard Law School, commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission 1964-1969, partner of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher (LA law firm), member of the Board of Governors of the NASD, member of the Legal Advisory committee of the New York Stock Exchange, president of the Los Angeles Country Bar Association 1975-1976.

White, Robert M. II
Owlers
He graduated from the Missouri Military Academy in Mexico in 1933, and Washington and Lee University in 1938. His grandfather and father both served as editors of the Mexico Evening Ledger. After his graduation from Washington and Lee, White served as reporter for the Evening Ledger until 1940, when he entered the armed services. During the war White went to Australia with General R. L. Eichelberger and was involved in missions for General Douglas MacArthur’s headquarters. After serving overseas White returned to the United States where he was on duty as a reporter at the White House. White served as a reporter for the U.S. Press Bureau in Kansas City and was briefly editor of the New York Herald Tribune. White returned to Mexico as the co-editor and publisher of the Evening Ledger in the late 1940s.

White, Stewart Edward
Author who published a number of books of "channeled” material. Born March 12, 1873, at Grand Rapids, Michigan, he studied at the University of Michigan (Ph.D., 1895; M.A., 1903). In 1904 he married Elizabeth (Betty) Grant, and they settled in California where he became well known as an author of many books, articles, and short stories dealing with his experiences around the state in mining and lumber camps, and on exploration trips. In March, 1918, Betty and Stewart Edward White had their first experience with the spirit world. At a party with friends, the Ouija board, being used as a parlor game, spelled the name "Betty" over and over again. When Betty took over the pointer, it spelled out a number of messages, including the advice to try "automatic writing." For over a year Betty and Stewart experimented with "automatic writing," receiving a number of messages which proved evidential. Betty was slowly led into another method in which she entered a higher state of consciousness, speaking in her own voice or the voice of another entity. The entities communicating through Betty declined to be identified, wishing to remain anonymous, and thus were named "the Invisibles" by the the Whites. "The Invisibles" led her into another, higher world, teaching her to create a new identity. Stewart recorded the messages and experiences which Betty reported in her higher state of consciousness. "The Invisibles" indicated that they were not only teaching Betty to enter a higher world of spiritual consciousness but were interested in teaching all humans how to enter this world. Betty and Stewart White continued the sessions with "the Invisibles" from 1919 to 1936. Having waited for seventeen years, they finally decided to publish their first book outlining their adventures in learning about and entering the higher spiritual world.

Wiegers, George A.
Lost Angels
B.A. from Niagara University and an M.B.A. from the Columbia University, lLong time private investment banker, general partner of Lehman Brothers, managing director of Dillon, Read & Co. since 1983, director of Darby Overseas Investments Ltd., active in the development and financing of industrial, natural resource and media/communications companies, trustee of the University of Colorado Foundation, Wiegers fellowships at Columbia University are named after him.

Wilbur, Ray Lyman
Dean of the Stanford University School of Medicine from 1911 to 1916. President of Stanford from 1916 to 1943. Physician of president Warren G. Harding 1921-1923. 31st United States Secretary of the Interior 1929-1933. From 1943 until his death in 1949 he served as the university’s chancellor. Friend President Herbert C. Hoover. His brother Curtis Wilbur became chief justice of the California state supreme court.

Wilde, Oscar
An Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. One of the most successful playwrights of late Victorian London, and one of the greatest celebrities of his day, known for his barbed and clever wit. He suffered a dramatic downfall and was imprisoned after being convicted in a famous trial of "gross indecency" for his homosexuality. Died in 1900.

Williams, Barry Lawson
Sons of Rest
Williams spent seven years as a consultant with McKinsey, several of those in Latin America. He then joined Bechtel, the global engineering and construction firm, to help launch and manage their investment program. For the past 14 years, he has run Williams Pacific Ventures, a consulting and investment business based in San Francisco. During this time, he has been CEO of a communications company and a specialty construction services firm. Mr. Williams has been a member of the American Management Association Board since April, 1998 and became its president in 2000. He also serves on the board of directors of several public companies in the insurance, energy, and engineering fields.

Williams, James Prior
Valhalla
Unknown.

Williams, John H.
Cave Man
Senior vice president of First Union Securities (investment banking) until 1999, director and later chairman of Clear Channel Communications since 1984 where he made 7.2 million just in 2003, director of GAINSCO, Inc. Clear Channel owns over 1,200 radio stations and 37 television stations, with investments in 240 radio stations globally, and Clear Channel Entertainment (aka SFX, one of their more well-known subsidiaries) owns and operates over 200 venues nationwide. They are in 248 of the top 250 radio markets, controlling 60% of all rock programming.

Williams, Joseph D.
Williams entered Warner-Lambert through a merger with Parke-Davis, where he was President and CEO. When elected president of Warner-Lambert, and later as chairman and CEO, he invested heavily in research. This investment helped Warner-Lambert to generate over $4 billion in revenues by 1990. Director AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph).

Wilson , Harry Leon
Writer Harry Leon Wilson won wide popularity with his humorous novels and plays. Among the best known of Wilson’s novels are Bunker Bean (1912), Ruggles of Red Gap (1915), and Merton of the Movies (1922). Each of these novels, along with other Wilson works, were adapted for Hollywood films.

Witter, William David
Uplifters
He joined his father’s firm, Dean Witter Inc., in 1956 and founded his own company, William D. Witter Inc., in 1967, specializing in asset management and research for institutional investors. A founding investor of National Semiconductor, he was a longtime trustee of the San Francisco-based Dean Witter Foundation and a member of the Hoover Institution’s board of overseers.

Wriston, Walter B.
His father was a president of Brown University who in 1950 became a governor of the New York Stock Exchange. After graduate school, Wriston became a junior Foreign Service officer at the State Department in which he helped negotiate the exchange of Japanese interned in the United States for Americans held prisoner in Japan. He was drafted into the US Army in 1942 and served in the Signal Corps on Cebu in the Philippines. Immediately after World War II in 1946, Wriston entered the banking sector as a junior inspector in the comptroller’s division at the First National City Bank (which would later be known as Citicorp). Wriston’s ascended quickly within the Bank, becoming head of the overseas division in 1959. As a close adviser to then chairman James Stillman Rockefeller, Wriston became executive vice-president in 1960, chief executive of Citibank in 1967, and chairman of Citicorp in 1970. He remained chairman until 1984. He was chairman of President Reagan’s Economic Policy Advisory Board, a member and chairman of the Business Council, and a co-chairman and policy committee member of the Business Roundtable. Director of the Council on Foreign Relations 1981-197. Trustee of the Rand Corporation. Died in 2005. Wriston was venerated as a the most influential commercial banker of his time.

Woolsey, Robert James
Went to Stanford, Oxford (Rhodes scholarship), and Yale University (Phi Beta Kappa). Director CIA 1993-1995, director Atlantic Council, chairman Smithsonian Institute, member advisory board America Abroad Media, member advisory board Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs. Held a lakeside talk; ‘The Long War of the 20th Century’. He went in 1980 and was still a member in 2004. Supposedly, Woolsey invited dr. Steven Greer of the Disclosure Project in 1993 to inform him about the back-engineering of alien technology. According to Greer, Woolsey was quite shaken by the fact that he wasn’t informed about any of this. Woolsey never denied having talked to Steven Greer; he only disputes the characterization of the meeting after the book of Steven Greer came out. Chairman of the Board of Freedom House, the Chairman of the Advisory Boards of the Clean Fuels Foundation and the New Uses Council, and a Trustee of the Center for Strategic & International Studies. He also serves on the National Commission on Energy Policy. He has been the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Board of Regents of The Smithsonian Institution, and a trustee of: Stanford University, The Goldwater Scholarship Foundation, and the Aerospace Corporation. He has been a member of: The National Commission on Terrorism, 1999-2000; The Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the U.S. (Rumsfeld Commission), 1998; The President’s Commission on Federal Ethics Law Reform, 1989; The President’s Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management (Packard Commission), 1985-1986; and The President’s Commission on Strategic Forces (Scowcroft Commission), 1983. Woolsey is presently a principal in the Homeland Security Fund of Paladin Capital Group (supposedly sent a gag order down the line of the NY fire department relating 9/11) and a member of the Board of Directors of four privately held companies, generally in fields related to infrastructure protection and resilience. He also serves as Vice Chairman of the Advisory Board of Global Options LLC. He has served in the past as a member of the Boards of Directors of a number of other publicly and privately held companies, generally in fields related to technology and security, including: Martin Marietta; British Aerospace, Inc.; Fairchild Industries; Titan Corporation; DynCorp, Yurie Systems, Inc.; and USF&G; he has also served as a member of the Board of Governors of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange.

Wouk, Herman
Wayside Log
Novalist. Wrote a book about Judaism. Held a lakeside talk titled ‘Bohemia’.

Yeager, Chuck
Chuck Yeager is unquestionably the most famous test pilot of all time. He won a permanent place in the history of aviation as the first pilot ever to fly faster than the speed of sound, but that is only one of the remarkable feats this pilot performed in service to his country. 2004 lakeside Talk: ‘Flight’.

Yew, Lee Kuan
Educated in England, Lee Kuan Yew led Singapore to independence and served as its first prime minister. He was regularly re-elected from 1959 until he stepped down in 1990. Under his guidance, Singapore became a financial and industrial powerhouse, despite a lack of abundant natural resources. Lee ruled with ultimate authority, and his zeal for law and order was legendary. In 1990 he stepped down (though he remained in the cabinet as senior minister) and was succeeded as prime minister by Goh Chok Tong. At the Bohemian Grove he was supposedly mistaken for a waiter once. Member of the International Council of J.P. Morgan Chase, together with Kissinger, Andre Desmarais, Riley Bechtel (Bohemian Grove), and others.

York, Michael
Unknown.

Yorty, Samuel
Mayor of Los Angeles 1961-1973.

Some other guests for entertainment and service purposes

Hart, Micky
Hill Billies
Member of the Grateful Dead, Produced their first album in 1967. Went in 2004.

Bob Weir
Rattlers
Member of the Grateful Dead. Produced their first album in 1967. Went in 2004.

Steve Miller
Singer of the classic-rock band the Steve Miller Band. Produced their first Album in 1968.

Robert C. Bailey
Aviary
Opera company executive.

Chad Savage
Famous gay porn star, worked as a valet in 2004. Probably ‘serves’ some of the gay guests.

Bluestein, Ron
Former stint waiter at the Bohemian Grove. Wrote about the it in his pamphlet ‘A Waitress in Bohemia’.

Bergen, Edgar
Went in the 1960. Ventriloquist.

Robert Mondavi
Wine expert

Jim Bundschu
Wine expert

Daniel Duckhorn
Wine expert

Eric Wente
Wine expert

Phil Wente
Wine expert

Bohemian Grove
Incomplete camps list

1.
Abbey
A simple place and home to ‘nearly unspeakable practices’, according to one servant in the Grove (whatever that means). There are no known bigwigs residing in this seemingly quite simple tent camp.

2.
Aviary
Aviary, the largest camp, is comprised almost exclusively of associate members who are part of the chorus. Supposedly, it has one of the finest fireplaces in the Grove. Some companies represented are Arscott, Norton & Associates, Lam Research Corporation, Compass Technology Partners, General Mills and McKesson, Finances, Provigo Corporation, and Bay View Bank.

3.
Bald Eagle
Not enough info.

4.
Band
The Band Camp is for members of the different bands.

5.
Bohemia
A very old camp. It is possible it doesn’t exist anymore.

6.
Bromley
A place where unsortable visitors end up spending the night.

7.
Camels
Not enough info.

8.
Cave Man
Notable for big-deal right-wingers and a plaque commemorating Herbert Hoover. It’s often called ‘Hoover Camp’.

Council on Foreign Relations leadership, Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg, AIG, Federal Reserve, United California Bank, Scripp Howard broadcasting and newspaper business, United Press, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Departement of State, U.S. presidency, Lockheed, Chase Manhattan, Alaska State Bank, British Petroleum, Clear Channel, GAINSCO Inc., United Airlines, Pacific Telephone (now part of SBC), General Dynamics, United California Bank, Dart Industries, Carter-Hawley-Hale Stores, Dean Witter Reynolds & Co, and Pauley Petroleum.

9.
Cliff Dwellers
Not enough info.

10.
Cool-Nazdar
Not enough info.

11.
Crossroad
Not enough info.

12.
Cuckoo’s Nest
Not enough info.

13.
Derelicts
Low profile members.

14.
Dog House
They have a Beer and Beans party after every Cremation of Care.

15.
Doom
Not enough info.

16.
Dragon
1 member involved in some heavy Russian politics together with Mandalay members. 2 persons with Standard Oil of California, another from the Business Committee (also worked with a Rockefeller).

17.
Druids
Not enough info.

18.
El Toro II
Not enough info.

19.
Faraway
Not enough info.

20.
Fore Peak
The special drink of that camp is called ‘Nembutal’, a mixture of rum and hot chocolate.

21.
Friends of the Fores
Scripps-Howard newspaper, Cooley Godward LLP, Sutter Hill Ventures, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Hewlett Foundation, RAND Corporation, Basic American Inc., Levi Strauss Company.

22.
Green Mask
Humble Oil and Refining Company, Carter Oil Company, Continental Oil Company (Conoco).

23.
Halcyon
Grove’s finest library of classics.

24.
Haven
Low-level camp.

25.
Hermits
Not enough info.

26.
Hideaway
It has a classic oil painting of a nude woman, where artists add one gray hair per year.

Caltech, MIT, (president of) Carnegie-Mellon University, (president of) Rockefeller University, (chairman of) Rockefeller Foundation, George Marshall Institute, Scientific Advisory Board, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research and the ‘Mexican green revolution’, Chief Scientist of the Air Force, United Aircraft Corporation, Space Technology Laboratories, TRW Inc., US-USSR Commission on S&T Cooperation, US-Israel Bi-national Science Foundation.

27.
Highlanders
Hewlett Packard Corporation (co-founder – HP is the largest employer in Sonoma County), ACR Group.

28.
Hill Billies
Lot’s of politics. CBS, couple of Skull & Bones figures (By the mid-1980s, half of the 26 members were graduates of Yale), Bechtel, Bank of America, Export-Import Bank of the United States, World Bank, Morgan Stanley, Blyth Eastman Dillon, Eastern Airlines, United Nations, Westinghouse Electric, Bessemer Securities Corporation, UNOVA, NASA, National Geographic, biotech companies as Amgen, Lynx & Xoma, AP Pharma, Inc., Pherin Corporation (biotech), Searle & Company (sold to Monsanto), Gilead Sciences, Inc. (pharmaceutical), Procter & Gamble, General Motors, Southern Pacific, RAND Corporation, Metromedia, Mutual Life Insurance of New York, the Carlyle Group, Stephens Investment Management LLC, RS Investments, BF Goodrich Company (supplier to aerospace and defense industry), Fremont Group, Forbes, National Review Magazine and a few jounalists, Investments, Ltd., MetLife Series Mutual Funds, Stanford / Chicago / California / Duke Universities, President’s Council of Economic Advisers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Business Roundtable, Hoover Institution, Council on Foreign Relations, Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, Bilderberg, Trilateral Commission.

29.
Hillside
Joint Chiefs of Staff, US navy admiral, Hawaii Space Development Authority, Council on Foreign Relations.

30.
Howeller
Not enough info.

31.
Hualapai
Not enough info.

32.
Interlude
Wine and cheese party to commemorate Bastille Day.

33.
Iron Ring
Not enough info.

34.
Isle of Aves
Justice and defense departments of the US government, Homestake Mining Company (merged with Barrick Gold Corporation in 2001), Bechtel, American Mining Congress, World Gold Council, Western Business Roundtable, Clark Cali and Negranti (law firm), Clark Company (CA real estate), Pacific Gas and Electric Company, CIA and other intelligence (several decades back anyway), a psychopatic-gay-non-businessman in the form of John E. Du Pont (who has been convicted for murder), at least one school system reformer, Forbes, Wells Fargo and Company, Banc of America, World Banking Group, Northrop Grumman, Chiron Corporation (biotech), Hoover Institution. (The last 6 institution are represented by only one person), Caltech, California Council on Science and Technology.

35.
Jinks Band
Not enough info.

36.
Jungle
Not enough info.

37.
Ladera
Not enough info.

38.
Land of Happiness
Baker & Daniels (law firm on environmental issues), a member who donates on a personal bases to environmental causes and also represents UPBancorp Inc., Vancouver Foundation and the Council of Forest Industries, Corporate Governance and Pension Committee and the Human Resources Committee, Lignum Investments Ltd., Scotiabank, Riverside Forest Products Ltd., Bombardier Inc., someone with an Order of Canada from the Governor-General of Canada, Capital Alliance Advisors, Inc., Sierra Capital Acceptance, a couple of real estate investment trusts, Bronson, Bronson, & McKinnon (San Francisco law firm), Thomas Byrne Swartz, Inc.

39.
Last Chance
Swinging doors to the camp are the originals for S.F.’s Last Chance Saloon.

40.
Lost Angels
The Lost Angels Camp today sits on what is commonly referred to as "Snob Hill", although it’s design it’s anything special these days. Back in the 1920s and 1930s it was.

Lehman Brothers, Dillon Read & Co., Warburg Pincus & Co., Cummins Engine Company, Philip Morris Companies, Health Effects Institute, Evergreen Holdings Inc., Mattel, Edison International (power company), Avery Dennison, Lawrence Livermore Radiation Laboratory, Northrop Corporation, Southern Railway Company, John Hopkins, Stanford, Columbia and Colorado Universities, Newhall Land and Farming Co., Richmond Times-Dispatch, The News Leader, American Newspaper Publishers Association, Southern Newspaper Publishers Association, Associated Press, CNN, Los Angeles Times, Washington Journalism Center, Santa Rosa Junior College, Hoover Institution, Southern Center for International Studies, Council on Foreign Relations, Trilateral Commission, RAND Corporation.

41.
L.O.G.
Not enough info.

42.
Lost Boys
Not enough info.

43.
Madrone
Abalone lunch on the last Thursday.

44.
Mandalay
This camp is only accessable with a written permission. It is the most exclusive bunk site in the encampment and sits on a hill with a tiny cable car that carries visitors up to the compound. Many members of this camp have personal assistents with them.

Lot’s of government, Bank of America, Amoco, ChevronTexaco, Bechtel, Wackenhut, Du Pont, Rothschild Investment Trust Capital Partners plc., UBS Warburg LLC, Dillon Read & Co., German Steel Trust, ThyssenKrupp, the J.P. Morgan network, Merrill Lynch, Lehman Brothers, Export-Import bank, Wells Fargo, Seafirst Bank, Manhattan Institute, the CIA, General Electric, RAND Corporation, Firestone, American Telephone and Telegraph, Atlantic Richfield Company, Johnson & Johnson, Walt Disney Company, Weyerhaeuser, Union Pacific Corp., Gannett Corp., PG&E. Corp., MITRE, McKesson Corp., ConAgra Inc., HCA Healthcare Corp., Franklin Templeton Investments which includes Fiduciary Trust, ICF Kaiser Consulting Group, Kissinger Associates, Carlyle Group, TRW Inc., Space Technology Laboratories (STL), IBM, Ford Motor Company, News Corp, BskyB (Rothschild and Murdoch governed), Daily Telegraph plc., the Economist, Caltech, Stanford University (heavily funded by Bechtel), Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Order of Malta, Ditchley, Bilderberg, Council on Foreign Relations, Business Roundtable, Business Council, Committee Economic Development, Council on International Economic Policy, Trilateral Commission, Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, Pilgrims Society, 1001 Club, Le Cercle. French socialist prime minister.

45.
Medicine Lodge
Not enough info.

46.
Meyerling
There’s no indication this is a particularly important camp.

47.
Midway
In the 1930s, this camp was made up of executives from the Pacific Insurance Company. This changed over time.

National Venture Capital Association, Western Association of Venture Capitalists, Institutional Venture Partners (interst in about 200 other companies), Allegiant Bancorp Inc., Owens-Illinois Inc., University of California, Fireman’s Fund Insurance, American Express, SRI International, Transamerica, Wells Fargo Bank, SCIOS, Hambrecht & Quist (helped Apple, Adobe Systems, Netscape, MP3.com and Amazon.com. – taken over by J.P. Morgan Chase), Occidental Petroleum, Hooker Chemical, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Petroleum Administration for War (around WWII), Ashland Oil and Refining Co. (fifties or sixties), Marshall Petroleum, Airtouch Communications, McKesson, Charles Schwab Corporation, URS Corporation, Potlatch Corporation, PG&E Corporation, CNF Inc.

48.
Monastery
Pretty low-level camp.

49.
Monkey Block
Monkey Block, named after a famous artists’ colony in old San Francisco, has a preponderance of artist members.

50.
Moonshiners
Pours imported German beer exclusively.

51.
Moro
Not enough info.

52.
Outpost
Pretty low-level camp.

53.
Owlers
Not enough info.

54.
Owl’s Nest
Guarded by a Secret Service agent (at least when there is a president visiting), but when someone asks politely, he should be able to enter the camp.

Multiple presidents with their advisors, Manhattan Project, Marine Corps, Air Force, Council on Foreign Relations, Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce, Order of the Bath, We-Go Rotary Club, United Technologies Corporation, Harry Gray Associates, SourceOne, Mott Corporation, Union Carbide Corporation, Sunoco Inc., Blount International Inc., Hercules Incorporated, RFE Associates, General Dynamics, AMTRAK, Whirlpool Corporation, United States Steel Corp., Trans World Airlines, Campbell Soup Co., R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJR Nabisco).

55.
Parsonage
Buffalo burger luncheon.

56.
Pelicans
Not enough info.

57.
Piedmont
Not enough info.

58.
Pig’n Whistle
Not enough info.

59.
Pink Onion
Notable for its pink sheets.

60.
Poison Oak
Supposedly serves a lunch called Bulls’ Balls Lunch, where everyone comes by to eat roasted cattle testicles brought by a rancher from near Fresno, CA.

61.
Poker Flat
Not enough info.

62.
Pow Wow
All-time Abbott auxiliary martini machine.

63.
Puma
Second Saturday wild game feed includes elk, moose, and boar.

64.
Rattlers
Not enough info.

65.
Redwood
Location of the Redwood Clubhouse, where scientists discussed the Manhattan Project in the 1940s. Supposedly, the location is secured and very beautiful. It sits near the Russian River.

66.
River Lair
Not enough info.

67.
Roaring
Original bar from Jack London’s home.

68.
Romany
Not enough info.

69.
Sahara
Not enough info.

70.
Santa Barbara
Not enough info.

71.
Sempervirens
Most members have business or political interests in or around California.

Presidential assistant, mid-level state department official, Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, Transamerica, Continental Capital Corporation (1950s), Stanford University, Wells Fargo Bank, Boise Cascade, GenCorp, State Farm Insurance, Enron, Homestake Mining, Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation, Phelps Dodge Company, Lane Publishing Co., Ford Motor Company, Bank of America, Crowley Maritime Corporation, University of San Francisco, University of San Diego.

72.
Seven Trees
Not enough info.

73.
Silverado squatters
Amoco Corporation, Bell & Howell, United Technologies Corporation, Sovereign Specialty Chemical Company, the Hoover Institution, Public Broadcasting Service, National Park Foundation, FMC Corporation, Argonne National Laboratory, Aspen Institute, American Enterprise Institute, University of Chicago, Boeing Company, Caterpillar Tractor, Chevron, Genentech Inc., Wolf Trap Foundation, the California Roundtable, Hewlett Packard, U.S.-Japan Advisory Commission, Trilateral Commission, Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, US-USSR Trade & Economic Council’s committee on science and technology, the Business Roundtable, President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Securities and Exchange Commission, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, NASD, the Legal Advisory committee of the New York Stock Exchange, Los Angeles Country Bar Association, San Diego Union-Tribune.

74.
Skiddoo
Not enough info.

75.
Skyhi
Not enough info.

76.
Sleepy Hollow
Not enough info.

77.
Sons of Rest
Not enough info.

78.
Sons of Toil
Had a majority of university types among their membership in the 1970s. Most camps usually have only one or two faculty members each year. Hosts a French sidewalk cafe 2nd Friday, French wines,cheese, and red checker table cloths.

79.
Spot
Not enough info.

80.
Star & Garter
Not enough info.

81.
Stowaway
The many David Rockefeller interests including the Trilateral Commission, Council on Foreign Relations, Bilderberg, Council of the Americas, Pilgrims Society, J.P. Morgan Chase and part of the Standard Oil successor companies, Caltech University, Claremont Graduate University, University of Southern California, Harvard Center, Hamlin School, Atkins Company, Crocker Capital Corporation, BEI Technologies Inc., BEI Medical Systems Company Inc., Fiduciary Trust International, Pope & Talbot Inc., Teledyne Technologies Incorporated, Franklin Templeton Investments, Coldwell Banker F.I. Grey & Son, Inc., Pacific Lightning/Enterprise, Wells Fargo Bank, Newhall Land and Farming, Mutual Life Insurance Company, San Francisco Children’s Hospital, Foundation of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Arthritis Foundation, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, local and national United Way, the American Enterprise Institute, California Chamber of Commerce, World Affairs Council of Los Angeles, Civic Light Opera, Pacific Union Club, RAND Corporation, Newhall Land and Farming Company, Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, Parsons Corp., Avery Dennison Corporation, Ameron Inc., Real Estate Investors, USL Capital Corporation, Schwab Fund for Charitable Giving, W.M. Beaty & Associates Inc..

82.
Sundodgers
The 4 known members mentioned seemed to have a mixed scientific / business interest.

83.
Sunshiners
Not enough info.

85.
Swagatom
Had a majority of university types among their membership in the 1970s. Most camps usually have only one or two faculty members each year.

86.
Taylor
Camp Taylor is located close to where several dozen Bohemians held a Jinks in the forest in Sonoma County in 1878. This was the start of a long Bohemian tradition of treking to the Sonoma County redwoods during July and August of each year for camping and self entertainment.

87.
Thalia
Has the original stop and go signal from the corner of Powell and Post in S.F.

88.
Tie Binders
In the 1930s, this camp was almost completely made up of executives of railroad companies. This composition changed over time.

89.
T-N-T
Not enough info.

90.
Totum Inn
Not enough info.

91.
Toyland
Not enough info.

92.
Tunerville
A camp for members of the club orchestra.

93.
Uplifters
Not enough info.

94.
Valley of the Moon
Not enough info.

95.
Valhalla
Not enough info.

96.
Wayside Log
Was known as a hangout for scientists in the 1970s.

97.
The Web
Not enough info.

98.
Whiskey Flat
Not enough info.

99.
Whoo Cares
Not enough info.

100.
Wild Oats
Not enough info.

101.
Wohwohno
Not enough info.

102.
Woof
Not enough info.

103.
Ye Merrie Yowls
The bar is the former altar from the Catholic Church in Forrestville.

104.
Zaca
Not enough info.

Other locations in the Grove

Hermitage
Not sure if it’s a Bohemian Grove camp.

Oz Bungalow
A location in the Bohemian Grove. Not sure if it can be classified as a camp.

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_blacknobil05.htm

In Carthage, the Canaanites called themselves Punics. Rome attacked Carthage in full force, beginning in 264BC and completed their task after killing or enslaving every Carthaginian, by sowing the land to salt so that nothing could ever grow there again. The Edomitesdescended from Esau later intermarried with the Turks to produce a Turco-Edomite mixture which later became known as Chazars (Khazars) – who are the present occupants of Israel. These Canaanites eventually adopted the name "Sepharvaim" for deceptive purposes. They later became known as Venetians, and by marrying into European royalty and aristocracy, the "black nobility." The Venetians today control the Federal Reserve system in the US.
Around AD1400, European power centers coalesced into two camps: the Ghibellines, who supported the Emperors Hohenstaufen family, and the Guelphs, from Welf, the German prince who competed with Frederick for control of the Holy Roman Empire. The Popeallied himself with the Guelphs. All modern history stems directly from the struggle between these two powers. The Guelphs are also called the Neri, Black Guelphs, or Black Nobility, and supported William of Orange in his seizure of the throne of England, which eventually resulted in the formation of the Bank of England and the East India Company, which would rule the world from the 17th century. All coup d’etats, revolutions and wars in the 19th and 20th centuries are centered in the battle of the Guelphs to hold and enhance their power, which is now the New World Order.

The power of the Guelphs would extend through the Italian financial centers to the north of France in Lombardy (all Italian bankers were referred to as "Lombards"). Lombard in German means "deposit bank", and the Lombards were bankers to the entire Medieval world. They would later transfer operations north to Hamburg, then to Amsterdam and finally to London. The Guelphs would start the slave trade to the colonies. The Guelphs, in order to aid their control of finance and politics, would perpetuate gnostic cults which eventually developed into the Rosicrucians, Unitarians, Fabian Society and the World Council of Churches. The East India company, together with John Stuart Mill, would finance the University of London. A friend of Mill, historian George Grote, a founder of London University donated £6000 for the study of "mental health", which began the worldwide "mental health" movement.
Banks large and small in the thousands are in the Committee of 300 network, including:

  • Banca Commerciale d’Italia

  • Banca Privata

  • Banco Ambrosiano

  • The Netherlands Bank

  • Barclays Bank

  • Banco de Colombia

  • Banco de Ibero-America

Of special interest is Banca del la Svizzeria Italiana (BSI) – since it handles flight capital investments to and from the United States – primarily in dollars and US bonds – located and isolated in "neutral" Lugano, the flight capital center for the Venetian Black Nobility.Lugano is not in Italy or in Switzerland, and is a kind of twilight zone for shady flight capital operations. George Ball, who owns a large block of stock in BSI, is a prominent "insider" and the bank’s US representative.
In the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona (between Austria, France, Prussia and Russia) the Jesuits agreed to smash the US Constitution and suppress the freedom of the US. Their methods included destroying free speech, destroying and suppressing the press, universal censorship, sustaining the cooperation of the Pope and clergy to use religion to help keep nations in passive obedience and financing wars against countries with representative governments. The monarchs who signed this treaty were ultimately deposed. Most of these families are very wealthy and may be more powerful today than when they sat upon thrones. They are known collectively as the Black Nobility. Privately these families refuse to recognize any right to rule except their own. The fact that this treaty was made long ago does not mean it is void. The treaty was placed in the Congressional Record on April 25, 1916 by Senator Owen.

In 1948 George H.W. Bush graduated from Yale University and the Skull and Bones. He is a distant cousin of the Queen of England, part of the Black Nobility which traces its power back 5,000 years.
Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands created a group that became known as the Bilderbergers. Many "conservative" researchers have come to recognize the Bilderbergers as an important force for the "New World Order."

(Note: Since the Bildebergers, according to former British Intelligence agent John Coleman, serve as a BINDING force between the three major ’one world government’ forces – the Wicca-Masons (i.e. Communism); the Black Nobility descendants of the early Roman emperors; and the Maltese Jesuits. . . each of which have 13 respective representatives on the 39-member Bildeberger board – and since a Nazi SS stormtrooper was responsible for developing this "New World Order" coordination council, and since Adolph Hitler’s second book was titled [believe it or not] "The New World Order." No wonder Adolph Hitler’s dream – and that of his predecessors the "Kaisers", a German translation of "Caesars" – was the revival of the Roman empire).

According to former British Intelligence agent Dr. John Coleman, the three world power groups: the Wicca-Masons (i.e. Communism), the Maltese-Jesuits and the Black-Nobility (’Black’ in this context refers to their character, not their skin color) all work for and under the central Command of the Bavarian Illuminati which binds them together.

The Bavarians created the Bilderberg society for this purpose, the core of which is a council of 13 members from each of the three ’groups’ or 39 in all. The old-line ruling families who believe that they have the right to rule the world because they are descended from the emperors of the ancient Roman and so-called ’holy’ Roman Empires consist of 13-15 ’blue blood’ families. Which include: Rothschild; Kuhn; Loeb; Lehman; Rockefeller; Sach; Warburg; Lazard; Seaf; Goldman; Schiff; Morgan; Schroeder; Bush and Harriman . . . Others that have not been mentioned are more ’powerful’ than others. But these names will get you started if you wish to track down the present-day inner core of the conspiracy. The history of the Bilderberg group itself, a cover for the Bavarian Illuminati, and its Nazi connections, would probably be the best place to start.
Prominent on the board of two insurance giants are Committee of 300 members:

  • the Giustiniani family, Black Nobility of Rome and Venice who trace their lineage to the Emperor Justianian

  • Sir Jocelyn Hambro of Hambros (Merchant) Bank

  • Pierpaolo Luzzatti Fequiz, whose lineage dates back six centuries to the most ancient Luzzatos, the Black Nobility of Venice

  • Umberto Ortolani of the ancient Black Nobility family of the same name

Other old Venetian Black Nobility Committee of 300 members and board members of ASG and RAS are:

  • the Doria family, the financiers of the Spanish Hapsburgs

  • Elie de Rothschild of the French Rothschild family

  • Baron August von Finck (Finck, the second richest man in Germany now deceased)

  • Franco Orsini Bonacassi of the ancient Orsini Black Nobility that traces its lineage to an ancient Roman senator of the same name

  • the Alba family whose lineage dates back to the great Duke of Alba

  • Baron Pierre Lambert, a cousin of the Belgian Rothschild family

Italy was chosen as a test-target by the Committee of 300. Italy is important to the conspirators’ plans because it is the closest European country to the Middle East, and linked to Middle East economics and politics. It is also the home of the Catholic Church, whichWeishaupt ordered destroyed, and home for some of Europe’s most powerful oligarchical families of the ancient Black Nobility. Should Italy have been weakened by Aldo Moro’s death, it would have had repercussions in the Middle East which would have weakened US influence in the region. Italy is important for another reason; it is a gateway for drugs entering Europe from Iran and Lebanon.
Various groups combined under the name of socialism to bring about the downfall of several Italian governments since the Club of Rome was established in 1968. Among these are the Black Nobility of Venice and Genoa, P2 Masonry and the Red Brigades, all working for the same goals. Police investigators in Rome working on the Red Brigades-Aldo Moro case came across the names of several very prominent Italian families working closely with this terrorist group. The police also discovered evidence that in at least a dozen cases, these powerful and prominent families had allowed their homes and/or property to be used as safe houses for Red Brigades cells.
Peccei headed the Atlantic Institute’s Economic Council for three decades while he was the Chief Executive Officer for Giovanni Agnellis’ Fiat Motor Company. Agnelli, a member of an ancient Italian Black Nobility family of the same name, was one of the most important members of the Committee of 300. He played a leading role in development projects in the Soviet Union. The Club of Rome is a conspiratorial umbrella organization, a marriage between Anglo-American financiers and the old Black Nobility families of Europe, particularly the so-called "nobility" of London, Venice and Genoa. The key to the successful control of the world is their ability to create and manage savage economic recessions and eventual depressions. The Committee of 300 looks to social convulsions on a global scale, followed by depressions, as a softening-up technique for bigger things to come, as its principal method of creating masses of people all over the world who will become its "welfare" recipients of the future.
To introduce new cults and continue to boost those already functioning which includes rock "music" gangsters such as the filthy, degenerate Mick Jagger’s "Rolling Stones" (a gangster group much favored by European Black Nobility) and all of the Tavistock-created "rock" groups which began with "The Beatles." To continue to build up the cult of Christian fundamentalism begun by the British East India Company’s servant, Darby, which will be misused to strengthen the Zionist state of Israel through identifying with the Jews through the myth of "God’s Chosen People" and by donating very substantial amounts of money to what they mistakenly believe is a religious cause in the furtherance of Christianity.
Brzezinski was not writing as a private citizen but as Carter’s National Security Advisor and a leading member of the Club of Rome and a member of the Committee of 300, a member of the CFR and as a member of the old Polish Black Nobility. His book explains how America must leave its industrial base behind and enter into what he called "a distinct new historical era."
In this regard a French Black Nobility member, Etienne D’Avignon, as a member of the Committee of 300, was assigned the task of collapsing the steel industry in the US It is doubtful that any of the hundreds of thousands of steel workers and shipyard workers who have been without jobs for the past decade have ever heard of D’Avignon.
A second assassination bureau is located in Switzerland and was until recently run by a shadowy figure of whom no photographs existed after 1941. The operations were and probably still are financed by the Oltramaire family – Swiss Black Nobility, owners of the Lombard Odier Bank of Geneva, a Committee of 300 operation. The primary contact man was Jacques Soustelle – this according to US Army-G2 intelligence files. This group was also closely allied with Allen Dulles and Jean de Menil, an important member of theCommittee of 300 and a very prominent name in the oil industry in Texas.

Army-G2 records show that the group was heavily involved in the arms trade in the Middle East, but more than that, the assassination bureau made no less than 30 attempts to kill General de Gaulle, in which Jacques Soustelle was directly involved. The sameSoustelle was the contact man for the Sendero Luminoso-Shining Pathway guerilla group protecting the Committee’s Peruvian cocaine producers.
Richard Gardner was sent to Rome on a special assignment. Gardner married into one of the oldest Black Nobility families of Venice, thus providing the Venetian aristocracy a direct line to the White House. The late Averill Harriman was another of the committee’s direct links with the Kremlin and the White House, a position inherited by Kissinger after Harriman’s death.
In 1986 in "The Order of St. John of Jerusalem" Dr. Coleman wrote:

"It is therefore not a secret society, except where its purposes have been perverted in the inner councils like the Order of the Garter, which is a prostituted oligarchical creation of the British royal family, which makes a mockery of what the Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem stands for. As an example, we find the atheist Lord Peter Carrington, who pretends to be an Anglican Christian but who is a member of the Order of Osiris and other demonic sects, including Freemasonry, installed as a Knight of the Garter at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II of England, of the Black Nobility Guelphs, also head of the Anglican Church, which she thoroughly despises."

$15.8 billion is one realistic estimate of the Queen’s worth – tax exempt – BOE.

"Only the little people pay taxes."

Leona Helmsly

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_blacknobil07.htm

by Fritz Springmeier

Revised by alex.sk [16. XI 2006]

from FactsAboutPsychiatry Website

Part I

June/28/2000

This page has been prepared to provide some type of table of contents to the various items which will be included in this chapter "The Thirteenth Satanic Bloodline".

In my writings this bloodline has been interwoven into the text of many articles, but it hasn’t been singled out very much. Although a great deal has been mitten by this author on this final family, to pull out articles which concentrate on it solely is difficult. After assembling some pages on it, a few words of explanation were still needed.

Allow me to briefly explain those items which were selected:

  • An article on the top family that appeared in Feb. 1995 newsletter on page 73.

  • An appendix to the Be Wise As Serpents book about the British Royalty. The British Royalty are tied in with the 13th Bloodline.

  • Many of the American political leaders have been related to the British Royalty incl. George Bush and Dan Quayle. A flier from a Christian conference is included showing who the speakers are.

  • Finally, a little of the genealogical information I assembled on the Mormon leaders is given. This was included in the Be Wise As Serpents book to give people an idea of how the Mormon leadership ties back in with the leading occult bloodlines of the Merovingian dynasty (below chart). The chart for LDS President Albert Smith is only about 1/3 typed out. The remainder of Albert Smith’s (as well as other Mormon leaders) genealogical work is in a file in some unknown box at my house.

  • This bloodline is harder to track because it weaves in and out of the other 12 bloodlines. There are many surnames which are part of this bloodline (including the Smith family), however I can give one very prominent one, the Sinclair family.

We know that Satan is the father of all lies, and Christ told the religions leaders who went out to destroy him that they were from the seed of Satan.

2nd Feature Article

THE 13TH ILLUMINATI BLOODLINE

The 13th Illuminati Bloodline is where the Anti-Christ will come from. This bloodline believes that it has both the blood of Jesus and the blood (or seed) of Satan in its bloodline. In my Be Wise As Serpents book, I make reference to this bloodline but I never really took the time to explain it completely.

In fact I don’t fully understand this bloodline myself. I encourage those who want to learn more about this bloodline to study the following books:

  • The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh & Lincoln, Dell Publishing Co., New York 1982.

  • The Messianic Legacy by Baigent, Leigh & Lincoln, Henry Holt and Co., New York, 1986.

  • The Temple and the Lodge by Baigent & Leigh, Arcade Publishing, New York 1989.

  • Guardians of the Grail by J. R. Church, Prophecy Publications, Oklahoma City, 1991.

  • The Anti-Christ King – Juan Carlos by Dr. Charles R. Taylor.

This bloodline is so extensive in its many branches that its membership takes in many of the Presidents of the United States, including George Bush and George Washington.

The reason that I gave the genealogies of the some of the Mormon Presidents to people back in 1991 in my Be Wise As Serpents book is that all of the Mormon Presidents in history, whether RLDS or LDS, trace their blood back to this 13th bloodline. Within the Illuminati rituals, the emphasis of the 13th bloodline is that they are the seed of Satan. As their secret story goes, they are the direct descendants of Jesus’ spiritual brother Lucifer. Since the Freeman family and the Rothschild family have members who are also in the 13th bloodline, it is unclear to me how interwoven the "seed of Satan" is.
Some of the earliest attempts to trace the seed of Satan were some books which did extensive research on the Tribe of Dan and the descendents of Cain.
"The Curse of Canaan" is an interesting book along with its mate World Order by Eustice Mullins. One of the books which I looked with difficulty for before finding it, was Gerald Massey’s A Book of the Beginning (Secaucus, NJ: University Books Inc., 1974). The book goes in and shows in detail how the inhabitants of the British Isles came originally from Egypt. This is Important because (as this newsletter has always contended) the Druidism of the British Isles was simply a derivative from the Egyptian Satanic witchcraft/magic of Ancient Egypt.

The Egyptian word Makhaut (clan or family) became the Irish Maccu and the Maccu of the Donalds (clan of Donalds) now reflected in the name MacDonald. The sacred keepers of the Clan-Stone in Arran, were also known by the family name of Clan-Chattons. Another word for clan is Mack and the Clan-Chattons were also known as Mack-Intosh.

Ptah-rekh the name of the Egyptian god Ptah was passed down to us by the Druids adopting the name Patrick, which sounded similar. St. Patricks day then is a Christianized form of a druidic holiday which originally had its origins in Egypt. The All-Seeing Eye can be found on ancient buildings in ancient Chaldea, in ancient Greece, and in ancient Egypt. The MI-Seeing Eye represents Osiris. Osiris had debauched revelries (saturnalias) celebrated in his honor.

The temples in Arabia clear back in the time that Moses had his black father-in-law Jethro used the All-Seeing Eye to represent the false Satanic trinity of Osiris, Isis and Horus of Egypt. This MI-Seeing Eye pops up everywhere the Illuminati has been. In the Winter Palace Square in St. Petersburg, Russia is that Illuminati All-Seeing Eye on top of a pyramid.

You will also see it in the old Mexican Senate Building which is now a museum in Mexico City. You will find this on the back of our one dollar bill, and you will find the All-Seeing Eye was placed on Ethiopian stamps when they got a communist government in power.
The Illuminati is the continuation of the Mystery Religions of Babylon and Egypt. And the bloodlines of the Illuminati go back to people who at one time lived in Babylon and Egypt. Just how the House of David (the Satanic one) and the Holy Blood of the 13th family fit in with everything else in history I can’t say. I’m sure it would be a big story to tell if I knew.

But I do feel that somehow the 13th Illuminati family does goes back to ancient times. Is this via the Tribe of Dan or via some Druidic bloodline or is it via the Merovingians or is it via all three.

And where do the Guelphs and Black Nobility fit into this?

Whatever the case, the 13th bloodline has amassed a great deal of power and wealth on this planet. The 13th bloodline lacks nothing to bring forth their Anti-Christ who will appear to have all the correct credentials. I would not even be surprised if their Anti-Christ in order to appear real will expose another Anti-Christ.

The 13th bloodline has kept its genealogies very secret. I would welcome more input from informed persons about this bloodline. The tribe of Dan was prophesied to be the black sheep of the nation of Israel which would bite the other tribes of Israel. The tribe of Dan had the snake and the eagle as its two logos. The tribe of Dan left its calling card all over Europe as it migrated west in the names of many places.

The tribe of Dan ruled the Greeks, the Roman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian empire and many others which used the eagle as its logo.
Great Britain is the mother country of Satanism.1 Scotland has long been an occult center. The national symbol of Scotland is the dragon (the snake), and for years the chief of Scotland was called the dragon. The Gaelic language is an important language for Satanism, although English and French are also use extensively by the Illuminati.

The planning sessions for world takeover that some ex-Satanists experienced were held in French. The British Royal Family have long been involved with the occult. For more information on this there is a detailed examination of the Royal family and the occult in the book The Prince and the Paranormal - The Psychic Bloodline of the Royal Family by John Dale (1987).2

They have also been actively involved with Freemasonry (see the chart). British MI6 has been a major vehicle for the Satanic hierarchy working behind the secret veil of Freemasonry to control world events.3

British MI6 is the most secret intelligence organization in the world.4 (It is properly known as British Secret Service not to be confused with the U.S. agency by that name but performing a different function entirely.)

The British Royalty have served as important figureheads to British Freemasonry lending credibility and respectability. British Freemasonry has managed to keep itself free of much of the criticism that the other national Masonic groups have brought on themselves. However, much of the credibility of British Freemasonry is undeserved.

True, British Freemasonry is what it portrays itself to the public for the lower levels. But, the lower level Masons by their dues and activities are unwittingly supporting an organization that is led by Satanists at the top. An example of the subterfuge constantly exercised on the public by Freemasonry is a book purportedly written by a non-Mason entitled The Unlocked Secret Freemasonry Examined.

The book portrays itself as an unbiased and complete expose of Freemasonry. The book states unequivocally that the Masonic order called Societas Rosicrucian in Anglia is only open to Christians and is a "Christian Order".

However, Edith Star Miller reprints copies of a number of letters from the chief of the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia which show that the English Grand Masonic Lodge, the SRIA, the OTO, and the German Illuminati are all working together.5

She briefly explains how she obtained the letters.

Notes

1.Interviews with numerous Ex-Witches and Ex-Satanists.
2.Copies available from Bury House Christian Books, Clows Top, Kidderminster, Wores, DY 149HX, England.
3.Confidential Interviews.
4.Wise, David and Thomas B. Ross. The Espionage Establishment, p. 79.
5.Miller, Occult Theocracy, Appendix IV, pp. 8-35.

Part II

July/01/2000

In this, the second of a four-part study on the real rulers of the world, in which we set out to discover how it can be possible that at the close of the Gentile dispensation "Rome has acquired nearly all the supplies of gold", as prophesied by Brother Branham, we’ll study the common thread between the nobility, the priesthood, and the merchants. In one word, it is "power" by privilege or right in perpetuity over the lesser beings in human society.
This concept of an arbitrarily "chosen people" is marked bold. It identifies the true authors of Nazi philosophy whom British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli described as, "the hidden hand behind government".
This common thread could also be called "the trail of the serpent" because it is a history of wisdom against faith that may be traced from the present-day "mystery Babylons" of Hollywood and Rome that have corrupted faith and morals, to Nebuchadnezar’s Babylon which hybrid the faith and morals of captive Judah, and Nimrod’s Babel, another scene of religious and moral impurity.
These people have two things in common. Carnality and human wisdom in place of the faith of Jesus, and the Babylonian religion, or learning. Perhaps the majority of these people are related to the serpent by blood, as well as by cunning. Computer genealogies of dynastic families uncover interesting links with other families in the past, disclosing hidden criminal interests that continue to represent the main source of income of these pillars of society to the present time.

The opium trade and usury are two such examples.
And looking at the natural, over ninety percent of those "who say they are Jews", are not. They lie because they have no kinship to Abraham, Isaac, and/or Jacob by blood. (Check Encyclopedias Judaica and Britannica, Jewish and Universal Jewish Encyclopedias.) And certainly not by faith. True Israelites who are Hebrews call them Ashkenazim or Khazars.

These people earned the title of "Black" Nobility from their ruthless lack of scruple. They employed murder, rape, kidnapping, assassination, robbery, and all manner of deceit on a grand scale, brooking no opposition to attaining their objectives. These all have immense wealth. And money is power.
The most powerful of the Black Nobility families are located in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Britain, Holland and Greece in that order. Their roots may be traced back to the Venetian oligarchs who are of Khazar extraction. They married into these royal houses in the early part of the twelfth century. (Indeed, after a great Khazar victory over the Arabs, the future Emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess. Their son became Emperor Leo IV, known as Leo the Khazar. I have read that Pope John Paul II is (was) a Khazar, but can’t confirm it.)

Many of these royal families no longer have kingdoms, and not all Black Nobility are royal houses. According to author John Coleman, a "Committee of 300" from this untouchable ruling class includes Queen Elizabeth II, the Queen of Holland, the Queen of Denmark and the royal families of Europe (The Black Nobility).
Documentary proof as to the existence of the "Committee of 300" is not forthcoming, and it may be no more than a convenient phrase to describe certain key players.

Socialist politician and financial adviser to the Rothschilds, Walter Rathenau, writing in the Wiener Press (24 December, 1921) said,

"Only 300 men, each of whom knows all others govern the fate of Europe. They select their successors from their own entourage. These men have the means in their hands of putting an end to the form of State which they find unreasonable."

Exactly six months after publication, Rathenau was assassinated.
Dr. Coleman’s work opens the door to further studies on named members of the ruling elite, particularly in America. Whereas the English have a long history and are very aware of their ancestry, there are certain families of "blue-bloods" in the United States that have historic ties with the British through blood and money.
These "noble" families are behind most if not all of the so-called pro-environmental movements that are actually intended to curb the population growth of ALL nations. Prince Philip and Prince Charles are the most visible symbols of this movement, and are a true part of this conspiracy to destroy industry and take the world back to a New Dark Age.
Most if not all the crowned and uncrowned heads of these dynasties enjoy huge incomes from ground rents. All favor Global 2000 Report to the President that’s calculated to end all industrial progress, and by famine, disease and wars, eliminate the excess population industry supports. All oppose nuclear power that can produce clean cheap electricity, the key to economic development and prosperity in the Third World. They ardently desire a return to the feudal system where they will once again be absolute rulers.
While professing Christianity, the oligarchical families, for the greater part actually despise it in secret. Masonry provides their religious fulfillment. And without faith, they have no belief in reward or punishment and a world to come. They live for the here and now.
Many of these oligarchies are in the drug and arms trade through well-distanced intermediaries (like so many of the large banks).
The Masonic-controlled Swiss banks owe their existence to these families. In 1815 the Jesuits and their Freemason allies among the crowned heads of Europe held the Congress of Vienna, whereby Swiss neutrality (already sanctioned by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648) was forever guaranteed; and no matter how many wars are provoked in which the common man has to do the fighting, the money of the Nobility in Switzerland should always be free from plunder.

It’s part of Rothschild’s meticulous long-range planning, and why Switzerland exists to this day. But that doesn’t mean your money would be safe. Some US$280 billion p.a. in flight capital and drug money flows into the Swiss accounts of the Black Nobility.
The place of Freemasonry in the power structure of the elites is quite evident as they carried through Adam Weishaupt‘s conspiracy to avenge the Jesuits after their abolition in 1773 by short-lived Pope Clement XIV as "immoral and a menace to the Church and the Faith". By launching the French Revolution and directing Napoleon’s conquest of Catholic Europe, and by revolts against the church in Mexico and Latin America, they cut-off Vatican income.
Nathan Rothschild‘s financing of Britain resulted in the defeat of Rome’s enemy Napoleon, (as well as being the source of his wealth and influence). Since Gregory XVI conferred a Papal decoration on Kalman Rothschild for loaning the Vatican five million pounds in a period of difficulty, the Rothschilds have been the fiscal agents of the Vatican.

With Vatican interests at heart, the Rothschilds extended their financial and political dominion in the United States.

The Vatican’s interest in the US was clearly revealed in the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona between Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia whereby the Jesuit Order pledged itself as the price of reinstatement to destroy "the works of Satan" it had established in setting-up, by revolution, representative governments such as the republics and "democracies" of France and the USA, replacing them with the only form of government approved by the church, rule by "divine right", as declared by the Vatican (Daniel 2:42-43; Revelation 17:12-13).
As Senator Robert Owen pointed out to the US Senate in 1916, the prime target to which the Vatican and the "Holy Alliance" directed the subversive and destructive activities of the Society of Jesus, in the United States, and other republics in the Western hemisphere. This plot, he claimed, was the target at which the Monroe Doctrine was directed.

What the Senator does not realize is that the Monroe Doctrine protects the interests of The City of London.
The Rothschild-Vatican cabal unsuccessfully attempted to gain control over the power of the purse in the US through the First and Second Bank of the United States. They were established under emergency powers granted to the President by the Constitution, as temporary institutions to tide the country through the periods of financial stress occasioned by the Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. But the aims of the conspirators to establish a banking monopoly were thwarted by the Constitution. Until the FED.
It is said the Black Nobility promised a neutral Germany if Soviet Russia allowed East and West Germany to reunite. And that Russia promised to see that all royal houses are restored to the rightful heirs if they decouple Europe from the American Alliance.
Imperial nobility enjoy a more elevated status than the nobilities of the German successor states and, indeed, of the Italian states. The descendants of Italian Holy Roman Empire titles have formed an Association to which all male line descendants of someone ennobled by Imperial Patent is entitled to belong.

And the Principality of Liechtenstein has also claimed the ability to confirm a succession to Imperial titles, and has confirmed the right of a Spanish noble man to heir such a title for purposes of the Spanish law requiring the successor state to confirm that the claimant to a particular title is in fact the heir. Thus there is a remaining jurisdiction, even though no Imperial titles have been conferred since 1806.
In 1963, the Holy Roman Empire Association (Associazioni dei Nobili del Sacro Romano Impero) was established to unite male descendants in its membership who are invested with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire. It also includes a number of honorary members.
According to William Cooper‘s book "Behold A Pale Horse", which I am coming more and more to appreciate, all nations have agreed to relinquish sovereignty to the Pope and submit future problems to the Vatican for solution once the NWO is established. This I have been unable to confirm but in general, this is what will happen.
"All nations" can only refer to the Black Nobility who have agreed to relinquish sovereignty to Rome in return for the restoration of royal power under a NWO.

This was foretold in Daniel 7:20 and Revelation 17:12-13,

"The ten horns which you saw are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast."

These ten horns were ten kings, represented in Daniel 2 by the ten toes of the image King Nebuchadnezzar saw in his dream. They are the royal houses into which the old Roman Empire was divided after the fall of the last emperor Romulus Augustus, in AD 476.

They were Alemani (Germany), Franks (France), the Burgundians (Switzerland), the Suevi (Portugal), the Anglo-Saxons (Britain), the Visigoths (Spain), the Lombards (Italy), Vandals, Ostrogoths and Heruli. The last three were German tribes destroyed by the Pope for refusing to become Roman Catholic "Christians" (The False Prophet, The Beast and The Times of The Gentiles).
Although their thrones will not be returned, their royal authority as kings will be recognized by Rome so long as she rules the NWO. Revelation 17:13, "These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast."
This explains Brother Branham’s prophecy about Rome CONTROLLING the gold:

"The whore, Mystery Babylon is seated on the beast. She is controlling the last, or fourth empire. This Roman Church is doing that. With the world church system under her, Rome will be controlling, and this image (church system) will be obedient to Rome because Rome CONTROLS the GOLD of the world. Thus all the people have to belong to the world church system or be at the mercy of the elements for they cannot buy or sell without the mark of the beast in the hand or head"

(Church Ages, 376:1).

The Black Nobility belong to the "Committee of 300" that controls the UN.

Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands has the power to veto the Vatican’s choice of any pope it selects. This may explain the untimely end to Pope John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate. The Prince has veto power because his family, the Habsburgs, are descended directly from the last Roman emperor. (The Habsburg Frederick III was the last emperor to be crowned in Rome; his great-grandson Charles V was the last to be crowned by a pope.)

This is the civil equivalent of the Pope’s claimed "apostolic succession" from Saint Peter.
Prince Bernhard is leader of the Black Families and he also claims descent from the House of David through the Merovingian dynasty, a claim that was acknowledged to be valid by the Carolingian dynasty that supplanted them, by other monarchs and by the Roman Church of that time. Thus he can truly say that he is "related to Jesus".
Prince Bernhard’s House of Orange had its origins in France. The Habsburgs are related through marriage with the Merovingians, who are said to have descended from the Tribe of Benjamin who went into exile following war with the other eleven Tribes.

Exile took them to Arcadia in the central Peloponnese, Greece. Here they aligned with the Arcadian royal line and towards the advent of the Christian era, migrated up the Danube and Rhine, through marriage engendering the Sicambrian Franks – the immediate forebears of the Merovingians, who were ultimately of Semitic or Israelite origin, and descendants of King Saul.
They are identified with the Spartans, and both books of Maccabees link the Spartans with the Jews. I Maccabees 12 tells of Jonathan sending a letter to the Lacedemonians (Spartan Greeks) asking for their help, since they were brethren.

The Spartans replied,

"It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren and that they are of the stock of Abraham"

(verse 21).

It is assumed by some writers that this means the Spartans were Israelites, but the Spartans were not Israelites they were Edomites descended from Bela son of Beor and brother of Baalim, and king of Edom (Genesis 36:32; I Chronicles 1:43). Edom was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham who sold his birthright, and bred his posterity off the Book of Life.
Early in the fifth century the Merovingians established themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France. There they adopted the Cabalistic pseudo-Christianity of the Cathars, a dualistic religion that holds there are two eternal gods, the god of Good and the god of Evil. It is revealing that this Luciferian belief is held by those who would be Masters of this world today, and who claim that Lucifer will ultimately be victorious.
Under Clovis I, who reigned from 481-511, the Franks converted to Roman Catholicism. Through him, Rome began to establish undisputed supremacy in Western Europe. In return for being the sword of Rome whereby the church would manifest her power and impose a spiritual dominion, Clovis was granted the title of "New Constantine" and to preside over a unified "Holy Roman Empire" based on the church and administered on the secular level in perpetuity by the Merovingian bloodline. Like "the sure mercies of David", this was a pact that could be modified, but not revoked, broken or betrayed.
They believe Jesus survived the cross and married Mary Magdalene who bore his son then lived in seclusion in the south of France. During the fifth century this lineage is said to have married with the royal line of the Franks engendering the Merovingian dynasty.
When in 496 the church pledged itself in perpetuity to the Merovingian bloodline it was presumably in full knowledge of their claimed identity. This would explain why Clovis was offered the status of Holy Roman Emperor, and why he was not created but only "crowned" king. In 754 the church clandestinely betrayed its pact.
The Prieure de Sion is the name of the secret order which created the Knights Templars as its military and administrative arm. (See A History of the Knights Templar and Their Involvement With the Priory of Sion – It should be remembered that the Knights Templars were the forerunners of Freemasonry.) The Prieure de Sion continues to function through the centuries, acting in the shadows, and has orchestrated certain critical events in Western history.
It exists today and is still operative. Its declared objective is the restoration of the Merovingian dynasty and bloodline – to the throne not only of France, but of other European nations as well – a restoration that is sanctioned and justifiable, both legally and morally.
There is strong evidence to suggest that this Jewish order was the author of Freemasonry, and "The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion", as well as the Rosicrucians. There is abundant evidence to suggest that Nostradamus was one of their secret agents, and there is no question that numerous quatrains which refer to the advent of "Le Grand Monarch" indicate that this sovereign will ultimately derive from the Merovingian dynasty.

Implying a double hegemony of the Papacy and the Empire, of the Vatican and of the Habsburgs. He frequently referred quite explicitly to the Knights Templars and to the house of Lorraine which is now synonymous with the Habsburgs.
Although deposed in the eighth century, the Merovingian bloodline did not become extinct. On the contrary it perpetuated itself in a direct line from Dagobert II and his son Sigisbert IV. By dint of dynastic alliances and intermarriages, this line came to include Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem in 1099, and various other noble and royal families, past and present – Blanchefort, Gisors, Saint-Clair (Sinclair in England), Montesquieu, Montpezat, Poher, Luisignan, Plantard and Habsburg-Lorraine. At present, the Merovingian bloodline enjoys a legitimate claim to its heritage.
The crown of Charlemagne – a replica of which is now part of the imperial Habsburg regalia – is said to have borne the inscription "Rex Salomon" (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th Ed., 1972, Crown and Regalia, Fig. 2).

And the "Spear of Destiny", which is said to have pierced Christ reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Holy Roman Emperor (The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture I, 1977:160; The Holy Roman Empire, Friedrich Heer, p. 284).

It is clear why the "Protocols of the Elders of Sion" speak of a new king "of the holy seed of David" (Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln).

Otto von Habsburg is today the titular Duke of Lorraine and King of Jerusalem.

The Prieure de Sion claim to hold the lost treasure of the Temple of Jerusalem plundered by Titus in AD 70 which would be returned to Israel "when the time was right". This might explain why Rome must defer to the "kings of the earth" and how she will seal a covenant with the Jews who have long hidden behind the shield of baptism.
Prince Bernhard is in fact related to the Khazars, and therefore a Gentile.

Assisted by the CIA, Prince Bernhard has brought the hidden ruling body of the Illuminati into public knowledge as De Bilderberg Group. (Established in 1954, its headquarters is 1 Smidswater, Den Haag, Nederlands.)

At the heart of the Bilderberg Group are 39 members of the Illuminati chosen from three committees drawn from the members of all the secret groups that comprise the Illuminati:

  1. the Freemasons

  2. the Vatican

  3. the Black Nobility

This committee works year round in offices in Switzerland.
The "Committee of 300" now call themselves World Government Founders for the NWO. A reference no doubt to their hereditary claim to the "Divine Right of Kings". It is imperative that we realize that privately, the Black Nobility refuse to ever recognize any government other than their own inherited and divine right to rule.

They believe the United States still belongs to England. And work diligently behind the scenes to cause conditions whereby they might regain their crowns. Every royal and so-called noble dynasty past and present of Europe have seats on the "Committee of 300", most often by nominees. There are just too many of these "royal" families for them each to have representatives on the "Committee of 300".

Precedence is determined by rank: first royal family members, then dukes, earls, marquises and lords, then finally "commoners", who usually get the title of "Sir". (Conspirator’s Hierarchy: The "Committee of 300", Dr. John Coleman.)
The Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Hospitallers, or Knights of Malta, is a Black Nobility order which operates as an agent for British Intelligence in various parts of the world, and as a cover for drug-smuggling operations, notably the drugs for diamonds part of the trade. (The Order of St. John of Jerusalem, John Coleman; Dope Inc., Senator Lyndon LaRouche.)
They have their own Constitution and are sworn to work toward the establishment of a NWO with the Pope at its head. Although the Order no longer exercises territorial control, it issues passports and its sovereign status is recognized by the Holy See and scores of Roman Catholic states. Membership in certain ranks is confined to Roman Catholics and many knights have diplomatic immunity.
The High Master of the Teutonic Knights the Grand Prior of Germany of the Order of Saint John (Malta), and the Master of the Knights of the Johanniter Order also had seats in the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, ranking as Princes of the Empire.
On 26 November 1963, an Alliance was consolidated with the signing of a joint declaration between the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and the Most Venerable Order, at St. John’s Gate, London. One more rapprochement between Rome and the Protestants.
Allegedly among their number are:

  • Australia’s Governor General, Sir William Dean

  • NSW Police Commissioner, Peter Ryan

  • George Bush

  • Alexander Haig

  • President of Canadian Pacific, John Gilmer and co-directors W. E. McLaughlan, Chairman of the Royal Bank of Canada, J. P. W. Ostiguy, and Sir Michael Turner, ex-Chairman of Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank

  • Michael Sandberg now Chairman of the Bank

  • Charles, Sam, and Allan Bronfman

  • the late Joseph Kennedy

  • Henry Kissinger

  • Robert Rubin, Alan Greenspan of the Federal Reserve

  • Colin Powell of Gulf War fame

  • James Wolfensohn of the World Bank

According to Brother Branham,

"… the church system of the Roman Catholic and the Protestant in COMING TOGETHER will CONTROL the WHOLE WEALTH of the world system and force the whole earth into its religious trap, or will kill them, by refusing them the privilege of buying and selling whereby they would make a living.

This will be accomplished simply, for the harlot’s daughters are all but gone back to her. In the meantime, Rome has ACQUIRED nearly all the supplies of GOLD. The Jews have the bonds and all the paper.

At the right time, the harlot will destroy the present-day money system by calling in all the paper, and demanding gold. With no gold, the system falls. The Jews will be trapped and come into the alliance, and the harlot church will take over the whole world"

(Church Ages 314:1).

Let’s talk about gold for a few minutes:

On September 30, 1931, British Prime Minister and Fabian Socialist Ramsay MacDonald, took Britain off the gold standard in obedience to the "Committee of 300".

In 1933, as one of his first presidential acts, FDR declared a banking holiday and ordered all US citizens to turn in all gold in their possession to the Treasury. Roosevelt handed over the gold supply of the USA to the privately-owned tax-exempt Federal Reserve, as the Seal of Solomon was attached to the Shield of Britannia, and the Judaistic symbol of the Serpent was placed around her Trident.
(In "Confessions of A Monopolist" Frederick Howe wrote:

"These are the rules of big business. They have superseded the teaching of our parents, and are reducible to a simple maxim: Get a monopoly; let Society work for you; and remember that the best of all business is politics, for a legislative grant, franchise, subsidy or tax exemption is worth more than a Kimberly or Comstock lode, since it does not require any labor, either mental or physical, for its exploitation.")

Next gold was revalued to US$35/oz, causing a dollar devaluation to 59.06% of its former gold value, and creating a profit for the US Treasury of US$2.8 billions.
In 1944, Soviet agent Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, crafted the Bretton Woods agreement that created WB, IMF and GATT. These measures robbed the US of its monetary gold. Inflation was institutionalized and a mechanism was created for US tax dollars to finance steel mills and factories world-wide to compete with American industry (unprotected by tariffs).
In 1933 the U.S. owned 40% of the gold in the world. The debt of the US in 1963, was $1.25 trillion, and gold, subject to call by foreign nations, exceeded by $16 billions, the amount on hand at Fort Knox. By 1963, it was said that the Rothschilds had withdrawn all the gold from England and the United States to their coffers in France, Belgium, Switzerland and Holland. Remember that name.
In August 15, 1971, Nixon broke with the Bretton Woods agreements so carefully devised by the Bilderbergers and other elite planners and the US went off the gold standard. In 1973, gold hit US$850, after Russia invaded Afghanistan.
In December 1975 the Group of Ten agreed the BIS could be used to purchase IMF gold for central banks that wanted it. In 1976 the IMF announced that gold would be replaced by SDR as its reserve. Since then, the IMF has been auctioning off its gold holdings.

"Somebody" has been purchasing all of this gold. The power of our national governments was their control over exchange rates. Since this power is now in the hands of private interests like the WB and IMF, national governments have (already) fallen to the NWO.
Did you hear what I just said? FDR claimed:

"In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way."

GK Chesterson wrote:

"The proper study of political mankind is the study of power elites, without which nothing that happens could be understood."
"These elites, preferring to work in private, are rarely found posed for photographers, and their influence upon events has therefore to be deduced from what is known of the agencies they employ."
"Their goal was to work through such agencies, and financial support received from one or other or all three big American foundations – Rockefeller, Carnegie, and Ford – provides an infallible means of recognizing them."

He said in candor:

"At times Capitalism and Communism would appear to be in conflict, but this writer is confident that their interests are in common and will eventually merge for one-world control. That policy outlined previously in Woodrow Wilson’s Point Six has never been dropped. Capitalism and Communism, in terms of power, are merely their twin mechanisms to destroy the sovereignty of christian nations.

They will merge them into the projected super-state, where their financial power will exercise full sway and masterdom through that monopoly of atomic energy which is being sought with such feverish and fiendish persistence."

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_blacknobil07.htm

These people earned the title of "Black" nobility from their ruthless lack of scruple. They employed murder, rape, kidnapping, assassination, robbery, and all manner of deceit on a grand scale, brooking no opposition to attaining their objectives. These all have immense wealth. And money is power.

The most powerful of the Black Nobility families are located in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Britain, Holland and Greece in that order. Their roots may be traced back to the Venetian oligarchs, who are of Khazar extraction, and married into these royal houses in the early part of the twelfth century. (Following a great Khazar victory over the Arabs, the future Emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess and their son became Emperor Leo IV, also known as "Leo the Khazar". The Medecci popes, and Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) were Khazars, as is the present Pope, John Paul II. Not all Black Nobility are royal houses, and many of the royal families no longer have kingdoms. According to researcher and author Dr. John Coleman, a "Committee of 300" was established early in the eighteenth century, "although it did not take on its present form until around 1897", (when the China opium trade was legalised)

Documentary proof as to the existence of the Committee of 300 is not forthcoming, and it may be no more than a convenient phrase to describe certain key players. Socialist politician and financial adviser to the Rothschilds, Walter Rathenau, writing in the Wiener Press (24 December, 1921) said, "Only 300 men, each of whom knows all others govern the fate of Europe. They select their successors from their own entourage. These men have the means in their hands of putting an end to the form of State which they find unreasonable." Exactly six months after publication, Rathenau was assassinated.

Dr. Coleman’s work opens the door to further studies on named members of the ruling elite, particularly in America. Whereas the English have a long history and are very aware of their ancestry, certain families of "blue-bloods" in the United States that have historic ties with the British through blood and money.

These "noble" families are behind most if not all of the so-called pro-environmental movements that are actually intended to curb the population growth of ALL nations. Prince Philip and Prince Charles are the most visible symbols of this movement, and are a true part of this conspiracy to destroy industry and take the world back to a New Dark Age.

Most if not all the crowned and uncrowned heads of these dynasties enjoy huge incomes from ground rents. All favor Global 2000 Report to the President that’s calculated to end all industrial progress, and by famine, disease and wars, eliminate the excess population industry supports. All oppose nuclear power that can produce clean cheap electricity, the key to economic development and prosperity in the Third World. They ardently desire a return to the feudal system where they will once again be absolute rulers.

While professing Christianity, the oligarchical families, for the greater part, actually despise it in secret. Masonry provides their religious fulfillment. And without faith, they have no belief in reward or punishment and a world to come. They live for the here and now.

Many of these oligarchies are in the drug and arms trade through well-distanced intermediaries (like so many of the large banks).

In 1815 the Jesuits and their Freemason allies among the crowned heads of Europe held the Congress of Vienna, whereby Swiss neutrality (already sanctioned by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648) was forever guaranteed; and no matter how many wars are provoked in which the common man has to do the fighting, the money of the Nobility in Switzerland should always be free from plunder. It’s part of Rothschild’s meticulous long-range planning, and why Switzerland exists to this day. But that doesn’t mean to say your money would be safe. Some US$280 billion p.a. in flight capital and drug money flows into the Swiss accounts of the Black Nobility.

The place of Freemasonry in the power structure of the Elites is quite evident as they carried through Adam Weishaupt’s conspiracy to avenge the Jesuits after their abolition in 1773 by short-lived Pope Clement XIV as "immoral and a menace to the Church and the Faith". By launching the French Revolution and directing Napoleon’s conquest of Catholic Europe, and by revolts against the church in Mexico and Latin America, they cut-off Vatican income.

Nathan Rothschild’s financing of Britain resulted in the defeat of Rome’s enemy Napoleon, (as well as being the source of his wealth and influence). Since Gregory XVI conferred a Papal decoration on Kalman Rothschild for loaning the Vatican five million pounds in a period of difficulty, the Rothschilds have been the fiscal agents of the Vatican. With Vatican interests at heart, the Rothschilds extended their financial and political dominion in the United States. The Vatican’s interest in the US was clearly revealed in the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona between Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia whereby the Jesuit Order pledged itself as the price of reinstatement to destroy "the works of Satan" it had established in setting-up, by revolution, representative governments such as the republics and "democracies" of France and the USA, replacing them with the only form of government approved by the church, rule by "divine right", as declared by the Vatican (Daniel 2:42-43; Revelation 17:12-13).

As Senator Robert Owen pointed out to the US Senate in 1916, the prime target to which the Vatican and the "Holy Alliance" directed the subversive and destructive activities of the Society of Jesus, is the United States, and other republics in the Western hemisphere. This plot, he claimed, was the target at which the Monroe Doctrine was directed. What the Senator did not realize is that the Monroe Doctrine protects the interests of "The City of London".

The Rothschild-Vatican cabal unsuccessfully attempted to gain control over the power of the purse in the US through the First and Second Bank of the United States. They were established under emergency powers granted to the President by the Constitution, as temporary institutions to tide the country through the periods of financial stress occasioned by the Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. But the aims of the conspirators to establish a banking monopoly were thwarted by the Constitution. Until the FED.

It is said the Black Nobility promised a neutral Germany if Soviet Russia allowed East and West Germany to reunite. And that Russia promised to see that all royal houses are restored to the rightful heirs if they decouple Europe from the American Alliance.

Imperial nobility enjoy a more elevated status than the nobilities of the German successor states and, indeed, of the Italian states. The descendants of Italian Holy Roman Empire titles have formed an Association to which all male line descendants of someone ennobled by Imperial Patent is entitled to belong. And the Principality of Liechtenstein has also claimed the ability to confirm a succession to Imperial titles, and has confirmed the right of a Spanish noble man to heir such a title for purposes of the Spanish law requiring the successor state to confirm that the claimant to a particular title is in fact the heir. Thus there is a remaining jurisdiction, even though no Imperial titles have been conferred since 1806.

In 1963, the Holy Roman Empire Association (Associzioni dei Nobili del Sacro Romano Impero) was established to unite male descendants in its membership who are invested with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire. It also includes a number of honorary members.

The Black Nobility belong to the "Committee of 300" that controls the UN. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands has the power to veto the Vatican’s choice of any pope it selects. This may explain the untimely end to Pope John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate. The Prince has veto power because his family, the Habsburgs, are descended directly from the last Roman emperor. (The Habsburg Frederick III was the last emperor to be crowned in Rome; his great-grandson Charles V was the last to be crowned by a pope). This is the civil equivalent of the Pope’s claimed "apostolic succession" from Saint Peter.

Prince Bernhard is leader of the Black Families and he also claims descent from the House of David through the Merovingian dynasty, a claim that was acknowledged to be valid by the Carolingian dynasty that supplanted them, by other monarchs and by the Roman Church of that time. Thus he can truly say that he is "related to Jesus".

Prince Bernhard’s House of Orange had its origins in France. The Habsburgs are related through marriage with the Merovingians, who are said to have descended from the Tribe of Benjamin who went into exile following war with the other eleven Tribes — see Judges chapter 21. Exile took them to Arcadia in the central Peloponnese, Greece. Here they aligned with the Arcadian royal line and towards the advent of the Christian era, migrated up the Danube and Rhine, through marriage engendering the Sicambrian Franks — the immediate forebears of the Merovingians, who were ultimately of Semitic origin, and descendants of King Saul.

They are identified with the Spartans, and both books of Maccabees link the Spartans with the Jews. I Maccabees 12 tells of Jonathan sending a letter to the Lacedemonians (Spartan Greeks) asking for their help, since they were brethren. The Spartans replied, "It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren and that they are of the stock of Abraham" (verse 21). It is assumed by some writers that this means the Spartans were Israelites, but the Spartans were not Israelites they were Edomites descended from Bela son of Beor and brother of Baalim, and king of Edom (Genesis 36:32; I Chronicles 1:43). Edom was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham who sold his birthright, and bred his posterity off the Book of Life.

Early in the fifth century the Merovingians established themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France. There they adopted the Cabalistic pseudo-Christianity of the Cathars, a dualistic religion that holds there are two eternal gods, the god of Good and the god of Evil. It is revealing that this Luciferian belief is held by Masons of high degree and those who would be Masters of this world today, and who claim that Lucifer will ultimately be victorious.

Under Clovis I, who reigned from 481-511, the Franks converted to Roman Catholicism. Through him, Rome began to establish undisputed supremacy in Western Europe. In return for being the sword of Rome whereby the church would manifest her power and impose a spiritual dominion, Clovis was granted the title of "New Constantine" and to preside over a unified "Holy Roman Empire" based on the church and administered on the secular level in perpetuity by the Merovingian bloodline. Like "the sure mercies of David", this was a pact that could be modified, but not revoked, broken or betrayed.

They believe Jesus survived the cross and married Mary Magdalene who bore His son then lived in seclusion in the south of France. During the fifth century this lineage is said to have married with the royal line of the Franks engendering the Merovingian dynasty.

When in 496 the church pledged itself in perpetuity to the Merovingian bloodline it was presumably in full knowledge of their claimed identity. This would explain why Clovis was offered the status of Holy Roman Emperor, and why he was not created but only "crowned" king. In 754 the church clandestinely betrayed its pact.

The Prieure de Sion is the name of the secret order which created the Knight Templars as its military and administrative arm. (It should be remembered that the Knight Templars were the forerunners of Freemasonry). The Prieure de Sion continues to function through the centuries, acting in the shadows, and has orchestrated certain critical events in Western history.

It exists today and is still operative. Its declared objective is the restoration of the Merovingian dynasty and bloodline — to the throne not only of France, but of other European nations as well — a restoration that is sanctioned and justifiable, both legally and morally.

There is strong evidence to suggest that this order was the author of Freemasonry, and "The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion", as well as the Rosicrucians. There is abundant evidence to suggest that Nostradamus was one of their secret agents, and there is no question that numerous quatrains which refer to the advent of "le Grand Monarch" indicate that this sovereign will ultimately derive from the Merovingian dynasty. Implying a double hegemony of the Papacy and the Empire, of the Vatican and of the Habsburgs. He frequently referred quite explicitly to the Knights Templars and to the house of Lorraine which is now synonymous with the Habsburgs.

Although deposed in the eighth century, the Merovingian bloodline did not become extinct. On the contrary it perpetuated itself in a direct line from Dagobert II and his son Sigisbert IV. By dint of dynastic alliances and intermarriages, this line came to include Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem in 1099, and various other noble and royal families, past and present — Blanchefort, Gisors, Saint-Clair (Sinclair in England), Montesquieu, Montpezat, Poher, Luisignan, Plantard and Habsburg-Lorraine. At present, the Merovingian bloodline enjoys a legitimate claim to its heritage.

The crown of Charlemagne — a replica of which is now part of the imperial Habsburg regalia — is said to have borne the inscription "Rex Salomon" (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th Ed., 1972, Crown and Regalia, Fig. 2). And the "Spear of Destiny", which is said to have pierced Christ, reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Holy Roman Emperor (The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture I, 1977:160; The Holy Roman Empire, Friedrich Heer, p. 284). It is clear why the "Protocols of the Elders of Sion" speak of a new king "of the Holy seed of David", (Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln). Otto von Habsburg is today the titular Duke of Lorraine and King of Jerusalem.

The Prieure de Sion claim to hold the lost treasure of the Temple of Jerusalem plundered by Titus in AD70 which would be returned to Israel "when the time was right". This might explain why Rome must defer to the "kings of the earth" and how she will seal a covenant with the Jews who have long hidden behind the shield of baptism.

Prince Bernhard is in fact related to the Khazars, and therefore a Gentile. Revelation 2:9, "I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan."

Assisted by the CIA, Prince Bernhard has brought the hidden ruling body of the Illuminati into public knowledge as De Bilderberg Group. (Established in 1954, its headquarters is 1 Smidswater, Den Haag, Nederlands). At the heart of the Bilderberg Group are 39 members of the Illuminati chosen from three committees drawn from the members of all the secret groups that comprise the Illuminati: the Freemasons, the Vatican and the Black Nobility. This committee works year round in offices in Switzerland.

The Committee of 300 now call themselves World Government Founders for the NWO. A reference no doubt to their hereditary claim to the "Divine Right of Kings". It is imperative that we realize that privately, the Black Nobility refuse to ever recognize any government other than their own inherited and divine right to rule. They believe the United States still belongs to England. And work diligently behind the scenes to cause conditions whereby they might regain their crowns. Every royal and so-called noble dynasty past and present of Europe have seats on the Committee of 300, most often by nominees. There are just too many of these "royal" families for them each to have representatives on the Committee of 300. Precedence is determined by rank: first royal family members, then dukes, earls, marquises and lords, then finally "commoners", who usually get the title of "Sir". (Conspirator’s Hierarchy: The Committee of 300", Dr. John Coleman).

 

Revelation 17:12-13 – Part II

http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/bb980306.htm

The Black Nobility


In this, the second of a four-part study on the real rulers of the world, in which we set out to discover how it can be possible that at the close of the Gentile dispensation "Rome has acquired nearly all the supplies of gold", as prophesied by Brother Branham, we’ll study the common thread between the nobility, the priesthood, and the merchants. In one word, it is "power" by privilege or right in perpetuity over the lesser beings in human society.

This concept of an arbitrarily "chosen people" is marked bold. It identifies the true authors of Nazi philosophy whom British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli described as, "the hidden hand behind government".

This common thread could also be called "the trail of the serpent" because it is a history of wisdom against faith that may be traced from the present-day "mystery Babylons" of Hollywood and Rome that have corrupted faith and morals, to Nebuchadnezar’s Babylon which hybrid the faith and morals of captive Judah, and Nimrod’s Babel, another scene of religious and moral impurity. From Babel it goes back to the original sin and the fall in the garden of Eden.

These people have two things in common. Carnality and human wisdom in place of the faith of Jesus Christ, and the Babylonian religion, or learning. Perhaps the majority of these people are related to the serpent by blood, as well as by cunning. Computer genealogies of dynastic families uncover interesting links with other families in the past, disclosing hidden criminal interests that continue to represent the main source of income of these pillars of society to the present time. The opium trade and usury are two such examples.

It’s well to remember that all Scripture has a compound meaning as we read the Words of Jesus. "I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you" (Revelation 3:9).

Brother Branham explained how in the Spiritual, Jesus was speaking of those who claimed to be in the election: Christians circumcised in heart and ear and full of the Spirit, when in fact they were impersonators of Christianity. He said, "It’s a principle of Satan to organize and claim originality and therefore be entitled to special rights and privileges" (Church Ages, 310:1).

Paul said in Romans 9:6-8, "Not as though God’s Word had failed, for they are not all elect Israelites, who are of born of Jacob: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all heirs of the Promise: because It was to come through the line of Isaac. So the heirs of the Promise are not children from Abraham’s loins, but an election from Isaac through Jacob".

And looking at the natural, over ninety percent of those "who say they are Jews", are not. They lie because they have no kinship to Abraham, Isaac, and/or Jacob by blood. (Check Encyclopedias Judaica and Britannica, Jewish and Universal Jewish Encyclopedias). And certainly not by faith. True Israelites who are Hebrews call them Ashkenazim or Khazars.

"What’s that got to do with the Bride of Christ, Brother Anthony?"

Brother Branham said, "If a person can’t see the revelation of the true Oneness of the godhead, Scriptural water baptism, and serpent seed, just walk away from them. You know the election’s off". And didn’t Jesus assure us that the Holy Spirit would reveal to those who are born-again,"things that will come to pass in their day?"

How are you going to defend yourself? How are you going to fight, if you don’t know your enemy? This is the children’s bread. The enemy is anything off the Word.

(This transcript of the teaching contains far more detail than was delivered in Church, otherwise I’d be a "marathon" preacher. You’d need to bring a cut lunch to church. Or "smelling salts" in order to stay awake. There’s no necessity for Christians to memorize all of this material but the historical and current background is provided for any who may care to study deeper into some particular aspect).

We’re teaching on Revelation 17:12-13, and a people known as "the Black Nobility". These people earned the title of "Black" nobility from their ruthless lack of scruple. They employed murder, rape, kidnapping, assassination, robbery, and all manner of deceit on a grand scale, brooking no opposition to attaining their objectives. These all have immense wealth. And money is power.

The most powerful of the Black Nobility families are located in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Britain, Holland and Greece in that order. Their roots may be traced back to the Venetian oligarchs, who are of Khazar extraction, and married into these royal houses in the early part of the twelfth century. (Following a great Khazar victory over the Arabs, the future Emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess and their son became Emperor Leo IV, also known as "Leo the Khazar". The Medecci popes, and Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) were Khazars, as is the present Pope, John Paul II. Not all Black Nobility are royal houses, and many of the royal families no longer have kingdoms. According to researcher and author Dr. John Coleman, a "Committee of 300" was established early in the eighteenth century, "although it did not take on its present form until around 1897", (when the China opium trade was legalised) Theodore Herzl organized this Jewish super-organization at the First Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland. Its purpose was to manage the political power of Rothschild’s huge kingdom which was rapidly absorbing the wealth of the Gentiles and to realize the Talmudic perversion that the "Jews" were the "chosen people" and that God had promised them that they should rule the world (Rothschild Money Trust, George Armstrong, pp.24-25). It includes the Queen of Holland, the Queen of Denmark and all the royal families of Europe, or Black Nobility. It’s head today is Queen Elizabeth II.

Documentary proof as to the existence of the "Committee of 300" is not forthcoming, and it may be no more than a convenient phrase to describe certain key players. Socialist politician and financial adviser to the Rothschilds, Walter Rathenau, writing in the Wiener Press (24 December, 1921) said, "Only 300 men, each of whom knows all others govern the fate of Europe. They select their successors from their own entourage. These men have the means in their hands of putting an end to the form of State which they find unreasonable." Exactly six months after publication, Rathenau was assassinated.

Dr. Coleman’s work opens the door to further studies on named members of the ruling elite, particularly in America. Whereas the English have a long history and are very aware of their ancestry, certain families of "blue-bloods" in the United States that have historic ties with the British through blood and money.

These "noble" families are behind most if not all of the so-called pro-environmental movements that are actually intended to curb the population growth of ALL nations. Prince Philip and Prince Charles are the most visible symbols of this movement, and are a true part of this conspiracy to destroy industry and take the world back to a New Dark Age.

Most if not all the crowned and uncrowned heads of these dynasties enjoy huge incomes from ground rents. All favor Global 2000 Report to the President that’s calculated to end all industrial progress, and by famine, disease and wars, eliminate the excess population industry supports. All oppose nuclear power that can produce clean cheap electricity, the key to economic development and prosperity in the Third World. They ardently desire a return to the feudal system where they will once again be absolute rulers.

While professing Christianity, the oligarchical families, for the greater part, actually despise it in secret. Masonry provides their religious fulfillment. And without faith, they have no belief in reward or punishment and a world to come. They live for the here and now.

Many of these oligarchies are in the drug and arms trade through well-distanced intermediaries (like so many of the large banks).

The Masonic-controlled Swiss banks owe their existence to these families. In 1815 the Jesuits and their Freemason allies among the crowned heads of Europe held the Congress of Vienna, whereby Swiss neutrality (already sanctioned by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648) was forever guaranteed; and no matter how many wars are provoked in which the common man has to do the fighting, the money of the Nobility in Switzerland should always be free from plunder. It’s part of Rothschild’s meticulous long-range planning, and why Switzerland exists to this day. But that doesn’t mean to say your money would be safe. Some US$280 billion p.a. in flight capital and drug money flows into the Swiss accounts of the Black Nobility.

The place of Freemasonry in the power structure of the Elites is quite evident as they carried through Adam Weishaupt’s conspiracy to avenge the Jesuits after their abolition in 1773 by short-lived Pope Clement XIV as "immoral and a menace to the Church and the Faith". By launching the French Revolution and directing Napoleon’s conquest of Catholic Europe, and by revolts against the church in Mexico and Latin America, they cut-off Vatican income.

Nathan Rothschild’s financing of Britain resulted in the defeat of Rome’s enemy Napoleon, (as well as being the source of his wealth and influence). Since Gregory XVI conferred a Papal decoration on Kalman Rothschild for loaning the Vatican five million pounds in a period of difficulty, the Rothschilds have been the fiscal agents of the Vatican. With Vatican interests at heart, the Rothschilds extended their financial and political dominion in the United States. The Vatican’s interest in the US was clearly revealed in the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona between Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia whereby the Jesuit Order pledged itself as the price of reinstatement to destroy "the works of Satan" it had established in setting-up, by revolution, representative governments such as the republics and "democracies" of France and the USA, replacing them with the only form of government approved by the church, rule by "divine right", as declared by the Vatican (Daniel 2:42-43; Revelation 17:12-13).

As Senator Robert Owen pointed out to the US Senate in 1916, the prime target to which the Vatican and the "Holy Alliance" directed the subversive and destructive activities of the Society of Jesus, is the United States, and other republics in the Western hemisphere. This plot, he claimed, was the target at which the Monroe Doctrine was directed. What the Senator did not realize is that the Monroe Doctrine protects the interests of "The City of London".

The Rothschild-Vatican cabal unsuccessfully attempted to gain control over the power of the purse in the US through the First and Second Bank of the United States. They were established under emergency powers granted to the President by the Constitution, as temporary institutions to tide the country through the periods of financial stress occasioned by the Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. But the aims of the conspirators to establish a banking monopoly were thwarted by the Constitution. Until the FED.

It is said the Black Nobility promised a neutral Germany if Soviet Russia allowed East and West Germany to reunite. And that Russia promised to see that all royal houses are restored to the rightful heirs if they decouple Europe from the American Alliance.

Can you see this in the Bible? I can. Read Revelation 17:16.

Imperial nobility enjoy a more elevated status than the nobilities of the German successor states and, indeed, of the Italian states. The descendants of Italian Holy Roman Empire titles have formed an Association to which all male line descendants of someone ennobled by Imperial Patent is entitled to belong. And the Principality of Liechtenstein has also claimed the ability to confirm a succession to Imperial titles, and has confirmed the right of a Spanish noble man to heir such a title for purposes of the Spanish law requiring the successor state to confirm that the claimant to a particular title is in fact the heir. Thus there is a remaining jurisdiction, even though no Imperial titles have been conferred since 1806.

In 1963, the Holy Roman Empire Association (Associzioni dei Nobili del Sacro Romano Impero) was established to unite male descendants in its membership who are invested with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire. It also includes a number of honorary members.

According to William Cooper’s book "Behold A Pale Horse", which I am coming more and more to appreciate, all nations have agreed to relinquish sovereignty to the Pope and submit future problems to the Vatican for solution once the NWO is established. This I have been unable to confirm but in general, this is what will happen.

"All nations" can only refer to the Black Nobility who have agreed to relinquish sovereignty to Rome in return for the restoration of royal power under a NWO. This was foretold in Daniel 7:20 and Revelation 17:12-13, "The ten horns which you saw are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast".

These ten horns were ten kings, represented in Daniel 2 by the ten toes of the image king Nebuchadnezzar saw in his dream. They are the royal houses into which the old Roman Empire was divided after the fall of the last emperor Romulus Augustus, in AD476. The were Alemani (Germany), Franks (France), the Burgundians (Switzerland), the Suevi (Portugal), the Anglo-Saxons (Britain), the Visigoths (Spain), the Lombards (Italy), Vandals, Ostrogoths and Heruli. The last three were German tribes destroyed by the Pope for refusing to become Roman Catholic `Christians’ (The False Prophet, the Beast and the Times of the Gentiles).

Although their thrones will not be returned, their royal authority as kings will be recognized by Rome so long as she rules the NWO. Revelation 17:13, "These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast".

This explains Brother Branham’s prophecy about Rome CONTROLLING the gold, "the whore, Mystery Babylon is seated on the beast. She is controlling the last, or fourth empire. This Roman Church is doing that. With the world church system under her, Rome will be controlling, and this image (church system) will be obedient to Rome because Rome CONTROLS the GOLD of the world. Thus all the people have to belong to the world church system or be at the mercy of the elements for they cannot buy or sell without the mark of the beast in the hand or head" (Church Ages, 376:1).

The Black Nobility belong to the "Committee of 300" that controls the UN. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands has the power to veto the Vatican’s choice of any pope it selects. This may explain the untimely end to Pope John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate. The Prince has veto power because his family, the Habsburgs, are descended directly from the last Roman emperor. (The Habsburg Frederick III was the last emperor to be crowned in Rome; his great-grandson Charles V was the last to be crowned by a pope). This is the civil equivalent of the Pope’s claimed "apostolic succession" from Saint Peter.

Prince Bernhard is leader of the Black Families and he also claims descent from the House of David through the Merovingian dynasty, a claim that was acknowledged to be valid by the Carolingian dynasty that supplanted them, by other monarchs and by the Roman Church of that time. Thus he can truly say that he is "related to Jesus".

Prince Bernhard’s House of Orange had its origins in France. The Habsburgs are related through marriage with the Merovingians, who are said to have descended from the Tribe of Benjamin who went into exile following war with the other eleven Tribes — see Judges chapter 21. Exile took them to Arcadia in the central Peloponnese, Greece. Here they aligned with the Arcadian royal line and towards the advent of the Christian era, migrated up the Danube and Rhine, through marriage engendering the Sicambrian Franks — the immediate forebears of the Merovingians, who were ultimately of Semitic or Israelite origin, and descendants of King Saul.

They are identified with the Spartans, and both books of Maccabees link the Spartans with the Jews. I Maccabees 12 tells of Jonathan sending a letter to the Lacedemonians (Spartan Greeks) asking for their help, since they were brethren. The Spartans replied, "It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren and that they are of the stock of Abraham" (verse 21). It is assumed by some writers that this means the Spartans were Israelites, but the Spartans were not Israelites they were Edomites descended from Bela son of Beor and brother of Baalim, and king of Edom (Genesis 36:32; I Chronicles 1:43). Edom was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham who sold his birthright, and bred his posterity off the Book of Life.

Early in the fifth century the Merovingians established themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France. There they adopted the Cabalistic pseudo-Christianity of the Cathars, a dualistic religion that holds there are two eternal gods, the god of Good and the god of Evil. It is revealing that this Luciferian belief is held by Masons of high degree and those who would be Masters of this world today, and who claim that Lucifer will ultimately be victorious.

Under Clovis I, who reigned from 481-511, the Franks converted to Roman Catholicism. Through him, Rome began to establish undisputed supremacy in Western Europe. In return for being the sword of Rome whereby the church would manifest her power and impose a spiritual dominion, Clovis was granted the title of "New Constantine" and to preside over a unified "Holy Roman Empire" based on the church and administered on the secular level in perpetuity by the Merovingian bloodline. Like "the sure mercies of David", this was a pact that could be modified, but not revoked, broken or betrayed.

They believe Jesus survived the cross and married Mary Magdalene who bore His son then lived in seclusion in the south of France. During the fifth century this lineage is said to have married with the royal line of the Franks engendering the Merovingian dynasty.

When in 496 the church pledged itself in perpetuity to the Merovingian bloodline it was presumably in full knowledge of their claimed identity. This would explain why Clovis was offered the status of Holy Roman Emperor, and why he was not created but only "crowned" king. In 754 the church clandestinely betrayed its pact.

The Prieure de Sion is the name of the secret order which recent legend claims created the Knights Templars as its military and administrative arm. (It should be remembered that the Knights Templars were the forerunners of Freemasonry). According to fiction, the Prieure de Sion continues to function through the centuries, acting in the shadows, and has orchestrated certain critical events in Western history.

There is abundant evidence to certify that the Prieure de Sion is a hoax. Its promoters claim it exists today, that it is still operative and that its declared objective is the restoration of the Merovingian dynasty and bloodline – to the throne not only of France, but of other European nations as well – a restoration that is sanctioned and justifiable, both legally and morally. ("The Wandering Jew" by Eugene Sue provides a good background to the hatred between the Roman Catholic church and the Merovingians).

Australian researcher Peter Myers (myers@cyberone.com.au) in debunking the Priory of Sion and the Da Vinci Code suggests that the myth of the Priory of Sion has been promoted as a rival to the Protocols of Zion. "Anyone who argues that the Protocols of Zion is authentic is stigmatised. But if you instead argue that the rival "Priory of Sion" myth is authentic, your books and movies can be best-sellers" (e.g. Holy Blood, Holy Grail" by Henry Lincoln, Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh, and The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown).

"The real conspiracy-hunters aren’t allowed to sell their books except by mail-order, nor air their views in movies. How convenient that a rival to The Protocols of Zion, the Priory of Sion, is available to mislead the people".

Although deposed in the eighth century, the Merovingian bloodline did not become extinct. On the contrary it perpetuated itself in a direct line from Dagobert II and his son Sigisbert IV. By dint of dynastic alliances and intermarriages, this line came to include Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem in 1099, and various other noble and royal families, past and present — Blanchefort, Gisors, Saint-Clair (Sinclair in England), Montesquieu, Montpezat, Poher, Luisignan, Plantard and Habsburg-Lorraine. At present, the Merovingian bloodline enjoys a legitimate claim to its heritage.

The crown of Charlemagne — a replica of which is now part of the imperial Habsburg regalia — is said to have borne the inscription "Rex Salomon" (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th Ed., 1972, Crown and Regalia, Fig. 2). And the "Spear of Destiny", which is said to have pierced Christ, reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Holy Roman Emperor (The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture I, 1977:160; The Holy Roman Empire, Friedrich Heer, p. 284). It is clear why the "Protocols of the Elders of Sion" speak of a new king "of the holy seed of David", Otto von Habsburg is today the titular Duke of Lorraine and King of Jerusalem.

Prince Bernhard is in fact related to the Khazars, and therefore a Gentile. Revelation 2:9, "I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan."

Assisted by the CIA, Prince Bernhard has brought the hidden ruling body of the Illuminati into public knowledge as De Bilderberg Group. (Established in 1954, its headquarters is 1 Smidswater, Den Haag, Nederlands). At the heart of the Bilderberg Group are 39 members of the Illuminati chosen from three committees drawn from the members of all the secret groups that comprise the Illuminati: the Freemasons, the Vatican and the Black Nobility. This committee works year round in offices in Switzerland.

The Committee of 300 now call themselves World Government Founders for the NWO. A reference no doubt to their hereditary claim to the "Divine Right of Kings". It is imperative that we realize that privately, the Black Nobility refuse to ever recognize any government other than their own inherited and divine right to rule. They believe the United States still belongs to England. And work diligently behind the scenes to cause conditions whereby they might regain their crowns. Every royal and so-called noble dynasty past and present of Europe have seats on the Committee of 300, most often by nominees. There are just too many of these "royal" families for them each to have representatives on the Committee of 300. Precedence is determined by rank: first royal family members, then dukes, earls, marquises and lords, then finally "commoners", who usually get the title of "Sir". (Conspirator’s Hierarchy: The Committee of 300", Dr. John Coleman).

The Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Hospitallers, or Knights of Malta, is a Black Nobility order which operates as an agent for British Intelligence in various parts of the world, and as a cover for drug-smuggling operations, notably the drugs for diamonds part of the trade. (The Order of St. John of Jerusalem, John Coleman; Dope, Inc., Senater Lyndon LaRouche).

They have their own Constitution and are sworn to work toward the establishment of a NWO with the Pope at its head. Although the Order no longer exercises territorial control, it issues passports and its sovereign status is recognized by the Holy See and scores of Roman Catholic states. Membership in certain ranks is confined to Roman Catholics and many knights have diplomatic immunity.

The High Master of the Teutonic Knights the Grand Prior of Germany of the Order of Saint John (Malta), and the Master of the Knights of the Johanniter Order also had seats in the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, ranking as Princes of the Empire.

On 26 November 1963, an Alliance was consolidated with the signing of a joint declaration between the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and the Most Venerable Order, at St John’s Gate, London. One more rapprochement between Rome and the Protestants.

Allegedly among their number are Australia’s Governor General, Sir William Dean; NSW Police Commissioner, Peter Ryan; George Bush, Alexander Haig; President of Canadian Pacific, John Gilmer and co-directors W.E. McLaughlan, Chairman of the Royal Bank of Canada, J.P.W. Ostiguy, and Sir Michael Turner, ex-Chairman of Hongkong & Shanghai Bank; Michael Sandberg now Chairman of the Bank; Charles, Sam, and Allan Bronfman; the late Joseph Kennedy; Henry Kissinger; Robert Rubin, Alan Greenspan of the Federal Reserve; Collin Powell of Gulf War fame, and James Wolfensohn of the World Bank.

According to Brother Branham, " . . . the church system of the Roman Catholic and the Protestant in COMING TOGETHER will CONTROL the WHOLE WEALTH of the world system and force the whole earth into its religious trap, or will kill them, by refusing them the privilege of buying and selling whereby they would make a living. This will be accomplished simply, for the harlot’s daughters are all but gone back to her. In the meantime, Rome has ACQUIRED nearly all the supplies of GOLD. The Jews have the bonds and all the paper. At the right time, the harlot will destroy the present-day money system by calling in all the paper, and demanding gold. With no gold, the system falls. The Jews will be trapped and come into the alliance, and the harlot church will take over the whole world" (Church Ages 314:1).

Let’s talk about gold for a few minutes:

On September 30, 1931, British Prime Minister and Fabian Socialist Ramsay MacDonald, took Britain off the gold standard in obedience to the Committee of 300. In 1933, as one of his first presidential acts, FDR declared a banking holiday and ordered all US citizens to turn in all gold in their possession to the Treasury. Roosevelt handed over the gold supply of the USA to the privately-owned tax-exempt Federal Reserve, as the Seal of Solomon was attached to the Shield of Britannia, and the Judaistic symbol of the Serpent was placed around her Trident.

(In "Confessions of A Monopolist" Frederick Howe wrote: "These are the rules of big business. They have superseded the teaching of our parents, and are reducible to a simple maxim: Get a monopoly; let Society work for you; and remember that the best of all business is politics, for a legislative grant, franchise, subsidy or tax exemption is worth more than a Kimberly or Comstock lode, since it does not require any labor, either mental or physical, for its exploitation").

Next gold was revalued to US$35.00/oz, causing a dollar devaluation to 59.06% of its former gold value, and creating a profit for the US Treasury of US$2.8 billions.

In 1944, Soviet agent Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, crafted the Bretton Woods agreement that created the WB, IMF and GATT. These measures robbed the US of its monetary gold. Inflation was institutionalized and a mechanism was created for US tax dollars to finance steel mills and factories world-wide to compete with American industry (unprotected by tariffs).

In 1933 the U.S. owned 40% of the gold in the world. The debt of the US in 1963, was $1.25 trillion, and gold, subject to call by foreign nations, exceeded by $16 billions, the amount on hand at Fort Knox. By 1963, it was said that the Rothschilds had withdrawn all the gold from England and the United States to their coffers in France, Belgium, Switzerland and Holland. Remember that name.

In August 15, 1971, Nixon broke with the Bretton Woods agreements so carefully devised by the Bilderbergers and other elite planners and the US went off the gold standard. In 1973, gold hit US$850, after Russia invaded Afghanistan.

In December 1975 the Group of Ten agreed the BIS could be used to purchase IMF gold for central banks that wanted it. In 1976 the IMF announced that gold would be replaced by SDR as its reserve. Since then, the IMF has been auctioning off its gold holdings.

"Somebody" has been purchasing all of this gold. The power of our national governments was their control over exchange rates. Since this power is now in the hands of private interests like the WB and IMF, national governments have (already) fallen to the NWO. ("In 1952 . . . Bishop McShea, for the papal representative, admitted the purchase of gold by the Vatican . . . He added that a large number of papal ingots were held in the Federal reserve Vaults in New York" — Avro Manhattan, The Vatican Billions, p. 154).

Did you hear what I just said? FDR claimed: "In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way".

GK Chesterson wrote: "The proper study of political mankind is the study of power elites, without which nothing that happens could be understood."

"These elites, preferring to work in private, are rarely found posed for photographers, and their influence upon events has therefore to be deduced from what is known of the agencies they employ."

"Their goal was to work through such agencies, and financial support received from one or other or all three big American foundations — Rockefeller, Carnegie, and Ford — provides an infallible means of recognizing them."

He said in candor: "At times Capitalism and Communism would appear to be in conflict, but this writer is confident that their interests are in common and will eventually merge for one-world control. That policy outlined previously in Woodrow Wilson’s Point Six has never been dropped. Capitalism and Communism, in terms of power, are merely their twin mechanisms to destroy the sovereignty of Christian nations. They will merge them into the projected super-state, where their financial power will exercise full sway and masterdom through that monopoly of atomic energy which is being sought with such feverish and fiendish persistence. They are selling us into slavery and using our material resources for their own nefarious world-wide purposes. To say that in exposing their plans for world domination we are playing the Kremlin’s game is to act as an unconscious agent of Christendom’s betrayal."

Proverbs 22:7 says: "The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is the lenders slave."

Francis Bacon said: "If money be not thy servant, it will be thy master."

John Ruskin stated: "Borrowers are nearly always ill spenders, and it is with lent money that all evil is mainly done and all unjust war protracted."

Peter Cooper suggested "The Dealers in money have always, since the days of Moses, been the dangerous class."

Members of the Committee of 300 are also drawn from the Anglican Church. Archbishop Runcie was hand-picked by Queen Elizabeth. Some other institutions and organizations represented include the WCC, Universal Zionism, Universal Freemasonry, Trilateral Commission, The Round Table, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, The Order of Skull and Bones, Christian Fundamentalism, Bilderbergers, the Council on Foreign Relations and of course, the Rothschilds.

The play has already been written by the elites who are awaiting suitable conditions to bring it to fruition. We are accounted but dumb beasts in their circus. An item from the Internet stated, "In July 1996, Amschel Rothschild was murdered – just as he was about to become the new head of the Rothschild worldwide banking empire, tied to the Vatican".

Depopulation

Following World War II the elites were told that by or shortly after 2000, the total collapse of civilization as we know it, and the possible extinction of the human race could occur. They were informed that the one thing that could stop these predicted events would be a severe reduction of the human population, cessation or retardation of technological and economic growth, elimination of meat in the human diet, strict control of future human production, a total commitment to preserving the environment, colonization of space or a paradigm shift in man’s evolutionary consciousness.

The baby boom caused this consternation. At this point in history the birth rate so exceeded the death rate that world population doubled between 1957 and 1990. This came about by modern medicine, better diets, pure drinking water, heat in winter and proper disposal of sewage. The elites decided that the common man could not be trusted with individual freedom.

The first study was made during WW II to determine the impact of returning soldiers on the economy. The result mobilized the ruling elite. A second study in 1957 confirmed the results of the first. The conclusion was that civilization as we know it would collapse shortly after 2000 unless population was seriously curtailed. A third study by the Club of Rome, ending in 1968, produced the same result. They were commissioned to build a computer model of the world to predict the outcome of corrections made to social and economic structures by the elect. The Club of Rome (which is controlled by Europe’s Black Nobility) was also asked to develop a computer model of a NWO.

It was determined that an immediate attack on the problem would involve lowering the birth rate and increasing the death rate.

To lower the birth rate, various positive birth-control methods from IUD to the pill, sterilization, abortion, and hysterectomy were developed and implemented. The Women’s Liberation movement started advocating "pro-choice",and homosexuality was encouraged.

Still population increased. Therefore, the death rate had to be raised. The Club of Rome’s Dr. Aurelio Peccei advocated developing a microbe that would attack the auto-immune system and thus render the development of a vaccine impossible. Orders were given to develop the microbe and to develop a prophylactic and a cure. The microbe would be used against the general population and would be introduced by vaccine. The prophylactic was to be used by the elite. The cure would be administered to the survivors when it was decided that enough people had died. It will be announced as newly developed when in fact it existed from the beginning. This plan is part of Global 2000.

Funding was obtained from the US Congress H.B. 15090 (1969), where $10 million was given to DOD’s 1970 budget. Since large populations were to be decimated, the ruling elite decided to target the "undesirable" elements of society. Specially targeted were the black, the Hispanic, and homosexual populations. According to the late Dr. Robert Strecker, "Without a cure the entire black population of Africa will be dead within 15 years. Some countries are well beyond epidemic status". Dr. Strecker has since become an apparent suicide (W.H.O. Murdered Africa, Dr. William Douglass).

The US population was infected in 1978 with the hepatitis B vaccine. Dr. Wolf Szmuness, the ex-roommate of Pope John Paul II, during student-days, was the mastermind behind the November 1978, October 1979 and March 1980 to October 1981 experimental hepatitis B vaccine trials conducted by the Centers for Disease Control in New York, San Francisco and four other American Cities. He loosed the plague of AIDS upon the American people. The advertisements for participants specifically asked for "promiscuous homosexual male volunteers". What ever causes AIDS was in the vaccine which was manufactured and bottled in Phoenix. (Aids as a Weapon of War, Dr. W. Douglass; AIDS:A Doctor’s Note on the Man-Made Theory, Dr. Alan Cantrell Jr.).

The order was given by the Policy Committee of The Bilderberger Group based in Switzerland. The Vatican is a member of this Group and Dr. Szmuness is one of the present Pope’s oldest acquaintances (The "Gay" Experiment,Dr. Alan Cantrell Jr.).

Our Medical Associations are secret societies not yet quite purged of healers rather than drug pushers for chemical industries and drug houses. Our lawmakers have marked natural alternatives for extinction. Industrial medicines alter the molecular structures of naturally occurring remedies and preventatives in order to gain patents. The altered substances are often more dangerous than the illness they are designed to combat. Often they are infected with substances alien to the well-being of patients. Mass inoculations and vaccination programs will affect babies from the womb (SIDS), and will infect the parents. Whole national immune systems are to be wiped-out in the process of eliminating unwanted population.

Other policies dictated that Third World nations take positive and effective steps to decrease their populations and hold them in check or receive no US aid. Those Third World nations that refused found civil war broke out, with rebels trained, armed and financed by the CIA. This is why many more civilians, (especially young fertile females) than soldiers have been killed.

George Orwell was not ahead of time calling his warning, "1984". Because the State Department’s Office of Population Affairs (OPA) was established by Henry Kissinger in 1975. In classic "newspeak", it seeks to depopulate the world by 2 billion through war, famine, disease and any other means necessary.

According to Thomas Ferguson, the Latin American case officer for the OPA, "The Shah of Iran (whose "illness" became fatal once he landed on the US Air Base) was overthrown because his ambitious industrialization program encouraged migration towards overcrowded cities such as Teheran, and because he was working with the Hunt brothers to free the State of Texas from the Federal Reserve and International Bankers".

The Shah virtually put an end to the immensely lucrative opium trade being conducted out of Iran by the British monopoly. Under the Ayatollah Khomeini, opium production soared, and industrial development programs were disbanded. He encouraged half Teheran’s 6 million population to relocate. According to Ferguson, "Iran’s war with Iraq really pleased the OPA".

Marcos fell victim to the same policy. He was deposed when he refused to give the International Bankers control in perpetuity over the resources of the Philippine Islands.

In ensuring that population falls in El Salvador, Ferguson said, "The OPA learned a lot from its experiences in Vietnam. We studied the thing. That area was also overpopulated and a problem. We thought that the war would lower population and we were wrong". To reduce population "quickly", said Ferguson, "You have to pull all the males into the fighting and kill significant numbers of fertile, child-bearing females".

In other measures, tobacco fields in the US have been fertilized with the radioactive tailings from uranium mines, resulting in a tremendous increase in the incidence of lip, throat, and lung cancer.

Malathion, a nerve gas developed by the Nazis during World War II, has been sprayed heavily over population centers in California "to kill the Mediterranean fruit fly". Contractors from Arizona have sprayed population centers rather than the orchards.

And in Colorado, dioxin is turning up in the drinking water. Where does it come from? ("Behold A Pale Horse", William Cooper).

Eighty years ago, people consumed more salt, fat, cholesterol and everything else that is today blamed for heart disease, but this disease was then rare. If the problem is diet, it is associated with the manner in which the food is grown rather than the type of food we eat.

Radioactive leaks into the atmosphere and into ground water have sometimes been found to be purposeful. Legionnaire’s disease, an experimental bacteria, was released into the wind on San Francisco Bay from a government-operated boat. So how did it come to Sydney? It is suspected that the San Francisco Bay area was also subjected to large doses of radiation to test the effects upon a population over a prolonged period of time. Why San Francisco? Because it has the largest homosexual population in America, and they have been targeted for extermination. What about Sydney?

Many people are going to die between now and the year 2,000. Cash will disappear, and with it most crime. Inheritance and private property will be abolished, as will the individual home and family life and ALL religions established and existing at the time, along with patriotism and all ordered national governments so that the Luciferian ideology of totalitarianism may be imposed on mankind. Technological development and economic growth will be severely cut back. Man will be required to live like his ancestors. Man will come once again to conform to the law of the survival of the fittest. Many things we now take for granted, like motor cars, will be absent. The old, the infirm and the handicapped will be eliminated, and the unproductive killed.

This is the age old plan of the Illuminati, (once based in Germany in the House of Rothschild, but now in New York: presumably under the headship of the Rockefellers.

Was it a coincidence I wonder, that Rockefeller was among many of the world’s most powerful people who attended the Bohemian Club’s annual get-together at Boho Grove in 1983 where Boho recognized Queen Elizabeth sitting on a pyramid (the Illuminati symbol), calling her "the Queen of Babylon", which she acknowledged. Quite a boast for these Druids, Masons and Satanists who feel that they can come out of the closet. Long-time Boho, David Rockefeller, has his offices in Rockefeller Plaza, suite 3600 – six sixes).

Henry Kissinger said, "Everything is going to be different. Many will suffer. A NWO will emerge. It will be a much better world for those who survive. In the long run life will be better. The world we have wanted will be a reality".

Economic Contraction = Control

Economic contraction due to the Maastricht Treaty, IMF, and World Bank conditionalities is keeping developed nations open to control by the global financial establishment.

National development and prosperity are antithetical to global financial control. The highly leveraged speculation against Asian currencies clearly shows that the "establishment" aims to contract Asian economies.

Emission reductions will contract financially stressed national economies even further, facilitating control over the nations thus affected. There is nothing surer.

The change-over to carcinogenic unleaded fuel and imposition of emission controls over the safer leaded fuel-driven vehicles will hit the wage-earner with crippling force. Public transport is not available, nor is it a viable proposition to many, and small cash-strapped farmers will cease producing food.

We are being told that we must reduce industrial emissions which, "experts" say, are causing "global warming". The fact that 96% of carbon dioxide pumped into the atmosphere is generated by volcanic and marine activity, and that the major greenhouse gas is water vapor, is suppressed. We are lied-to when they claim "overturning" of the atmosphere rather than "radiation" is the principal cooling mechanism of the earth. Their purpose is to retard industry which is genocide by policy.

Volcanoes and the oceans produce nitrous oxides and methane and a whole host of other gases, including CFC’s at a far greater rate than human activity can produce them. The "Green-Hoax Effect" is one of many dirty tricks to destroy private enterprise and channel production or profits into the hands of a monopoly — the holder of patent rights — by the silent weapon of environmental legislation.

The fact that the "ozone holes" were discovered in 1954, before the widespread use of CFC’s was suppressed at the Montreal Climate Conference. The relatively non-toxic CFC’s were banned as a result of the falsification and suppression of science, and HCFC-123 and 124, which were both known to be very toxic, were rushed into production without the usual testing process which is required for chemicals of this nature. These chemicals produce liver damage, and acute hepatitis but they also generate huge profits for DuPont who allegedly hold world wide patents.

Economic contraction translates into loss of human lives and helps the vested interests to obtain absolute control over the world’s resources, and nations. Recent events in Cambodia, Central Africa, the Gulf and Bosnia have shown that human lives are cheap. After all, "population" conferences are all about depopulation. The WB allowed Bosnia to be destroyed in a genocidal war by depriving it of any aid until it had agreed to pay the foreign debts of former Yugoslavia.

In his classic book, "1984", George Orwell warned us of the coming NWO and what he called "newspeak" and "doublethink" where what was said was the opposite of what was meant. History was constantly rewritten. We live in the reality of his warning.

Turning their backs upon faith and the answers in God’s Word, like the new birth, the elites have long studied "alternative" ways in which to preserve peace in a NWO. As usual, their solution is one of Hegelian deception of the masses by first creating a problem, and then presenting the world with its solution. At a price.

Reader’s Digest reported that a Rockefeller once said, "Pollution might bring the planet together". It’s now vehemently claimed that this report was simply a "hoax". But as Henry Ford said, "it sure explains what’s going on . . ."

Iron Mountain, near the town of Hudson, is "an underground nuclear hideout for hundreds of large American corporations". Early in 1963 the exact form of the Iron Mountain 15-member Peace Study was worked out at a time when"big changes in military spending were planned with plant closures, relocations, and so forth."

This peace the elites plan will eliminate unwanted population, and enslave the rest of us by enforced labor on economically useless tasks as surrogates for war. The equivalent of pyramid-building.

The Report from Iron Mountain "On the Possibility or Desirability for Peace" (Leonard C. Lewin, 1967) stated, "An effective political substitute for war would require "alternative enemies," some of which might seem equally far fetched" — like invaders from outer space. "It may be, for instance, that gross pollution of the environment can eventually replace the possibility of mass destruction by nuclear weapons as the principal apparent threat to the survival of the species".

The Arms Race was a control mechanism by the elites, and there was little likelihood of nuclear war. This realization first struck me one night after preaching in Pakistan while walking to the home of some brethren for supper. Their town is built over an underground munitions facility. I suddenly saw the friction between Pakistan and India has a two-fold purpose. It was designed by the Khazar-controlled UN when they partitioned India into opposing religious camps at the time of independence, thereby hindering Pakistan’s development, disadvantaging Bangladesh, and containing the Soviet economic development by preventing the opening of the corridor through Afghanistan. Counting on human nature, they knew that the ruling elites of each country would use the religious intolerance as a means to build and maintain their own political power bases.

Then my thoughts went back to my childhood. I can recall frequent gunnery practice by the military from Sydney Heads and offshore by the Navy. It was really quite dramatic. We heard the guns, saw black smoke in the skies from the exploding ordinance, and watched aeroplanes towing targets. The question was: What was all of this about? Why so close to the largest concentration of population in the country with the longest coastline in the world? Against whom were we planning to defend ourselves? Hadn’t we been victorious in World War II just five or six years before?

There under Pakistan’s starry sky I saw that the free citizens of democratic Australia were but pawns in the game of the mega-rich. The gunnery practice was a play, staged to brain-wash or condition us for the Cold War. Let’s return to Report from Iron Mountain.

"Poisoning of the air, and of the principal sources of food and water supply, is already well advanced, and at first glance would seem promising in this respect; it constitutes a threat that can be dealt with only through social organization and political power. But from present indications it will be a generation to a generation and a half before environmental pollution, however severe, will be sufficiently menacing on a global scale, to offer a possible basis for a solution."

"It is true that the rate of pollution could be increased selectively for this purpose; in fact, the mere modifying of existing programs for the deterrence of pollution could speed up the process enough to make the threat credible much sooner . . ." A program of deliberate environmental poisoning was considered politically unacceptable. (Winston’s Journal, No. 1, Vol. 1 at 2, November 1991).

Now you know that environmental issues are a contrived Hegelian device. A first step to our enslavement was some form of universal military service: "It is entirely possible that the development of a sophisticated form of slavery may be an absolute prerequisite for social control in a world of peace."

Anti-reproduction pills to be added to water supplies or essential foodstuff were "already under development." Proposed replacements for war included: a comprehensive social-welfare program, an open-ended space program aimed at unreachable targets, a permanent inspection program for disarmament, an international police force, an extraterrestrial threat, massive global pollution, fictitious alternative enemies, enslavement programs (derived from the peace corps model), new religious and other mythologies, socially oriented blood games, and a program of eugenics.

Limiting procreation "to the products of artificial insemination" was discussed, to allow direct eugenic management. (Leonard C. Lewin, Report From Iron Mountain On the Possibility and Desirability of Peace, 1967).

There was no suggestion of abiding by the first Command in God’s Word to, "MULTIPLY and FILL the earth and SUBDUE it," and let Him take care of the rest.

In 1976, Taylor Caldwell summarized the Iron Mountain Report: "There will be no peace in the tormented world, only a programmed and systematic series of wars and calamities — until the plotters have gained their objective: an exhausted world, willing to submit to a planned Marxist economy, and total and meek enslavement — in the name of peace." (Taylor Caldwell, Ceremony of the Innocent 289 — Fawcett Books 1976).

Taylor Caldwell was obviously acquainted with the plans of the World Revolutionary Movement of the Illuminati drawn up by Albert Pike in 1871. But clearly not a Bible believer. bb980306.htm

http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/bb980306.htm

Eye of Horus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_of_Horus

Eye of Horus bw.svg

The Wedjat – later called The Eye of Horus

An Eye of Horus or Wedjatpendant

The Eye of Horus personified in the goddess Wadjet also written as Wedjat[1][2][3],Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto[4] and as The Eye of Ra[5] or "Udjat"[6] is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection and royal power. The name Wadjet is derived from ‘wadj’ meaning ‘green’ hence ‘the green one’ and was known to the Greeks and Romans as ‘uraeus’ from the Egyptian ‘iaret’ meaning ‘risen one’ from the image of a cobra rising up in protection.[7]

Wadjet was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with other goddesses such as Bast, Mut, and Hathor. She was the tutelary deity of Lower Egypt and the major Delta shrine the ‘per-nu’ was under her protection.[8] Hathor is also depicted with this eye.[9] Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Wedjat or Eye of Horus is "the central element" of seven "gold, faience,carnelian and lapis lazuli" bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II.[10] The Wedjat "was intended to protect the king [here] in the afterlife"[11] and to ward off evil. Ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.[12]

Horus

Horus was the ancient Egyptian sky god who was usually depicted as a falcon. His right eye was associated with the sun Ra. The eye symbol represents the marking around a Peregrine Falcon‘s eye that includes the "teardrop" marking sometimes found below the eye. The mirror image, or left eye, sometimes represented the moon and the god Djehuti (Thoth).[13]

wedjet – Eye of Horus
in hieroglyphs

D10

The eye as a hieroglyph and symbol

There are seven different hieroglyphs used to represent the eye, most commonly ‘ir.t’ in Egyptian, which also has the meaning ‘to make or do’ or ‘one who does.’[14] In Egyptian myth the eye was not the passive organ of sight but more an agent of action, protection or wrath.

In arithmetic

Hathor showing her sacred eye inherited from Wedjat – depicted in thePap